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AC-DC Difference Calibrations

Description: Abstract: This publication collects and summarizes the specialized information needed to operate the ac-dc difference laboratory and calibration service at NIST (Gaithersburg). It also serves as a convenient reference source for the users of this calibration service and other interested people by documenting the service and its underlying background in considerable detail. It contains the following: an annotated table of contents, a topical index, and a glossary of common ac-dc acronyms; an overview of the service; selected published papers; instructions for the operation of the comparator systems; a schedule for the recalibration and periodic checks of the NIST thermal converters; and a sample report of calibration.
Date: May 1989
Creator: Kinard, J. R.; Hastings, J. R.; Lipe, T. E. & Childers, C. B.

Advanced Materials in the Manufacturing Revolution: Proceedings of the Conference Held at Argonne National Laboratory June 14, 1988

Description: A conference at Argonne National Laboratory for senior executives of small and medium-size manufacturing companies covered technical and managerial issues involved in adapting advanced materials and new manufacturing methods. Seven speakers discussed how high performance metals, alloys, ceramics, polymerics and their composites are replacing conventional mill-product materials and how these new materials are impacting manufacturing methods and products.
Date: February 1989
Creator: Nevitt, Michael V. & Peterson, Norman D.

Alternatives for Disposal of Raffinate from the TRUEX Process

Description: Possible methods for disposing of the immobilized raffinate from TRUEX processing are reviewed. The purpose of the TRUEX process is to extract transuranium elements from high-level and TRU wastes into a small volume that can be managed at lower cost than that of the original wastes. The raffinate from the TRUEX process, containing negligible concentrations of transuranium elements, would be combined with salt solutions also derived from processing high-level waste, and the mixture would be converted to grout.
Date: December 1989
Creator: Trevorrow, L. E. & Vandegrift, G. F.

An Assessment and Comparison of Fuel Cells for Transportation Applications

Description: Fuel cells offer the potential of a clean, efficient power source for buses, cars, and other transportation applications. When the fuel cell is run on methanol, refueling would be as rapid as with gasoline-powered internal combustion engines, providing a virtually unlimited range while still maintaining the smooth and quiet acceleration that is typical for electric vehicles.
Date: September 1989
Creator: Krumpelt, Mike & Christianson, C. C.

An Automated Procedure for Covariation-Based Detection of RNA Structure

Description: This paper summarizes our investigations into the computational detection of secondary and tertiary structure of ribosomal RNA. We have developed a new automated procedure that not only identifies potential bondings of secondary and tertiary structure, but also provides the covariation evidence that supports the proposed bondings, and any counter-evidence that can be detected in the known sequences. A small number of previously unknown bondings have been detected in individual RNA molecules (16S rRNA and 7S RNA) through the use of our automated procedure. Currently, we are systematically studying mitochondrial rRNA. Our goal is to detect tertiary structure within 16S rRNA and quaternary structure between 16S and 23S rRNA. Our ultimate hope is that automated covariation analysis will contribute significantly to a refined picture of ribosome structure. Our colleagues in biology have begun experiments to test certain hypotheses suggested by an examination of our program's output. These experiments involve sequencing key portions of the 23S ribosomal RNA for species in which the known 16S ribosomal RNA exhibits variation (from the dominant pattern) at the site of a proposed bonding. The hope is that the 23S ribosomal RNA of these species will exhibit corresponding complementary variation or generalized covariation.
Date: December 1989
Creator: Winker, S.; Overbeck, R.; Woese, Carl R.; Olsen, G. J. & Pfluger, N.

Chemical Technology Division Annual Technical Report 1988

Description: Highlights of the Chemical Technology (CMT) Division's activities during 1988 are presented. In this period, CMT conducted research and development in the following areas: (1) high-performance batteries (mainly lithium-alloy/metal sulfide, sodium/metal chloride, and sodium/sulfur); (2) aqueous batteries (lead-acid, nickel/iron, etc.); (3) advanced fuel cells with molten carbonate or solid oxide electrolytes; (4) coal utilization, including the heat and seed recovery technology for coal-fired magnetohydrodynamics plants and the technology for fluidized bed combustion; (5) methods for recovery of energy from municipal waste and techniques for treatment of hazardous chemical waste; (6) nuclear technology related to a process for separating and recovering. transuranic elements from nuclear waste and for producing 99Mo from low-enriched uranium targets, the recovery processes for discharged fuel and the uranium blanket in a sodium-cooled fast reactor, and waste management; and (7) physical chemistry of selected materials in environments simulating those of fission and fusion energy systems.
Date: May 1989
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Chemical Technology Division.

A Classification of Lattice Rules Using the Reciprocal Lattice Generator Matrix

Description: The search for cost-effective lattice rules is a time-consuming and difficult process. After a brief overview of some of the lattice theory relevant to these rules, a new approach to this search is suggested. This -approach is based on a classification of lattice rules using "the upper triangular lattice form" of the reciprocal lattice generator matrix.
Date: June 1989
Creator: Lyness, James N.

Concepts for Installation of the Precast Concrete Stay-in-Place Forming System for Lock Wall Rehabilitation in an Operational Lock

Description: Report describing a study to extend the application of a method to rehabilitate damaged lock walls that uses a stay-in-place forming system. "During this study, operational and design criteria were developed to serve as the basis for design. A number of repair concepts were identified that satisfied the criteria" (abstract, para. 3).
Date: December 1989
Creator: Waterways Experiment Station (U.S.)

The Ecology of Stream and Riparian Habitats of the Great Basin Region

Description: "The purpose of this profile is to summarize the ecological information available for and relevant to stream and riparian habitats of the Great Basin. The Great Basin comprises the northern half of the Basin and Range physiographic province and covers most of Nevada and western Utah and portions of California, Oregon, and Idaho. The entire basin actually consists of numerous subbasins and mountain ranges which present an extremely diverse physical setting" (p. iii).
Date: September 1989
Creator: Minshall, G. Wayne; Jensen, Sherman E. & Platts, William S.

Electroformation of Uranium Hemispherical Shells

Description: This effort was directed at developing an electrochemical process for forming uniform and dendrite-free deposits of uranium from molten salts. This process is to be used for the electroformation of free-standing hemispherical shells of uranium for nuclear applications.
Date: November 1989
Creator: Marshall, S. L.; Redey, L.; Vandegrift, G. F. & Vissers, D. R.

An Evaluation of Alternative Reactor Vessel Cutting Technologies for the Experimental Boiling Water Reactor at Argonne National Laboratory

Description: Metal cutting techniques that can be used to segment the reactor pressure vessel of the Experimental Boiling Water Reactor (EBWR) at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) have been evaluated by Nuclear Energy Services. Twelve cutting technologies are described in terms of their ability to perform the required task, their performance characteristics, environmental and radiological impacts, and cost and schedule considerations. Specific recommendations regarding which technology should ultimately be used by ANL are included. The selection of a cutting method was the responsibility of the decommissioning staff at ANL, who included a relative weighting of the parameters described in this document in their evaluation process.
Date: December 1989
Creator: Boing, L. E.; Henley, D. R.; Manion, William J. & Gordon, J. W.

Evaluation of Industrial Magnetic Heat Pump/Refrigerator Concepts that Utilize Superconducting Magnets

Description: This report provides a preliminary assessment of some magnetic heat pump (MHP)/refrigeration concepts for cryogen liquefaction and other industrial applications. The study was performed by Astronautics Corporation of America for Argonne National Laboratory under the sponsorship of the U.S. Department of Energy.
Date: June 1989
Creator: Waynert, J. A.; DeGregoria, A. J.; Foster, R. W. & Barclay, J. A.

Evolution of Sedimentary Basins--San Juan Basin: Chapters B-D

Description: From abstract: This report describes the depositional environments of the Chinle Formation that was deposited in a complex fluvial-deltaic-lacustrine system in the area of the present-day eastern San Juan basin and Chama basin. Lithofacies include conglomerate and planar- and trough-crossbedded sandstone; bentonitic mudstone and sandstone; black, organic carbon-rich mudstone; large-scale, trough crossstratified siltstone, sandstone, and mudstone; and thickbedded, bioturbated, fine-grained sandstone and siltstone.
Date: 1989
Creator: Dubiel, Russell F.; Ridgley, Jennie L.; Armstrong, Augustus K. & Holcomb, Lee D.

[Evolution of Sedimentary Basins--Uinta and Piceance Basins: Chapters H and I]

Description: From abstract: Analysis of vitrinite reflectance profiles and surfaces of equal vitrinite reflectance in the southeastern part of the Piceance basin, northwestern Colorado, indicates that burial histories for the Divide Creek anticline and the Grand Hogback are different from those for adjacent synclines. These two positive structures probably reached their present-day thermal maturity before late Eocene folding and before the end of the Laramide orogeny. In contrast, adjacent synclines did not reach their present-day thermal maturity until the end of the Laramide orogeny, or possibly later.
Date: 1989
Creator: Nuccio, Vito F.; Johnson, Ronald Carl & Johnson, Samuel Y.

Facilities, National Institute of Standards and Technology

Description: From page 2: The National Institute of Standards and Technology research reactor is a national center for the application of reactor radiation to a variety of problems of national concern. Major program areas at the reactor include the application of neutron scattering methods to research in materials science, trace analysis by neutron activation, nondestructive evaluation (via neutron radiography and scattering), neutron standards and dosimetry , and isotope production and radiation effects.
Date: January 5, 1989
Creator: National Institute of Standards and Technology (U.S.)

Fluidelastic Instabilities in Tube Bundles Exposed to Nonuniform Crossflow

Description: A mathematical model is presented for fluidelastic instabilities in tube bundles exposed to nonuniform crossflow to develop an equivalent flow velocity. The model incorporates all motion-dependent fluid forces based on the unsteady flow theory. Published fluid-force coefficients are compiled and examined; all fluid-force coefficients are approximately independent of the reduced flow velocity when it is large but are strongly dependent on reduced flow velocity when it is lower. The unsteady flow model is used to show that the mode-weighted averaging method is valid for large reduced flow velocity, but that it is incorrect at lower reduced flow velocity. In the lower reduced flow velocity range, an iterative procedure is needed to establish the critical flow velocity. The results from the unsteady flow model are compared with those of other mathematical models. A general procedure is recommended to predict the equivalent flow velocity under different situations.
Date: June 1989
Creator: Chen, Shoei-Sheng & Chandra, S.

Fourier Grain-Shape and Mineralogic Analyses of Coastal and Inner Shelf Sand Samples: Dana Point to the United-States-Mexico Border

Description: From introduction: The principal purpose of this report is to determine the local sediment sources of beach sand samples from the Oceanside, Mission Beach, and Silver Strand littoral cells.
Date: October 1989
Creator: Osborne, Robert H.; Ahlschwede, Kelly S.; Broadhead, Sean D.; Cho, Kyung H.; Compton, Eleanor A. & Yeh, Chia-Chen