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14'' x 17'' film recorder for computer-enhanced scans

Description: Physician acceptance of computer-enhanced radionuclide scan results, presented in the form of small Polaroid pictures, has been very limited for a number of subjective reasons. A new recorder was designed and constructed that presents the results of computer augmented scans through a medium that is quite familiar to doctors, the standard 14 in. x 17 in. x-ray film. (auth)
Date: January 1, 1976
Creator: Morris, A. C., Jr.; Barclay, T. R.; Akin, T. E.; Hansard, M. C.; Gibbs, W. D. & Modzelewski, C. U.

17th Annual Report

Description: The ACIR Library is composed of publications that study the interactions between different levels of government. This document is an annual report.
Date: January 1976
Creator: United States. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations.

Abortion: Legal Control

Description: The U.S. Supreme Court decisions in Roe v. Wade, 410 U.S. 112 (1973), and Doe v. Bolton, 410 U.S. 179, which held generally that a State could no longer prohibit abortions in the first 6 months of pregnancy, caused several House and Senate members to move for an abortion prohibition effectuated by congressional action. To this end, proposed bills and constitutional amendments have been introduced in both Houses. Rather than having settled the abortion question conclusively, the Supreme Court decisions have kindled a national protest movement.
Date: August 12, 1976
Creator: Hall, James

Accelerator-based neutron generator (addendum)

Description: A proposal to design, construct, and operate a D--Li intense neutron source for CTR materials research is discussed. Information pertaining to the following areas is given: (1) radiation damage effectiveness, (2) Linac design and performance, (3) target design and performance, (4) experimental area design, (5) construction schedule, (6) construction costs, (7) preliminary design and development program, (8) facility operation and operating costs, and (9) financial appropriation plan. (MOW)
Date: January 1976
Creator: Grand, P.

Aerial Gamma-Ray and Magnetic Survey of the Bethel and Yukon Areas, Alaska: Final Report, Volume 1

Description: Report describing a high-sensitivity aerial gamma-ray spectrometer and magnetometer survey conducted in the lower Yukon River and Kuskokwim River areas of southwestern Alaska (covering fifteen quadrangles) and in the middle Yukon River valley in Interior Alaska (covering eight quadrangles) as part of the National Uranium Resource Evaluation (NURE) Program of the United States Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA). This program provides information on reconnaissance radioelement distribution to assist in assessing the uraniferous material potential in the United States. The analysis includes medium values of eU, eTh, and K (equivalent uranium, thorium, and potassium) contents of geological units.
Date: December 1976
Creator: Texas Instruments Incorporated

Aerial Radiometric and Magnetic Survey of the Clinton National Topographic Map, NI 14-2 Oklahoma: Volume 1

Description: From objective and plan: The airborne data gathered were reduced using ground-based computer facilities to give the basic uranium, thorium and potassium equivalent gamma radiation intensities, ratios of these intensities, aircraft altitude above the earth's surface, total gamma ray and earth's magnetic field intensity, correlated as a function of geologic units indicated from available geologic maps. Results of analyses of these field data are presented as profile plots of the gamma radiation and earth's magnetic field.
Date: October 20, 1976
Creator: Geodata International

Aerial Radiometric and Magnetic Survey of the Clovis National Topographic Map, NI 13-6, Texas and New Mexico: Volume 1

Description: From objective and plan: The airborne data gathered were reduced using ground-based computer facilities to give the basic uranium, thorium and potassium equivalent gamma radiation intensities, ratios of these intensities, aircraft altitude above the earth's surface, total gamma ray and earth's magnetic field intensity, correlated as a function of geologic units indicated from available geologic maps. Results of analyses of these field data are presented as profile plots of the gamma radiation and earth's magnetic field.
Date: August 19, 1976
Creator: Geodata International

Aerial Radiometric and Magnetic Survey of the Lawton National Topographic Map, NI 14-5, Texas and Oklahoma: Volume 1

Description: From objective and plan: The airborne data gathered were reduced using ground-based computer facilities to give the basic uranium, thorium and potassium equivalent gamma radiation intensities, ratios of these intensities, aircraft altitude above the earth's surface, total gamma ray and earth's magnetic field intensity, correlated as a function of geologic units indicated from available geologic maps. Results of analyses of these field data are presented as profile plots of the gamma radiation and earth's magnetic field.
Date: October 20, 1976
Creator: Geodata International

Aerial Radiometric and Magnetic Survey of the Oklahoma City National Topographic Map, NI 14-3, Oklahoma: Volume 1

Description: From objective and plan: The airborne data gathered were reduced using ground-based computer facilities to give the basic uranium, thorium and potassium equivalent gamma radiation intensities, ratios of these intensities, aircraft altitude above the earth's surface, total gamma ray and earth's magnetic field intensity, correlated as a function of geologic units indicated from available geologic maps. Results of analyses of these field data are presented as profile plots of the gamma radiation and earth's magnetic field.
Date: October 20, 1976
Creator: Geodata International

Aerial Radiometric and Magnetic Survey of the Tucumcari National Topographic Map NI 13-3, Texas and New Mexico: Volume 1

Description: The airborne data gathered were reduced using ground-based computer facilities to give the basic uranium, thorium and potassium equivalent gamma radiation intensities, ratios of these intensities, aircraft altitude above the earth's surface, total gamma ray and earth's magnetic field intensity, correlated as a function of geologic units indicated from available geologic maps. Results of analyses of these field data are presented as profile plots of the gamma radiation and earth's magnetic field.
Date: August 19, 1976
Creator: Geodata International

Aerial Radiometric and Magnetic Survey of the Wichita Falls National Topographic Map, NI 14-8, Texas and Oklahoma: Volume 1

Description: From objective and plan: The airborne data gathered were reduced using ground-based computer facilities to give the basic uranium, thorium and potassium equivalent gamma radiation intensities, ratios of these intensities, aircraft altitude above the earth's surface, total gamma ray and earth's magnetic field intensity, correlated as a function of geologic units indicated from available geologic maps. Results of analyses of these field data are presented as profile plots of the gamma radiation and earth's magnetic field.
Date: October 20, 1976

Air Pollution and the Siting of Fossil Fuel Power Plants

Description: The decision to locate a fossil-fueled electrical power plant on a particular site involves trade-offs among the costs of: (1) land acquisition, (2) plant construction, operation, and maintenance, (3) power transmission, and (4) air pollution damage to humans, animals, plants and materials. The fourth of these, pollution costs, has been of great concern in recent years. But seldom, if ever, are the specific dollar trade-offs between the environmental and the other costs associated with site selection taken into account. The sum of the costs of power generation (land, construction, operation, maintenance), power transmission, and air pollution damages (from sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, and particulates) is the total social cost of a fossil-fuel plant; this total cost will generally vary by site. This paper presents an analysis of the total social cost, and the trade-offs between generation/transmission and air pollution costs, for various types of fossil plants at different sites in northern Illinois. The analysis identifies the combinations of site, fossil fuel, and sulfur dioxide (SO2) control technology that minimize total social costs.
Date: 1976
Creator: Fishelson, Gordon; Rausser, Gordon C. & Cohen, Alan S.

America Joins a Metric World

Description: Pamphlet issued by the United States National Bureau of Standards discussing the Metric Conversion Act of 1975, the work of the U.S. Metric Board, and how government agencies are facilitating a switch to the metric system.
Date: February 1976
Creator: United States. National Bureau of Standards.

Analog-Model Simulations for Secondary Canal Controls and Forward Pumping Water-Management Schemes in Southeast Florida

Description: From purpose and scope: The purpose of this investigation is to evaluate, through electrical analog model simulation, the effects of two specific water-management proposals in Dade County. Proposal one is the installation of a secondary control on Snake Creek Canal and proposal two is the forward pumping scheme.
Date: December 1976
Creator: Cordes, E. H. & Gardner, R. A.

Analysis of 303-GeV/c Proton Interactions Tagged by High-Energy Gamma rays

Description: Two emulsion chambers of sandwich type of nuclear emulsion and thin lead plates were exposed to 303 GeV/c proton beams at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. 70 jet showers tagged by high energy {gamma} rays were analyzed and correlations between high energy {gamma} rays and charged particles with large transverse momenta were studied. Strong correlation was observed between these components and a possible explanation for this effect may be the formation of a forward excited baryon and its decay. A special event with a direct electron was also observed.
Date: July 1, 1976
Creator: Fuchi, H.; Hoshino, K.; Kuramata, S.; Niu, K.; Niwa, K.; Tasaka, S. et al.

Analysis of a Cylindrical Shell Vibrating in a Cylindrical Fluid Region

Description: Analytical and experimental methods are presented for evaluating the vibration characteristics of cylindrical shells such as the thermal liner of the Fast Flux Test Facility (FFTF) reactor vessel. The NASTRAN computer program is used to calculate the natural frequencies, mode shapes, and response to a harmonic loading of a thin, circular cylindrical shell situated inside a fluid-filled rigid circular cylinder. Solutions in a vacuum are verified with an exact solution method and the SAP IV computer code. Comparisons between analysis and experiment are made, and the accuracy and utility of the fluid-solid interaction package of NASTRAN is assessed.
Date: August 1976
Creator: Chung, Ho; Mulcahy, T. M.; Turula, P. & Jendrzeczyk, J. A.

An Analysis of Factors Influencing the Reliability of Retrievable Storage Canisters for Containment of Solid High-Level Radioactive Waste

Description: The reliability of stainless steel type 304L canisters for the containment of solidified high-level radioactive wastes in the glass and calcine forms was studied. A reference system, drawn largely from information furnished by Battelle Northwest Laboratories and Atlantic Richfield Hanford Company is described. Operations include filling the canister with the appropriate waste form, interim storage at a reprocessing plant, shipment in water to a Retrievable Surface Storage Facility (RSSF), interim storage at the RSSF, and shipment to a final disposal facility.
Date: August 1976
Creator: Mecham, W. J.; Seefeldt, Waldemar B. & Steindler, M. J.

Analysis of neutron scattering and gamma-ray production integral experiments on nitrogen for neutron energies from 1 to 15 MeV

Description: Two integral experiments of neutron scattering and gamma-ray production from nitrogen samples performed at Intelcom Radiation Technology and Oak Ridge National Laboratory were analyzed with Monte Carlo calculations. The experimental results include angular-dependent NE-213 detector count rates for both scattered neutrons and gamma-ray production from a spherical dewar of liquid nitrogen pulsed with a neutron beam with energies from 1 to 20 MeV. Additional results were reported in the ORNL experiments for unfolded scattered neutron and gamma-ray production spectra as a function of detector angle in broad incident neutron energy bins. Multigroup Monte Carlo calculations were made to analyze all the reported results. Conclusions were drawn about the status of the ENDF/B- IV nitrogen cross-section data file from the comparison of calculated and experimental results. 1 table, 44 figures. (auth)
Date: March 1, 1976
Creator: Cramer, S.N. & Oblow, E.M.

Analysis of Selected Benthic Communities in the Florida Everglades with Reference to Their Physical and Chemical Environment

Description: From purpose and scope: The purpose of this investigation is to document the types of aquatic benthic organisms found within the Everglades and to determine the extent to which the chemical and physical character of surface water and bottom materials affect their distribution and community structure.
Date: April 1976
Creator: Waller, Bradley G.

Analysis of Well Tests with Variable Discharge

Description: The conventional methods of well tests analysis usually assume a constant rate of discharge of the producing well. The procedure involves matching a log-log plot of test data (drawdown versus time) to analytic or semi-analytic solutions that are based on a model of the production well as a line source of constant strength in an infinite reservoir. However, variable discharge well test conditions may arise under a variety of conditions, such as existing well-field production schedules, step-drawdown tests, and influence of the pumping water level on the production rate. It is very desirable to have the capability to reliably interpret data from the tests. In fact, the present study was prompted by a set of recent geothermal well test data in which due to various mechanical problems, the flow rate during the first 70 hours of production varied widely and could not effectively be treated as a mean constant rate. The present paper reports the development of a general technique of analyzing well tests with variable flow rates. This method will make it possible to do well test analyses when a constant discharge flow rate is difficult to maintain, and permit detection of boundaries even in situations where there is a markedly varying flow rate. Work is currently in progress to extend the analysis to the study of short-term data. 1 tab., 5 figs.
Date: December 1, 1976
Creator: Tsang, Chin Fu; D.G., McEdwards; Narasimhan, T.N. & Witherspoon, P.A.