UNT Libraries Government Documents Department - 32 Matching Results

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Application of Balancing Tabs to Ailerons

Description: Analysis was made to determine characteristics required of a balancing-tab system for ailerons in order to reduce aileron stick forces to any desired magnitude. Series of calculations based on section data were made to determine balancing-tab systems of various chord tabs and ailerons that will give, for a particular airplane, zero rate of aileron hinge moment with aileron deflection and yet will produce same maximum rate of roll as a plain unbalanced 15-percent chord aileron of same span. Effects of rolling velocity and of forces in tab link on aileron hinge moments have been included.
Date: June 1942
Creator: Sears, Richard I.

The Characteristics of Two Model Six-Blade Counterrotating Pusher Propellers of Conventional and Improved Aerodynamic Design

Description: Two airfoil plans were used for propeller blades. One is modified Clark Y section designed for structural reliability and the second an NACA 16 airfoil section designed to produce minimum aerodynamic losses. At low air speeds, the propeller designed for aerodynamic effects showed a gain of from 1.5 to 4.0 percent in propulsive efficiency over the conventional type depending on the pitch. Because of the numerous variables involved, the effect of each one on the aerodynamic characteristics of the propellers could not be isolated.
Date: June 1942
Creator: McHugh, James G. & Pepper, Edward

Cooling in cruising flight with low fuel-air ratios

Description: Report presenting testing of a Pratt & Whitney R-1830-43 engine mounted in a B-24D nacelle in the full-scale wind tunnel in order to investigation the potential improvements of fuel economy. Suggestions for improving the cruising power and cruising range by operating at specified fuel-air ratios are provided.
Date: June 1942
Creator: Silverstein, Abe & Wilson, Herbert A., Jr.

Effect of an aromatic mixture added to two 100-octane fuels on engine temperatures and fuel consumption

Description: Report presenting tests conducted with an air-cooled cylinder on two fuels rated at approximately 100-octane number by the C.F.R. aviation method with and without a 40-percent addition of an aromatic mixture. The aromatic mixture consisted of 50 percent toluene, 37.5 percent xylene, and 12.5 percent benzene. Results regarding engine performance and engine temperature are provided.
Date: June 1942
Creator: Krsek, Alois, Jr. & Jones, Anthony W.

The effect of pitch on force and moment characteristics of full-scale propellers of five solidities

Description: Report presenting an investigation in the 20-foot propeller-research tunnel to determine the effect of variations in angle of pitch on the aerodynamic characteristics of several propeller combinations. The combinations investigated included two-, three-, four-, and six-blade single-rotating propellers and a six-blade dual-rotating propeller on a nacelle with four angles of thrust axis. The propulsive efficiency was found to decrease as the angle of pitch increased.
Date: June 1942
Creator: Runckel, Jack F.

Effects of direction of propeller rotation on the longitudinal stability of the 1/10-scale model of the North American XB-28 airplane with flaps neutral, special report

Description: The effects of direction of propeller rotation on factors affecting the longitudinal stability of the XB-28 airplane were measured on a 1/10-scale model in the 7- by 10-foot tunnel of the Ames Aeronautical Laboratory. The main effect observed was that caused by regions of high downwash behind the nacelles (power off as well as power on with flaps neutral). The optimum direction of propeller rotation, both propellers rotating up toward the fuselage, shifted this region off the horizontal tail and thus removed its destabilizing effect. Rotating both propellers downward toward the fuselage moved it inboard on the tail and accentuated the effect, while rotating both propellers right hand had an intermediate result. Comparisons are made of the tail effects as measured by force tests with those predicted from the point-by-point downwash and velocity surveys in the region of the tail. These surveys in turn are compared with the results predicted from available theory.
Date: June 1942
Creator: Delany, Noel K.

Effects of Range of Stress and of Special Notches on Fatigue Properties of Aluminum Alloys Suitable for Airplane Propellers

Description: "Laboratory tests were made to obtain information on the load-resisting properties of X76S-T aluminum alloy when subjected to static, impact, and repeated loads. Results are presented from static-load test of unnotched specimens in tension and in torsion and of notched specimens in tension. Charpy impact values obtained from bend tests on notched specimens and tension impact values for both notched and unnotched specimens tested at several different temperatures are included" (p. 1).
Date: June 1942
Creator: Dolan, Thomas J.

Flight Tests of Modifications to Improve the Aileron Control Characteristics of a North American XP-51 Airplane (AC No. 41-38)

Description: Investigations were undertaken to improve the ailerons of a P-51 fighter so as to obtain greater effectiveness without increasing the stick forces. Modifications consisted of increasing the deflection range of the aileron to 70 percent and changing the original concave section to a thick section with beveled trailing edge. Results of the modified ailerons showed an increase in effectiveness over the original aileron of 70 percent at low speed and 55 percent at high speeds.
Date: June 1942
Creator: White, M. D. & Hoover, Herbert H.

Investigation of Extreme Leading-Edge Roughness on Thick Low-Drag Airfoils to Indicate Those Critical to Separation

Description: Bulletin presenting a study of several airfoils, including a conventional NACA 23021 and some low-drag airfoils for which the thickness had been increased, as smooth airfoils and after the application of a standard roughness. The results show some of the airfoils to be critical to separation resulting from such flow disturbances.
Date: June 1942
Creator: Davidson, Milton

The mean aerodynamic chord and the aerodynamic center of a tapered wing

Description: A preliminary study of pitching-moment data on tapered wings indicated that excellent agreement with test data was obtained by locating the quarter-chord point of the average chord on the average quarter-chord point of the semispan. The study was therefore extended to include most of the available data on tapered-wing models tested by the NACA.
Date: June 16, 1942
Creator: Diehl, Walter S.

Normal-pressure tests of circular plates with clamped edges

Description: A fixture is described for making normal-pressure tests of flat plates 5 inches in diameter in which particular care was taken to obtain rigid clamping at the edges. Results are given for 19 plates, ranging in thickness from 0.015 to 0.072 inch. The center deflections and the extreme-fiber stresses at low pressures were found to agree with theoretical values; the center deflections at high pressures were 4 to 12 percent greater than the theoretical values. Empirical curves are derived of the pressure for the beginning of permanent set as a function of the dimensions of the plate and the tensile properties of the material.
Date: June 1942
Creator: McPherson, Albert E.; Ramberg, Walter & Levy, Samuel

Normal-pressure tests of rectangular plates

Description: From Summary: "Normal-pressure tests were made of 56 rectangular plates with clamped edges and of 5 plats with freely supported edges. Pressure was applied and the center deflection and the permanent set at the center were measured. For some of the plates, strains and contours were measured in addition."
Date: June 1942
Creator: Ramberg, Walter; McPherson, Albert E. & Levy, Samuel

On the Symmetrical Potential Flow of Compressible Fluid Past a Circular Cylinder in the Tunnel in the Subcritical Zone

Description: "The two-dimensional symmetrical potential flow of compressible fluid past a circular cylinder placed in the center line of a straight tunnel is analyzed in second approximation according to the Jansen-Rayleigh method. The departure of the profile from the exact circular shape can be kept to the same magnitude as for the incompressible flow. The velocities in the narrowest section of the tunnel wall and at the profile edge are discussed in detail" (p. 1).
Date: June 1942
Creator: Lamla, Ernst

Propeller blade stresses caused by periodic displacement of the propeller shaft

Description: The present report deals with different vibration stresses of the propeller and their removal by an elastic coupling of propeller and engine. A method is described for protecting the propeller from unstable oscillations and herewith from the thus excited alternating gyroscopic moments. The respective vibration equations are set down and the amount of elasticity required is deduced.
Date: June 1942
Creator: Meyer, J.

The stability of laminar flow past a sphere

Description: As a contribution to the problem of turbulence on a surface of rotation, the method of small oscillation is applied to the flow past a sphere. It was found that the method developed for two-dimensional flow is applicable without modifications. The frictional layer in the vicinity of the stagnation point of a surface of rotation is less stable against small two-dimensional disturbances than in the stagnation point itself, as proved from an analysis of the velocity distribution made by Homann.
Date: June 1942
Creator: Pretsch, J.

Statistical analysis of service stresses in aircraft wings

Description: On the wing structures of modern high speed aircraft, in particular, the comparatively high-service stresses and the consistently increasing number of hours of operation during the life of the separate airplane parts make the studies of strength requirement under recurrent stresses appear of major concern. The DVL has therefore made exhaustive studies for this structural group of airplanes, some results of which are reported here.
Date: June 1942
Creator: Kaul, Hans W.

The Strength and Stiffness of Shear Webs With and Without Lightening Holes

Description: Report presenting the results of nearly 200 tests made on the strength of shear webs of 24S-T aluminum alloy, with and without lightening holes. The tests were made in a jig of the single-specimen type, in which the specimen is free to collapse completely without developing diagonal tension. Results regarding the strength of the shear webs, stiffness of shear webs, and permanent-set tests are provided.
Date: June 1942
Creator: Kuhn, Paul

Strength tests of thin-walled elliptic duralumin cylinders in pure bending and in combined pure bending and torsion

Description: An analysis is presented of the results of tests made by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology and by the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics on an investigation of the strength of thin-walled circular and elliptic cylinders in pure bending and in combined torsion and bending. In each of the loading conditions, the bending moments were applied in the plane of the major axis of the ellipse.
Date: June 1942
Creator: Lundquist, Eugene E. & Stowell, Elbridge Z.

Strength Tests on Hulls and Floats

Description: "The present report deals with strength tests on hulls and floats intended in part for the collection of construction data for the design of these components and in part for the stress analysis of the finished hulls and floats" (p. 1).
Date: June 1942
Creator: Matthaes, K.

Stresses around rectangular cut-outs in skin-stringer panels under axial loads

Description: From Summary: "The calculation of the stresses around cut-outs is discussed on the basis of a simplified application of the shear-lag theory previously published. Experimental stringer strains were measured around a systematic series of cut-outs. The test results indicate that the proposed method of calculating the stringer stresses is acceptable as a basis for stress analysis."
Date: June 1942
Creator: Kuhn, Paul & Moggio, Edwin M.