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Calculated Burnups and Fluences for Experimental Fuel Elements Irradiated in EBR-II Runs 5-55B

Description: A procedure is described for calculation of burnups and fluences at any point in a subassembly in EBR-II runs 5-55B. The calculations are performed by the BRN program package and require data generated for any element in the highly inhomogeneous fueled experimental subassemblies is the most important application of the pointwise capability. Tables allow calculation of burnup and fluences for any element in such a subassembly.
Date: October 1976
Creator: Kucera, D. A. & Meneghetti, D.

Cracking and Healing Behavior of UO2 as Related to Pellet-Cladding Mechanical Interaction : Interim Report, July 1976

Description: A direct-electrical-heating apparatus has been designed and fabricated to investigate those nuclear-fuel-related phenomena involved in the gap closure-bridging annulus formation mechanism that can be reproduced in an out-of-reactor environment. Prototypic light-water-reactor uranium dioxide fuel-pellet temperature profiles have been generated utilizing high flow rates (approximately 700 liters/min) of helium coolant gas, and a re-circulating system has been fabricated to permit tests of up to 1000 h. Simulated light-water-reactor single- and multiple-thermal-cycle experiments will be conducted on both unclad and ceramic (fused silica) clad uranium dioxide pellet stacks. A laser dilatometer is used to measure pellet dimensional increase continuously during thermal cycling. Acoustic emissions from thermal-gradient cracking have been detected and correlated with crack length and crack area. The acoustic emissions are monitored continuously to provide instantaneous information about thermal-gradient cracking. Post-test metallography and fracture-mechanics measurements are utilized to characterize cracking and crack healing.
Date: October 1976
Creator: Kennedy, C. R.; Yaggee, F. L.; Voglewede, J. C.; Kupperman, D. S.; Wrona, B. J.; Ellingson, W. A. et al.

Environmental Pollutants and the Urban Economy : Phase 1. Final Report, June 1972-October 1975

Description: Costs and benefits of various urban air pollution control policies have been examined in Phase 1 of the Environmental Pollutants and the Urban Economy study being conducted jointly by Argonne National Laboratory and the University of Chicago. The need for sound economic evaluation of air quality regulations is evidenced by the resistance of many industries to pollution control policies based solely on the technical feasibility of achieving public health-related standards. For many firms that emit air pollutants, the cost of not complying with some regulations is significantly less than the cost of compliance. This final report on the Phase 1 research presents highlights of what has been learned, the mechanisms developed for transferring results to users, a bibliography of documents produced during the project, and a collection of correspondence, articles, and evaluation illuminating the use of project work by others.
Date: October 1976
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory

Fission-Product Releases to the Primary System of EBR-II, January 1974-March 1975

Description: Seven releases of fission products occurred in EBR-II from January 1974 to March 1975 - - five from mixed-oxide elements and two from sodium-bonded driver-fuel elements. Four releases were from elements that contained a xenon tag, which aided considerably in locating three of the elements; data from the fourth element allowed estimation of changes of tag composition with reactor exposure. Rapid release of fission from two breached mixed-oxide elements caused the reactor to trip because of increased delayed-neutron activity, the first time such behavior has been observed. Identification of a subassembly of Mark-1A driver-fuel elements was complicated by multiple failure of its untagged elements during the diagnosis period. Several of these elements had some exposed fuel in the core, which was the likely cause of increasing delayed-neutron signals from the subassembly.
Date: October 1976
Creator: So, B. Y. C.; Lambert, J. D. B.; Johnson, D. L.; Ebersole, E. R. & Brunson, G. S.

Health Physics Division Annual Progress Report: Period Ending June 30, 1976

Description: Annual report for the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Health Physics Division including sections on medical physics and internal dosimetry; chemical physics and spectroscopy; biological and radiation physics; assessment technology; emergency technology; analytic dosimetry and education group; theses, papers, publications, and lectures; and miscellaneous staff activities.
Date: October 1976
Creator: Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Health Physics Division.

Three-Dimensional Thermal-Neutron Radiography

Description: Three-dimensional radiographic methods provide a means of determining the depth of defect indications and minimizing the confusion that results from overlapping images of structures at various depths in an object. One method of obtaining and displaying three-dimensional radiographic images is multiple-film laminagraphy, i.e., a series of radiographic films taken at different orientations can be viewed superimposed to present a sharply focused image of any desired object plane. Methods that use multiple-film laminagraphy for three-dimensional thermal-neutron images will be described.
Date: October 1976
Creator: Berger, H. & Reimann, K. I.

What About Metric?

Description: Pamphlet issued by the United States National Bureau of Standards discussing the reasons that the U.S. decided passed the Metric Conversion Act of 1975 and provides tables, illustrations, and formulas for converting between customary units and metric units of measuring weight, length, volume, and temperature. It also includes a discussion of how one might expect to use metric measurements in the marketplace, in the home, and at work.
Date: October 1976
Creator: Barbrow, Louis E. & Halpin, Suellen