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Baseline Risk Assessment of Ground Water Contamination at the Uranium Mill Tailings Sites Near Slick Rock, Colorado

Description: This baseline risk assessment of ground water contamination at the uranium mill tailings sites near Slick Rock, Colorado, evaluates potential public health and environmental impacts resulting from ground water contamination at the former North Continent (NC) and Union Carbide (UC) uranium mill processing sites. The tailings at these sites will be placed in a disposal cell at the proposed Burro Canyon, Colorado, site. The US Department of Energy (DOE) anticipates the start of the first phase remedial action by the spring of 1995 under the direction of the DOE`s Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action (UMTRA) Project. The second phase of the UMTRA Project will evaluate ground water contamination. This baseline risk assessment is the first site-specific document for these sites under the Ground Water Project. It will help determine the compliance strategy for contaminated ground water at the site. In addition, surface water and sediment are qualitatively evaluated in this report.
Date: November 1994

Carnotite Resources in the Charles T. Area and Vicinity, San Miguel County, Colorado

Description: Report discussing an exploratory drilling program in the Charles T. area and vicinity during the period from November 1947 and September 1949. "The purpose of the exploration was to discover new carnotite deposits to support milling operations on the Colorado Plateau, and to appraise the uranium and vanadium resources of the area explored."
Date: March 1950
Creator: Bush, Alfred L.

Carnotite Resources of the Legin Group Area, San Miguel County, Colorado

Description: From abstract: The Legin group area comprises five privately owned claims, nine Government claims, and some public land. The area is in parts of secs. 28 and 29, T. 43 N., R. 19 W., New Mexico principal meridian, San Miguel County, Colo. It is about 45 miles from the Government mill at Monticello, Utah, and 50 miles from the Vanadium Corporation of America mill at Naturita, Colo. The Legin group area has yielded a total production of more than 18,000 short tons of carnotite ore that averaged 0.32 percent U30 and 2.5 percent V 205 . Most of this production was accomplished during the years from 1935 to 1944, and from 1949 to October 1951.
Date: July 1952
Creator: Bell, Henry

Directional Resistivity Measurements in Exploration for Uranium Deposits on the Colorado Plateau

Description: The following report covers a study of the electrical properties of the Morrison formation in the Uravan mineral belt of the Colorado Plateau province where it is indicated that there is a significant correlation between electrical resistivity and the relative favorability for occurrence of ore. This report presents the measurements of resistivity trends.
Date: April 1958
Creator: Keller, George V.

Environmental Assessment of Remedial Action at the Slick Rock Uranium Mill Tailings Sites, Slick Rock, Colorado. Revision 1

Description: The Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act of 1978 (42 USC {section}7901 et seq.), hereafter referred to as the UMTRCA, authorized the US Department of Energy (DOE) to clean up two uranium mill tailings processing sites near Slick Rock, Colorado, in San Miquel County. Contaminated materials cover an estimated 63 acres of the Union Carbide (UC) processing site and 15 ac of the North Continent (NC) processing site. The sites are within 1 mile of each other and are adjacent to the Dolores River. The sites contain concrete foundations of mill buildings, tailings piles, and areas contaminated by windblown and waterborne radioactive tailings materials. The total estimated volume of contaminated materials is approximately 621,300 cubic yards (yd{sup 3}). In addition to the contamination in the two processing site areas, four VPs were found to contain contamination. As a result of the tailings being exposed to the environment, contamination associated with the UC and NC sites has leached into shallow ground water. Surface water has not been affected. The closest residence is approximately 0.3 air mi from either site. The proposed action is to remediate the UC and NC sites by removing all contaminated materials within the designing site boundaries or otherwise associated with the sites, and relocating them to, and stabilizing them at, a location approximately 5 road mi northeast of the sites on land administered by the Bureau of Land Management (BLM).
Date: September 1, 1994

Preliminary Appraisal of Diamond-Drill Exploration in the Legin Group Area, San Miguel County, Colorado

Description: From introduction: This preliminary report summarizes the results of the 1950 drilling in the Legin group area of San Miguel County, Colorado and gives a more complete, but preliminary, estimate of the uranium and vanadium ore reserves. When the radiometric and chemical assay data are completed, a detailed report will be transmitted.
Date: February 1951
Creator: Bell, Henry

Preliminary Report on Diamond-Drill Exploration of the Legin Group Area, San Miguel County, Colorado

Description: From introduction: The results of U. S. Geological Survey exploration in the Legin group area are summarized briefly in this preliminary report. No additional drilling is planned. The Legin group area comprising nine Government-owned claims, three privately owned claims and adjoining public land, is in San Miguel County, Colo. The area explored includes parts of secs. 28 and 29, T. 43 N., R. 19 W., New Mexico principal meridian (fig. 1).
Date: October 1951
Creator: Bell, Henry

Preliminary Report on Exploration in the Spud Patch Area, San Miguel County, Colorado

Description: From introduction: From November 1949 to May 1952, the U. S. Geological Survey explored the Spud Patch area by diamond drilling to find carnotite deposits that would make new mines and to appraise the reserves of the area. Previous work and a brief outline of the general geology of the area have been reported (Bell and Icke, 1950; and Bell, 1952).
Date: 1952
Creator: Hilpert, Lowell S.

Preliminary Results of Radiometric Reconnaissance of Parts of the Northwestern San Juan Mountains, Gunnison, Ouray, San Juan, San Miguel, and Dolores Counties, Colorado

Description: From abstract: A reconnaissance radiometric survey of parts of the northwestern San Juan Mountains has revealed the occurrence of uranium-bearing ores in several mining districts in Ouray and San Juan Counties, and the occurrence of thorium-bearing veins in southwestern Gunnison County.
Date: March 1952
Creator: Burbank, W. S. & Pierson, Charles Thomas

Reconnaissance of Metal Mining in the San Juan Region: Ouray, San Juan, and San Miguel Counties, Colorado

Description: Report issued by the U.S. Bureau of Mines discussing metal mines in Colorado. As stated in the summary, "this paper describes the mineral deposits and discusses mining and milling methods and related operating conditions in an important gold, silver, lead, and zinc producing area in Ouray, San Juan, and San Miguel Counties, Colo., embracing 250 square miles" (p. 5). This report includes tables, maps, and illustrations.
Date: March 1950
Creator: King, William H. & Allsman, Paul T.

Remedial Action Plan and Site Design for Stabilization of the Inactive Uranium Mill Tailings Sites at Slick Rock, Colorado. Attachment 3, Ground Water Hydrology Report: Preliminary Final

Description: The US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) has established health and environmental protection regulations to correct and prevent ground water contamination resulting from processing activities at inactive uranium milling sites (52 FR 36000 (1987)). According to the Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Control Act (UMTRCA) of 1978, 42 USC {section}7901 et seq., the US Department of Energy (DOE) is responsible for assessing the inactive uranium processing sites. The DOE has determined that for Slick Rock, this assessment shall include hydrogeologic site characterization for two separate uranium processing sites, the Union Carbide (UC) site and the North Continent (NC) site, and for the proposed Burro Canyon disposal site. The water resources protection strategy that describes how the proposed action will comply with the EPA ground water protection standards is presented in Attachment 4. The following site characterization activities are discussed in this attachment: Characterization of the hydrogeologic environment, including hydrostratigraphy, ground water occurrence, aquifer parameters, and areas of recharge and discharge. Characterization of existing ground water quality by comparison with background water quality and the maximum concentration limits (MCL) of the proposed EPA ground water protection standards. Definition of physical and chemical characteristics of the potential contaminant source, including concentration and leachability of the source in relation to migration in ground water and hydraulically connected surface water. Description of local water resources, including current and future use, availability, and alternative supplies.
Date: March 4, 1994

Remedial Action Plan and Site Design for Stabilization of the Inactive Uranium Mill Tailings Sites at Slick Rock, Colorado: Remedial Action Selection Report. Preliminary Final

Description: This proposed remedial action plan incorporates the results of detailed investigation of geologic, geomorphic, and seismic conditions at the proposed disposal site. The proposed remedial action will consist of relocating the uranium mill tailings, contaminated vicinity property materials, demolition debris, and windblown/waterborne materials to a permanent repository at the proposed Burro Canyon disposal cell. The proposed disposal site will be geomorphically stable. Seismic design parameters were developed for the geotechnical analyses of the proposed cell. Cell stability was analyzed to ensure long-term performance of the disposal cell in meeting design standards, including slope stability, settlement, and liquefaction potential. The proposed cell cover and erosion protection features were also analyzed and designed to protect the RRM (residual radioactive materials) against surface water and wind erosion. The location of the proposed cell precludes the need for permanent drainage or interceptor ditches. Rock to be used on the cell top-, side-, and toeslopes was sized to withstand probable maximum precipitation events.
Date: March 1994