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Evaluation of an Arctic Ice-Free Land Site and Results of C-130 Aircraft Test Landings, Polaris Promontory, North Greenland 1958-1959

Description: Abstract: "Field investigations of an ice-free land area at Polaris Promontory, Hall Land in northwest Greenland were undertaken to determine if this area could support austere military aircraft operations. Detailed scientific observations of geology, meteorology, natural terrain features of the area were made, thorough investigations of the soil features and bearing strength were conducted, and an airstrip was prepared and marked. Successful test landings by a C-130 aircraft were made on the airstrip. Possible alternate airstrip sites were studied and conclusions drawn on the usability of such ice-free land sites for military activities."
Date: March 1961
Creator: Needleman, Stanley M.; Klick, Donald W. & Molineux, Carlton E.
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Investigations of Ice-Free Sites for Aircraft Landings in East Greenland, 1959

Description: Abstract: "Thirty-three specific landing sites were investigated in the ice-free land area of East Greenland between Scores by Sund and Loch Fyne. Eight of these are considered suitable for emergency landings in summer by heavy cargo planes, and several more for light cargo planes. Several sites were investigated for the Royal Greenland Trade Department in the Scorebysund - Kap Tobin area. A 1550-foot airstrip was located on a gravel terrace in the Jaettedal, eight miles northwest of Kap Tobin, and a short strip requiring some construction work was located near Kap Tobin. An 11,500-foot airstrip was tentatively laid out on a gravel terrace at Storelv, near Moskusoksefjord. Utilization of several of these sites can add a significant safety factor to commercial or military aircraft operations in East Greenland. Reconnaissance observations verify the presence of abundant emergency sources of fresh water in East Greenland; analyses of 36 samples indicate water of good to excellent chemical quality."
Date: September 1961
Creator: Hartshorn, Joseph Harold; Stoertz, George E.; Kover, Allan N. & Davis, Stanley N.
open access

Upper Wind Representation and Flight Planning

Description: Abstract: This Survey is divided into four parts: (a) a representation of winds of space and time, which includes a tool for analysis, called the "geostrophic-gradient divider", and the "2-prog" and "4-prog" charts ; (b) flight planning tools: the 4-D plotter and the fixed-speed time-front plotter ; (c) methods of flight planning, including fixed-track flight planning, single-drift flight planning and emphasizing minimal flight planning, and (d) an interpolative system of minimal flight planning. Included are three appendices to do the following: (a) to derive the basic equation of minimal flight planning, to show why time fronts should be drawn omitting the crosswinds, and to show why time fronts prepared from one airspeed can be used on minimal flight paths with another airspeed ; (b) to show the advantage of 4-prog charts or derived 2-prog charts in representing vertical wind shears that are changing with time, and (c) to report on tests of the recommended procedures.
Date: March 1957
Creator: Gringorten, Irving I.
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