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Acid-Mine-Drainage Problems: Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania

Description: Report from the U.S. Bureau of Mines discussing the anthracite region of Pennsylvania and the efforts to prevent coal-mine drainage into nearby streams. According to the introduction, "The purpose of this report is not to develop a practicable or feasible method or process of treating acid mine water but rather to present available factual and deduced data that may be useful in showing pH range over which the treatment is to take place and the sludge products most likely to be handled" (p. 2).
Date: 1951
Creator: Ash, S. H. (Simon Harry), b. 1889; Felegy, E. W.; Kennedy, D. O. & Miller, P. S.

Analyses of Coals in the United States with Descriptions of Mine and Field Samples Collected between July 1, 1904 and June 30, 1910: Part 1. -- Analyses

Description: From Significance and value of Analyses of Coal: "The analyses published in this report cover samples of coal collected in many different parts of the country with unusual care by experiences men, in such manner as to make them representative of extensive beds of coal."
Date: 1913
Creator: Lord, N. W.

Analyses of Coals in the United States with Descriptions of Mine and Field Samples Collected between July 1, 1904 and June 30, 1910 Part 2. Descriptions of Samples

Description: From Introduction: "This volume contains the descriptions of the samples whose analyses are published in the preceding volume, Part I of this bulletin. The descriptions have been compiled from the notebooks of the persons who collected the samples, have been condensed from accounts given in published reports of the United States Geological Survey, or have furnished by the collection themselves. Inasmuch as the descriptions represent the work of many persons during a period of six years, and inasmuch as they were recorded under widely differing conditions, they necessarily vary in fullness detail."
Date: 1913
Creator: Lord, N. W.

Analyses of Pennsylvania Anthracitic Coals

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines discussing the anthracite coal fields of Pennsylvania. History, geology, and mining methods of the anthracite fields are presented. This report includes tables, illustrations, and maps.
Date: 1944
Creator: Ashley, George H.; Toenges, Albert L.; McElroy, G. E.; Siclen, M. Van; Buch, J. W.; Snyder, N. H. et al.

Analyses of Tipple and Delivered Samples of Coal: (Collected During the Fiscal Years 1948 to 1950 Inclusive)

Description: From Forward: "This bulletin is the first of a new series, which includes analyses of only tipple and delivered coal. It covers samples collected throughout the United States from July 1, 1947 to June 30, 1950 (fiscal years 1948-50). It is planned that future publications of this series will cover a period of one fiscal year only and be issued as soon as possible after June 30 of each year."
Date: 1953
Creator: Snyder, N. H. & Aresco, S. J.

Annual Report of Research and Technologic Work on Coal: Fiscal Year 1941

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines discussing the annual report over the research and technology of coal during 1941. As stated in the foreword, "these investigations increase our fund of exact knowledge on the properties and composition of American coals and lead to better methods in mining, preparing, storing, and utilizing coal" (p. 4). This report includes tables, illustrations, photographs, and a map.
Date: November 1941
Creator: Fieldner, Arno Carl & Schmidt, L. D.

Apparatus and Methods for the Sampling and Analysis of Furnace Gases

Description: From Introduction: "It is the purpose of this paper to describe some apparatus and methods which have proved satisfactory to those engaged in the chemical work of the investigations mentioned. While these methods and apparatus have been designed more particularly with regard to analysis of furnace gases, their use is by no means limited to that purpose."
Date: 1911
Creator: Frazer, J. C. W. & Hoffman, E. J.

Barrier Pillars in the Western Middle Field: Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania

Description: From Summary: "The investigation of barrier pillars in the Western Middle field is part of the comprehensive study of mine-water problem in the anthracite region of Pennsylvania by the Federal Bureau of Mines (1, 2, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11, 12, 15, 16)." From Introduction: "The purpose of this report is to give factual data on barrier pillars that will be helpful in solving the mine-water problem."
Date: 1953
Creator: Ash, S. H. (Simon Harry), b. 1889; Kennedy, D. O.; Link, H. B. & Romischer, W. M.

Briquetting Tests of Lignite at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1908-9 : With a Chapter on Sulphite-Pitch Binder

Description: From Results of Briquetting Tests: "The results of the briquetting investigations conducted by the Government are expected to prove of considerable value, not only to the Government itself as the owner of extensive lignite deposits and largest single purchaser of fuel, but also to the people living in the the regions where lignite is found. The problem assumes still larger proportions when one realizes that the development of manufacturing industries in those regions depends upon the ability to obtain a cheap and satisfactory fuel. Although the results presented in this bulletin are not conclusive, they warrant the continuation of the investigators as soon as funds can be available for the purpose."
Date: 1912
Creator: Wright, Charles L.

Buried Valley of the Susquehanna River: Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines regarding a buried valley area (a deposit of clay, sand, and gravel) around the Susquehanna River in the anthracite region of Pennsylvania, near the city of Wilkes-Barre. According the the introduction, "The purpose of this report is to furnish data on the buried valley of the Susquehanna River that will be useful in solving the anthracite mine-water problem" and "This report (a) discusses the physical characteristics and the influence of the buried valley of the Susquehanna River on anthracite mining in the Wyoming Valley area of the Northern field, (b) correlates pertinent data relating to the buried valley, (c) presents accurate contour maps showing the position of the top of solid rock underlying the water-soaked valley-fill deposits in the buried valley, and (d) presents cross sections at regular intervals across the buried valley showing the irregularities in trend and bottom as well as the thickness, configuration, and nature of the materials composing the water-bearing valley-fill deposits" (p. 3).
Date: 1950
Creator: Ash, S. H. (Simon Harry), b. 1889

Carbonizing Properties: Pocahontas Number 6, Davy Sewell, and Fire Creek Coals from West Virginia and Upper and Lower Kittanning and Upper and Lower Freeport Coals from Pennsylvania

Description: From Forward: "The value of this survey of the carbonizing properties of American coals by a standard method lies in the comparability of the results on different coals. It must recognized that no standard laboratory method of carbonization, even on a large unit, can yield results that exactly duplicate those obtained in ovens and retorts. The commercial results vary with the type of oven or retort. Allowance must be made for such differences in interpreting the BM-AGA test results in terms of commercial plants."
Date: 1950
Creator: Davis, J. D.; Reynolds, D. A.; Brewer, R. E.; Wolfson, D. E.; Naugle, B. W. & Birge, G. W.

Characterization of Tar Acids from Coal-Hydrogenation Oils

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of this investigation was to separate and identify as many of the principal phenolic compounds produced by the mild hydrogenation of Pittsburgh-bed (Bruceton) coal as possible and to determine with the greatest possible accuracy the proportions in which they are present."
Date: 1950
Creator: Woolfolk, E. O.; Golumbic, C.; Friedel, R. A.; Orchin, Milton & Storch, H. H.

Chromite and Other Mineral Deposits in Serpentine Rocks of the Piedmont Upland, Maryland, Pennsylvania and Delaware

Description: From abstract: The Piedmont Upland in Maryland, Pennsylvania, and Delaware is about 160 miles long and at the most 50 miles wide. Rocks that underlie the province are the Baltimore gneiss of Precambrian age and quartzite, gneiss, schist, marble, phyllite, and greenstone, which make up the Glenarm series of early Paleozoic(?) age. These are intruded by granitic, gabbroic, and ultramafic igneous rocks. Most of the ultramafic rocks, originally peridotite, pyroxenite, and dunite, have been partly or completely altered to serpentine and talc; they are all designated by the general term serpentine. The bodies of serpentine are commonly elongate and conformable with the enclosing rocks.
Date: 1960
Creator: Pearre, Nancy C. & Heyl, Allen V., Jr.

City Smoke Ordinances and Smoke Abatement

Description: From Introduction: "In connection with the fuel investigations conducted by the Bureau of Mines much information has been accumulated as to the smoke abatement activities in various cities. The essential features of the information are presented in this report, which, it is believed, will be of public interest and benefit, especially to those communities that are just beginning organized effort to abate unnecessary smoke."
Date: 1912
Creator: Flagg, Samuel B.