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40-MW(e) Prototype High-Temperature Gas-Cooled Reactor Research and Development Program. Quarterly Progress Report for the Period Ending June 30, 1962

Description: Research and development progress specifically directed toward the construction of a 40-Mw(e) prototype power plant employing a high-temperature, gas-cooled, graphitemoderated reactor known as the HTGR is reported. Irradiation of element III-B in the in-pile loop continued satisfactorily. The element has generated a total of l36.3 Mw-hr of fission heat. The gross activity in the purge stream increased slightly to about 350 mu C/cm/sup 3/. By taking larger gas samples than were previously taken, a value of 0.02 VC/cm/sup 3/ was obtained for the gross activity of the primary loop. Element III-A, which was removed from the loop after generating 133 Mw-hr of fission heat, was disassembled and examined. No fuel-compact damage of any type was visible. Determination of the distribution of fission products in the element is under way, Fissionproduct- release data for in-pile-loop element III-A were calculated. During the 133 Mw- hr of operation, the release fraction increased by approximately one order of magnitude. Also calculated were the xenon and krypton release data for the first 100 Mw-hr of III-B operation. The release rate for the longer-lived isotopes increased bv about a factor of 10 and that of the shorter-lived isotopes by about a factor of 100. A test was run in which the in-pileloop purge flow, was stopped. The primariy-loop activity level rose sharply during the first hour, increased at a slower rate for the next 11 hr, and then appeared to level off. When purge flow was resumed, the gross activity in the primary loop was cleaned up with a half life of about 2.2 hr. An attempt was made to identify Cs/sup 137/ and Ba/ sup 140/ plateout in portions of the in-pile loop. A very small amount of cesium (less than a monolayer) was found, but no barium could be detected. The validity of two …
Date: October 31, 1963
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100-N technical manual. Volume 2A: Systems descriptions

Description: This report contains engineering drawings for the control room, reactor monitoring systems, and reactor control systems for the N reactor. Each console in the control room is detailed. Other systems discussed are: stack air monitoring system, charging machine control systems, and heating and ventilation control systems. A N reactor plant glossary is included.
Date: December 31, 1963
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190-H drawdown test

Description: A discrepancy of about 1000 gpm has existed between the full-flow recorded 190, 105 and ROL flows. While past operating practices have not used the 190 or ROL flow rates for official purposes, the disquieting, though not theoretically unexplicable, differences require some quantitative resolution. On November 24, 1962, a drawdown test of the 190-H storage tanks was performed to establish the accuracy of the various flowmeters. The drawdown test of the 190 storage tanks was run at the beginning of a scheduled reactor shutdown. With the full reactor flow supplied by the electric process pumps feeding from the storage tanks, the 183-H supply to the storage tanks was valved off. Additionally, non-process water usually taken from the storage tanks was valved off. The storage tank water levels were taken, then recorded as a function of time.
Date: January 17, 1963
Creator: Cremer, B. R. & Bokish, K. P.
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A 200-Watt Conduction-Cooled Reactor Power Supply for Space Application

Description: The limited supply of relatively long-half-life isotopes having a reasonably high power density and the low conversion efficiencies obtainable with thermoelectric devices have so far limited the power output of isotope-fueled sources of electric power to several tens of watts. In addition, the high cost of the available isotopes results in a very large expense for isotope-fueled generators producing several hundred watts. It appears that a small, minimumweight, conduction-cooled reactor is an attractive alternate to the isotope-fueled power supplies in the 200-w size range. The proposed reactor is a small, high-density fast core of U/sup 233/ surrounded by a beryllium reflector. This approach, generally speaking, gives a reactor that is more compact and of lighter weight than can be obtained with a moderated system having a softer neutron spectrum. In the reactor design, the path of heat flow is from the core to the inner reflector and then to the thermoelements in close contact with the inner reflector. The reject heat flowing from the thermoelement cold junctions enters the outer pontion of the reflector, which acts as the heat sink and conducts the reject heat to the large, circular, tapered-fin radiator which is attached to the reflector. Survey physics calculations for various reactor systems fueled with U/sup 235/, U/sup 233/, and Pu/sup 239/ are reported. Some limits imposed on the system design by the thermoelectric generator are discussed, and the problem of radiator design for the space environment is treated in some detail. No attempt is made to present a detailed final design of the power supply; rather, the report is restricted to a general delineation of the limits imposed by various parameters and a resulting final conclusion as to the performance limits of small conduction-cooled reactors in this size range. (auth)
Date: March 1, 1963
Creator: MacFarlane, D. R.
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Description: The computer program 1559/RE is an experimental IBM-704 code in FORTRAN language for computing the resonance integrals of isotopes in mixtures in the presence of hydrogenic moderation. There may be up to four isotopes, each with no more than 75 resolved resonance levels. Doppler broadening and interference scattering are included No estimate is made of contributions from unresolved resonances. Typical running times are 30 min (with no Doppler broadening) to 90 min (with Doppler broadening) for problems involving 67 levels and unit lethargy widths. Input and theory are discussed, and a typical listing is given. (auth)
Date: May 1, 1963
Creator: Kelber, C.N.
open access

4th Annual Report

Description: The ACIR Library is composed of publications that study the interactions between different levels of government. This document is an annual report.
Date: January 1963
Creator: United States. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations.
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Absorption-Multistage Flash Distillation Process

Description: "The major factors which influence the cost of water production from sea water by distillation methods are (1) the cost of fuel or energy required by the distilling plant, and (2) the required capital investment. Preliminary studies on the application of absorption or solution cycles to distillation methods for saline water conversion indicated that the fuel cost or thermal economy of a distillation plant could be improved by combining the distillation process with an absorption or solution cycle" (p. 1).
Date: September 1963
Creator: Fluor-Singmaster & Breyer, Inc.
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Accurate Nuclear Fuel Burnup Analyses; Eighth Quarterly Progress Report, (September - November 1963)

Description: The objective of the Accurate Nuclear Fuel Burnup Analyses program is to develop more accurate methods for burnup analysis for general use than the current method of analysis of Ca-137 or Sr-90. The program will require from three to five years of effort.
Date: December 1, 1963
Creator: Rider, B. F.; Ruiz, C. P.; Luke, P. S., Jr.; Peterson, J. P., Jr. & Smith, F. R.
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