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Description of stress-strain curves by three parameters

Description: A simple formula is suggested for describing the stress-strain curve in terms of three parameters; namely, Young's modulus and two secant yield strengths. Dimensionless charts are derived from this formula for determining the stress-strain curve, the tangent modulus, and the reduced modulus of a material for which these three parameters are given. Comparison with the tensile and compressive data on aluminum-alloy, stainless-steel, and carbon-steel sheet in NACA Technical Note No. 840 indicates that the formula is adequate for most of these materials. The formula does not describe the behavior of alclad sheet, which shows a marked change in slope at low stress. It seems probable that more than three parameters will be necessary to represent such stress-strain curves adequately.
Date: July 1, 1943
Creator: Ramberg, Walter & Osgood, William R

Effect of rivet pitch upon the fatigue strength of single-row riveted joints of 0.025- to 0.025-inch 24S-T alclad

Description: S-N curves at the range ratio of 0.2 were experimentally obtained for each of the following values of rivet pitch P as used in a single-row lap joint of 0.025- to 0.025-inch 24S-T alclad with one-eight AN430 round-head rivets: p=0.5, 0.75, 1.0, 1.5. Families of constant rivet pitch curves, which define the fatigue life for specimens studied, were developed. Curves showing the variation of the effective stress concentration factor in fatigue with rivet pitch and maximum load per rivet were also established.
Date: July 1, 1943
Creator: Seliger, Victor

Round heat-treated chromium-molybdenum-steel tubing under combined loads

Description: The results of tests of round heat-treated chromium-molybdenum-steel tubing are presented. Tests were made on tubing under axial load, bending load, torsional load, combined bending and axial load, combined bending and torsional load, and combined axial, bending, and torsional load. Tensile and compressive tests were made to determine the properties of the material. Formulas are given for the evaluation of the maximum strength of this steel tubing under individual or combined loads. The solution of an example is included to show the procedure to be followed in designing a tubular cantilever member to carry combined loads.
Date: July 1, 1943
Creator: Osgood, William R

Wind-Tunnel Tests of the 1/9-Scale Model of the Curtiss XP-62 Airplane with Various Vertical Tail Arrangements

Description: The effect of various vertical tail arrangements upon the stability and control characteristics of an XP-62 fighter model was investigated. Rudder-free yaw characteristics with take-off power and flaps deflected were satisfactory after dorsal fin modifications. Directional stability was obtained with all modified vertical tails. Satisfactory rudder effectiveness resulted partly because the dual-rotation propellers produced no asymmetric yawing moments. Pedal forces in sideslips were undesirably large but may be easily reduced.
Date: July 1, 1943
Creator: Wallace, Arthur R. & Recant, I.G.