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Underground Wastes in Oil and Gas Fields and Methods of Prevention

Description: Technical paper issued by the Bureau of Mines over the underground wastes of oil and gas in drilling fields. As stated in the introduction, "the writers have endeavored to establish the manner and importance of underground waste by citing a few cases and to show the means whereby it can be prevented" (p. 5). This paper includes illustrations.
Date: July 1916
Creator: McMurray, William F. & Lewis, James O.
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Duralumin

Description: Various properties of duralumin as used in aircraft construction are discussed, including the effects of temperature, working, tempering, and strength.
Date: July 1920
Creator: Unger, E. & Schmidt, E.
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The Manufacture of Sulphuric Acid in the United States

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines over the production of sulfuric acid. As stated in the introduction, "the present bulletin was prepared to cover the main facts in regard to the industry in this country, including a discussion of the supplies of sulfur-bearing raw materials, the situation of the acid plants, the principal points in regard to manufacturing processes, and the uses of the acid" (p. 2). This report includes tables, illustrations, photographs, and a map.
Date: July 1920
Creator: Wells, Arthur Edward & Fogg, Donald E.
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Static Testing and Proposed Standard Specifications

Description: Static tests fall into two groups, the first of which is designed to load all members of the structure approximately in accordance with the worst loads which they carry in flight, while the second is directed to the testing of specific members which are suspected of weakness and which are difficult to analyze mathematically. The nature of the loading in the second type is different for every different test, but the purpose of the first is defined clearly enough to permit the adoption of some standard set of loading specifications, at least for airplanes of normal design. Here, an attempt is made to carry through an analysis leading to such a standard, the goal being the determination of a load which will simultaneously impose on every member of the airplane structure a stress equal to the worst it will carry in flight.
Date: July 1920
Creator: Warner, E. P.
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Theory of Lifting Surfaces

Description: The general basis of the theory of lifting surfaces is discussed. The problem of the flow of a fluid about a lifting surface of infinite span is examined in terms of the existence of vortexes in the current. A general theory of permanent flow is discussed. Formulas for determining the influence of aspect ratio that may be applied to all wings, whatever their plane form, are given.
Date: July 1920
Creator: Prandtl, L.
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The Caproni Seaplane

Description: The Caproni Company recently built a seaplane of unusual design. The main supporting surfaces consisted of three triplanes in tandem, the lower wings being attached to the hull, which was described as providing accommodation for a hundred passengers. On one of the first flights, the seaplane fell into a lake, nose down, and was destroyed. The authors wish to show that this failure could have been predicted.
Date: July 1921
Creator: Munk, Max
open access

The Drawing of Experimental Curves

Description: This report presents a discussion of how to determine the location of a line or surface from experimental data. What we desire to know practically is the number of ordinates required to obtain a certain probable precision in drawing a line or surface.
Date: July 1921
Creator: Norton, F. H.
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The Dynamometer Hub for the Testing Propellers and Engines During Flight

Description: The need for a device to measure flight resistance, engine and propeller power, and efficiency during flight grew in proportion to the demand for increased flying capacity in military types of aircraft. Here, a dynamometer hub was inserted between the engine and the propeller. Taken as a whole, the tests that were conducted show that though the dynamometer is a sensitive instrument liable to numerous derangements, it is undeniably useful even in its present form, when handled with care and skill.
Date: July 1921
Creator: Enoch, O.
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Flexible Petrol Pipe

Description: Report presenting an examination of flexible piping and some of the difficulties involved in creating satisfactory flexible pipe. The joint used to assist in the flexibility of the pipe is illustrated and described.
Date: July 1921
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The Problem of Fuel for Aviation Engines

Description: Note presenting the physical properties which may be demanded of fuels for aviation use and the means that may be adopted by the engine manufacturers to properly meet the demands necessitated by the use of the fuel. Some of the factors that must be considered include its composition, the quantity available, the price per heat unit, and the possibility of keeping stocks in aerial ports both at home and abroad.
Date: July 1921
Creator: Kutzbach & James, W. S.
open access

Theory of the ideal windmill

Description: Report presenting the theory of the ideal propeller, which is important for solving the problem of the action of propellers. Several different theories of propeller action are described and compared to determine which ones seem to be the most accurate.
Date: July 1921
Creator: Hoff, Wilhelm
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Aerial navigation by dead reckoning

Description: Report discussing the problem to be solved, as presented to the pilot or observer of an aircraft, is as follows: The aircraft starting from A must land at B, the only data being the speed of the airplane, the altitude and the orientation D of the course. The above data would be amply sufficient, were it not for the fact that the airplane is constantly subjected to a wind of variable direction and strength.
Date: July 1922
Creator: Maffert, Pierre
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