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Ability of pilots to control simulated short-period yawing oscillations

Description: Report discussing an investigation into the ability of human pilots to control short-period yawing oscillations using a yaw simulating device. The ability to control the oscillations was determined to be a function of period, control effectiveness, and inherent damping. Pilot control effectiveness was found to improve with practice.
Date: November 13, 1950
Creator: Phillips, William H. & Cheatham, Donald C.

Abnormal grain growth in M-252 and S-816 alloys

Description: Report discussing an experimental investigation was carried out on air- and vacuum-melted M-252 and S-816 alloys to find conditions of heating and hot-working which resulted in abnormal grain growth. The experiments were mainly limited to normal conditions of heating for hot-working and heat treatment and normal temperatures of solution treatment were used to allow grain growth after susceptibility to abnormal grain growth was developed by various experimental conditions. Results indicated that small reductions of essentially strain-free metal were the basic cause of such grain growth.
Date: November 1957
Creator: Decker, R F; Rush, A I; Dano, A G & Freeman, J W

Abnormal grain growth in nickel-base heat-resistant alloys

Description: From Introduction: "The data included in this report for Nimonic 80A alloy, for instance, represent experiments carried out to help clarify a production problem of grain-size control in an alloy which has been extensively used. The general procedure of the investigation was to carry out controlled laboratory experiments on samples of bar stock to find conditions of heating and hot-working which resulted in abnormal grain growth."
Date: December 1957
Creator: Decker, R F; Rush, A I; Dano, A G & Freeman, A G

Abnormal grain growth in S-816 alloy

Description: From Introduction: "This report presents the results obtained to date of an investigation to establish the fundamental causes of abnormal growth in S-816 alloy under conditions encountered during the forging of blades for the gas turbine of jet engines."
Date: April 1952
Creator: Rush, A I; Freeman, J W & White, A E

Acceleration characteristics of a turbojet engine with variable-position inlet guide vanes

Description: Report presenting a study of the acceleration characteristics of a turbojet engine equipped with variable-position inlet guide vanes in the altitude test chamber. Maximum acceleration values for 3 engines of the same model were also obtained during testing and were found to differ as much as 50 percent. Results regarding the effect of fuel step size and inlet guide vane on acceleration, effect of flight condition, reproducibility of engine acceleration, compressor pressure ratio in relation to acceleration, and acceleration with inlet air distortion are provided.
Date: July 7, 1955
Creator: Dobson, W. F. & Wallner, Lewis E.

Acceleration of high-pressure-ratio single-spool turbojet engine as determined from component performance characteristics 1: effect of air bleed at compressor outlet

Description: From Summary: "An analytical investigation was made to determine from component performance characteristics the effect of air bleed at the compressor outlet on the acceleration characteristics of a typical high-pressure-ratio single-spool turbojet engine. Consideration of several operating lines on the compressor performance map with two turbine-inlet temperatures showed that for a minimum acceleration time the turbine-inlet temperature should be the maximum allowable, and the operating line on the compressor map should be as close to the surge region as possible throughout the speed range. Operation along such a line would require a continuously varying bleed area."
Date: March 10, 1953
Creator: Rebeske, John J., Jr. & Rohlik, Harold E.

Acceleration of high-pressure-ratio single-spool turbojet engine as determined from component performance characteristics 3: effect of turbine stator adjustment

Description: From Summary: "An analytical investigation was made to determine from component performance the effect of turbine stator adjustment on the acceleration characteristics of a typical high-pressure-ratio single-spool turbojet engine. Turbine stator adjustment was adequate to permit engine operation in the intermediate-speed range, but was less satisfactory than the relatively simple schemes of compressor-interstage and -outlet bleed."
Date: August 2, 1954
Creator: Rohlik, Harold E. & Rebeske, John J.

Accelerations and passenger harness loads measured in full-scale light-airplane crashes

Description: From Introduction: "Light-airplane accident data, compiled by Crash Injury Research of Cornell University Medical College, indicate that human beings have often withstood declarations in excess of those imposed in airplane crashes involving extensive damage to the airplane structure (ref. 1). This study also correlates the extent of damage to the airplane structure with the injury incurred by the occupants during crash accidents."
Date: August 1953
Creator: Eiband, A. Martin; Simpkinson, Scott H. & Black, Dugald O.

Accelerations in transport-airplane crashes

Description: From Introduction: "A study of crash-impact survival in light airplanes is reported in references 1 and 2. A similar study for fighter airplanes is reported in reference 3. This report discusses crash-impact survival in transport airplanes."
Date: February 1958
Creator: Preston, G Merritt & Pesman, Gerard J

Acoustic analysis of ram-jet buzz

Description: From Introduction: "The surging of a system containing a centrifugal- or axial-flow compressor (e.g., refs. 1 to 4) is an example of self-sustained oscillation. Inlets designed for supersonic jet engines also have been observed to induce oscillations (e.g., refs. 5 to 11) which are usually referred to as "buzz." The origin of buzz in ram-jet engines is the subject of the present report."
Date: November 1955
Creator: Mirels, Harold

Acoustic radiation from two-dimensional rectangular cutouts in aerodynamic surfaces

Description: From Introduction: "The experiments in high-speed flow showed that an intense, high-frequency acoustic radiation is an essential feature of the problem. Consequently, a study of the acoustic field (involving schlieren observations and frequency and intensity measurements) was undertaken. This report presents the salient features of the study, which was mainly exploratory."
Date: August 1955
Creator: Krishnamurty, K

Acoustic, thrust, and drag characteristics of several full-scale noise suppressors for turbojet engines

Description: From Introduction: " Considerable analytical and experimental research has been done to find means of reducing the noise levels of the turbojet transports. Noise levels can be decreased by engine redesign to reduce the jet-exit velocity (ref. 1), proper flight-climb techniques (ref. 2), and the use of noise-suppression exhaust nozzles (refs. 3 to 5). The present report is concerned with the last method."
Date: April 1958
Creator: Ciepluch, Carl C.; North, Warren J.; Coles, Willard D. & Antl, Robert J.

An active particle diffusion theory of flame quenching for laminar flames

Description: An equation for quenching distance based on the destruction of chain carriers by the surface is derived. The equation expresses the quenching distance in terms of the diffusion coefficients and partial pressures of the chain carriers and gas phase molecules, the efficiency of the surface as a chain breaker, the total pressure of the mixture, and a constant which depends on the geometry of the quenching surface. Quenching distances measured by flashback for propane-air flames are shown to be consistent with the mechanism. The derived equation is used with the lean inflammability limit and a rate constant calculated from burning velocity data to estimate quenching distances for propane-air (hydrocarbon lean) flames satisfactorily.
Date: March 4, 1952
Creator: Simon, Dorothy M. & Belles, Frank E.