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Expanded Scale Process Development of the Electrolytic Production of Thorium From ThCl$sub 4$ in Externally Heated Electrolytic Cells

Description: The commercial feasibility of the electrolytic process for Th production has been demonstrated. The cell produced 7 lb. of good quality metal per hour. A cathode cooling system was developed. The major construction materials, Ni and graphite, were satisfactory. The process yield was 86%. (T.R.H.)
Date: January 15, 1956
Creator: Abraham, L.; Merlub-Sobel, M.; Wyatt, J.L. & Wainer, E.
open access

Theoretical study of the lateral frequency response to gusts of a fighter airplane, both with controls fixed and with several types of autopilots

Description: Report presenting a theoretical approach to determine the lateral frequency response of a fighter airplane to side gusts and rolling gusts at a Mach number of 0.7 and an altitude of 30,000 feet. Frequency response and power spectral density were determined with the controls fixed and in combination with three different basic types of attitude autopilots.
Date: March 1956
Creator: Adams, James J. & Mathews, Charles W.
open access

HRT-CP INSTRUMENTATION DESIGN MANUAL

Description: The installation and design of the HRT-Core Processing Plant are described in detail so that operation and maintenance of the plant may be made more effective. Process instruments will be described fully, but auxiliary instrumentation such as pressure gauges, rotameters, etc. will not be mentioned. Where detailed questions arise as to electrical circuitry or instrument connections, the drawings and specification sheets should be consulted. (auth)
Date: August 17, 1956
Creator: Adams, R.K.
open access

Stability of Florothene Under Exposure to Gamma Radiation

Description: The stability of fluorothene (polytrifluorochloroethylene, Kel-F) to gamma radiation has been investigated to estimate the probable life expectancy of fluorothene equipment exposed to Purex process solutions. Samples of fluorothene were exposed to total gamma radiation dosages up to 10 degree R. The results of these tests substantiate the findings reported by Sisman and Bopp in their compilation of data on the affects of radiation on plastics.
Date: July 6, 1956
Creator: Adler, K. L.
open access

HEAT RELEASE IN NUCLEAR REACTORS

Description: Discussions are included on energy sources and modes of local deposition of heat, fission fragment and BETA decay energy, neutron energy, energy release by BETA decay of activated nuclei, neutron flux distribution, gamma heating calculations, and integration of the gamma heating equation for simple cases. (M.H.R.)
Date: October 1, 1956
Creator: Alexander, L.G.
open access

Determination of vortex paths by series expansion technique with application to cruciform wings

Description: A series method of determining two-dimensional vortex paths is considered and applied to the computation of vortex positions behind a slender equal-span cruciform wing at any angle of bank as a function of the distance behind the trailing edge. Calculated paths are shown for four bank angles. For a bank angle of 45 degrees comparison is made with the results of a closed expression given in NACA-TN-2605. For other bank angles water-tank experiments provide qualitative comparison. Satisfactory agreement is found for a sufficient distance downstream to include most practical missile-tail positions. The interference forces on an equal-span cruciform wing are calculated for five angles of bank (including the trivial case of zero bank) from the vortex positions found by use of the series.
Date: February 8, 1956
Creator: Alksne, Alberta Y.
open access

Motion of a ballistic missile angularly misaligned with the flight path upon entering the atmosphere and its effect upon aerodynamic heating, aerodynamic loads, and miss distance

Description: From Summary: "An analysis is given of the oscillating motion of a ballistic missile which upon entering the atmosphere is angularly misaligned with respect to the flight path. The history of the motion for some example missiles is discussed from the point of view of the effect of the motion on the aerodynamic heating and loading. The miss distance at the target due to misalignment and to small accidental trim angles is treated. The stability problem is also discussed for the case where the missile is tumbling prior to atmospheric entry."
Date: September 11, 1956
Creator: Allen, H. Julian
open access

Performance of a blunt-lip side inlet with ramp bleed, bypass, and a long constant-area duct ahead of the engine : Mach number 0.66 and 1.5 to 2.1

Description: Unsteady shock-induced separation of the ramp boundary layer was reduced and stabilized more effectively by external perforations than by external or internal slots. At Mach 2.0 peak total-pressure recovery was increased from 0.802 to 0.89 and stable mass-flow range was increased 185 percent over that for the solid ramp. Peak pressure recovery occurred just before instability. The 7 and one-third-diameter duct ahead of the engine reduced large total-pressure distortions but was not as successful for small distortions as obtained with throat bleed. By removing boundary-layer air the bypass nearly recovered the total-pressure loss due to the long duct.
Date: December 28, 1956
Creator: Allen, John L.
open access

Performance of a Blunt-lip Side Inlet With Ramp Bleed, Bypass, and a Long Constant-area Duct Ahead of the Engine- Mach Numbers 0.66 and 1.5 to 2.1

Description: Report presenting the performance of a side inlet with a fixed 12 degree two-dimensional compression surface for a range of Mach numbers, angles of attack, and yaw. The effects of several methods of compression-surface boundary-layer removal were investigated as well as a solid ramp.
Date: December 28, 1956
Creator: Allen, John L.
open access

Performance characteristics of an underslung vertical-wedge inlet with porous suction at Mach numbers of 0.63 and 1.5 to 2.0

Description: Report presenting testing of the performance of a ventrally mounted inlet having a variable-angle vertical-wedge compression surface determined at several Mach numbers for angles of attack, angles of yaw, and wedge angle. A solid wedge and wedges with two different porosities were tested. Results regarding the inlet flow-field survey, comparison of inlet configurations, performance of the inlet, effect of free-stream Mach number at angle of attack of 2 degrees, effect of angles of attack and yaw, diffuser total-pressure distortion, fuselage boundary-layer-removal scoop, and effective thrust comparison are provided.
Date: August 3, 1956
Creator: Allen, John L. & Piercy, Thomas G.
open access

The Transient Behavior of Single-Phase Natural Circulation Water Loop Systems

Description: Report issued by the Argonne National Laboratory discussing single-phase water loop systems. As stated in the introduction, "the principal objective of this study was to determine the reliability of the calculations based upon numerical solutions of finite-difference energy and flow equations" (p. 9). This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: March 1956
Creator: Alstad, C. D.; Isbin, H. S.; Amundson, N. R. & Silvers, J. P.
open access

A Miniature Mixer Settler

Description: Unit developed at Knolls Atomic Power Laboratory for extraction and overcomes the disadvantages of the batch countercurrent units currently in use.
Date: January 5, 1956
Creator: Alter, H. Ward; Coplan, B. V. & Zebroski, E. L.
open access

The Catalysis of Nuclear Reactions by mu Mesons

Description: In the course of a recent experiment involving the stopping of negative K mesons in a 10-inch liquid hydrogen bubble chamber, an interesting new reaction was observed to take place. The chamber is traversed by many more negative {mu} mesons than K mesons, so that in the last 75,000 photographs, approximately 2500 {mu}{sup -} decays at rest have been observed. In the same pictures, several hundred {pi}{sup -} mesons have been observed to disappear at rest, presumably by one of the ''Panofsky reactions''. For tracks longer than 10 cm, it is possible to distinguish a stopping {mu} meson from a stopping {pi} meson by comparing its curved path (in a field of 11,000 gauss) with that of a calculated template. In addition to the normal {pi}{sup -} and {mu}{sup -} stoppings, we have observed 15 cases in which what appears (from curvature measurement) to be a {mu}{sup -} meson comes to rest in the hydrogen, and then gives rise to a secondary negative particle of 1.7 cm range, which in turn decays by emitting an electron. (A 4.1-Mev {mu} meson from {pi} - {mu} decay has a range of 1.0 cm.) The energy spectrum of the electrons from these 15 secondary particles looks remarkably like that of the {mu} meson. There are four electrons in the energy range 50 to 55 Mev, and none higher; the other electrons have energies varying from 50 Mev to 13 Mev. The most convincing proof that the primary particle actually comes to rest, and does not--for example--have a large resonant cross section for scattering at a residual range of 1.7 cm, is the following: In five of the 15 special events, there is a large gap between the last bubble of the primary track and the first bubble of the secondary track. This gap …
Date: December 10, 1956
Creator: Alvarez, L. W.; Bradner, H.; Crawford, F. S., Jr.; Crawford, J. A.; Falk-Vairant, P.; Good, M. L. et al.
open access

Liquid Hydrogen Bubble Chambers

Description: After the first hydrocarbon bubble chambers were built by Donald Glaser in 1952, work was started at Chicago and Berkeley to find if liquid hydrogen could be used as the working fluid in a bubble chamber. In the fall of 1953, it was found by the Chicago group that superheated liquid hydrogen could be made to boil under the influence of ionizing radiation, but no tracks were observed. The observation of tracks at Berkeley a few months later completed the proof that hydrogen was a usable bubble chamber liquid. (Irradiated liquid nitrogen boils when superheated, but as of spring 1956 no one has seen tracks in liquid nitrogen.) In the past two years, the Chicago group has built several all-glass hydrogen chambers, the most recent of which is approximately 5.5 by 5.5 by 20 cm inside dimensions. Their chambers have been of the so-called clean variety (like Glaser's eariy ones), in which no boiling takes place unless ionizing particles aze present. They have used their latest chamber in an extensive study of the scattering of low-energy pions by protons.
Date: April 4, 1956
Creator: Alvarez, Luis W.
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