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America Joins a Metric World

Description: Pamphlet issued by the United States National Bureau of Standards discussing the Metric Conversion Act of 1975, the work of the U.S. Metric Board, and how government agencies are facilitating a switch to the metric system.
Date: February 1976
Creator: United States. National Bureau of Standards.

Analog-Model Simulations for Secondary Canal Controls and Forward Pumping Water-Management Schemes in Southeast Florida

Description: From purpose and scope: The purpose of this investigation is to evaluate, through electrical analog model simulation, the effects of two specific water-management proposals in Dade County. Proposal one is the installation of a secondary control on Snake Creek Canal and proposal two is the forward pumping scheme.
Date: December 1976
Creator: Cordes, E. H. & Gardner, R. A.

An Analysis of Salinity in Streams of the Green River Basin

Description: Abstract: Dissolved-solids concentrations and loads can be estimated from streamflow records using a regression model derived from chemical analyses of monthly samples. The model takes seasonal effects into account by the inclusion of simple-harmonic time functions. Monthly mean dissolved-solids loads simulated for a 6-year period at U.S. Geological Survey water-quality stations in the Green River Basin of Wyoming agree closely with corresponding loads estimated from daily specific-conductance records. In a demonstration of uses of the model, an average gain of 114,000 tons of dissolved solids per year was estimated for 6-year period in a 70-mile reach of the Green River from Fontemelle Reservoir to the town of Green River, including the lower 30-mile reach of the Big Sandy River.
Date: October 1977
Creator: DeLong, Lewis L.

Analysis of Selected Benthic Communities in the Florida Everglades with Reference to Their Physical and Chemical Environment

Description: From purpose and scope: The purpose of this investigation is to document the types of aquatic benthic organisms found within the Everglades and to determine the extent to which the chemical and physical character of surface water and bottom materials affect their distribution and community structure.
Date: April 1976
Creator: Waller, Bradley G.

Analysis of Waste-Load Assimilative Capacity of the Yampa River, Steamboat Springs to Hayden, Routt County, Colorado

Description: From purpose and scope: The primary purpose of the study was to aid in evaluating the waste-load assimilative capacity of the study reach for a minimum mean 7-day low flow and 10-year recurrence interval. The results of this analysis will provide planners and managers in Routt County with information for determining the waste-load capacities of the study reach for possible design and operational alternatives of future wastewater-treatment plants.
Date: April 1977
Creator: Bauer, Daniel P.; Steele, Timothy D. & Anderson, Richard D.

Application of Thermal Imagery and Aerial Photography to Hydrologic Studies of Karst Terrane in Missouri

Description: From abstract: Planning waste-disposal facilities and impoundments is complicated by karst carbonate terrane in the Ozarks. Thermal imagery (8-13 micrometer wavelength) and color infrared photography aid in identifying losing streams, sinkholes and hydrologic conditions encouraging collapse. Imagery and photography were acquired in Greene and Reynold Counties, Mo., in March 1972 and June 1973. Differences in thermal levels correlating with losing and gaining reaches of Logan Creek valley, Reynolds County, were not visually apparent in predawn March imagery but statistical analysis of predawn magnetic-tape data indicated greater variance in emitted energy from the losing reach than from the gaining reach.
Date: September 1977
Creator: Harvey, E. J.; Williams, J. H. & Dinkel, T. R.

Artificial-Recharge Experiments and Operations on the Southern High Plains of Texas and New Mexico

Description: Abstract: Experiments using highly turbid water from playa lakes for injection into the Ogallala Formation have resulted in greatly decreased yield of the recharge wells. Recharge of ground or surface water of good quality has indicated, however, that injection through wells in an effective method of recharging the aquifer. Water that is slightly turbid can be successfully injected for a period of time, but generally results in constantly declining yields and capacity for recharge. Redevelopment through pumping and surging significantly prolongs the life of recharge wells under some conditions. Surface spreading is little practiced on the High Plains, but locally may be a feasible means of artificial recharge.
Date: May 1973
Creator: Brown, Richmond F. & Signor, Donald C.

Artificial-Recharge Tests in Upper Black Squirrel Creek Basin, Jimmy Camp Valley, and Fountain Valley, El Paso County, Colorado

Description: Abstract: Nine artificial-recharge pits were excavated in the alluvium in upper Black Squirrel Creek basin, Jimmy Campy Valley, and in the alluvium overlying the Widefield aquifer in Fountain Valley. Each artificial-recharge site was instrumented to measure inflow, stage fluctuations, and water-table fluctuations. Artificial-recharge tests conducted in upper Black Squirrel Creek basin indicated that the average adjusted rates of infiltration for the three sites ranged from 1.6 to 2.4 feet (0.5 to 0.7 meter) per day. Tests conducted in Jimmy Camp Valley indicated that the average adjusted rates of infiltration for the two sites ranged from 3.8 to 24.7 feet (1.2 to 7.5 meters) per day. Tests conducted on the Widefield aquifer indicated that the average adjusted rates of infiltration for four sites ranged from 2.3 to 12.9 feet (0.7 to 3.9 meters) per day.
Date: July 1977
Creator: Emmons, Patrick J.

Availability and Chemical Characteristics of Ground Water in Central La Plata County, Colorado

Description: From introduction: This report presents the results of an investigation of the ground-water resources of the central part of La Plata County, Colorado. The purpose of the investigation is to describe the geologic units and the availability and quality of ground water in the central part of the county.
Date: 1976
Creator: Brogden, Robert E. & Giles, T. F.

Availability and Chemical Quality of Ground Water in the Crystal River and Cattle Creek Drainage Basins near Glenwood Springs, West-Central Colorado

Description: From introduction: This report presents the results of an investigation of the ground-water resources of the Crystal River and Cattle Creek drainage basins...The purpose of the investigation was to describe the geologic units, the aquifers and their characteristics, and the availability and chemical quality of ground water in the study area.
Date: 1976
Creator: Brogden, Robert E. & Giles, T. F.

Availability of Ground Water in the Branch River Basin, Providence County, Rhode Island

Description: From introduction: This report deals with ground-water resources of the part of the Branch River basin in northwestern Rhode Island upstream from the U.S. Geological Survey gaging station at Forestdale, Rhode lsland, an area of 79 square miles or 205 square kilometers (figure 1). It is one of a series prepared in cooperation with the Rhode Island Water Resources Board to provide quantitative information on the availability of large supplies of ground water in Rhode Island.
Date: December 1974
Creator: Johnston, H. E. & Dickerman, D. C.

Availability of Ground Water near Carmel, Hamilton County, Indiana

Description: Abstract: Flow in the unconsolidated glacial deposits near the city of Carmel in central Indiana was simulated by a digital-computer model in a study of hydraulic characteristics of the deposits. The study shows that 21 • 3 million gallons per day (933 liters per second) of additional water could be withdrawn from the aquifer for an indefinite period of time. This pumpage is approximately 5 million gallons per day (219 liters per second) above the projected water needs of Carmel for 1990. Saturated thickness, transmissivity, and storage coefficient of the outwash aquifer along the White River east of Carmel were determined, using available data supplemented by test drilling . The saturated thickness of the aquifer ranges from 10 to 110 feet 0 to 34 meters ); transmissivity ranges from 1,000 feet squared per day (93 meters squared per day) to 24 ,000 feet squared per day (2 ,230 meters squared per day); and the average storage coefficient is 0.11.
Date: May 1976
Creator: Gillies, D. C.