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Acid-Base Reactions and Kinetics of the Halates in Fused Nitrates

Description: From Abstract : "The mechanism of the reactions of the halates, bromate, chlorate, and iodate, with dichromate in fused alkali nitrates has been shown to involve a fast equilibrium followed by a slow rate determining strip to give oxygen and halogen gases as final products." Experiments outlined serve as insight into the structure of fused salts or fused electrolytes.
Date: November 1962
Creator: Schlegel, James Max & Duke, P. R.
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Cation Exchange in Acetone-Water-Hydrochloric Acid

Description: Abstract: Distribution coefficients have been measured for the partition of metal ions between cation exchange resin and acetone-water-hydrochloric acid solutions. the differences in distribution coefficients of metal ions are greater in acetone-water media than in aqueous media of the same hydrochloric acid concentration. Using distribution coefficient data, conditions for column separations of mixtures can be selected. Column separations of metal ion mixtures can be effected by eluting with acetone-water-hydrochloric acid solutions of different compositions. Successful separations of a number of mixtures are reported.
Date: May 10, 1962
Creator: Fritz, James S. (James Sherwood), 1924- & Rettig, Thomas A.
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Chemical Binding in the Water Molecule

Description: From Introduction : "This analysis partitions the electron density and the electronic pair density of the molecule into components corresponding promoted atomic states, to quasiclassical coulombic interactions of these promoted states, and to interactions resulting from the sharing of electrons between atoms."
Date: May 3, 1963
Creator: Edmiston, Clyde & Ruedenberg, Klaus, 1920-
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Chlorotriammineplatinum(II) Ion : Acid Hydrolysis and Isotopic Exchange of Chloride Ligand

Description: Abstract: The acid hydrolysis of [Pt(NH3)3Cl] has been shown to occur to a measurable extent. for this reaction: [APt(NH3)cCl]+ + H2O [chemical equilibrium symbol with rate constant k-1 above and k1 below] [Pt(NH3)c(H2O)]++ + Cl-, the equilibrium quotient was measured at 25 degree C and 35 degree C. At 25 degree C this quotient was 8.4 x 10-5 at [Mu] (ionic strength) = 0 and 25 x 10-5 at [mu] = .318 M. This variation is consistent with the expected changes in activity coefficients. [Delta]H for the reaction was found to be approximately 0. The rate constant, k1 was 2.3 x 10-5 sec.-1 at 25 degree C and it was nearly independent of ionic strength. The acid hydrolysis provides a mechanism for the exchange of the chloride ligand and Cl-. Exchange experiments with Cl36 showed that in addition to the acid hydrolysis, a process, first order in both, [Pt(NH3)3Cl] and Cl- with a rate constant of 6. 10-5 sec.-1M.-1 contributes to the exchange. The behavior of the entire series of chloro-ammines of platinum(II) toward acid hydrolysis and chloride exchange has been summarized, and a likely mechanism for the process has been discussed.
Date: May 15, 1961
Creator: Aprile, Ferruccio. & Martin, Don S., Jr.
open access

Crystalline Field Splittings in Holmium and Dysprosium Ethylsulfates

Description: From report : "It has become apparent that pragmatic resonance data alone are insufficient to correctly evaluate crystal field parameters for rare-earth ethylsulfates, and that heat capacity data above 20°K are a useful aid in determining whether low lying levels obtained by absorption spectroscopy have been correctly identified."
Date: March 1963
Creator: Spedding, F. H.; Gerstein, B. C.; Haas, W. J.; Phillips, E. & Sutherland, W. L.
open access

The Equation of State of Solids at Low Temperature

Description: Technical report describing and evaluating the the three experimental methods for obtaining equation of state data at low temperatures; (1) approximate measurement of the PVT relationship by a piston-displacement technique, (2) the measurement of a heat capacity at constant volume as a function of molar volume and temperature, and (3) direct measurement of the pressure variation of the elastic constants using ultrasonic techniques. X-ray methods also might be applicable.
Date: October 13, 1961
Creator: Bernardes, N. (Newton), 1931- & Swenson, C. A.
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Flame Spectra of Vanadium, Niobium, Rhenium, Titanium and Molybdenum

Description: Abstract Line spectra of vanadium, niobium, titanium, molybdenum and rhenium of sufficient intensity to allow detection at the 1–10 p.p.m. level can be excited in fuel-rich, oxy-acetylene flames. For the strongest lines of tungsten, the sensitivity of detection is 90 p.p.m. Weak lines of zirconium, hafnium, osmium, tantalum and uranium are also observed in these flames. Recordings of the spectra are given along with wavelength tables of the strongest lines.
Date: July 23, 1962
Creator: Fassel, Velmer A.; Myers, Robert B. & Kniseley, Richard N.
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Gamma Ray Efficiencies for Well Type Scintillation Crystals

Description: From Abstract : "Gamma ray efficiencies for various sized well type NaI(Ti) crystals have been calculated using an IBM 704 digital computer. The adjustable parameters in the program are the gamma ray energy, the heights and diameters of the crystal and the well, the thickness of the well lining, and the positions of the (point) source inside the well. Some typical results are presented in graphical form."
Date: February 8, 1963
Creator: Dingus, Ronald S. & Stewart, M. G.
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High Pressure Research at Low Temperatures

Description: Two principle reasons exist for the extension of high pressure research to temperatures near absolute zero. First, the comparison of certain data with theory (such as the pressure-volume relationship) is more meaningful if the effects of thermal vibrations can be ignored. Second, there are phenomena which can be studied only at low temperatures. These include superconductivity, the properties of solid helium and other inert gases, some electronic phenomena, etc.
Date: February 24, 1963
Creator: Swenson, C. A.
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Kinetics of the Alkylation and Acylation of Nickel Dipivaloyimethide

Description: Abstract: A study was made of the reactions of nickel dipivaloyimethide with the following reagents: tirphenylmethyl chloride, benzoyl chloride, [rho]-chloro and [rho]-methyl benzoyl chloride. Infrared spectra of the easily hydrolyzed product of tritylation seem to indicate that enol ether, the product of O-alkylation, is formed. the acyl halides reactor to give the triketones. the latter have been characterized by spectra and C, H, analysis. the kinetics of all the reactions studied were found to settle down to a second order rate law after a fast initial reaction. These reactions are catalyzed by an impurity in the acyl chloride. Then benzoyl chloride with a different purity was used, the second order rate constant for the benzoylation of nickel DPM ranged from 0.02-0.20. The air oxidation of nickel dipivaloymethide was found to compete with the acylations under the conditions of these studies. An investigation of the phenomenon showed that nickel pivalate is the major product. Pivalic acid was also detected in the product mixture. This oxidation takes place in chlorobenzene and in aromatic hydrocarbons. It occurs in 1201 when small amount on benzoyl chlorides are present.
Date: July 1959
Creator: Johnson, Kenneth Eugene & Hammond, George Simms, 1921-2005
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Magnetostriction in Dy and Ho

Description: From Abstract : "Phenomenal magnetostriction has been observed in Dy and Ho single crystals. ... [The} magnetostriction curve showed three slightly developed knees which agree well with the knees observed in the magnetization data for Ho previously reported."
Date: 1963
Creator: Legvold, S.; Alstad, J. & Rhyne, J.
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Niobium-Tin-Aluminum Alloy Studies

Description: From Abstract : "A proposed constitutional diagram was developed from equilibrium data obtained for the niobium-tin binary alloy system. ... Alloying Nb3Sn with Nb3Al appears to raise the zero field superconducting transformation temperature of Nb3Sn slightly."
Date: February 1963
Creator: Ellis, Thomas Gordon & Wilhelm, Harley A.
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Propagation Characteristics of Capillary Ripples, III. Capillary Ripple Velocity and Attenuation Dispersion on Clean Water Surfaces and on Various Monolayers

Description: From Abstract: "The theory and instrumentation previously described by us were applied to the systems monolayer-free distilled water; stearic acid, mixed hexadecanol and octadecanol and several long chain fatty ester monolayers; stearic acid - polyvinyl acetate mixed films and egg albumen spread films; heptanoic acid adsorbed monolayers."
Date: January 1962
Creator: Mann, J. Adiin, Jr. & Hansen, R. S.
open access

Rare Earth Intermetallic Comounds

Description: From Abstract : "Some of the important properties of the rare earth intermetallic and semimetallic compounds are reviewed. ... A compilation of the crystal structures of these compounds is appended to this review."
Date: 1964
Creator: McMasters, O. D. & Gschneidner, K. A., Jr.
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Reinvestigation of the CC Stretching and CH3 Rocking Assignments In Isopropyl and tert-Butyl Halides

Description: From report: "In a series of paper (1-3) Sheppard has analyzed the vibrational spectra of simple alkyl halides. During the course of an investigation of the spectra of similar alkyl thiocyanates certain anomalies appeared in the assignments of the CC stretching and methyl rocking vibrations in isopropyl and tert.-butyl halides."
Date: May 3, 1963
Creator: Hirschmann, R. P. & Kniseley, R. N.
open access

The Solubility of Holmium in Copper, Silver, and Gold

Description: From Abstract: "The solid solubility of holmium in copper, silver, and gold was determined using metallographic techniques. The composition of the first intermetallic compound in these systems was found to be Cu4Ho, Ag7Ho2, and Au3Ho. These compounds form eutectics with the solvent metals which melt at 868, 787, and 778°C respectively."
Date: January 1963
Creator: Wunderlin, W. J.; Beaudry, B. J. & Daane, A. H.
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