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Acoustic Leak Detection for District Heating Systems

Description: An acoustic leak detection facility was completed and used to evaluate the capability of piezoelectric sensors, accelerometers, and capacitance microphones to detect and locate gas and water leaks in underground district heating and cooling (DHC) piping. Leak detection sensitivity and location capabilities for DHC systems were estimated from laboratory data and from data obtained from the underground DH system in Scranton, Pennsylvania, where acoustic background noise levels and acoustic signals from field-induced steam leaks were acquired. Acoustic detection of leaks with flow rates of less than 10 gpm is possible at a distance of several hundred meters, with a location accuracy of a few meters. Although steam leaks of comparable mass loss can be detected over a similar range with transducers mounted on the pipe outer wall, location accuracy of a few meters over this range may only be possible with transducers in direct contract with the steam. Intrusive sensors may also be necessary to detect and locate leaks in plastic pipe.
Date: February 1988
Creator: Kupperman, D. S. & Karvelas, D. E.

Advanced Thermoplastic Materials for District Heating Piping Systems

Description: The work described in this report represents research conducted in the first year of a three-year program to assess, characterize, and design thermoplastic piping for use in elevated-temperature district heating (DH) systems. The present report describes the results of a program to assess the potential usefulness of advanced thermoplastics as piping materials for use in DH systems.
Date: April 1988
Creator: Raske, D. T. & Karvelas, D. E.

Annex to 7-GeV Advanced Photon Source : Conceptual Design Report

Description: The Annex to the 7-GeV Advanced Photon Source Conceptual Design Report updates the Conceptual Design Report of 1987 (CDR-87) to include the results of further optimization and changes of the design during the past year. The design changes can be summarized as affecting three areas: the accelerator system, conventional facilities, and experimental systems. Most of the changes in the accelerator system result from inclusion of a positron accumulator ring (PAR), which was added at the suggestion of the 1987 DOE Review Committee, to speed up the filling rate of the storage ring. The addition of the PAR necessitates many minor changes in the linac system, the injector synchrotron, and the low-energy beam transport lines. 63 figs., 18 tabs.
Date: May 1988
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory

Annual Technical Report

Description: Report of Argonne Chemical Technology division activities, including high-performance batteries, aqueous batteries, advanced fuel cells, and coal utilization.
Date: May 1988
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Chemical Technology Division.

An Assessment of the Performance of Heat Exchanger Materials in Fluidized-Bed Combustors

Description: The work described in this report represents research conducted in the first year of a three-year program to assess, characterize, and design thermoplastic piping for use in elevated-temperature district heating (DH) systems. The present report describes the results of a program to assess the potential usefulness of advanced thermoplastics as piping materials for use in DH systems. This includes the review of design rules for thermoplastic materials used as pipes, a survey of candidate materials and available mechanical properties data, and mechanical properties testing to obtain baseline data on a candidate thermoplastic material extruded as pipe.
Date: April 1988
Creator: Natesan, K.; Miller, S. A. & Podolski, W. F.

Characteristics of the 7-GeV Advanced Photon Source : a Guide for Users

Description: In this document we present the characteristics of the electromagnetic radiation from various types of sources on the 7-GeV Advanced Photon Source (APS) storage ring. The sources include bending magnets, undulators, and wigglers. The characteristics are compared with those of other synchrotron sources when operated at their design specifications. The influence of positron beam size on the on-axis brilliance is discussed, along with the power distribution from these sources. The goal of this document is to provide users with enough information on the characteristics of radiation from the APS storage ring so that experiments can be efficiently planned.
Date: February 1988
Creator: Shenoy, G. K.; Viccaro, P. J. & Mills, Dennis M.

Coastal Processes at Sea Bright to Ocean Township, New Jersey: Volume 1, Main Text and Appendix A

Description: From abstract: This report describes a study of coastal processes along the Atlantic Coast from Sea Bright to Ocean Township, New Jersey. Predictive tools were developed and a data analysis made to assist in evaluation and implementation of comprehensive shore protection plans for this highly utilized stretch of coastline.
Date: August 1988
Creator: Kraus, Nicholas C.; Scheffner, Norman W.; Hanson, Hans; Chou, Lucia W.; Cialone, Mary A.; Smith, Jane McKee et al.

Computerization of Welding Information

Description: From abstract: The Workshop on Computerization of Welding Information, sponsored by the National Bureau of Standards and the American Welding Institute, was held August 5-6, 1986 in Knoxville, Tennessee. Forty-two welding engineers, welding managers, and computer scientists gathered to discuss the necessity and design of databases for welding information. Each subject was introduced by specialists in that area.
Date: June 1988
Creator: Siewert, T. A. & Jones, J. E.

Formation of Lubricating Films at Elevated Temperatures from the Gas Phase

Description: Abstract: Conventional liquid lubricants, when subjected to temperatures of 250*C and above for extended time in an air atmosphere, degrade rapidly to make large amounts of solid sludge and deposits. Based on boundary lubrication of bearings, these same lubricants, when subjected to 250*C to the melting point of the bearing metal, produce in the micro- to milli-second residence time in the bearing contact enough "friction polymer" to result in good lubrication. This report describes the use of these conventional liquid lubricants delivered in a homogeneous vapor phase where the carrier gas is nitrogen, air or mixtures of these two gases. The lubricants studied include alkyl and aryl phosphate esters, organic acid esters, polyphenyl ethers, and mineral oil.
Date: September 1988
Creator: Klaus, E. Erwin; Duda, J. L.; Naidu, S. K.; Munro, R. G. & Hsu, S. M.

LAPACK Working Note #5 : Provisional Contents

Description: Report on the proposed computational routines in LAPACK, describing a naming scheme for the routines, enumerates the individual routines, and includes notes on the choice of algorithms and discusses aspects of software design.
Date: September 1988
Creator: Bischof, Chris; Demmel, James; Dongarra, J. J.; Du Croz, Jeremy; Greenbaum, Anne; Hammarling, Sven et al.

Liquid-in-Glass Thermometer Calibration Service

Description: Abstract: This document gives a description of the calibration of liquid-in-glass thermometers at the National Bureau of Standards. The calibration equipment and procedures used at NBS are discussed in detail. Calculations and stem-temperature corrections are shown and a discussion of the sources of error encountered in calibration and estimates of uncertainties is presented.
Date: September 1988
Creator: Wise, Jacquelyn A.

Mineral Resources of the Behind the Rocks Wilderness Study Area, Grand and San Juan Counties, Utah

Description: Abstract: The Behind the Rocks Wilderness Study Area (UT-060-140A) consists of 12,635 acres in Grand and San Juan Counties, Utah. The study area has inferred subeconomic resources of potash and halite in the subsurface, and sandstone on the surface. The study area has high potential for undiscovered resources of oil and gas, low potential for undiscovered uranium, copper, vanadium, gold, silver, other metals, and geothermal energy, and unknown potential for the rare-earth mineral, braitschite. There is no resource potential for potash or halite (beyond the previously mentioned inferred resources) or for coal.
Date: 1988
Creator: Patterson, Charles G.; Toth Margo I. & Case, James E.

Mineral Resources of the Clover Mountains Wilderness Study Area, Lincoln County, Nevada

Description: From abstract: At the request of the U.S. Bureau of Land Management, approximately 84,165 acres of the Clover Mountains Wilderness Study Area (NV-050-139) was evaluated for mineral resources (known) and mineral resource potential (undiscovered). In this report, the area studied is referred to as "the wilderness study area" or simply "the study area;" any reference to the Clover Mountains Wilderness Study Area refers only to that part of the wilderness study area for which a mineral survey was requested by the U.S. Bureau of Land Management. The study area is located in southern Nevada, in Lincoln County, about 90 mi northeast of Las Vegas. No identified mineral resources exist inside the study area, although gold, silver, and copper resources are found immediately to the west at the Pennsylvania mine.
Date: 1988
Creator: Moring Barry C.; Blank, H. Richard, Jr.; Hoffman, J. D. & McHugh Edward L.