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Electromagnetic Research Division Quarterly Progress Report: Part I for Period Ending December 31, 1951

Description: From abstract: "Operation of the 86-inch cyclotron has been continuous except for a three-day interruption caused by a water leak inside the vacuum chamber; monthly output has averaged over 210,000 [mu]a-hr; the average continuous (168-hour week) beam power has been approximately 5.5 kw; and the energy of the beam has been determined to be ~19.4 Mev. No changes due to radiation damage have been detected in Inconel tubes containing UF4-NaF-KF eutectic which were irradited in the 96-inch cyclotron with power inputs up to ~415 watts/cc. The major components of the 63-inch cyclotron have been fabricated and are being tested as the machine is being assembled. On the 22-inch cyclotron a radius-wise examination of the fine structure of the proton beam reveals definite proton orbits. Several grams of very pure uranium 235 have been prepared; the chemical recovery for first-stage separation of U 236 has been established as 97%; and facilities for laboratory-scale separation of plutonium isotopes are being prepared."
Date: January 15, 1952
Creator: Livingston, Robert S. & Howard, F. T.

Electromagnetic Research Division Quarterly Progress Report, Part I for Period Ending June 30, 1952

Description: From abstract: "On the 86-inch cyclotron a 41-kw beam has been calorimetered at a net ion loading efficiency of 40%; the average proton current was 1.85 ma at 22.5 Mev. Practical specific yields have been determined for (p,2n) reactions on zinc and bismuth. The investigation of products of proton-induced fission of uranium has been continued and new techniques are being used in measuring angular distribution of reaction products. The 63-inch heavy particle cyclotron is now in operation; N+++ particles have been accelerated to ~25 Mev. In preliminary tests, induced activities have been detected in carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen targets. A hot-cathode ion source is ready for test operation. The 22-inch cyclotron is being used in an investigation of the problems associated with the use of rf and dc electrodes for the acceleration of protons from the ion source into the dees. Radiation-induced corrosion in Inconel tubing containing #21 eutectic (ANP) has been produced by proton irradiation in the 86-inch cylclotron; it is shown that the corrosion was not due to thermal effects. Approximately 150 grams of highly purified U 238 (< 5 ppm U 235) have been prepared, and two grams of thorium 230 (ionium) has been enriched to 90.6%."
Date: November 14, 1952
Creator: Livingston, Robert S. & Howard, F. T.

Electromagnetic Research Division Quarterly Progress Report, Part I for Period Ending June 30, 1952

Description: From abstract: "On the 86-inch cyclotron a 41-kw beam has been calorimetered at a net ion loading efficiency of 40%; the average proton current was 1.85 ma at 22.5 Mev. Practical specific yields have been determined for (p,2n) reactions on zinc and bismuth. The investigation of products of proton-induced fission of uranium has been continued and new techniques are being used in measuring angular distribution of reaction products. The 63-inch heavy particle cyclotron is now in operation; N+++ particles have been accelerated to ~25 Mev. In preliminary tests, induced activities have been detected in carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen targets. A hot-cathode ion source is ready for test operation. The 22-inch cyclotron is being used in an investigation of the problems associated with the use of rf and dc electrodes for the acceleration of protons from the ion source into the dees. Radiation-induced corrosion in Inconel tubing containing #21 eutectic (ANP) has been produced by proton irradiation in the 86-inch cylclotron; it is shown that the corrosion was not due to thermal effects. Approximately 150 grams of highly purified U 238 (< 5 ppm U 235) have been prepared, and two grams of thorium 230 (ionium) has been enriched to 90.6%."
Date: March 7, 1957
Creator: Livingston, Robert S. & Howard, F. T.

Electromagnetic Research Division Quarterly Progress Report, Part I for Period Ending March 31, 1952

Description: From abstract: "Relocation of the ion source in the 86-inch cyclotron has increased the available beam energy substantially. Modifications have also been made to permit the use of targets of 100 square inches. Proton currents of one milliampere can now be obtained readily at ~24 Mev. The 63-inch cyclotron has been completely assembled and checked. In rf tests a 75 kv dee-to-dee voltage has been maintained, under vacuum, for long periods without evidences of failures, thus exceeding the 60 kv design specification. In an investigation of proton beam distribution on the 22-inch cyclotron it has been shown that almost all of the loss of protons form the beam occurs within one-half of the maximum radius. The ration of H3+ to H1+ ions in the beam increases at lower at lower arc intensities in the ion source. Accelerated corrosion was found in an Inconel tube containing #14 eutectic (ARE) after a six-hour bombardment with 20 Mev protons at 4,500 watts/cc. Installation of facilities for the preparation of plutonium isotopes is nearing completion; preliminary tests are being made."
Date: 1952
Creator: Livingston, Robert S.
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