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Estimating Natural Mortality in Stock Assessment Application

Description: The following document is a report taken during a three-day workshop to estimate natural mortality for use in stock assessment applications. The workshop covered biological aspects of mortality, methods for estimation of mortality, and best practices for use of mortality in assessment models. This document presents the findings during this workshop.
Date: June 2011
Creator: Brodziak, Jon; Ianelli, Jim; Lorenzen, Kai & Methot, Richard D., (Jr.)

Design and Implementation of a Bottomfish Fishery-independent Survey in the Main Hawaiian Islands

Description: The following document conducts stock assessment reports on deep-slope bottomfish along the State of Hawaii. The goal of this report is to improve stock assessments through optimal design and implementation of a fishery-independent survey for the Deep-7 bottomfish complex in the main Hawaiian Islands.
Date: June 2016
Creator: Richards, Benjamin L.; Smith, Steven G.; Ault, Jerald S.; DiNardo, Gerard T.; Kobayashi, Donald; Domokos, Reka et al.

U.S. Pacific Marine Mammal Stock Assessments: 2010

Description: From preface: This is a working document and individual stock assessment reports will be updated as new information on marine mammal stocks and fisheries become available...These Stock Assessment Reports summarize information from a wide range of original data sources and an extensive bibliography of all sources is given in each report.
Date: June 2011
Creator: Caretta, James V.; Forney, Karin A.; Oleson, Erin; Martien, Karen; Muto, Marcia M.; Lowry, Mark S. et al.

A Workshop on Methods to Estimate Total and Natural Mortality Rates Using Mean Lenght Observations and Life History Parameters

Description: The following report presents the results of a workshop on the topic of estimating total and natural mortality rates in data-limited stock assessment situations. The workshop was held by the Pacific Islands Fisheries Science Center (PIFSC) and the Southeast Fisheries Science Center (SEFSC).
Date: June 2012
Creator: Brodziak, Jon; Gedamke, Todd; Porch, Clay; Walter, John; Courtney, Dean; O'Malley, Joseph et al.

Injury Determinations for Humpback Whales and Other Cetaceans Reported to NOAA Response Networks in the Hawaiian Islands during 2007-2012

Description: From introduction: the present paper provides a summary of injury determinations for cetaceans in and around the Hawaiian EEZ reported injured by human causes to the PIR-MMRN and HIERN during 2007-2012... This paper also summarizes reports from previous years of cetaceans other than humpback whales injured by human causes for the purpose of obtaining additional qualitative information on the sources of injuries and the species involved. (pg. 1)
Date: June 2015
Creator: Bradford, Amanda L. & Lyman, Ed

Broadband Data Privacy and Security: What's Net Neutrality Got to Do With It?

Description: This report is the third in a series discussing the potential impact of the Federal Communications Commission's proposal to reclassify broadband Internet access services (BIAS). This report focuses on the proposal's possible effect on the regulation of BIAS providers' privacy practices.
Date: June 8, 2017
Creator: Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.

Legislative Branch: Fiscal Year 2017 Appropriations

Description: This report discuses the legislative branch appropriations for fiscal year 2017. It first provides an overview of the consideration of FY2017 legislative branch appropriations, with subsections covering each action followed by a section on prior year actions and funding, which contains historical tables. The report then addresses the FY2017 budget requests, requested administrative language, and selected funding issues for individual legislative branch agencies and entities. Finally, Table 5 through Table 9 list enacted funding levels for FY2016 and FY2017, while the Appendix lists House, Senate, and conference bills and reports; public law numbers; and enactment dates since FY1998.
Date: June 13, 2017
Creator: Brudnick, Ida A.

The President's Fiscal Year 2018 Budget Request for the Department of Energy

Description: This report discusses President's Trump's 2018 fiscal year budget request for the Department of Energy. The FY2018 request is $28.0 billion which is $2.7 billion (8.8%) less than the FY2017 enacted appropriations of $30.7 billion. While this request would reduce the total budget for DOE, it would increase overall funding for the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) and increase funding for cleanup programs within the Office of Environmental Management. The request would reduce funding for the Offices of Science, Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Nuclear Energy (NE), Electricity Delivery and Energy Reliability (OE), and Fossil Energy (including the Fossil Energy Research and Development [R&D] program). It would also reduce funding for the Advanced Research Projects AgencyEnergy (ARPA-E) to wind down operations in FY2018 for cessation of its functions in FY2019, and would eliminate funding for two programs within EERE--the Weatherization Assistance Program and State Energy Program--and two programs within the Loan Program Office--Title XVII Innovative Technology Loan Guarantee Program (Title XVII Loan Program) and Advanced Technology Vehicle Manufacturing (ATVM) Loan Program in FY2018.
Date: June 5, 2017
Creator: Clark, Corrie E.

Availability of Legislative Measures in the House of Representatives (The "Three-Day Rule")

Description: This report discuses rules in the House of Representatives governing the length of time legislative measures must be available to Members before being considered on the floor. Generally most measures are required to be available for three calendar days excluding weekends and holidays unless the House is in session on those days. The House has several means by which it can choose to waive these availability requirements and call up, debate, and vote on a measure in a single calendar day, even if the text of the measure was not made available prior to consideration. These include adopting a special rule that waives the three-day requirement; adopting a special rule that waives the one-day requirement for another special rule; and convening a second legislative day on the same calendar day.
Date: June 12, 2017
Creator: Rybicki, Elizabeth

President Trump's Withdrawal from the Paris Agreement Raises Legal Questions: Parts 1 and 2

Description: This report discusses various legal questions raised by President Trump's announcement of the U.S.'s withdrawal from the Paris Climate Agreement. Questions addressed include the withdrawal process, whether the agreement is binding or non-binding, the role of United States in other international climate meetings, and why President Trump announced the exit.
Date: June 9, 2017
Creator: Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.

Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA): 2017 Reauthorization as PDUFA VI

Description: This report discusses the Prescription Drug User Fee Act (PDUFA) and its reauthorization as PDUFA VI. The bill allows the FDA to collect fees from pharmaceutical companies to support the review process for human drug applications. The various stages of drafting and passing the bill as well as changes from the most recent PDUFA are included.
Date: June 8, 2017
Creator: Dabrowska, Agata & Thaul, Susan

Implementation of Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Amendments (P.L. 114-182)

Description: This report summarizes select EPA actions to implement the Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) amendments over the past year since their passage on June 22, 2016 as a part of the Frank R. Lautenberg Chemical Safety for 21st Century Act (P.L. 114-182). Brief discussions and lists of various chemicals that are being evaluated or have been evaluated under the law are included.
Date: June 7, 2017
Creator: Yen, Jerry H.

Freshwater Harmful Algal Blooms: Causes, Challenges, and Policy Considerations

Description: This report addresses the conditions and activities that contribute to the occurrence of freshwater harmful algal blooms (HABs), steps that Congress and federal agencies--particularly EPA--and their partners are taking to address and mitigate their occurrence, and the current knowledge gaps on this issue. This report is focused on freshwater HABs, not marine or coastal HABs or issues associated with HABs in drinking water supplies.
Date: June 20, 2017
Creator: Gatz, Laura

U.S. Beef: It's What's for China

Description: This report discusses the opening of the Chinese market to U.S. beef imports under certain restrictions. The negotiation process and conditions of the agreement and China's current largest beef import partners are also discussed.
Date: June 22, 2017
Creator: Greene, Joel L.

Update: What Constitutes "Sexual Abuse of a Minor" For Immigration Purposes

Description: This report provides an update of an earlier report from April 6, 2017, providing the final decision by the Supreme Court in the case of "Esquivel-Quintana v. Sessions". The case concerned the question of whether an immigrant alien who was convicted of sexual abuse of a minor where the minor was under 18 but at least 16 (in this case statutory rape in California between a 21 year old male and a 17 year female) was removable for an aggravated felony under immigration law. The Supreme Court ruled that the immigration law required the victim be under 16 before the removal of an alien for an aggravated felony would be allowable.
Date: June 7, 2017
Creator: Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.

Marine Corps Amphibious Combat Vehicle (ACV) and Marine Personnel Carrier (MPC): Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses the Marine Corps development and funding requests for the the 2018 fiscal year for Amphibious Combat Vehicles (ACV) and Marine Personnel Carriers (MPC). The Department of Defense's FY 2018 Budget Request requests $340.5 million dollars for 26 ACVs. Potential issues for Congress include an increase in Marine Corps end strength and force structure resulting in an increase in overall ACV requirements and the challenges and risks associated with the Marines' new MPC/ACV acquisition strategy.
Date: June 1, 2017
Creator: Feickert, Andrew

Qatar and Its Neighbors: Disputes and Possible Implications

Description: This report discusses the dispute between Qatar and several of its Gulf State and Arab neighbors led by Saudia Arabia which has resulted in the isolation of Qatar by Saudia Arabia, UAE, Bahrain, and Egypt. The Saudi-led coalition has accused Qatar of supporting terrorism because of their support for the Muslim Brotherhood. Potential implications of the dispute for the United States are then discussed.
Date: June 26, 2017
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth & Blanchard, Christopher M.