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ALPR Preliminary Design Study (Argonne Low Power Reactor) Phase 1

Description: A preliminary design study, Phase I of the ALPR project, has been made in accordance with the Army Reactors Branch specifications for a nuclear "package" power plant with a 200-260-kw electric and 400 kw heating capacity. The plant is to be installed at the Idaho Reactor Testing Station as a prototype for remote arctic installations. The "conventional" power plant as well as the exterior reactor components are described in the accompanying report and cost estimate by Pioneer Service and Engineering Company, Architect-Engineers for the project."Nuclear" components of the reactor are designed by Argonne National Laboratory as described in the present report.
Date: April 20, 1956
Creator: Treshow, M.; Pearlman, H.; Rossin, D. & Shaftman, D.
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Annual Report 1961

Description: This seventh Annual Report is a summary of some of the progress in scientific and engineering research and development carried on at Argonne National Laboratory during 1961. As is customary in this series, only those portions of the total program that have reached such a stage that they may be of general interest are recorded. Thus, a comparison with the Annual Reports for 1959 (ANL-6125) and for 1960 (ANL-6275) will reveal the description of a generally different set of scientific activities. A more detailed presentation of any work covered in this report or of the many ANL projects not mentioned may be obtained by perusing the various progress and topical reports issued by the Laboratory during 1961. A list of the publications in the scientific journals during 1961 by Argonne personnel has been given as an Appendix.
Date: 1961
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory (ANL)
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Argonne High-Flux Research Reactor: AHFR Conceptual Design Study

Description: Report issued by the Argonne National Laboratory discussing high-flux research reactor design studies. As stated in the summary, "this report presents a reactor design to meet the needs of the basic research program at Argonne National Laboratory. The program requires some irradiation in thermal flux...and some beam experiments..." (p. 5). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: June 1959
Creator: Link, L. E.; Armstrong, R. H.; Cameron, T. C.; Heineman, J. B.; Kelber, C. N.; Kier, P. H. et al.
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Calculations on U235 Fission Product Decay Chains

Description: Report of equations for calculating decay of U235. The introduction states" Calculations have been made on the U235 fission product decay schemes. The results for a typical example, that of a reactor operating at 1000 kilowatts for 180 days, have been tabulated and graphed. General formulae have been used so that the results can be applied for any power level and any time of irradiation" (p. 2).
Date: May 1952
Creator: Faller, I. L.; Chapman, T. S. & West, J. M.
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Chemical Engineering Division Summary Report

Description: Measurement of radioactive carry-over was made on borax III operating at 300 psig and at power levels ranging from 4 to 14 mv. Decontamination factors of from 1.5 x 104 (at 14 mv) were obtained. These data are in essential agreement with those predicted by previous laboratory experimental work.
Date: May 2, 1956
Creator: Lawroski, Stephen; Rodger, W. A.; Vogel, R. C. & Munnecke, V. H.
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Chemical Engineering Division Summary Report for January, February, and March 1957

Description: A fused fluoride process for dissolution of zirconium-uranium fuel alloys is being developed. The alloy is dissolved in an equimolar sodium fluoride-zirconium fluoride melt at 600°C by sparging the system with hydrogen fluoride. The uranium is volatilized from the melt as the hexafluoride by a sparging operation with fluorine or bromine pentafluoride vapor. This product is then decontaminated and purified by fractional distillation.
Date: July 1957
Creator: Lawroski, Stephen; Rodger, W. A.; Vogel, R. C. & Munnecke, V. H.
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Chemical Engineering Division Summary Report for January, February, and March 1958

Description: Development work was continued on the fused fluoride process for the recovery of enriched uranium from zirconium-matrix fuel alloys. The alloy is dissolved by immersing it in molten sodium fluoride-zirconium fluoride at 600°C and passing hydrogen fluoride vapor through the system.The dissolved uranium tetrafluoride in the melt is then volatilized as uranium hexafluoride by sparging with fluorine. The uranium hexafluoride product is purified and decontaminated by fractional distillation. Additional corrosion tests were made on a variety of metals in an effort to find a material of construction suitable for the fluorination step. All the metals tested, with the exception of Hastelloy B, were attacked rapidly in the fluorinated melt. The attack was particularly severe at the melt-gas interface when tests were made with partially submerged specimens of the metals.
Date: June 1958
Creator: Lawroski, Stephen; Rodger, W. A.; Vogel, R. C. & Munnecke, V. H.
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Chemical Engineering Division Summary Report July, August, and September, 1956

Description: Additional runs have been made in the six-inch, continuous-flow mixing chamber to study the rate of mass transfer between isobutanol and water. These runs were inconclusive because the effluents were mutually saturated. A new four-inch cell has been designed and is being fabricated; this will permit a reduction in the time available for mass transfer. Consideration has been given to other liquid pairs which may transfer more slowly than isobutanol-water. The system nitrobenzene-ethylene glycol appears attractive.
Date: December 1956
Creator: Rodger, W. A.; Vogel, R. C. & Munnecke, V. H.
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Chemical Engineering Division Summary Report July, August, and September, 1957

Description: Development work continued on a fused salt process for the recovery of uranium from zirconium-matrix fuel alloys. The fuel is dissolved in a sodium fluoride-zirconium fluoride melt at 600°C by hydrogen fluoride sparging. The melt is then sparged with fluorine gas which volatilizes the dissolved uranium as the hexafluoride. The final decontamination and purification of the uranium hexafluoride are accomplished by fractional distillation. The testing of graphite as a container material for the hydrofluorination step was continued. Additional thermal cycling experiments were performed, using a helium sparge in equimolar sodium fluoride-zirconium fluoride melt at 600°C. The extent of penetration of the fused salt into the graphite was determined. No mechanical degradation was present. Dimensional change data were also obtained for graphite vessels in which the fused salt was sparged with hydrogen fluoride.
Date: December 1957
Creator: Lawroski, Stephen; Rodger, W. A.; Vogel, R. C. & Munnecke, V. H.
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Chemical Engineering Division Summary Report October, November, and December, 1956

Description: A final series of runs was made in a four-inch continuous-flow mixing chamber to study the transfer of isobutanol into water and nitrobenzene into ethylene glycol. Satisfactory techniques were developed to provide for the rapid analysis of these systems. In addition, a light-scattering correlation was prepared to provide a measure of the interfacial area of the yellow-colored nitrobenzene-ethylene glycol mixtures.
Date: March 1957
Creator: Lawroski, Stephen; Rodger, W. A.; Vogel, R. C. & Munnecke, V. H.
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A Coated Cast Iron Crucible for use with Eutectic Al-Si Alloy in the Temperature Range 595°-650°C

Description: The feasibility of the coated metal crucible as a container for eutectic Al-Si alloy has been proven by test. Small, enamel-coated cast iron pots has been proven by test. Small, enamel-coated cast iron pots have successfully withstood the chemically aggressive Al-Si alloy and the adverse influence of an oxidizing atmosphere for a period of 3 months at 725°C. A similarly coated castiron crucible containing 450 pounds of eutectic Al-Si alloy was successfully tested for 144 days in a jacketing operation conducted at 595°-650°C. Under the same conditions, the normal service life of clay-bonded graphite and silicon carbide crucibles rarely exceeds 45 days. The coating material is a commercially available enamel capable of withstanding temperatures up to 790°C (1450°F). It is readily applied to the surface of a variety of ferrous metals and alloys; however, best results are obtained with alloys low in chromium and nickel which also have a low thermal expansion coefficient.
Date: November 1957
Creator: Yaggee, F. L.
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Condensation of Metal Vapors: Mercury and the Kinetic Theory of Condensation

Description: Report issued by the Argonne National Laboratory discussing condensation theories of metal vapors. As stated in the introduction, "the objectives of this research then are critical analysis of condensation theories and data for metal vapors and experimental evaluation of the resistance to condensation for a representative metal such as mercury" (p. 18). This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: October 1964
Creator: Wilhelm, Donald J.
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Cost Study of a 100-Mw(e) Direct-Cycle Boiling Water Reactor Plant

Description: Report issued by the Argonne national Laboratory discussing a technical and economic evaluation of a direct-cycle light-water boiling reactor designed for natural circulation and internal steam-water separation. The reference 100-Mw(e) reactor power plant design evolved from the study should have the best chance (compared to similar plants) of approaching the 8 to 9 mill/kwh total power-cost level. This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: July 1960
Creator: Bullinger, C. F. & Harrer, J. M.
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Design and Testing of a High-Heat Flux Electron-Bombardment Heater

Description: Report issued by the Argonne National Laboratory discussing the testing of an electron-bombardment heater. As stated in the abstract, "the applications of electron-bombardment heating to liquid-metal heat transfer and reactor safety experiments are discussed. The design of a high-heat-flux, electron-bombardment heater (EBH) is presented" (p. 7). This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Date: March 1968
Creator: Carlson, R. D. & Holtz, R. E.
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Electronic Distribution Functions and Thermodynamic Properties at High Temperatures

Description: Report issued by the Argonne National Laboratory discussing the thermodynamics and electronic distribution of high temperatures. As stated in the introduction, "in the present paper, a model for computing is described which takes into account in detail the interactions between bound electrons and the average interaction of the bound electrons with the free ones" (p. 4). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: May 1953
Creator: Brachman, Malcolm K. & Meyerott, Roland E.
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Engineering Development of Fluid-Bed Fluoride Volatility Processes: Part 5. Description of a Pilot-Scale Facility for Uranium Dioxide-Plutonium Dioxide Processing Studies

Description: Report describing a pilot plant constructed at Argonne National Laboratory for studying two major process steps for the recovery of uranium and plutonium from spent nuclear fuels of power reactors. A major objective is the demonstration of optimum process conditions for the two steps for synthetic reactor fuel compositions, including those containing mixtures of inactive fission products.
Date: 1964
Creator: Vogel, G. J.; Carls, E. L. & Mecham, W. J.
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Engineering Properties of Diphenyl

Description: Report issued by the Argonne National Laboratory discussing engineering properties of diphenyl. As stated in the abstract, "data collected from the literature on the vapor pressure, enthalpy, liquid density, and vapor density of pure diphenyl are presented. A Mollier diagram, a temperature entropy diagram, and data on viscosity of diphenyl as a function of temperature are also presented" (p. 5). This report includes tables, and illustrations.
Date: August 11, 1953
Creator: Anderson, Kermit
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The Fabrication of a Plutonium Helix for a Doppler Experiment

Description: A helix constructed of plutonium was made to test the Doppler temperature effect in ZPR-III. The helix, 1 inch in diameter and 6-1/4 inches long, contained 240 grams of delta-phase plutonium alloy encapsulated in titanium tubing. Four plutonium rods were extruded, joined together, and pushed into a titanium tube. This tube was swaged tightly over the plutonium rod, and the assembly was wound into a coil. Electrical leads to the coil were made by swaging copper tubing over the ends of the coil. The helix was tested by cycling about 500 times between 50°C and 190°C. The coil was heated with a current of 130 amperes and cooled with a blast of chilled helium. (1) Several helices of uranium(2) were cycled during the same tests. Despite the severity of the thermal cycles, the helices were undamaged.
Date: December 1958
Creator: Dunworth, R. J.; Rhude, H. V. & Kelman, L. R.
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