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Aerial Photographs in Geologic Interpretation and Mapping
Abstract: Aerial photographs today are widely used to obtain both qualitative and quantitative geologic information; vertical aerial photographs are used almost to the exclusion of other types. Techniques and procedures described herein relate primarily to vertical photography.
The Bannock Thrust Zone Southeastern Idaho
Abstract: The Bannock overthrust in southeastern Idaho and northcentral Utah was originally described by Richards and Mansfield (1912) as a single large thrust fault that formed at the close of the Laramide orogeny and was folded by renewed compression near the end of Pliocene time. Later Mansfield expanded and revised his interpretation of the Bannock overthrust so that at least the northern part of the overthrust was thought to be a thrust zone in which the individual faults originated in a folded sole thrust. Detailed mapping in areas critical to Richards and Mansfield's interpretations has shown that the faults thought by them to be parts of one large thrust are separate faults, and that, although some of the thrust surfaces are curved, they were not folded in Pliocene time but probably were folded during a late stage of the thrusting. Extensions of the Bannock thrust to the north, south, east, and west based upon extrapolation of a single large folded thrust surface are not warranted. The Bannock overthrust is reinterpreted as a westward-dipping imbricate thrust zone possibly several tens of miles wide extending at least from southwestern Montana to north-central Utah. It is recommended that the name "Bannock overthrust" no longer be used, and that this zone of imbricate thrusts in the southeast corner of Idaho be called the Bannock thrust zone. The thrusts range in age from Late Jurassic to post- Early Cretaceous and are progressively younger from west to east; strong regional compressive forces do not appear to have been active in the area as late as Pliocene time. The upper plates of the thrusts moved to the northeast in response to an unknown force. Steep eastward-trending tear faults formed during thrusting probably in response to differential movement among the eastward-moving thrust plates. In Tertiary and Quaternary time ...
A Descriptive Catalog of Selected Aerial Photographs of Geologic Features in Areas Outside the United States
From introduction: The U.S. Geological Survey has selected and assembled 67 sets of aerial photographs that illustrate a variety of geologic features in Antarctica, South and Central America, the southwest Pacific, Iran, Japan, the Arabian Peninsula, Pakistan, and mainland China. Contact prints of the photographs composing these sets are available for purchase. Sets of photographs of geologic features in the United States and Puerto Rico are listed in a separate catalog (Denny, C. S., and others, 1968, A descriptive catalog of selected aerial photographs of geologic features in the United States: U.S. Geol. Survey Prof. Paper 590).
Dictionary of Alaska Place Names
Introduction: This work is an alphabetical list of the geographic names that are now applied and have been applied to to places and features of the Alaska Landscape.
Geology of the Great Smoky Mountains National Park. Tennessee and North Carolina
From Preface: "The present account summarizes the results of a long investigation of the rocks of the Great Smoky Mountains (1946-55) by geologists of the staff of the U.S. Geological Survey, in collaboration with those of the Tennessee Division of Geology. The technical details of this investigation have already been set forth at length in professional papers of the U.S. Geological Survey. The present account contains the gist of these findings about the rocks of the mountains, and is accompanied by a map and structure sections in which the surface and underground extent of the rocks are displayed."
Geology of the Guadalupe Mountains, New Mexico
From introduction: The present investigation is an attempt, by means of detailed areal mapping, to resolve the relations of the shelf-rock units to one another and to the reef and basin rocks and to clarify the confusing stratigraphic nomenclature.
Geology of the Hot Sulphur Springs quadrangle, Grand County, Colorado
Scope and Purpose of Work: The quadrangle was mapped as part of the U.S. Geological Survey program of classifying and evaluating lands in the Public Domain. Mineral rights for coal had been retained in parts or all of Tps. 2 and 3 N., Rs. 77, 78, and 79 W. These areas are in part underlain by sedimentary rocks of Late Cretaceous(?) and early Tertiary age (Middle Park Formation), and in North Park these rocks are called the Coalmont Formation and contain coal. The chief purpose of the work was to map and study any coal beds found and to make a detailed geologic map that can be used as part of a geological atlas of the United States.
Mineralogy and Stratigraphy of the Lower Part of the Pierre Shale, South Dakota and Nebraska
From abstract and introduction: Mineralogic and stratigraphic studies of the lower part of the Pierre Shale of Late Cretaceous age along the Missouri River indicate correlations different from those generally accepted. The purposes of this paper are to present evidence for the new correlations and to resolve problems of formal nomenclature that result from them.
Physiographic and Hydraulic Studies of Rivers, 1956-61
This report describes, in 7 sections, physiographic and hydraulic studies of rivers.
Reconnaissance Geology Between Lake Mead and Davis Dam, Arizona-Nevada
From introduction: The present study was undertaken to extend and supplement a mapping program covering several ranges north and northwest of Lake Mead.
Stratigraphy of the Pierre Shale, Valley City and Pembina Mountain Areas, North Dakota
From abstract: Reconnaissance examination of widely scattered outcrops of Upper Cretaceous rocks in the heavily glaciated areas of eastern North Dakota provides the basis for the first formal subdivision of the Pierre Shale in these areas.