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Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: January-March 1982

Description: Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes efforts directed toward (1) evaluating the dissolution of NiO cathodes in molten carbonate fuel cells and (2) seeking alternative cathode materials. Solubility data were taken for NiO in a cathode environment, and previously operated cells were examined for nickel transfer. A literature search was made for prospective alternative cathode materials, and synthesis of new materials was begun. Apparatus was assembled for conductivity measurements on cathode materials.
Date: August 1983
Creator: Pierce, Robert Dean & Arons, R. M.

Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: October-December 1981

Description: Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes efforts directed toward (1) improving understanding of component behavior in molten carbonate fuel cells and (2) developing alternative materials and concepts for components. The principal focus was changed during this period from the development of cathodes fabricated from NiO and electrolyte supports of sintered y-LiA102 to an investigation of NiO cathode dissolution and deposition and a search for alternative cathode materials.
Date: April 1983
Creator: Pierce, Robert Dean & Arons, R. M.

Analysis of Cracked Core Spray Injection Line Piping from the Quad Cities Units 1 and 2 Boiling Water Reactors

Description: Elbow assemblies and adjacent piping from the loops A and B core spray injection lines of Quad Cities Units 1 and 2 Boiling Water Reactors have been examined in order to determine the nature and causes of coolant leakages and flaw indications detected during hydrostatic tests and subsequent ultrasonic inspections. The elbow assemblies were found to contain multiple intergranular cracks in the weld heat-affected zones. The cracking was predominantly axial in orientation in the forged elbow and wedge components, whereas mixed axial and circumferential cracking was seen in the wrought piping pieces. In at least two instances, axial cracks completely penetrated the circumferential weld joining adjacent components. Based upon the observations made in the present study, the failures were attributed to intergranular stress corrosion cracking caused by the weld-induced sensitized microstructure and residual stresses present; dissolved oxygen in the reactor coolant apparently served as the corrosive species. The predominantly axial orientation of the cracks present in the forged components is believed to be related to the banded microstructure present in these components. The metallographic studies reported are supplemented by x-radiography, chemical analysis and mechanical test results, determinations of the degree of sensitization present, and measurements of weld metal delta ferrite content.
Date: December 1983
Creator: Diercks, D. R.

ANL/HTP: A Computer Code for the Simulation of Heat Pipe Operation

Description: ANL/HTP is a computer code for the simulation of heat pipe operation, to predict heat pipe performance and temperature distributions during steady state operation. Source and sink temperatures and heat transfer coefficients can be set as input boundary conditions, and varied for parametric studies. Five code options are included to calculate performance for fixed operating conditions, or to vary any one of the four boundary conditions to determine the heat pipe limited performance. The performance limits included are viscous, sonic, entrainment capillary, and boiling, using the best available theories to model these effects. The code has built-in models for a number of wick configurations - open grooves, screen-covered grooves, screen-wrap, and arteries, with provision for expansion. The current version of the code includes the thermophysical properties of sodium as the working fluid in an expandable subroutine. The code-calculated performance agrees quite well with measured experiment data.
Date: November 1983
Creator: McLennan, G. A.

Application of Digital Mapping Technology to the Display of Hydrologic Information A Proof-of-Concept Test in the Fox-Wolf River Basin, Wisconsin

Description: From introduction: This report describes the design and implementation of a prototype water resources information system for the Fox-Wolf River basin...This report also describes the use of the Fox-Wolf information system for an assessment of selected hydrologic conditions in the basin.
Date: 1983
Creator: Moore, G. K.; Batten, L. G.; Allord, G. J. & Robinove, C. J.

Application of Remote-Sensing Techniques to Hydrologic Studies in Selected Coal-Mined Areas of Southeastern Kansas

Description: Report describing a study to use remote-sensing techniques to look for relationships between disturbances of the land, water, and vegetation with underground coal mines in the Cherry Creek basin of Kansas. The study looked at color and color-infared photographs, compared with water-quality data to successfully identify contamination and other potential problems.
Date: 1983
Creator: Kenny, J. F. & McCauley, J. R.

Applied Mathematical Sciences Research at Argonne, April 1, 1982-March 31, 1983

Description: This report reviews the research activities in Applied Mathematical Sciences at Argonne National Laboratory for the period April 1, 1982, through March 31, 1983. The body of the report discusses various projects carried out in three major areas of research: applied analysis, computational mathematics, and software engineering. Information on section staff, visitors, workshops, and seminars is found in the appendices.
Date: 1983?
Creator: Pieper, Gail W.