Description: Technical report describing that the pressure drops along 3/4-inch, 1-inch, and 1-1/4 inch straight pipes and across three contraction-expansion inserts in a 1-inch pipe have been measured under both single- and two-phase flow conditions. Pressure was varied from 600 to 1400 psia, flow from 0.25 x 10(6) to 1.66 x 10(6) lb/hr ft, and quality from zero to 90 percent. The single-phase pipe friction factor agrees with the Moody value for smooth pipe. The two-phase friction for horizontal flow shows no size effect in the range of pipe sizes from 3/4 inch to 1-1/4 inch. The values lie below the Martinelli curve at the lower qualities (x<0.6), but at high qualities tend to be above the Martinelli curve. The single-phase loss coefficient for the three contraction-expansion inserts show very little Reynolds number effect in the range of channel Reynolds numbers from 3 x 10(4) to 5 x 10(5). The two-phase data for insert number 1 has not yet been reduced. The two-phase loss for insert numbers 2 and 3 lies generally below the loss prediction based on a homogeneous flow model. The two-phase loss for insert number 2 shows excellent agreement with the corresponding loss for the S-1 insert in the 1/2- by 1-3/4-inch rectangular channel reported earlier. The two-phase loss for insert number 3 agrees fairly well with the loss for the S-5 insert.
Date: September 1, 1963
Creator: Janssen, E. (Engineer) & Kervinen, J. A.
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