UNT Libraries Government Documents Department - 112 Matching Results

Search Results

The 5- by 7-meter wind tunnel of the DVL

Description: The report contains a description of the DVL wind tunnel. According to the cones fixed, an elliptical stream with axes 5 by 7 meters and length 9 meters, or a stream 6 by 8 meters in cross section and 11 meters in length is available. The top speed with the smaller cone is 65 meters per second. The testing equipment consists of an automatic six-component balance and a test rig for propellers and engines up to 650 horsepower.
Date: October 3, 1936
Creator: Kramer, M

Air flow in the boundary layer near a plate

Description: From Summary: "The published data on the distribution of speed near a thin flat plate with sharp leading edge placed parallel to the flow (skin friction plate) are reviewed and the results of some additional measurements are described. The purpose of the experiments was to study the basic phenomena of boundary-layer flow under simple conditions."
Date: March 1936
Creator: Dryden, Hugh L.

Analysis and model tests of autogiro jump take-off

Description: From Introduction: "The possibilities of the jump take-off have been established by some full-scale experiments. It is the purpose of this paper to study the factors that govern the jump take-off in its simplest form and to present the results of model tests in which the effect of differences in the rotor parameters was determined."
Date: October 1, 1936
Creator: Wheatley, John B & Bioletti, Carlton

Analysis of 2-spar cantilever wings with special reference to torsion and load transference

Description: From Summary: "This paper deals with the analysis of 2-spar cantilever wings in torsion, taking cognizance of the fact that the spars are not independent, but are interconnected by ribs and other structural members. The principles of interaction are briefly explained, showing that the mutual relief action occurring depends on the "pure torsional stiffness" of the wing cross section. Various practical methods of analysis are outlined."
Date: January 1, 1936
Creator: Kuhn, Paul

Analysis of the three lowest bending frequencies of a rotating propeller

Description: The available literature on rotating propeller oscillations reveals a lack of uniformity in interpretation, particularly as concerns the data on the overtone frequency with respect to the centrifugal forces. The present report is a survey of the existing data for computing the bending frequency and a check on the dependability of the calculating methods.
Date: January 1936
Creator: Liebers, F

Automatic stabilization

Description: This report lays more stress on the principles underlying automatic piloting than on the means of applications. Mechanical details of servomotors and the mechanical release device necessary to assure instantaneous return of the controls to the pilot in case of malfunction are not included. Descriptions are provided of various commercial systems.
Date: December 1936
Creator: Haus, FR

Automatic stabilization

Description: This report concerns the study of automatic stabilizers and extends it to include the control of the three-control system of the airplane instead of just altitude control. Some of the topics discussed include lateral disturbed motion, static stability, the mathematical theory of lateral motion, and large angles of incidence. Various mechanisms and stabilizers are also discussed. The feeding of Diesel engines by injection pumps actuated by engine compression, achieves the required high speeds of injection readily and permits rigorous control of the combustible charge introduced into each cylinder and of the peak pressure in the resultant cycle.
Date: August 1936
Creator: Haus, FR

Behavior of turbulent boundary layers on curved convex walls

Description: The system of linear differential equations which indicated the approach of separation and the so-called "boundary-layer thickness" by Gruschwitz is extended in this report to include the case where the friction layer is subject to centrifugal forces. Evaluation of the data yields a strong functional dependence of the momentum change and wall drag on the boundary-layer thickness radius of curvature ratio for the wall. It is further shown that the transition from laminar to turbulent flow occurs at somewhat higher Reynolds Numbers at the convex wall than at the flat plate, due to the stabilizing effect of the centrifugal forces.
Date: April 1, 1936
Creator: Schmidbauer, Hans

Bending of beams of thin sections

Description: The tendency toward economy of material and lightness of structure has long since led to the increased application of beams having large ratios of moment of area W to cross-sectional area F. This paper tries to provide an answer to how thin the beams can be.
Date: April 1, 1936
Creator: Huber, Maximilian T

Boosted performance of a compression-ignition engine with a displaced piston

Description: Performance tests were made using a rectangular displacer arranged so that the combustion air was forced through equal passages at either end of the displacer into the vertical-disk combustion chamber of a single-cylinder, four-stroke-cycle compression-ignition test engine. After making tests to determine optimum displacer height, shape, and fuel-spray arrangement, engine-performance tests were made at 1,500 and 2,000 r.p.m. for a range of boost pressures from 0 to 20 inches of mercury and for maximum cylinder pressures up to 1,150 pounds per square inch. The engine operation for boosted conditions was very smooth, there being no combustion shock even at the highest maximum cylinder pressures. Indicated mean effective pressures of 240 pounds per square inch for fuel consumptions of 0.39 pound per horsepower-hour have been readily reproduced during routine testing at 2,000 r.p.m. at a boost pressure of 20 inches of mercury.
Date: May 1, 1936
Creator: Moore, Charles S & Foster, Hampton H

Calculated effect of various types of flap on take-off over obstacles

Description: In order to determine whether or not flaps could be expected to have any beneficial effect on take-off performance, the distances required to take off and climb to an altitude of 50 feet were calculated for hypothetical airplanes, corresponding to relatively high-speed types and equipped with several types of flap. The types considered are the Fowler wing, the Hall wing, the split flap, the balanced split flap, the plain flap, and the external-airfoil flap. The results indicate that substantial reductions in take-off distance are possible through the use of flaps, provided that the proper flap angle corresponding to a given set of conditions is used. The best flap angle for taking off varies inversely as power loading and, to a much smaller extent, varies inversely with wing loading. Apparently, the best take-off characteristics are provided by the type of device in which the flap forms an extension to the main wing as in the case of the Fowler wing and the external-airfoil flap.
Date: May 1, 1936
Creator: Wetmore, J W

Carbon-monoxide indicators for aircraft

Description: Several improvements that have been made on commercially available carbon-monoxide indicators to make them more suitable for aircraft use are described. These improvements include an automatic flow regulator, which permits the use of a simplified instrument on aircraft where a source of suction is available, and a more reliable alarm attachment. A field method for testing instruments on standard samples of carbon monoxide is described. Performance data and instructions in operation and maintenance are given.
Date: July 1, 1936
Creator: Womack, S H J & Peterson, J B

The cetene scale and the induction period preceding the spontaneous ignition of diesel fuels in bombs

Description: In the present report a comparison is made between the scale obtained with mixtures of cetane and l-methyl naphthalene in a bomb, and that obtained with the same fuels in a Waukesha engine. The tests were conducted in a metal bomb heated by a Nichrome spiral. The fuel was injected into the bomb from a Bosch jet by means of a specially constructed plunger pump. The instant injection and the pressure curve in the bomb were registered by a beam of light which was reflected from a mirror connected to the needle of the jet and to a membrane indicator.
Date: December 1, 1936
Creator: Michailova, M N & Neumann, M B

Characteristics of the NACA 23012 airfoil from tests in the full-scale and variable-density tunnels

Description: This report gives the results of tests in the NACA full-scale and variable-density tunnels of a new wing section, the NACA 23012, which is one of the more promising of an extended series of related airfoils recently developed. The tests were made at several values of the Reynolds number between 1,000,000 and 8,000,000. The new airfoil develops a reasonably high maximum lift and a low profile drag, which results in an unusually high value of the speed-range index. In addition, the pitching-moment coefficient is very small. The superiority of the new section over well-known and commonly used sections of small camber and moderate thickness is indicated by making a direct comparison with variable-density tests of the NACA 2212, the well-known NACA family airfoil that most nearly resembles it. The superiority is further indicated by comparing the characteristics with those obtained from full-scale-tunnel tests of the Clark y airfoil.
Date: January 1, 1936
Creator: Jacobs, Eastman N. & Clay, William C.

Charts for calculating the performance of airplanes having constant-speed propellers

Description: Charts are presented for determining the performance of airplanes having variable-pitch propellers, the pitch of which is assumed to be adjusted to maintain constant speed for all rates of flight. The charts are based on the general performance equations developed by Oswald in reference 1, and are used in a similar manner. Examples applying the charts to airplanes having both supercharged and unsupercharged engines are included.
Date: September 1, 1936
Creator: White, Roland J & Martin, Victor J

Charts for checking the stability of compression members in trusses

Description: The present report contains a set of charts developed for computing the fixity effect on a compression member in a truss through its adjacent members, the amount of fixity being considered variable with the particular total truss load. The use of the charts is illustrated on two- and three-bay systems, as well as on a triangular truss.
Date: July 1, 1936
Creator: Borkmann, K

Chief characteristics and advantages of tailless airplanes

Description: This study will be concerned with the critical examination of two main questions, mainly, susceptibility of centering and more generally, the conditions of static stability, longitudinal equilibrium, and the question of dynamic stability, or at least the damping of longitudinal vibrations about a position of equilibrium that may result from a small variation in the angle of attack.
Date: May 1, 1936
Creator: Dufaure De Lajarte, A

Circular motion of bodies of revolution

Description: The circular motion for airship-like bodies has thus far been calculated only for a prolate ellipsoid of revolution (reference 1, p.133 and reference 2). In this paper, however, the circular motion of elongated bodies of revolution more nearly resembling airships will be investigated. The results will give the effect of rotation on the pressure distribution and thus yield some information as to the stresses set up in an airship in circular flight.
Date: February 1, 1936
Creator: Kaplan, Carl

A comparison of corrosion-resistant steel (18 percent chromium - 8 percent nickel) and aluminum alloy (24st)

Description: In the selection of materials for aircraft application, it is not enough to make the selection on a strength-weight basis alone. A strength-weight comparison is significant but other factors must be considered, for while a material with a high ratio of strength to weight may be perfectly satisfactory for one use, it may be totally unfitted for another. It is essential, among other things, that the probable nature, magnitude, and direction of the principal stresses be given special consideration. The following analysis has therefore been made with this in mind. An attempt has been made to cover insofar as possible the major, but not all the points, that a designer would consider in the use of "18-8", as it is commonly referred to, and 24ST aluminum alloy, as applied to aircraft. 24ST was selected for this comparison as it has practically replaced 17ST for aircraft construction and it appears to have the best combination of properties of the alloys now available for this purpose. The cost of fabrication has not been considered.
Date: March 1, 1936
Creator: Sullivan, J E