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Adsorption of Zirconium-Niobium on Silica Gel

Description: From abstract: "Adsorption of radioactive zirconium-niobium from uranyl nitrate solutions by silica gel was increased by increasing the temperature and time the solution contacts silica gel, and decreased by "aging" the solutions before contacting the silica gel."
Date: July 1957
Creator: Karraker, David G. & Parker, Sidney G.
open access

Aging of Al-Li Alloys - Part I

Description: Technical report outlining experiments on aluminum-lithium alloys. From Abstract: "Aluminum-lithium alloys are subject to precipitation from solid solution, and may be age hardened by the same techniques used for more common aluminum alloys. Spherical particles of precipitate were observed with the electron microscope in 1.5% and 2.8% Al-Li alloys after aging for times comparable to those required to produce maximum hardness. Rod-shaped particles that were oriented parallel to either the (110) or the (111) planes of the aluminum matrix were observed in overaged specimens."
Date: January 1959
Creator: Angerman, C. L.
open access

Alpha Particle Radiolysis of Anion Exchange Resins

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "Irradiation of 'Dowex' 1, 'Permutit' S-1, and 'Permutit' SK anion exchange resins with alpha particles results in losses in ion exchange capacity and in 'apparent per cent crosslinkage'. The order of decreasing radiolytic stability for these properties in 'Permutit" SX > 'Permutit' S-1 > 'Dowex' 1."
Date: November 1961
Creator: Ahrens, Rolland W.
open access

Aluminium Corrosion in High Purity Water

Description: Summary: "A corrosion test of aluminum components in a 4-ft. section of a fuel tube has been tested under conditions simulating plant geometry and, as nearly as possible, the operating conditions of water purity, temperature, and flow rate. Results: 1. None of the aluminum components, 63S fuel tube, 2S solid fillers and 43S spacers showed any corrosion effects beyond normal oxide film formation. This was carried out in flowing water, maintained at a specific resistivity greater than 1 x 10(6) ohm-cm, for four weeks. 2. No corrosion pitting was observed on any of the aluminum surfaces; all became covered with a uniform film of Al2O3.H2O. On the boat tails, where type 304 stainless steel fins were in galvanic contact with 2S aluminum, no pitting or preferential attack occurred."
Date: May 1952
Creator: Nielsen, N. A.
open access

Anion Exchange of Neptunium in Nitrate Solutions

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "The absorption and elution of the anionic nitrate complex of neptunium (IV) were studied with several anion exchange resins and under a wide variety of conditions." From Introduction : "The objective of this study was to provide a technical basis for selecting process conditions for the recovery of Np."
Date: December 1960
Creator: Burney, Glenn A.
open access

Anion Exchange Recovery of Plutonium From Reduction Residues

Description: Technical report. From Abstract: "An anion exchange process was demonstrated for the recovery of plutonium from waste produced in the reduction of plutonium salts to the metal. Plutonium in a highly salted 6M nitric acid solution derived from the dissolution of slag and crucible waste was separated from impurities by absorbing the Pu (IV) nitrate complex on the anion exchange resin and subsequently eluting with nitric acid. A flowsheet for plant operation is presented."
Date: February 1960
Creator: Russell, Edwin R.
open access

Application of Amides as Extractants

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "Laboratory data are given and discussed that outline the potential application of N, N-distributed amides to the separation of uranium, neptunium, and plutonium from fission products."
Date: January 1961
Creator: Siddall, Thomas H., III
open access

Automatic Dose Computer for Radiation Film Badges

Description: Technical report. From Abstract: "A combination densitometer and analog computer is described which determines radiation exposure of photographic film used in personnel badges. The range of the instrument is 0 to 300 mr gamma and 0 to 300 mrad beta plus gamma. A novel phototube circuit is used to obtain logarithms directly."
Date: April 1960
Creator: Davis, John E.
open access

An Automatic Flaw Detector for Aluminum Cans

Description: From abstract: "A tester, utilizing eddy currents, was developed to detect inclusions and voids in aluminum cans. The sensing element is a small probe that does not touch the can under inspection. An experimental feeder, developed along with the tester, permits the automatic inspection of one can per minute."
Date: October 1956
Creator: Ross, John D.
open access

Chemical Processing of Pu238

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "Plutonium (principally Pu238) was separated from neptunium, and both the plutonium and neptunium were purified from fission products and cations by a three-cycle anion exchange process."
Date: October 1962
Creator: Tetzlaff, Ralph N.
open access

Coextrusion of Powder-Compact Slugs

Description: Technical report. From Abstract: "A process was developed for manufacturing aluminum-clad slugs containing UO2 or ThO2 dispersed in an aluminum matrix. In this process a mixture of the oxide and aluminum powder is cold compacted to form the billet core, which is then coextruded with an aluminum sheath to produce the clad slug."
Date: April 1960
Creator: Marsh, Harold G.
open access

Concentration of Plutonium by Cation Exchange Part I - New Elutriants

Description: From summary: "The concentration of plutonium by cation exchange was significantly improved by using a solution of ammonium lactate and sulfamate as the elutriant instead of nitric and sulfamic acids. The new elutriant permitted essentially complete elution of the plutonium and also avoided formation of gases in the resin bed during elution. At 45ºC, 2.8M ammonium lactate plus 0.15M ammonium sulfamate eluted 99.3 per cent of the total plutonium at an average concentration of 43.8 grams per liter. It was found necessary to elute hydrogen and hydroxylammonium ions from the resin beds before elution of plutonium. The hydroxylammonium ions decompose to form gases in the resin bed at the desired temperature for plutonium elution. The hydrogen ions exchange with ammonium ions of the elutriant and decrease the concentration of plutonium in the eluate."
Date: December 1956
Creator: Bonner, Oscar D.; Burney, Glenn A. & Tober, Frank W., 1919-1995
open access

Concentration of Plutonium by Cation Exchange -- Stabilization of Pu(Ill) in Nitric Acid

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "Ascorbic and isoascorbic acids, used in conjunction with sulfamic acid, reduced Pu(IV) rapidly and completely to Pu(III) in solutions of nitric acid. The solutions of Pu(III) were stable. Aminoguanidine sulfate also retarded the oxidation of Pu(III) but did not reduce Pu(IV)."
Date: February 1959
Creator: Tober, Frank W., 1919-1995 & Russell, Edwin R.
open access

Corrosion in Hydrogen Sulfide - Water Systems

Description: From abstract: "This report gives a detailed account of the corrosion test work carried out by the Engineering Research Laboratory on the behavior of materials of construction in the hydrogen sulfide-water system. Results developed during the period from October 1950 through November 1954 are included."
Date: October 1955
Creator: Snyder, J. A. & Warren, D.
open access

A Detector for Sub-Surface Cracks

Description: From abstract: "An instrument was developed to detect cracks within 1/8 inch of the surface of cylindrical uranium fuel slugs. The instrument measures changes in eddy currents that are induced at a frequency of 2 KC."
Date: August 1954
Creator: Goodwin, L. E.
open access

Determination of Neptunium by Extraction With Tri-n-Octylamine

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "An analytical method was developed for the determination of Np237 in solutions that contain plutonium and fission products. Np (IV) was extracted into tri-n-octylamine. A quantitative recovery of a Np237 standard was obtained with a coefficient of variation of 1.0% (n=10). A coefficient of variation of 3% was obtained for seven analyses of a process sample."
Date: September 1962
Creator: Britt, Robert D., Jr.
open access

Determination of Neptunium in High Activity Waste

Description: Technical report. From Abstract : "An existing ion exchange method was adapted for use in a shielded facility to separate Np237 from highly radioactive solutions. The subsequent determination of neptunium was made by alpha counting and alpha pulse height analysis. The coefficient of variation was $.8% (n=10) for a synthetic sample and 5.9% (n=23) for plant samples."
Date: September 1962
Creator: Holcomb, H. Perry
open access

Eddy Current Detection of Al-Si Penetrations in Canned Slugs

Description: From abstract: "An instrument for detecting aluminum-silicon alloy penetrations in the aluminum jacket of fuel slugs is described. The instrument is of the eddy current type and the sensing element is a small probe that does not touch the specimen under inspection. Al-Si inclusions 0.020 inch in diameter that penetrate to within 0.005 inch of the can surface can be detected. The response of the circuits is such that a slug 8 inches long can be scanned in 45 seconds."
Date: December 1957
Creator: Robinson, Richard C. & Ross, John D.
open access

Eddy-Current Inspection Methods : Trip Report - The Dr. Förster Institute, Reutlingen, Germany

Description: Abstract; Test instruments developed at the Dr. Förster Institute, Reutlingen, Germany, were considered for possible application to Savannah River nondestructive inspection problems involving stainless steel and aluminum tubing. None of the equipment can solve these problems without modifications. Several instruments are recommended for further study in connection with their use with aluminum tubing. None will be considered for use with stainless steel at this time."
Date: November 1953
Creator: McMillen, R. C.
open access

Effect of Solvent Degradation on the Purex Process

Description: From abstract: "The combined attack of HNO3 and HNO2 on tributyl phosphate - kerosene solvent used in the Purex process produces degradation products that cause abnormal quantities of zirconium to be extracted along with the plutonium and uranium and thus limits the decontamination."
Date: May 1958
Creator: Siddall, Thomas H., III; Wallace, Richard M. & Prout, W. E.
open access

Electrolytic Reduction of Thorium Oxide

Description: From abstract: "Thorium metal has been produced by electrolytic reduction of thorium oxide. Reduction was accomplished in both a KF-ThF4 melt and a NaCl-KCl-ThCl4 melt. A flowsheet for the complete process using the fused fluoride system is proposed."
Date: February 1957
Creator: Meyer, Leon Herbert, 1926-
open access

Extraction of Uranium and Other Actinides From Nitric Acid by Di-N-Butyl N-Butylphosphonate

Description: From abstract: "Equilibrium data are presented for the distribution of uranium, other actinides, zirconium, and nitric acid between aqueous solutions and di-n-butyl n-butylphosphonate diluted with n-dodecane. Data for the physical properties and chemical stability of the phosphonate are also given."
Date: June 1957
Creator: Siddall, Thomas H., III & Loehlin, J. H.
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