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Analyses of Coals in the United States with Descriptions of Mine and Field Samples Collected between July 1, 1904 and June 30, 1910: Part 1. -- Analyses

Description: From Significance and value of Analyses of Coal: "The analyses published in this report cover samples of coal collected in many different parts of the country with unusual care by experiences men, in such manner as to make them representative of extensive beds of coal."
Date: 1913
Creator: Lord, N. W.

Analyses of Coals in the United States with Descriptions of Mine and Field Samples Collected between July 1, 1904 and June 30, 1910 Part 2. Descriptions of Samples

Description: From Introduction: "This volume contains the descriptions of the samples whose analyses are published in the preceding volume, Part I of this bulletin. The descriptions have been compiled from the notebooks of the persons who collected the samples, have been condensed from accounts given in published reports of the United States Geological Survey, or have furnished by the collection themselves. Inasmuch as the descriptions represent the work of many persons during a period of six years, and inasmuch as they were recorded under widely differing conditions, they necessarily vary in fullness detail."
Date: 1913
Creator: Lord, N. W.

Apparatus and Methods for the Sampling and Analysis of Furnace Gases

Description: From Introduction: "It is the purpose of this paper to describe some apparatus and methods which have proved satisfactory to those engaged in the chemical work of the investigations mentioned. While these methods and apparatus have been designed more particularly with regard to analysis of furnace gases, their use is by no means limited to that purpose."
Date: 1911
Creator: Frazer, J. C. W. & Hoffman, E. J.

Booby Traps

Description: The following report provides data taken of problematic situations that have led to accidental prompt-critical radiation bursts in critical assemblies laboratories, as well as a few risky instances. The purpose of this report is to prevent these mistakes from happening in the future.
Date: June 12, 1957
Creator: Paxton, Hugh Campbell

Briquetting Tests of Lignite at Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, 1908-9 : With a Chapter on Sulphite-Pitch Binder

Description: From Results of Briquetting Tests: "The results of the briquetting investigations conducted by the Government are expected to prove of considerable value, not only to the Government itself as the owner of extensive lignite deposits and largest single purchaser of fuel, but also to the people living in the the regions where lignite is found. The problem assumes still larger proportions when one realizes that the development of manufacturing industries in those regions depends upon the ability to obtain a cheap and satisfactory fuel. Although the results presented in this bulletin are not conclusive, they warrant the continuation of the investigators as soon as funds can be available for the purpose."
Date: 1912
Creator: Wright, Charles L.

Carbonizing Properties: Pocahontas Number 6, Davy Sewell, and Fire Creek Coals from West Virginia and Upper and Lower Kittanning and Upper and Lower Freeport Coals from Pennsylvania

Description: From Forward: "The value of this survey of the carbonizing properties of American coals by a standard method lies in the comparability of the results on different coals. It must recognized that no standard laboratory method of carbonization, even on a large unit, can yield results that exactly duplicate those obtained in ovens and retorts. The commercial results vary with the type of oven or retort. Allowance must be made for such differences in interpreting the BM-AGA test results in terms of commercial plants."
Date: 1950
Creator: Davis, J. D.; Reynolds, D. A.; Brewer, R. E.; Wolfson, D. E.; Naugle, B. W. & Birge, G. W.

Characterization of Tar Acids from Coal-Hydrogenation Oils

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of this investigation was to separate and identify as many of the principal phenolic compounds produced by the mild hydrogenation of Pittsburgh-bed (Bruceton) coal as possible and to determine with the greatest possible accuracy the proportions in which they are present."
Date: 1950
Creator: Woolfolk, E. O.; Golumbic, C.; Friedel, R. A.; Orchin, Milton & Storch, H. H.

City Smoke Ordinances and Smoke Abatement

Description: From Introduction: "In connection with the fuel investigations conducted by the Bureau of Mines much information has been accumulated as to the smoke abatement activities in various cities. The essential features of the information are presented in this report, which, it is believed, will be of public interest and benefit, especially to those communities that are just beginning organized effort to abate unnecessary smoke."
Date: 1912
Creator: Flagg, Samuel B.

Combustion of Coal and Design of Furnaces

Description: From Purpose and scope of Investigations: "The combustion investigations of bureau are carried on in two parts. One part is the study of the process of combustion in the fuel bed as affected by the rate of supplying air through the fuel bed, by the character of the fuel as regards structure and composition, by the thickness of fuel bed, by the method of feeding the coal and the air and by the method of heating the coal. The second part of the investigation is the study of the process of combustion of the gases and other combustible rising from the fuel bed in the combustion space, after a sufficient quantity of air has been added. The results of the study are given in this report."
Date: 1917
Creator: Kreisinger, Henry; Augustine, C. E. & Ovitz, F. K.

Concrete Stoppings in Coal Mines for Resisting Explosions: Detailed Tests of Typical Stoppings and Strength of Coal as a Buttress

Description: From Forward: "This paper gives the details of tests to determine the design of stoppings capable of withstanding a pressure, applied to either side, of 50 pounds per square inch, as required by section 104 (a) of the Operating Regulations to Govern Coal-Mining Methods on Leased Lands on the Public Domain, issued in 1921 and quoted on page 3."
Date: 1931
Creator: Rice, George S.; Greenwald, H. P.; Howarth, H. C. & Avins, S.

Determination of Phenols in Coal Tars and Hydroxyl Groups in Coal by Forming Trimethylsilyl Ethers

Description: From Introduction: "This report reviews related previous work and describes studies by the Bureau of Mines on (1) the development of new methods for analyzing phenols, (2) the development of a specific method for the determination of phenolic hydoxyl groups in coal, and (3) the preparation and properties of trimethylsiyl derivatives of individual phenols."
Date: 1963
Creator: Friedman, Sidney; Zahn, Charles; Kaufman, Marvin & Wender, Irving

Essential Factors in the Formation of Producer Gas

Description: From Introduction Scope and Purpose of Inquiry: "The Bureau of Mines, to which the testing and analyzing of fuels as carried on by the United States Geographical Survey has been transferred, is continuing producer-gas investigations at the testing station at Pittsburgh, Pa. Results of the gas-producer tests made at the coal-testing plant erected at St.Louis, Mo., and of a study of some of the problems that came up in the tests have been published by Geological Survey. Results of the tests made at Norfolk, Va., and Pittsburgh, Pa. and of further studies of particular problems, will be published by the Bureau of Mines."
Date: 1911
Creator: Clement, J. K.; Adams, L. H. & Haskins, C. N.

Estimate of Known Recoverable Reserves of Coking Coal in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania

Description: Report issued by the Bureau of Mines over studies on the reserves of coking coal from Allegheny County, Pennsylvania. The results of the investigations and the different coal beds sampled are presented. This report includes tables, and maps.
Date: September 1953
Creator: Wallace, Joseph J.; Dowd, James J.; Provost, John M.; Abernethy, R. F. & Reynolds, D. A.

Explosion Tests of Pittsburgh Coal Dust in the Experimental Mine, 1925 to 1932, Inclusive

Description: From Introduction and Summary: "The first of these was Bulletin 353, dealing with the tests of rock-dust barriers; the second is the present paper, which reports tests made to determine the effect on the explosibility of Pittsburgh coal dust of altering conditions under which the tests were made; the third, dealing with tests of dust prepared from approximately 20 coals taken from beds in mines in different parts of the United States, will follow after the completion of testing in progress at the time of writing."
Date: 1933
Creator: Rice, George S.; Greenwald, H. P. & Howarth, H. C.

First Series of Coal-Dust Explosion Tests in the Experimental Mine

Description: From Introduction: "This report has been prepared, not only for the purpose of recoding the results of the first series of coal-dust tests conducted in the experimental mine of the Bureau of Mines, but also to place before the mining public a description of the mine and an account of the objects sought in an its establishment."
Date: 1913
Creator: Rice, George S.; Jones, L. M.; Clement, J. K. & Egy, W. L.

The Flow of Heat Through Furnace Walls

Description: From Introduction: "This bulletin contains a statement of certain results that will be embodied in a report describing investigations of the combustion of fuel made by the United States Geological Survey and the Bureau of Mines in a specially constructed long furnace."
Date: 1911
Creator: Ray, Walter T. & Kreisinger, Henry