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SLIDES: a Program to Draw Slides and Posters

Description: SLIDES is a program which takes text and commands as input and prepares lettered slides and posters. When run on the time-sharing computer, the program can display its output on an interactive graphics terminal; in batch, it can direct its graphical output to a variety of plotters. The program uses DISSPLA graphical subroutines and standard ANL plotter subroutines. This report contains material written for the novice computer user, who should be able to produce useful slides or posters by following the examples. This report also serves as a complete reference for the SLIDES program.
Date: August 1980
Creator: Bertrand, Richard M.

Radiological and Environmental Research Division Annual Report: Part 1, Fundamental Molecular Physics and Chemistry October 1976-September 1977

Description: Annual report of the Argonne National Laboratory Radiological and Environmental Research Division regarding activities related to molecular physics and chemistry. This report discusses studies on electron collisions with molecules, photo-absorption and its consequences such as photo-electron emission, and pertinent theories.
Date: 1977?
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Radiological and Environmental Research Division.

Radiological and Environmental Research Division Annual Report: Part 3, Ecology, January-December 1977

Description: Annual report of the Argonne National Laboratory Radiological and Environmental Research Division regarding activities related to ecology. This report discuses programs to study the role of physical processes involved in transferring pollutants from the combustion of fossil fuels to the water surface, to study the biogeochemical behavior of transuranic elements from the Windscale reprocessing plant, and to study the effects of pollutants from power plants on aquatic organisms in the Great Lakes program.
Date: 1977?
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Radiological and Environmental Research Division.

Radiological and Environmental Research Division Annual Report: Part 4, Atmospheric Physics, January-December 1977

Description: Annual report of the Argonne National Laboratory Radiological and Environmental Research Division regarding activities related to atmospheric physics. This report discuses programs in air-water heat transfer and on fog formation on cooling ponds, dispersion characteristics in the wakes of buildings and in coastal regimes and measurements of pollutant fluxes to water surfaces.
Date: 1977?
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Radiological and Environmental Research Division.

Yucca Mountain Project - Argonne National Laboratory Annual Progress Report, FY 1994

Description: This document reports on the work done by the Nuclear Waste Management Section of the Chemical Technology Division (CMT), Argonne National Laboratory, in the period October 1993-September 1994. Studies have been performed to evaluate the performance of nuclear waste glass and spent fuel samples under unsaturated conditions (low volume water contact) that are likely to exist in the Yucca Mountain environment being considered as a potential site for a high-level waste repository. Tests with simulated waste glasses have been in progress for over eight years and demonstrate that actinides from initially fresh glass surfaces will be released as a result of the spallation of reacted glass layers from the surface, as the small volume of water passes over the waste form.
Date: February 1995
Creator: Bates, John K.

Applied Physical Chemistry Progress Report, October 1991 - September 1992

Description: This document reports on the work done in applied physical chemistry at the Chemical Technology Division (CMT), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), in the period October 1991 through September 1992. this work includes research into the process that control the release and transport of fission products under accident-like conditions in a light water reactor, the thermophysical properties of the metal fuel in the Integral Fast Reactor under development at ANL, and the properties of candidate tritium breeding materials in environments simulating those of fusion energy systems.
Date: December 1993
Creator: Johnson, C. E.

Advanced Evaporator Technology Progress Report FY 1992

Description: This report summarizes the work that was completed in FY 1992 on the program "Technology Development for Concentrating Process Streams." The purpose of this program is to evaluate and develop evaporator technology for concentrating radioactive waste and product streams such as those generated by the TRUEX process. Concentrating these streams and minimizing the volume of waste generated can significantly reduce disposal costs; however, equipment to concentrate the streams and recycle the decontaminated condensates must be installed. LICON, Inc., is developing an evaporator that shows a great deal of potential for this application. In this report, concepts that need to be incorporated into the design of an evaporator operated in a radioactive environment are discussed. These concepts include criticality safety, remote operation and maintenance, and materials of construction. Both solubility and vapor-liquid equilibrium data are needed to design an effective process for concentrating process streams. Therefore, literature surveys were completed and are summarized in this report. A model that is being developed to predict vapor phase compositions is described. A laboratory-scale evaporator was purchased and installed to study the evaporation process and to collect additional data. This unit is described in detail. Two new LICON evaporators are being designed for installation at Argonne-East in FY 1993 to process low-level radioactive waste generated throughout the laboratory. They will also provide operating data from a full-sized evaporator processing radioactive solutions. Details on these evaporators are included in this report.
Date: January 1995
Creator: Chamberlain, D. B.

ANL Technical Support Program for DOE Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Annual Report October 1990 - September 1991

Description: A program has been established for DOE Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) to evaluate factors that are likely to affect waste glass reaction during repository disposal, with emphasis on an unsaturated environment typical of what may be expected for the proposed Yucca Mountain repository site.
Date: March 1992
Creator: Bates, John K.

ANL Technical Support Program for DOE Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Annual Report October 1993 - September 1994

Description: A program was established for DOE Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) to evaluate factors that are anticipated to affect waste glass reaction during repository disposal, especially in an unsaturated environment typical of what may be expected for the proposed Yucca Mountain repository site.
Date: June 1995
Creator: Bates, John K.

Separation Science and Technology Semiannual Progress Report

Description: This document reports on the work done by the Separations Science and Technology Programs of the Chemical Technology Division, Argonne National Laboratory, in the period October 1991-March 1992. This effort is mainly concerned with developing the TRUEX process for removing and concentrating actinides from acidic waste streams contaminated with transuranic (TRU) elements. The objectives of TRUEX processing are to recover valuable TRU elements and to lower disposal costs for the nonTRU waste product of the process.
Date: January 1994
Creator: Vandegrift, G. F.

Separation Science and Technology Semiannual Progress Report: April - September 1992

Description: This document reports on the work done by the Separations Science and Technology Programs of the Chemical Technology Division, Argonne National Laboratory, in the period April-September 1992. This effort is mainly concerned with developing the TRUEX process for removing and concentrating actinides from acidic waste streams contaminated with transuranic (TRU) elements.
Date: September 1994
Creator: Vandegrift, G. F.

Nondestructive Characterization Methods for Monolithic Solid Oxide Fuel Cells

Description: Monolithic solid oxide fuel cells (MSOFCS) represent a potential breakthrough in fuel cell technology, provided that reliable fabrication methods can be developed. Fabrication difficulties arise in several steps of the processing: First is the fabrication of uniform thin (305 {mu}m) single-layer and trilayer green tapes (the trilayer tapes of anode/electrolyte/cathode and anode/interconnect/cathode must have similar coefficients of thermal expansion to sinter uniformly and to have the necessary electrochemical properties); Second is the development of fuel and oxidant channels in which residual stresses are likely to develop in the tapes; Third is the fabrication of a "complete" cell for which the bond quality between layers and the quality of the trilayers must be established; and Last, attachment of fuel and oxidant manifolds and verification of seal integrity. The purpose of this report is to assess nondestructive characterization methods that could be developed for application to laboratory, prototype, and full-scale MSOFCs.
Date: January 1993
Creator: Ellingson, W. A.

Analytical Electron Microscopy Characterization of Fernald soils. Annual Report, October 1993 - September 1994

Description: A combination of backscattered electron imaging and analytical electron microscopy (AEM) with electron diffraction have been used to determine the physical and chemical properties of uranium contamination in soils from the Fernald Environmental Management Project in Ohio. The information gained from these studies has been used in the development and testing of remediation technologies.
Date: March 1995
Creator: Buck, E. C.; Brown, N. R. & Dietz, N. L.

Nuclear Waste Programs Semiannual Progress Report: October 1991-March 1992

Description: This document reports on the work done by the Nuclear Waste Programs of the Chemical Technology Division (CMT), Argonne National Laboratory, in the period October 1991-March 1992. In these programs, studies are underway on the performance of waste glass and spent fuel in projected nuclear repository conditions to provide input to the licensing of the nation's high-level waste repositories.
Date: November 1993
Creator: Bates, John K.

Nuclear Waste Programs Semiannual Progress Report: April-September 1992

Description: This document reports on the work done by the Nuclear Waste Programs of the Chemical Technology Division (CMT), Argonne National Laboratory, in the period April-September 1992. In these programs, studies are underway on the performance of waste glass and spent fuel in projected nuclear repository conditions to provide input to the licensing of the nation's high-level waste repositories.
Date: May 1994
Creator: Bates, John K.; Bradley, C. R.; Buck, E. C.; Dietz, N. L.; Ebert, William L.; Emery, J. W. et al.

Separation Science and Technology Semiannual Progress Report for October 1992 - March 1993

Description: This document reports on the work done by the Separations Science and Technology Section of the Chemical Technology Division, Argonne National Laboratory, in the period October 1992-March 1993. This effort is mainly concerned with developing the TRUEX process for removing and concentrating actinides from acidic waste streams contaminated with transuranic (TRU) elements.
Date: January 1995
Creator: Vandegrift, G. F.

Chemical Engineering Division Fuel Cycle Programs Progress Report: January-March, 1978

Description: Quarterly report of the Argonne National Laboratory Chemical Engineering Division regarding activities related to properties and handling of radioactive materials, operation of nuclear reactors, and other relevant research. This report includes fuel cycle studies in advanced solvent extraction techniques focused on development of centrifugal contactors for use in Purex processes and dispersion of liquids by explosions.
Date: April 1979
Creator: Steindler, M. J.; Ader, M.; Bernstein, G.; Flynn, K.; Gerding, T.; Jardine, L. J. et al.

Addendum to a Proposal for ATLAS: a Precision-Ion Accelerator at Argonne National Laboratory, December 1978

Description: This revised proposal for the construction of the Argonne Tandem-Linac Accelerator System (ATLAS) is in all essentials the same as the proposal originally presented to NUSAC in March 1978. The only differences worth mentioning are the plan to expand the experimental area somewhat more than was originally proposed and an increased cost, brought about principally by inflation. The outline presented is the same (with minor change in wording) as in the original document, reproduced here for the convenience of the reader.
Date: 1978
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory

The TRIO Experiment

Description: The TRIO experiment is a test of in-situ tritium recovery and heat transfer performance of a miniaturized solid breeder blanket assembly. The assembly (capsule) was monitored for temperature and neutron flux profiles during irradiation and a sweep gas flowed through the capsule to an analytical train wherein the amounts of tritium in its various chemical forms were determined. The capsule was designed to operate at different temperatures and sweep gas conditions. At the end of the experiment the amount of tritium retained in the solid was at a concentration of less than 0.1 wppM. More than 99.9% of tritium generated during the experiment was successfully recovered. The results of the experiment showed that the tritium inventories at the beginning and at the end of the experiment follow a relationship which appears to be characteristic of intragranular diffusion.
Date: September 1984
Creator: Clemmer, Robert G.

DISPL1: a Software Package for One and Two Spatially Dimensioned Kinetics-Diffusion Problems

Description: DISPL1 is a software package for solving some second order nonlinear systems of partial differential equations including parabolic, elliptic, hyperbolic, and some mixed types such as parabolic-elliptic equations. Fairly general nonlinear boundary conditions are allowed as well as interface conditions for problems in an inhomogeneous media. The spatial domain is one or two dimensional with Cartesian, cylindrical, or spherical (in one dimension only) geometry. The numerical method is based on the use of Galerkin's procedure combined with the use of B-splines in order to reduce the system of PDE's to a system of ODE's. The latter system is then solved with a sophisticated ODE software package. Software features include extensive dump/restart facilities, free format input, moderate printed output capability, dynamic storage allocation, and three graphics packages.
Date: September 1984
Creator: Leaf, Gary K. & Minkoff, Michael

Baseline Energy Consumption Forecasts for Transportation: A Review and Evaluation

Description: A baseline projection of energy consumption is needed to estimate the potential energy savings from proposed transport technology and operational improvements. The Reference Energy System projection by Brookhaven National Laboratories and that which Stanford Research Institute produced for Gulf Oil are reviewed here. Attention is focused on the growth rate assumptions of the forecasts and the allowances made for the sensitivity of transport demand and technological efficiency to fuel price changes. The alternative trajectories of energy use are examined for automobile, bus and intercity air and rail passenger travel, and also for freight movement. Little, if any, justification can be found for many of the assumptions used to estimate transport demand and energy intensiveness. The assumptions underlying the Brookhaven National Laboratories projections are more explicit on changes in energy efficiency and energy price and shifts in transport patterns. However, the relationship of automobile travel, the largest component, to energy price is not specified clearly. The Stanford projection is based on seemingly arbitrary assumptions about changes in travel patterns and energy efficiency with no reference to the market process which must bring them about. It is concluded that the Brookhaven projection is a reasonable interim benchmark. Its structure should improve by refining and validating or revising the judgmental estimates on which it is based. This can be accomplished by identifying those judgments to which the energy consumption projections are most sensitive and modifying them, based on information presently available concerning the transport sector and/or information and relationships which can be developed by limited research.
Date: May 1976
Creator: Koppelman, Frank; O'Sullivan, Pat & Collum, Tom

Radiative Cooling of a Voided Subassembly

Description: A treatment is formulated for surface-to-surface radiative heat exchange between fuel pins and between pins and duct wall of a nuclear reactor subassembly voided of coolant. Specific attention is given to the case of equal power generation in each pin with uniform duct-wall temperature. Detailed temperature profiles and heat flux values are reported for hexagonal-ring subassemblies ranging in size from one to nine rings. It is found that a duct wall at 1153 degrees K can cool by radiation even a nine-ring voided subassembly operating at a power of up to 0.54 kW/ft per pin or 5.4% of full power without fuel slumping or melting, or that a seven-pin assembly can be cooled by radiation up to a power of 7.3 kw/ft.
Date: 1976
Creator: Chan, S. H.; Condiff, D. W. & Grolmes, M. A.

Transportation Energy Conservation: Tools to Meet the National Objective. Summary of Meeting Held at Argonne National Laboratory, Illinois, February 12, 1976

Description: From the discussions it was concluded that: (1) energy conservation can be achieved in transportation systems through the implementation of system operation and technological strategies; (2) the Federal government should play a vital role in achieving energy conservation by strengthening its position as a central information source, a clearinghouse for state and local governments, industry, and private citizens; (3) the potential for energy savings in transportation system operation and management, demand shifts, and reductions must not be overlooked; (4) modeling can be a useful tool in both research program management and forecasting the effects of implementing a particular strategy for energy conservation; (5) the evaluation and selection process for technology R and D must include commercialization studies along with the technological indicators of program success; and (6) Federal agencies need to coordinate their own activities in this area - - i.e., the Department of Transportation, the ERDA, the Federal Energy Administration, and the Environmental Protection Agency, among others, must work together so that research programs will be efficient and not redundant and strategies will not work at cross purposes.
Date: 1976
Creator: LaBelle, S. J.