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0-2 kv Flash Tube Supplies

Description: In order to perform the various experiments with a bubble chamber, a high intensity flash tube is used. This report briefly describes the power supplies designed and constructed to power these lamps.
Date: March 15, 1962
Creator: Miller, D. M.
open access

6 kv Capacitor Charging Supply

Description: The power supplies designed and constructed to power high intensity flash tubes used in bubble chamber experiments are briefly described and are accompanied by a schematic diagram of the layout. (D.C.W.)
Date: March 15, 1962
Creator: Miller, D. M.
open access

80" Bubble Chamber Expansion System Preliminary Operating Procedures

Description: These procedures are intended to be used for the initial operation of the expansion system and serve as a basis for a more complete and revised form to be written once operating experience has been gained. An attempt has been made to offer a logical and systematic presentation to facilitate operation and maintenance of the system by the operating personnel. Thus, the sequence of valve actuations has been presented in matrix and check list form to minimize errors; this also has the advantage of … more
Date: January 7, 1964
Creator: Goodzeit, C. L.
open access

80" Bubble Chamber Expansion System Summary of Piston Motion Studies

Description: Prior to assembly into the 80" bubble chamber, the expansion system was subjected to a series of tests to check piston dynamics and gain information on the reliability of the various components. Furthermore, the rest provided operating personnel with the opportunity to become familiar with the operation and maintenance of the expansion system. Two separate tests were performed with the apparatus that was located at the north end of the AGS experimental area; one during the week of Oct. 15 and t… more
Date: January 7, 1964
Creator: Goodzeit, C. L.
open access

80" Chamber - Low Energy Beams

Description: One of the major, as well as first, decisions which must be taken on a large chamber is to decide on the direction of the magnetic field, i.e., vertical or horizontal. Either alternative has advantages and disadvantages ad it is the intention of this note to discuss these features.
Date: January 3, 1964
Creator: Rau, R. R.
open access

Abscopal Effects of Localized Irradiation by Accelerator Beams

Description: The aim of this series of experiments was to evaluate the existence of abscopal effects of irradiation. No attempt was made towards the elucidation of mechanisms. Very early in the history of radiological research it was noticed radiation produces both local and general effects involving the entire body. Gauss and Lembcke introduced the term "Roentgenkater" (radiation sickness). They ascribed these "General Effects" to the circulation of toxic substances released from cells that disintegrated f… more
Date: February 1, 1963
Creator: Jansen, C. R.; Bond, V. P.; Rai, K. R. & Lippincott, S. W.
open access

The Absolute Yield of the Ferrous Sulfate Oxidation Reaction

Description: The absolute yield of the ferrous sulfate oxidation reaction, under the influence of ionizing radiation, has been determined. A polystyrene, parallel plate ionization chamber, filled with argon, nitrogen, or air, was used to measure the energy absorbed per unit volume of the solution through the application of the Bragg-Gray principle. The ionization current was extrapolated to zero chamber spacing. In related experiments the average ionization potential of polystyrene was determined to be 34.3… more
Date: unknown
Creator: Weiss, J.; Bernstein, W. & Kuper, J. B. H.
open access

Absorption and Turnover Rates of Iron Measured by the Whole Body Counter

Description: Human iron metabolism has been extensively studied in the past twenty-five years with the radioisotopes iron⁵⁵ and iron⁵⁹. Before the availability of the whole body counter, however, iron absorption studies were performed by the indirect methods of fecal assay of unabsorbed radioiron, and estimation of red cell incorporation of absorbed tracer. The few long-term excretion studies performed required numerous assumptions, since human iron excretion was less well understood. Whole body counting pr… more
Date: September 5, 1962
Creator: Price, D. C.; Cohn, S. H. & Cronkite, B. P.
open access

Abstract for the Glasgow Meeting - "International Conference on Nuclear Physics": Gamma Transitions and the Shell Model

Description: The study of the interaction of the electromagnetic field with nuclei has proved very fruitful for the elucidation of many details of nuclear structure. The γ-ray transitions observed in either absorption or emission can be divided into three classes, depending on whether the matrix elements of the transition are (1) much larger, (2) approximately equal or (3) much smaller than those expected for single proton transitions which are usually taken as a norm. In class (1) we find (a) the broad tra… more
Date: July 1954
Creator: Goldhaber, M.
open access

Acceleration Design Studies for Production of High Center-of-Mass Energies

Description: To aid in planning Brookhaven's future program in high-energy physics, we have just completed a summer study on possible experimentation with super-high-energy accelerators and with storage rings. I should like to review a few of our conclusions and to describe an experiment on coasting beams in progress at Brookhaven. First, however, to provide background for this review, I shall present a short history of the past year. During 1962, many proposals were submitted to the United States Governmen… more
Date: unknown
Creator: Blewett, J. P.
open access

Acceleration of Deuterons or Alpha Particles in the AGS

Description: The magnetic field of the AGS ring can contain particles of magnetic rigidity about 34 Bv/c. This includes not only protons of kinetic energy 33 Bev, but also 32 Bev deuterons, 64 Bev alpha particles, and conceivably heavier nuclei such as 188 Bev carbon nuclei. It will be shown in this paper that such nuclei can be injected and accelerated in the AGS if some rather small modifications are made in the injection and acceleration systems. What physics could be done with such beams? Several types … more
Date: December 28, 1962
Creator: Courant, E. D.
open access

Acceleration of Polarized Protons to Relativistic Energies

Description: Maintenance of polarization of polarized protons in a linear accelerator is known to be feasible. Circular accelerators present a different problem, and the investigation of the interaction of orbit dynamics and particle polarization in general is undertaken. The equation of motion of the spin vector of a charged particle in a magnetic field as formulated by Bargmann, Michel, and Telegdi is utilized in the study of depolarization for several accelerators. High values of depolarization are obtai… more
Date: January 22, 1962
Creator: Courant, E.D.
open access

Accelerator Development Department Internal Report

Description: In this report we present solutions of the design problem in which a system of quadruple lenses is required to carry a particle beam from given focal lines in the x and y planes to other given focal lines. Particular attention will be given to the case of the anastigmatic lens system which takes a beam from one focal point to another focal point. Since the general problem is almost impossibly complicated a simplification is introduced by breaking the lens system into two parts. The first part o… more
Date: October 2, 1958
Creator: Blewett, J. P.
open access

Accident in Continuous-Dissolver Pilot Plant of Fluoride Volatility Project on May 15, 1957

Description: The so-called Fluoride Volatility Processes refer to several proposed non-aqueous methods of processing irradiated fuel elements. In each of these methods, the uranium is fluorinated to UF6 and then decontaminated by distillation. One of those methods, involving the direct fluorination of the uranium by bromine trifluoride (BTF), has been under investigation at BNL since 1950. In 1952, it was demonstrated at BNL that uranium, as UF6, could be satisfactorily decontaminated by distillation in sma… more
Date: July 10, 1957
Creator: Strickland, Gerald; Horn, F. L.; Johnson, Richard & Dwyer, O. E.
open access

Accuracy of Relaxation Length Measurements

Description: We consider here the accuracy of relaxation lengths measured during the water-uranium lattice experiments. Since such an analysis for all measurements would take a great deal of time, we have applied it to just one lattice. This one (2:1 water-to-metal ratio) was chosen completely at random.
Date: April 28, 1953
Creator: Kouts, H.
open access

Acute Intravenous and Intraperitoneal Toxicity Studies on Sodium Pentaborate Decahydrate and Sodium Tetraborate Decahydrate

Description: This technical report describes the toxicity observations on mice of varying borate-glucose molar ratios and relative potencies (p) (4) for the pentaborate and tetraborate drug. This report outlines the methods and results of this experiment and provides a discussion of the results.
Date: 1962
Creator: Easterday, Otho D. & Hamel, Helen
open access

Adaptation of a Commercial Counter X-Ray Diffractometer for Investigations to 3000°C

Description: The rapid advances in many technologically important areas have not only served to accentuate the increased demands for high temperature metals and ceramics but have necessitated a more through knowledge of their physical properties when exposed to high temperature service. Toward this latter end, the use of X-ray diffraction has proved an invaluable tool in providing data of regions of thermal stability, expansion coefficients, solid solubility limits, and phase transformations by direct exami… more
Date: March 12, 1963
Creator: LaPalca, Samuel; Farber, Gerald & Adler, George
open access

Additional Experiments on Stored Energy in BNL Reactor Graphite

Description: In the memorandum entitled "Stored Energy in BNL Reactor Graphite", dated February 25, 1953, there is described an experiment conducted by Gurinsky's group to determine the energy per gram of irradiated graphite released in a 200°C anneal. Similar experiments were subsequently conducted by W. Kosiba, differing from the original in two particulars: a) Instead of two graphite samples, one normal, and one irradiated, Kosiba used only an irradiated sample which he heated first to release the stored… more
Date: August 3, 1953
Creator: Mulhern, T.
open access

Adenosinetriphosphate Cleavage During the G-Actin to F-Actin Transformation and the Binding of Adenosinetriphosphate to F-Actin

Description: Since the discovery of the Straub and Feuer as well as Laki et al. that ATP bound to G-actin is transformed to ADP and inorganic phosphate during polymerization of actin (1, 2), it has become increasingly clear that the chemical changes in the nucleotide are related to the change in the physical state of the protein. Barany, Biro, Molnar and Straub have shown that highly purified actin preparation free of any enzyme which would use ATP, ADP or AMP as a substrate still catalyze the breakdown of … more
Date: October 15, 1963
Creator: Barany, M.; Koshland, D. E., Jr.; Springhorn, S. S.; Finkleman, F. & Theratil-Anthony, T.
open access

Adsorption Studies on Clay Minerals. III. A Torsion Pendulum Adsorption Balance

Description: Many of the most important properties of the clay minerals are in reality properties of the complex systems clay-water. Since water enters directly into the equilibria between clays and ionic solutions, determination of the water content of the minerals under specified conditions are an obvious necessity in any complete study of these equilibria. A formulation of the thermodynamics involved indicates what information is necessary and how to take it into account. Furthermore, recent results of o… more
Date: unknown
Creator: Gelewitz, Edmund, W. & Thomas, Henry, C.
open access

AEC Research and Development Report: Yield of Kr-85 and Xe-133 in the Thermal Neutron Fission of U-235 and Yield of Kr-85 in the Thermal Neutron Fission of Pu-239

Description: We have made absolute radiochemical measurements of the yields of Kr-85 and Xe-133 in the thermal neutron fission of U-235, and of Kr-85 in the thermal neutron fission of Pu-239. For Kr-85 in U-235 fission, the mean of eight measurements gives the ratio, X/T, of fission yield to half-life: X/T = 0.0253%/yr; σ = 1.59%; 99-1 error of the mean = 2.41%. For Kr-85 in Pu-239 fission, the mean of three measurements gives X/T = 0.0092%/yr; σ = 4.3%. Here σ is the standard deviation of a single measurem… more
Date: unknown
Creator: Katcoff, Seymour & Rubinson, William
open access

"Ages" of the Sikhote Alin Meteorite

Description: The potassium-argon age of the Sikhote Alin iron meteorite has been determined. The value is 1.7 + 0.2 x 10⁹ years. Previous lead data suggest an age of 4.6 x 10⁹ years . The date of solidification may be the sum of these two ages.
Date: 1962
Creator: Fisher, David E.
open access

AGS Performance and Plans

Description: The scope of the AGS complex has expanded rapidly during the three years since an accelerated beam was first obtained. Demand for research time far exceeds the amount available although facilities have been much increased. At the same time, experiments are being designed which are more complicated than previous ones and which make more stringent demands on the accelerator and on its auxiliary equipment. There is a continuous trend of experiments to particle beams of greater momentum, as the exp… more
Date: October 15, 1963
Creator: Green, G. K.
open access

An Alcohol Drip Apparatus for the Sliding Microtome

Description: In wet sectioning of celloidin embedded tissue it is necessary to maintain a layer of alcohol on the knife and on the surface of the block. The alcohol acts as a lubricant and also prevents drying of the block. The application of alcohol may be done by hand or mechanically. To apply the alcohol by hand while operating the microtome slows down the cutting operation, unless the operator is ambidextrous. In addition, stopping and starting the knife to apply alcohol results in an extensive wasting … more
Date: unknown
Creator: Squicciarini, Peter, J.
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