UNT Libraries Government Documents Department - Browse

ABOUT BROWSE FEED

High-Performance Batteries for Off-Peak Energy Storage and Electric-Vehicle Propulsion, Progress Report: July-September 1976

Description: Quarterly report describing the research and management efforts of the program at ANL on lithium-aluminum/metal sulfide batteries. These batteries are being developed for electric-vehicle propulsion and for stationary energy storage applications.
Date: December 1976
Creator: Nelson, P. A.; Ivins, R. O.; Yao, N. P.; Battles, J. E.; Chilenskas, A. A.; Gay, E. C. et al.

Laboratory Support for in situ Gasification Reaction Kinetics. Quarterly Report, October-December 1976

Description: This work, which is part of the ANL energy program for ERDA, is directed toward studies for the national endeavor on in situ coal gasification. The objective of this work is to determine the reaction-controlling variables and reaction kinetics for gasification of chars resulting when coal is pyrolyzed in underground gasification. The reactions to be studied include steam-char, carbon dioxide-char, hydrogen-char, and water gas shift reaction. Discussed in this report are the effects on the reactivity of chars of pyrolysis in simulated gasification product gas rather than pure nitrogen. In addition, further investigations of the water gas shift reaction and methanation reaction are discussed.
Date: January 1977
Creator: Fischer, J.

Tritium Processing and Containment Technology for Fusion Reactors, Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Description: The hydrogen permeabilities of selected metals, alloys, and multiplex preparations that are of interest to fusion reactor technology are being characterized. A high-vacuum hydrogen-permeation apparatus has been constructed for this purpose. A program of studies has been initiated to develop design details for the tritium-handling systems of near-term fusion reactors. This program has resulted in a better definition of reactor-fuel-cycle and enrichment requirements and has helped to identify major research and development problems in the tritium-handling area. The design and construction of a 50-gallon lithium-processing test loop (LPTL) is well under way. Studies in support of this project are providing important guidance in the selection of hardware for the LPTL and in the design of a molten-salt processing test section.
Date: 1976?
Creator: Maroni, V. A.; Calaway, W. F.; Misra, B.; Van Deventer, E. H.; Wegton, J. R.; Yonco, R. M. et al.

Chemical Engineering Division Fast-Neutron Dosimetry, Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Description: One of the objectives of the Dosimetry and Damage Analysis Center is to provide standardized dosimetry technology for materials-study programs within the ERDA Division of Magnetic Fusion Energy. Current efforts have included characterization of neutron environments in terms of fluence and spectral distribution for materials experiments conducted at the Lawrence Livermore Laboratory's (LLL) Rotating Target Neutron Source and at the LLL-Davis Cyclograaff. Environment characterization efforts at Brookhaven National Laboratory's High Flux Beam Reactor and those pertaining to an enriched-uranium converter for the ANL CP-5 reactor are also described. The capability of calculating material radiation damage parameters associated with these neutron environments is demonstrated. Average fission yields determined from two fast-neutron irradiations and one thermal-neutron irradiation are compiled for laboratories participating in the inter-laboratory Reaction Rate program. These results are in excellent agreement with literature values. Progress on the development of boron-10 and lithium-6-loaded liquid scintillation detectors for detecting very low intensity neutrons is presented. Material purification tests and performance tests of scintillation mixtures are described.
Date: 1976?
Creator: Heinrich, R. R.; Greenwood, L. R.; Kennerley, R. J.; Chellew, N. R.; Popek, R. J.; Malewicki, Russell et al.

Plutonium Calorimetry and SNM Holdup Measurements, Progress Report: March 1976-August 1976

Description: The calorimetric instrumentation developed at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) for making nondestructive measurements of the plutonium content of fuel rods is discussed. Measurements with these instruments are relatively fast (i.e., 15 to 20 minutes) when compared to the several hours usually required with more conventional calorimeters and for this reason are called ''fast-response.'' Most of the discussion concerns the One-Meter and the Four-Meter Fuel-Rod Calorimeters and the Analytical Small-Sample Calorimeter. However, to provide some background and continuity where needed, a small amount of discussion is devoted to the three earlier calorimeters which have been described previously in the literature. A brief review is presented of the literature on plutonium holdup measurements. The use of gamma-ray techniques for holdup measurements is discussed and results are given for the determination of sample thickness using the ratio of intensities of high- and low-energy gamma rays. The measurements cover the plutonium metal thickness range from 0.001 to 0.120 inches. The design of a gamma-ray collimator with 37 parallel holes is also discussed. Neutron-counting experiments using BF3 proportional counters embedded in two polyethylene slabs are described. This detector configuration is characterized for its sensitivity to sample and background plutonium, counting both coincidence (fission) and total neutrons. In addition, the use of infrared imaging devices to measure small temperature differences is considered for locating large amounts of plutonium holdup and also for performing fast attribute checks for fabricated fuel elements.
Date: February 1977
Creator: Brumbach, S. B.; Finkbeiner, A. M.; Lewis, R. N. & Perry, R. B.

Physical Research on Liquid-Metal Systems Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Description: Physicochemical and thermodynamic studies of liquid-lithium-containing systems have continued. Pressure-composition isotherms for the lithium-hydrogen system measured by a gravimetric technique are found to be in reasonably good agreement with earlier tensimetric results. Plateau-pressure studies of the lithium-hydrogen, lithium-deuterium, and lithium-tritium systems have been made at temperatures above and below the monotectic. The observed isotope effects were found to be near the predicted values. Measurements of the solubility of the lithium-deuterium in liquid lithium gave results in good agreement with prior data for the solubility of lithium-hydrogen in lithium and confirmed that the limits on cold trapping of lithium hydrides from lithium are too high for protected fusion reactor applications. Determination of the solubility of lithium dioxide in liquid lithium is nearing completion. Solubility values measured to date are slightly lower than, but in the range of, prior measurements.
Date: January 1977
Creator: Moroni, V. A.; Veleckis, Ewald; Calaway, W. F.; Yonco, R. M.; Cafasso, F. A. & Burris, L.

Chemical Engineering Division Thermochemical Studies Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Description: Standard enthalpies of formation at 298.15 K are reported for MgUO4, CaUO4, BaUO4, VF3, and PrF3 based on solution and fluorine bomb calorimetric measurements. High-temperature enthalpy increments have been determined for MgUO4 by drop calorimetry. Preliminary work on gamma -UO3 and beta-LiAl is described.
Date: 1976?
Creator: O'Hare, P. A. G.; Johnson, G. K.; Ader, M.; Hubbard, W. N.; Fredrickson, D.; Cafasso, F. A. et al.

Chemical Engineering Division Sodium Technology Annual Report: July 1975-June 1976

Description: The Sodium Technology program currently comprises three parts. The first part is aimed at developing a model for accurately describing the behavior of tritium in LMFBRs from its formation in the core to its ultimate retention in the cold traps or release to the environment. Two important parts of this model are the behavior of the sodium cold traps and permeation of tritium through the steam-generator heat-transfer surfaces. A tritium monitor has been developed and installed on EBR-II to measure tritium specific activities and to test the model of an operating LMFBR. The second part of the program is focused in two areas: 91) on-reactor-site conversion of commercial-grade sodium and (2) requalifying sodium from decommissioned reactors for reuse in future LMFBRs.
Date: January 1977
Creator: McPheeters, C. C.; Jardine, L. J.; McKee, J. M.; Raue, D. J.; Renner, T. A.; Skladzien, S. B. et al.

Advanced Evaporator Technology Progress Report FY 1992

Description: This report summarizes the work that was completed in FY 1992 on the program "Technology Development for Concentrating Process Streams." The purpose of this program is to evaluate and develop evaporator technology for concentrating radioactive waste and product streams such as those generated by the TRUEX process. Concentrating these streams and minimizing the volume of waste generated can significantly reduce disposal costs; however, equipment to concentrate the streams and recycle the decontaminated condensates must be installed. LICON, Inc., is developing an evaporator that shows a great deal of potential for this application. In this report, concepts that need to be incorporated into the design of an evaporator operated in a radioactive environment are discussed. These concepts include criticality safety, remote operation and maintenance, and materials of construction. Both solubility and vapor-liquid equilibrium data are needed to design an effective process for concentrating process streams. Therefore, literature surveys were completed and are summarized in this report. A model that is being developed to predict vapor phase compositions is described. A laboratory-scale evaporator was purchased and installed to study the evaporation process and to collect additional data. This unit is described in detail. Two new LICON evaporators are being designed for installation at Argonne-East in FY 1993 to process low-level radioactive waste generated throughout the laboratory. They will also provide operating data from a full-sized evaporator processing radioactive solutions. Details on these evaporators are included in this report.
Date: January 1995
Creator: Chamberlain, D. B.

ANL Technical Support Program for DOE Environmental Restoration and Waste Management Annual Report October 1990 - September 1991

Description: A program has been established for DOE Environmental Restoration and Waste Management (EM) to evaluate factors that are likely to affect waste glass reaction during repository disposal, with emphasis on an unsaturated environment typical of what may be expected for the proposed Yucca Mountain repository site.
Date: March 1992
Creator: Bates, John K.

Applied Physical Chemistry Progress Report, October 1991 - September 1992

Description: This document reports on the work done in applied physical chemistry at the Chemical Technology Division (CMT), Argonne National Laboratory (ANL), in the period October 1991 through September 1992. this work includes research into the process that control the release and transport of fission products under accident-like conditions in a light water reactor, the thermophysical properties of the metal fuel in the Integral Fast Reactor under development at ANL, and the properties of candidate tritium breeding materials in environments simulating those of fusion energy systems.
Date: December 1993
Creator: Johnson, C. E.

High-Performance Batteries for Off-Peak Energy Storage and Electric-Vehicle Propulsion, Progress Report: January-March 1976

Description: Quarterly report describing the research and management effort of Argonne National Laboratory's program on lithium/metal sulfide batteries during the period January-March 1976. These batteries are being developed for energy storage on utility networks and for electric-vehicle propulsion. The present cells are vertically oriented, piismatic cells with a central positive electrode of FeS or FeS; and two facing negative electrodes of lithium-aluminum alloy, and an electrolyte of molten LiCl-KC1. The cell operating temperature is 400-450C.
Date: May 1976
Creator: Nelson, P. A.; Ivins, R. O.; Yao, N. P.; Battles, J. E.; Chilenskas, A. A.; Gay, E. C. et al.

Gasification of Chars Produced Under Simulated in situ Processing Conditions Quarterly Report: January-March 1976

Description: This effort is being directed toward support studies for the national endeavor on in situ coal gasification. This task involves the investigation of reaction-controlling variables and product distributions for the gasification of both coals and chars utilizing steam and oxygen. Included in this task is the investigation of the effects of using brackish water as the water supply. The high-pressure char gasification system has been received from the manufacturer and is currently undergoing testing. The types of experiments that would be most useful in their studies have been discussed with two of the three laboratories carrying out field tests of in-situ gasification.
Date: 1976?
Creator: Fischer, J.; Lo, R.; Young, J. & Jonke, A.

Physical Parameters in Synthoil Process, Quarterly Report: January-March 1976

Description: This work is being done in support of the development of processes for converting coal to liquid fuel of low sulfur content, suitable for use in power production. Most of the effort is intended to produce information applicable to the SYNTHOIL Process. In the SYNTHOIL Process for converting coal to a low-sulfur fuel oil, coal is liquefied and hydro-desulfurized in a turbulent-flow, catalytic packed-bed reactor. A slurry of coal in recycled oil is reacted with hydrogen at 450 degrees C and 2,000 to 4,000 psi in the presence of Co-MoSiO2-Al2O3 catalyst. The turbulent flow of fluid prevents the coal's mineral matter from settling and plugging the reactor. The gross liquid products are centrifuged to remove the unreacted solids. The centrifuged liquid product is a low-S, low-ash fuel. The following four tasks are included: (1) heat of reaction of hydrogen with coal slurries; (2) heat transfer coefficient; (3) additives to facilitate separation of solids from liquids; and (4) catalyst testing. These are now in the planning stage of development.
Date: 1976?
Creator: Fischer, J.; Lo, R.; Nandi, S.; Fredrickson, D.; Bump, T. R.; Mulcahey, T. P. et al.

Radiological and Environmental Research Division Annual Report: Part 1, Fundamental Molecular Physics and Chemistry October 1976-September 1977

Description: Annual report of the Argonne National Laboratory Radiological and Environmental Research Division regarding activities related to molecular physics and chemistry. This report discusses studies on electron collisions with molecules, photo-absorption and its consequences such as photo-electron emission, and pertinent theories.
Date: 1977?
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Radiological and Environmental Research Division.

Radiological and Environmental Research Division Annual Report: Part 4, Atmospheric Physics, January-December 1977

Description: Annual report of the Argonne National Laboratory Radiological and Environmental Research Division regarding activities related to atmospheric physics. This report discuses programs in air-water heat transfer and on fog formation on cooling ponds, dispersion characteristics in the wakes of buildings and in coastal regimes and measurements of pollutant fluxes to water surfaces.
Date: 1977?
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Radiological and Environmental Research Division.

Johnson Controls Inc. Battery Division Annual Report, 1985: Research, Development and Demonstration of Lead-Acid Batteries for Electric Vehicle Propulsion

Description: Report on research and development of the lead-acid battery for electric vehicle propulsion, focusing on continuing development on the forced electrolyte flow-through concept with some work on the composite, plastic/lead grid.
Date: March 1986
Creator: Johnson Controls, Inc. Globe Battery Division.

Dynamic Behavior of Reacting Gas Jets Submerged in Liquids: a Photographic Study : Annual Report for the Period May 1, 1985 - May 1, 1986

Description: A photographic study of a hydrogen chloride gas jet reacting in an aqueous solution of ammonia was conducted. The high-speed motion pictures taken revealed that the behavior of the reacting gas jet was highly dynamic and complex. The gaseous jet penetration (''plume'') was not stationary, but underwent a change in shape and size with time, which appeared to be periodic or cyclic. Certain observations made, including a high-pitched sound, exhibited a striking similarity to the so-called ''singing flame'' phenomenon. Such dynamic plume behavior is attributed to the vaporization of the bath liquid due to reaction heat release. The plume length measurements for large concentrations of ammonia seem to confirm the prediction that when the extent of vaporization is large, the plume length is mainly determined by the distance required for condensation of the vapor.
Date: September 1986
Creator: Cho, D. H.; Armstrong, D. R. & Bova, L.

Physical Parameters in Synthoil Process, Quarterly Report: October-December 1975

Description: This work is being done in support of the development of processes for converting coal to liquid fuel of low sulfur content, suitable for use in power production. Most of the effort is intended to produce information applicable to the SYNTHOIL Process. In the SYNTHOIL Process for converting coal to a low-sulfur fuel oil, coal is liquefied and hydro-desulfurized in a turbulent-flow, catalytic packed-bed reactor. A slurry of coal in recycled oil is reacted with hydrogen at 450 degrees C and 2,000 to 4,000 psi in the presence of Co-MoSiO2-Al2O3 catalyst. The turbulent flow of fluid prevents the coal's mineral matter from settling and plugging the reactor. The gross liquid products are centrifuged to remove the unreacted solids. The centrifuged liquid product is a low-S, low-ash fuel. The following four tasks are included: (1) heat of reaction of hydrogen with coal slurries; (2) heat transfer coefficient; (3) additives to facilitate separation of solids from liquids; and (4) catalyst testing. These are now in the planning stage of development.
Date: 1976
Creator: Fischer, J.; Lo, R.; Nandi, S.; Fredrickson, D.; Bump, T. R.; Mulcahey, T. P. et al.

Gasification of Chars Produced Under Simulated in situ Processing Conditions Quarterly Report: October-December 1975

Description: This effort is being directed toward support studies for the national endeavor on in situ coal gasification. This task involves the investigation of reaction-controlling variables and product distributions for the gasification of both coals and chars utilizing steam and oxygen. Included in this task is the investigation of the effects of using brackish water as the water supply. The high-pressure char gasification system has been received from the manufacturer and is currently undergoing testing. The types of experiments that would be most useful in their studies have been discussed with two of the three laboratories carrying out field tests of in-situ gasification.
Date: 1976
Creator: Fischer, J.; Lo, R.; Young, J. & Jonke, A.