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15 Mile Road/Edison Corridor Sewer Tunnel Failure Study, Detroit Area, Michigan

Description: Partial abstract: "The study consisted of field and laboratory investigations, construction evaluation, and geotechnical and structural analyses to determine the cause(s) of distress and failure of a 2600-ft section of 12-ft 9-in. diameter concrete-lined sanitary sewer tunnel in the Detroit, Mich., area. [...] The report includes summaries of all pertinent construction records, results of all pertinent past and current field and laboratory tests on construction and geotechnical materials, and detailed geotechnical and structural analyses based on observed conditions and measured parameters."
Date: January 1981
Creator: Albert, Dick
Item Type: Report

Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: January-March 1981

Description: Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes efforts directed toward (1) developing alternative concepts for components for molten carbonate fuel cells and (2) improving our understanding of component behavior.
Date: October 1981
Creator: Dusek, J. T.; Pierce, R. D. & Arons, R. M.
Item Type: Report

Advanced Fuel Cell Development Progress Report: July-September 1980

Description: Quarterly report discussing fuel cell research and development work at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL). This report describes efforts directed toward (1) investigating alternative concepts for components of molten carbonate fuel cell stacks and (2) improving our understanding of component behavior.
Date: July 1981
Creator: Pierce, R. D.; Arons, R. M.; Dusek, J. T.; Fraioli, A. V.; Kucera, G. H.; Poeppel, R. B. et al.
Item Type: Report

Alternatives for Conversion to Solid Interim Waste Forms of the Radioactive Liquid High-Level Wastes Stored at the Western New York Nuclear Service Center

Description: Techniques for isolating and solidifying the nuclear wastes in the storage tanks at the Western New York Nuclear Service Center plant have been examined. One technique involves evaporating the water and forming a molten salt containing the precipitated sludge. The salt is allowed to solidify and is stored in canisters until processing into a final waste form is to be done. Other techniques involve calcining the waste material, then agglomerating the calcine with sodium silicate to reduce its dispersibility. This option can also involve a prior separation and decontamination of the supernatant salt. The sludge and all resins containing fission-product activity are then calcined together. The technique of removing the water and solidifying the salt may be the simplest method for removing the waste from the West Valley Plant.
Date: August 1981
Creator: Vogler, S.; Trevorrow, L. E.; Ziegler, A. A. & Steindler, M. J.
Item Type: Report

Analysis of the Mount Laguna Photovoltaic Cell Failure

Description: From summary: The purpose of this analysis is to provide photovoltaic (P/V) system design and field engineers with an understanding of the primary factors which can cause individual P/V cells in a module or an array to be forced into reverse bias and eventual failure and to provide guidelines for the adequate protection of the cells.
Date: January 1981
Creator: Anderson, E.
Item Type: Report

Analysis of the October 5, 1979 Lithium Spill and Fire in the Lithium Processing Test Loop

Description: On October 5, 1979, the Lithium Processing Test Loop (LPTL) developed a lithium leak in the electromagnetic (EM) pump channel, which damaged the pump, its surrounding support structure, and the underlying floor pan. A thorough analysis of the causes and consequences of the pump failure was conducted by personnel from CEN and several other ANL divisions. Metallurgical analyses of the elliptical pump channel and adjacent piping revealed that there was a significant buildup of iron-rich crystallites and other solid material in the region of the current-carrying bus bars (region of high magnetic field), which may have resulted in a flow restriction that contributed to the deterioration of the channel walls. The location of the failure was in a region of high residual stress (due to cold work produced during channel fabrication); this failure is typical of other cold work/stress-related failures encountered in components operated in forced-circulation lithium loops. Another important result was the isolation of crystals of a compound characterized as Li/sub x/CrN/sub y/. Compounds of this type are believed to be responsible for much of the Fe, Cr, and Ni mass transfer encountered in lithium loops constructed of stainless steel. The importance of nitrogen in the mass-transfer mechanism has long been suspected, but the existence of stable ternary Li-M-N compounds (M = Fe, Cr, Ni) had not previously been verified.
Date: December 1981
Creator: Maroni, V. A.
Item Type: Report

Analytical Techniques for Ambient Sulfate Aerosols

Description: This report describes the work done to further develop the infrared spectroscopic analytical method for the analysis of atmospheric aerosol particles, as well as some exploratory work on a new procedure for determining proton acidity in aerosol samples. Earlier work had led to the successful use of infrared (ir) spectrophotometry for the analysis of nitrate, ammonium, and neutral and acidic sulfates in aerosol samples collected by an impactor on a Mylar-film substrate. In this work, a filter-extraction method was developed to prepare filter-collected aerosol samples for ir analysis. A study was made comparing the ir analytical results on filter-collected samples with impactor-collected samples. Also, the infrared analytical technique was compared in field studies with light-scattering techniques for aerosol analysis. A highly sensitive instrument for aerosol analysis using attenuated total internal reflection (ATR) infrared spectroscopy was designed, built, and tested. This instrument provides a measurement sensitivity much greater (by a factor of 6 for SO4²⁻) than that obtainable using the KBr-pellet method. This instrument collects size- and time-resolved samples and is potentially capable of providing automated, near real-time aerosol analysis. Exploratory work on a novel approach to the determination of proton acidity in filter- or impactor-collected aerosol samples is also described. In this technique, the acidic sample is reacted with an access of a tagged, vapor-phase base. The unreacted base is flushed off and the amount of the tag retained by the sample is a direct measure of the proton acidity of the sample. The base was tagged with germanium, which can be conveniently determined by the x-ray fluorescence technique.
Date: June 1981
Creator: Johnson, S. A.; Graczyk, D. G.; Kumar, R. & Cunningham, P. T.
Item Type: Report

Los Angeles, California

Description: Map showing biological resources (aquatic organisms, terrestrial organisms, land use, etc.) in the Los Angeles region of the Pacific coast area. Scale 1:250,000.
Date: 1981
Creator: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Item Type: Map

Annual Technical Report 1980

Description: Report of activities of Argonne Chemical Engineering Division, including advanced battery project, electro-chemical project management, advanced fuel cell development, utilization of coal, magnetohydrodynamics heat and seed recovery technology, solar energy, fast reactor chemistry research, nuclear fuel cycle studies, magnetic fusion energy research, and basic energy science.
Date: June 1981
Creator: Burris, L.
Item Type: Report

Applied Mathematical Sciences Research at Argonne April 1, 1980-March 31, 1981

Description: This report reviews the research activities of the Applied Mathematical Sciences Section for the period April 1, 1980, through March 31, 1981. The body of the report discusses various projects carried out in three major areas of research: applied analysis, computational mathematics, and software engineering. Information on section staff, visitors, workshops, and seminars is found in the appendices.
Date: 1981?
Creator: Pieper, Gail W.
Item Type: Report

Atchafalaya Bay: Active Coastal Processes

Description: Map showing factors that affect the shoreline and wetlands (flood surges, control structures, shoreline stabilization, etc.) in the Atchafalaya Bay region of the Mississippi Deltaic Plain area of the coastline. Scale 1:100,000.
Date: 1981
Creator: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Item Type: Map

Atchafalaya Bay: Biological Resources

Description: Map showing biological resources (birds, oysters, fishes, grasses, etc.) in the Atchafalaya Bay region of the Mississippi Deltaic Plain area of the coastline. Scale 1:100,000.
Date: 1981
Creator: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Item Type: Map

Atchafalaya Bay: Climatology and Hydrology

Description: Map showing hydrologic resources (water quality, groundwater availability, precipitation, etc.) in the Atchafalaya Bay region of the Mississippi Deltaic Plain area of the coastline. Scale 1:100,000.
Date: 1981
Creator: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Item Type: Map

Atlas of Coal/Minerals and Important Resource Problem Areas for Fish and Wildlife in the Conterminous United States

Description: This atlas highlights areas in the conterminous United States of potential concern involving coal and minerals development activities and fish and wildlife resources, in particular the Important Resource Problem Areas (IRPs) designated in 1980 by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) as areas of emphasis in policy making.
Date: July 1981
Creator: Honig, Robert A.
Item Type: Map

Biloxi: Active Coastal Processes

Description: Map showing factors that affect the shoreline and wetlands (flood surges, control structures, shoreline stabilization, etc.) in the Biloxi region of the Mississippi Deltaic Plain area of the coastline. Scale 1:100,000.
Date: 1981
Creator: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Item Type: Map

Biloxi: Biological Resources

Description: Map showing biological resources (birds, oysters, fishes, grasses, etc.) in the Biloxi region of the Mississippi Deltaic Plain area of the coastline. Scale 1:100,000.
Date: 1981
Creator: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Item Type: Map

Biloxi: Climatology and Hydrology

Description: Map showing hydrologic resources (water quality, groundwater availability, precipitation, etc.) in the Biloxi region of the Mississippi Deltaic Plain area of the coastline. Scale 1:100,000.
Date: 1981
Creator: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Item Type: Map

Biloxi: Socioeconomic Features

Description: Map showing various sites and features (recreation sites, landfills, power plants, historic sites, transportation, etc.) in the Biloxi region of the Mississippi Deltaic Plain area of the coastline. Scale 1:100,000.
Date: 1981
Creator: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Item Type: Map

Biloxi: Soils and Geologic/Geomorphic Features

Description: Map showing various kinds of soils and landforms in the Biloxi region of the Mississippi Deltaic Plain area of the coastline. Scale 1:100,000.
Date: 1981
Creator: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Item Type: Map

Black Bay: Active Coastal Processes

Description: Map showing factors that affect the shoreline and wetlands (flood surges, control structures, shoreline stabilization, etc.) in the Black Bay region of the Mississippi Deltaic Plain area of the coastline. Scale 1:100,000.
Date: 1981
Creator: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Item Type: Map