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"25" Critically Consultation with J. W. Morfitt : April 3, 1950

Description: Summary: "Criticality was considered impossible in any contingency encountered in practice under either of the following conditions which include no safety factor: (a) In any isolated cylinder not more than 5 in. in disruptor, if the total amount of U235 present does not exceed 7.5 Eg. (b) In an isolated vessel of any shape and size, if the total amount of U235 present does not exceed 880 g. An "isolated" vessel is one which does not "see" more than 0.1 [...] other vessels containing fissionable material."
Date: April 3, 1950
Creator: Merrill, E. T. & Sege, G.
open access

An Abrasive Cutoff Machine for Metallurgical Research on Radioactive Materials

Description: An abrasive cutoff machine design, based upon a previous model, (1) was undertaken to provide for the sampling of radioactive material. the design objective was; first, to provide samples for metallographic examination, second, to provide samples for physical and mechanical property testing, and, third, to meet the following design requirements: 1. Remote operation. 2. Airborne contamination control. 3. Radioactive waste collection. 4. Remote maintenance.
Date: January 5, 1957
Creator: Boyd, C. L.
open access

Abrasive Cutting of Irradiated Uranium

Description: The preparation of radioactive metallurgical specimens for microscopic examination is one of the responsibilities of the Radiometallurgy Sub-Unit. An abrasive cut-off machine development program, based upon a previous experimental model, was undertaken to provide a method for sectioning of irradiated materials without undue personnel exposure or spread of contamination and finally to provide data for the design of an abrasive cutting unit for use in the work cells in the Radiometallurgy Building. A horizontal-feed type set-off machine, powered by a 7 1/2 hp motor with V-belt drive, has been developed for the submerged sectioning of irradiated uranium and is currently being used successfully to obtain samples for metallurgical, chemical and physical investigations without excessive personnel exposure or spread of radioactive contaminates.
Date: September 17, 1953
Creator: Boyd, Carl L.
open access

The Absorption and Translocation of Several Fission Elements by Russian Thistle

Description: Abstract: An investigation was conducted to determine the absorption and translocation of fission products by Russian thistle from a localized spot of contaminated soil. The amount and identity of the radioactive elements absorbed and translocated by the Russian thistle is given along with the location of these elements in the plants. Beta radioactivity to the amounts of 10 microcuries per gram caused no visible effects on the growth habits of sectioned material are included.
Date: June 8, 1950
Creator: Selders, A. A.
open access

Accumulation of Radioactivity in Columbia River Fish in the Vicinity of the Hanford Works

Description: Abstract: The data obtained from the radioassay of fish collected in vicinity of the Hanford Works between April, 1948 and June, 1950 are presented. Most of the radioactivity in the fish resulted from the concentration of p32 in the scales, bone, and certain visceral organs. The level of activity density in the fish was influenced by size, feeding habits and metabolic rate in addition to the activity density of the water. Changes in operation of nuclear reactors have resulted in progressive increases in activity densities of fish from one year to the next. The levels of radioactivity are not sufficiently high to be hazardous to either the fish or persons eating them.
Date: July 1, 1952
Creator: Olson, P. A., Jr. & Foster, Richard F.
open access

The Aeolotropic Elastic Relations for Uranium Crystals

Description: Handwritten report. This theoretical introduction to the anisotropic elastic properties of the orthorombic [sic] uranium crystal presents certain basic ideas which are useful in the study of experimental methods for determining preferred orientations in polycrystalline bodies. The method of analysis used to determine the elastic constants suggests explanations and correlations for the observations of sonic wave experiments on bars having preferred orientations and also serves as an introduction into the type of mathematical relations used in the study of anisotropic crystals.
Date: December 17, 1954
Creator: Merckx, K. R.
open access

Air Leakage Through Labyrinth Seals

Description: This report contains the results of tests which demonstrated the feasibility of using graphite labyrinth type seals, i.e., a bushing machined with alternate grooves and lands on the inside diameter to create a sufficient pressure drop to provide a satisfactory seal.
Date: April 8, 1955
Creator: McCarthy, P. B.
open access

Air Sample Activity vs Flow Rate

Description: A bibliography on the subject of air sample activity vs flow rate has been prepared. The findings in two documents reviewed have been applied directly to this problem. It is concluded that air sample activity is not dependent on flow rate when sampling particles whose average diameter in 0.06 micron or greater.
Date: December 27, 1954
Creator: Clark, R. G.
open access

The Alpha Half-Life of the Isotope Pu-241

Description: A plutonium solution of known Pu-241 content was purified by solvent extraction techniques to remove uranium and americium impurities. Portions of this purified solution were then analyzed for U-237 as a function of time. Since the growth of U-237 occurs directly by the alpha decay of Pu-241, these measurements provided sufficient data for calculation of the Pu-241 alpha half-life, which was found to be 2.91 ± 0.50 x 10⁵ years.
Date: February 15, 1955
Creator: Gift, M. W.
open access

Alternate Acid Addition Facility for 100-K

Description: Document HW-33176, "A Proposed Scope of the 100-K Sulfuric Acid Addition Facilities", presented the justification and bases for a sulfuric acid addition facility at the 183-K headhouses and included a system for adding the acid to the raw water. Since the issue of this document several factors to consider in such a system have been brought to light by experience gained both at K and at other areas. The alternate system presented here eliminates several of the troublesome points in the previously proposed system.
Date: August 23, 1955
Creator: Bainard, W. D.
open access

Analysis of Broadened X-ray Diffraction Peaks

Description: This report is a manual describing the methods developed by Stokes (1) and Warren and Averbach (2) (3) for the determination of the effects of cold work by x-ray diffraction methods. Only the method of mathematical analysis is presented while the method of obtaining the necessary x-ray diffraction patterns is not mentioned. This manual will be used for an experimental study of irradiation damage to uranium.
Date: July 27, 1955
Creator: Merckx, K. R.
open access

The Analysis of TBP Process Streams for Calcium with the Flame Photometer

Description: Summary: A method was found for determining calcium concentrations in TBP process streams in spite of serious interferences bysodium, ferrous, uranyl, sulfate, phosphate, and sulfamate ions as well as by TBP. The precision attainable varied from sample to sample, depending upon its composition. In general, errors of 20% or greater occurred. The smallest determinable amount of calcium was about 10 mg/1.
Date: February 20, 1953
Creator: Brite, D. W.
open access

Analytical applications of refractive index

Description: Report detailing the refractive index of solutions of uranyl nitrate, nitric acid and aluminum nitrate. This report builds upon preliminary data and a brief discussion that from a previous report. This report covers more accurate and detailed data that had be accumulated following the initial report.
Date: January 9, 1955
Creator: Burger, L. L.
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