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Office of Waste Isolation progress report, December 1977

Description: This document reports progress on the OWI's portion of the National Waste Terminal Storage (NWTS) program. It comprises project reports on work performed by organizations under subcontract to OWI, by DOE contractors, by OWI consultants, and by other federal agencies participating in the NWTS program. They are made under the headings technical projects, facility projects, planning and analysis, and regulatory affairs. (DLC)
Date: January 31, 1976
Creator: Zerby, C.D.
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Development of methods and procedures for high rate low energy expenditure fabrication of solar cells. Quarterly progress report No. 1, September 27--December 31, 1975

Description: The objective of this program is to develop high rate, energy efficient solar cell processing techniques based around ion implantation and elimination of all conventional thermal operations. Cells have been fabricated using an abbreviated series of vacuum process operations performed at room temperature. (auth)
Date: January 1, 1976
Creator: Kirkpatrick, A. R. & Minnucci, J. A.
open access

Total hadron cross section, new particles, and muon electron events in e/sup +/e/sup -/ annihilation at SPEAR

Description: The review of total hadron electroproduction cross sections, the new states, and the muon--electron events includes large amount of information on hadron structure, nine states with width ranging from 10's of keV to many MeV, the principal decay modes and quantum numbers of some of the states, and limits on charm particle production. 13 references. (JFP)
Date: January 1, 1976
Creator: Richter, B.
open access

Fundamental theory of elastic wave scattering by defects in elastic materials: integral equation methods for application to ultrasonic flaw detection

Description: The use of ultrasonic methods in nondestructive testing depends on the interpretation of the scattering of sound waves by flaws. The theory of elastic waves and their scattering in non-uniform media is developed in detail from first principles, and in generality. Both integral equation and differential methods are discussed, with emphasis on the former. General methods for defining scattering cross sections are presented, and conservation theorems are noted. The Born Approximation to the integral equation is presented, and computed results for several experimental situations are discussed. Several corrections to papers in the literature are made, and in particular the exact scattering of a transverse wave by a spherical flaw is compared with the Rayleigh (long wave) limit.
Date: May 1, 1976
Creator: Gubernatis, J.E.; Domany, E.; Krumhansl, J.A. & Huberman, M.
open access

Physical properties of halthane series adhesives, part 2 of 2. Period covered: October--December 1976. [Urethanes: tensile adhesion; bulk viscosity; hardness]

Description: The Halthane series of urethane adhesives have sufficient adhesive strengths and cure times for most assembly processes at Pantex. The efficiency of preparation and handling of the three systems are nearly equal. Physical properties are more consistent between samples for the 87-1. The 73-18 system is ranked in the middle and 73-14 as the least consistent. The 87-1 system is high in viscosity and adhesive bond strength. The low viscosity of 73-18 and 73-14 allows more consistency in bond thickness control. The Halthane 73-18 system in this series of development tests is considered best for processing/assembly capability.
Date: January 1, 1976
Creator: Lichte, H. W.
open access

Tritium storage development. Progress report No. 12, April--June 1977. [In metal hydride; polymer impregnated tritiated concrete]

Description: Laboratory work was continued on hydriding of zirconium sponge and rod under varying conditions of temperature (400 to 900/sup 0/C) and pressure (0-1000 torr) to determine optimum conditions for the formation of hydrides with desirable mechanical properties. Titanium sponge and rod were also hydrided for comparison. Zirconium and titanium samples containing tritium were prepared and initial leach data were obtained. Leach rates for zirconium in distilled water ranged from 1.1 x 10/sup -6/ to 4.8 x 10/sup -6/ cm/day under static conditions and from 2.1 x 10/sup -6/ to 1.1 x 10/sup -5/ cm/day under dynamic conditions. The leach rates for titanium sponge and rod under static conditions ranged from 2.2 x 10/sup -7/ to 1.7 x 10/sup -6/ cm/day. Construction of the engineering scale equipment has been completed and testing has been started prior to operation. Lysimeter testing of polymer impregnated tritiated concrete (PITC) specimens has continued. After sixty-two weeks, the average of the four test specimens indicates a a linear rate of release with a slope of 5.23 x 10/sup -2/ cm/yr. beginning after 250 days. A duplicate PITC static leach specimen in distilled water after 386 days indicates a linear rate of release with a slope of 3.18 x 10/sup -2/ cm/yr. Developmental work is continuing on the injector technique for PITC. Nontritiated prototype specimens, as well as tritiated specimens for static leach testing in distilled water, were prepared. (20 figures, 9 tables)
Date: January 1, 1976
Creator: Colombo, P
open access

Study on reduction of accessory horsepower requirements. Eighth quarterly progress report

Description: This is the eighth quarterly technical progress report for a program in which the objective is to evolve and define an accessory drive system that will minimize system power consumption of driven accessories on an internal combustion engine in a passenger automobile. The initial program phases established concept feasibility, determined potential fuel savings, and selected a drive system design for concept mechanization. The current Phase IV carries the program through prototype fabrication and bench, engine, and vehicle tests. The final program objective is a detail drive system design and a demonstrated overall vehicle fuel savings potential. The major technical accomplishments during this reporting period were: the test vehicle was successfully driven to and from Ann Arbor, Michigan from Phoenix with the drive system installed; accessory drive hardware was calibrated, disassembled and reviewed for wear after round trip from Phoenix to Ann Arbor, Michigan; MADS governor performance was analyzed and parameters were varied to demonstrate flexibility available in modifying accessory drive input/output characteristics; and a task list that matched smaller, lower cost accessory components, with the accessory drive equipped vehicle, was prepared. Major emphasis during the remainder of the program will be in this area. (LCL)
Date: July 31, 1976
open access

Geology of the 241-TY Tank Farm

Description: A series of maps have been compiled to document the structure and stratigraphy of the sediments underlying the high-level radioactive waste storage tank farms located within the ERDA Hanford Reservation. The primary purpose of these maps is to provide basic geologic information to be utilized to evaluate the impact of suspected and confirmed tank leaks.
Date: April 1, 1976
Creator: Price, W. H. & Fecht, K. R.
open access

Transport of solid commodities via freight pipeline: demand analysis methodology. Volume IV. First year final report

Description: In order to determine the feasibility of intercity freight pipelines, it was necessary to determine whether sufficient traffic flows currently exist between various origins and destinations to justify consideration of a mode whose operating characteristics became competitive under conditions of high-traffic volume. An intercity origin/destination freight-flow matrix was developed for a large range of commodities from published sources. A high-freight traffic-density corridor between Chicago and New York and another between St. Louis and New York were studied. These corridors, which represented 18 cities, had single-direction flows of 16 million tons/year. If trans-shipment were allowed at each of the 18 cities, flows of up to 38 million tons/year were found in each direction. These figures did not include mineral or agricultural products. After determining that such pipeline-eligible freight-traffic volumes existed, the next step was to determine the ability of freight pipeline to penetrate such markets. Modal-split models were run on aggregate data from the 1967 Census of Transportation. Modal-split models were also run on disaggregate data specially collected for this study. The freight pipeline service characteristics were then substituted into both the aggregate and disaggregate models (truck vs. pipeline and then rail vs. pipeline) and estimates of pipeline penetration into particular STCC commodity groups were made. Based on these very preliminary results, it appears that freight pipeline has market penetration potential that is consistent with high-volume participation in the intercity freight market.
Date: July 1, 1976
Creator: Allen, W.B. & Plaut, T.
open access

Input and decayed values of radioactive liquid wastes discharged to the ground in the 200 Areas through 1975

Description: Low and intermediate level liquid wastes from chemical separations processing of spent reactor fuel elements have been discharged to the ground in the 200-Areas since 1944. Large volumes of process cooling water, normally free of radioactive contaminants, are discharged to surface ditches or natural surface depressions (ponds). Lesser volumes of liquid waste such as steam condensates, process condensates, scavenged process waste supernatants, and plutonium processing wastes have been, or are being discharged to subsurface disposal sites (cribs). Only input volumes and radioactivity discharged to each disposal site have been reported periodically.
Date: July 8, 1976
Creator: Anderson, J. D.
open access

Geodynamics Project. US progress report, 1975

Description: The recommendations of the US Geodynamics Committee relative to program activities are presented. US Program progress is reviewed in the following areas: fine structure of the crust and upper mantle; continuous seismic reflection profiling of the deep basement: Hardeman County, Texas; Mid-Atlantic Ridge - evolution of oceanic lithosphere; internal processes and properties; crystal growing; chemical differentiation of magmas; geodynamic modelling; magnetic problems; plate boundaries; plate interiors; geodynamic syntheses; and eustatic cycles of sea level changes. (MHR)
Date: January 1, 1976
open access

One and two electron integrals over Cartesian Gaussian functions

Description: A formalism is developed which allows overlap, kinetic energy, potential energy and electron repulsion integrals over cartesian Gaussian functions to be expressed in a very compact form involving easily computed auxiliary functions. Similar formulas involving the same auxiliary functions are given for the common charge moments, electric-field operators, and spin-interaction operators. Recursion relations are given for the auxiliary functions which make possible the use of Gaussian functions of arbitrarily large angular momentum. An algorithm is described for the computation of electron repulsion integrals.
Date: January 1, 1976
Creator: McMurchie, L. E. & Davidson, E. R.
open access

Direct time-domain techniques for transient radiation and scattering. [Introduction to transient electromagnetics]

Description: A tutorial introduction to transient electromagnetics, focusing on direct time-domain techniques, is presented. Physical, mathematical, numerical, and experimental aspects of time-domain methods, with emphasis on wire objects excited as antennas or scatters are examined. Numerous computed examples illustrate the characteristics of direct time-domain procedures, especially where they may offer advantages over procedures in the more familiar frequency domain. These advantages include greater solution efficiency for many types of problems, the ability to handle nonlinearities, improved physical insight and interpretability, availability of wide-band information from a single calculation, and the possibility of isolating interactions among various parts of an object using time-range gating.
Date: July 1, 1976
Creator: Miller, E. K. & Landt, J. A.
open access

Geology of the 241-S Tank Farm

Description: A series of maps have been compiled to document the structure and stratigraphy of the sediments underlying the high-level radioactive waste storage tank farms located within the Energy Research and Development Administration Hanford Reservation. The primary purpose of these maps is to provide basic geologic information to be utilized to evaluate the impact of suspected and confirmed tank leaks.
Date: April 1, 1976
Creator: Price, W. H. & Fecht, K. R.
open access

Regional Studies Program. Extraction of North Dakota lignite: environmental and reclamation issues

Description: This study, sponsored by the U.S. Energy Research and Development Administration, addresses the environmental implications of extraction of coal in North Dakota. These implications are supported by details of the geologic and historical background of the area of focus, the lignite resources in the Fort Union coalfield portion. The particular concentration is on the four-county area of Mercer, Dunn, McLean, and Oliver where substantial coal reserves exist and a potential gasification plant site has been identified. The purposes of this extensive study are to identify the land use and environmental problems and issues associated with extraction; to provide a base of information for assessing the impacts of various levels of extraction; to examine the economics and feasibility of reclamation; and to identify research that needs to be undertaken to evaluate and to improve reclamation practices. The study also includes a description of the physical and chemical soil characteristics and hydrological and climatic factors entailed in extraction, revegetation, and reclamation procedures.
Date: December 1, 1976
Creator: LaFevers, J.R.; Johnson, D.O. & Dvorak, A.J.
open access

Geology of the 241-C Tank Farm

Description: A series of maps have been compiled to document the structure and stratigraphy of the sediments underlying the high-level radioactive waste storage tank farms located within the Energy Research and Development Administration Hanford Reservation. The primary purpose of these maps is to provide basic geologic information to be utilized to evaluate the impact of suspected and confirmed tank leaks.
Date: April 1, 1976
Creator: Price, W. H. & Fecht, K. R.
open access

Geology and geothermics of the Island of Milos (Greece)

Description: Geothermal research which has been conducted on the island of Milos is reviewed and the island's geology is discussed in terms of the geodynamics of the eastern Mediterranean. The rock formations which outcrop at Milos are described in detail, including the crystalline basement, Neogene transgressive conglomerates and limestones, and the Quaternary volcanics and volcano-sedimentary series. The recent disjunctive tectonics and volcano-tectonics affecting Milos and the neighboring islands are reviewed. Thermal manifestations and their attendant mineralizations and hydrothermal alterations are described. The geophysical methods utilized in exploration and for the siting of production wells are described. Exploration work involved the drilling of 55 wells for thermometric determinations and a full scale electrical survey. Preliminary data from two production wells with bottom-hole temperatures in excess of 300/sup 0/C are reported. Fifty-four references are provided.
Date: January 1, 1976
Creator: Fytikas, M. & Marinelli, G.
open access

Workshop on the advanced thermal energy storage technologies for solar applications

Description: Documentation of the discussion held as a group and subsequently, in three subsections of solar and conventional power generation, industrial/agricultural process heat, and building heating and cooling is presented. In each section, the discussions are summarized to bring together the common aspects of the problems. (MHR)
Date: January 1, 1976
Creator: Arnas, O.A. (ed.)
open access

Specialized monitoring services. Quarterly report, 1 January-1 April 1976

Description: Stanford Research Institute has installed and now operates a monitoring network to characterize the HgS distribution within the area. The location and layout of the Geysers monitoring network are shown and the instrument complement is listed by monitoring station. This analysis consists mainly of data summaries plus some interpretation. (MHR)
Date: April 1, 1976
Creator: Cavanagh, L.A. & Ruff, R.E.
open access

Temperature and shock testing of lithium-organic electrolyte cells. [Li/LiAsF/sub 6/ + LiBF/sub 4/ in methyl formate/V/sub 2/O/sub 5/, Honeywell G2655, performance from -40/sup 0/ to +70/sup 0/C, shock levels up to 17,000 g's]

Description: Honeywell G2655 lithium cells were tested over the temperature range -40/sup 0/ to +70/sup 0/C and subjected to shock levels up to 17,000 g's. Output at -40/sup 0/C was approximately 50 percent of that at +25/sup 0/C, while at +70/sup 0/C the output was 150 percent that at +25/sup 0/C. Shock had no noticeable effect on performance. 99 figures, 6 tables. (auth)
Date: January 1, 1976
Creator: Levy, S.C.
open access

Geology of the 241-TX Tank Farm

Description: A series of maps have been compiled to document the structure and stratigraphy of the sediments underlying the high-level radioactive waste storage tank farms located within the Energy Research and Development Administration Hanford Reservation. The primary purpose of these maps is to provide basic geologic information to be utilized to evaluate the impact of suspected and confirmed tank leaks.
Date: April 1, 1976
Creator: Price, W. H. & Fecht, K. R.
open access

Trends in exploration and exploration equipment for uranium

Description: Uranium exploration once again is in a ''boom'' cycle. The energy needs of the OPEC and non-OPEC countries alike have created a demand for uranium which appears certain to increase in future years. In turn, this demand has stimulated a dramatic rise in both the price of uranium and the exploration activity necessary to discover new reserves. One immediate reaction to the sudden increase in uranium exploration activity has been the evaluation of old exploration methods and equipment. This paper briefly reviews some of the traditional equipment and techniques which currently are being refined and updated. Undoubtedly this equipment, complemented with good exploration planning and judgment, will continue to be relied upon for many years and will lead to the discovery of many new deposits. The paper also covers in greater detail some of the newer, less conventional techniques and equipment now being introduced for uranium exploration. These new methods may be expected to keep this country in the forefront among the uranium producers of the world.
Date: January 1, 1976
Creator: Raitz, C.H.
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