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A comparison of the results from general tank tests of 1/6- and 1/12-full-size models of the British Singapore IIC flying boat

Description: A 1/6-full-size model of the hull of the British Singapore IIC flying boat was tested in the NACA tank. The results are given in the form of charts and are compared with the results of previous tests made in the NACA tank of a 1/12-full-size model, published in NACA T.N. No. 580, and with the results of tests made in the British R.A.E. tank of another 1/6-full-size model of the same hull. When the data from the tests of the 1/6- and 1/12-full-size models were compared on the basis of Froude's law of comparison, differences were found. This fact supported the belief that the small scale of the model and the use of a model that was too small to suit the equipment of the NACA tank had caused the results of the tests of the 1/12-full-size model to be less reliable than the results of the tests of the 1/6-full-size model. The results of the tests of the two models agreed sufficiently well to show that test of a small model, if made meticulously and with suitable equipment, may give useable results, but that a larger model should be used whenever feasible. The results of the NACA tests of the 1/6-full-size model were found to be in good agreement with the R.A.E. tests of a model of the same size.
Date: August 1, 1942
Creator: Truscott, Starr & Dawson, John R

Design of tools for press-countersinking or dimpling 0.040-inch-thick-24S-T sheet

Description: A set of dimpling tools was designed for 0.040-inch 24S-T sheet and flush-type rivets 1/8 inch in diameter with 100 degree countersunk heads. The dimples produced under different conditions of pressure, sheet thickness, and drill diameter are presented as cross-sectional photographs magnified 20 times. The most satisfactory values for the dimpling tools were found to be: maximum punch diameter, 0.231 inch; maximum die diameter, 0.223 inch; maximum mandrel diameter, 0.128 inch; dimple angle, 100 degree; punch springback angle, 1 1/2 degree; and die springback angle, 2 degree.
Date: August 1, 1942
Creator: Templin, R L & Fogwell, J W

Effect of normal pressure on the critical compressive stress of curved sheet

Description: Results are presented of tests of two specimens tested to study the effect of normal pressure on the critical compressive stress for thin curved sheets. These specimens are designated by their respective rib spacings of 10 inches and 30 inches. The relationship between compressive stress and normal pressure at which buckles disappeared is independent of whether the buckles were made to disappear by increase of normal pressure or decrease of compressive stress. (author).
Date: August 25, 1942
Creator: Rafel, Norman

The Formation of Ice on Aircraft

Description: The phenomenon accompanying the formation of ice on aircraft has been frequently discussed. The consequences of ice formation have been briefly analyzed in an article , but a definite physical solution of the problem has not been reached up to the present. Most of the authors agree that subcooled water droplets play a prominent part, but they fail to specify the exact manner in which this occurs.
Date: August 1, 1942
Creator: Bleeker, W.

Improvement of fatigue life of an aluminum alloy by overstressing

Description: Fatigue tests were made on some 1.375-inch-diameter and 0.300-inch diameter specimens of a 17S-T aluminum alloy rod. One test of a large specimen was run continuously to failure at a maximum stress of 22,000 pounds per square inch. In two other tests of large specimens, thin surface layers were removed periodically until failure occurred. The same nominal maximum stress of 22,000 pounds per square inch was used throughout the two tests and the load on the fatigue machine was lowered accordingly after the removal of each surface layer. As each test progressed the stress in the metal of the final surface area therefore was increased after the removal of each surface layer. Because of the stresses used, this metal was overstressed, that is, stressed above its endurance limit. All the remaining specimens were subjected to similar over- stressing conditions but no metal was removed and a low initial stress was increased periodically to a final maximum value of 22,000 pounds per square inch as each test progressed. It was found that the fatigue resistance of 17S-T aluminum alloy can be increased by moderate overstressing. Apparently the increase in fatigue lift obtained in the tests of specimens from which layers were removed was the result of overstressing rather than from the removal of damaged surface layers.
Date: August 1, 1942

Marketing Mineral Pigments

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines discussing the use of mineral pigments. The importance of pigments is presented along with a description of import and export trends of minerals. This report includes tables.
Date: August 1942
Creator: Harness, Charles L.

A method for determining the camber and twist of a surface to support a given distribution of lift

Description: A graphical method is described for finding the shape (camber and twist) of an airfoil having an arbitrary distribution of lift. The method consists in replacing the lifting surface and its wake with an equivalent arrangement of vortices and in finding the associated vertical velocities. By a division of the vortex pattern into circular strips concentric about the downwash point instead of into the usual rectangular strips, the lifting surface is reduced for each downwash point to an equivalent loaded line for which the induced velocity is readily computed. The ratio of the vertical velocity to the stream velocity is the slope of the surface in the free-stream direction. As an illustration, the shape of the wing consistent with the pressure distribution derived from the two-dimensional theories is found for two wings: a straight elliptical wing and one with 30 degree sweepback. Application of the method to solve the reverse problem - finding the lift distribution over a given surface - is briefly discussed.
Date: August 1, 1942
Creator: Cohen, Doris