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Aerial Gamma Ray and Magnetic Survey, Powder River 2 Project, the Torrington Quadrangle of Wyoming/Nebraska and Casper Quadrangle, Wyoming: Final Report, Volume 1
From abstract: From September 15 to September 28, 1978, geoMetrics, Inc., collected 4320 line miles of high sensitivity airborne radiometric and magnetic data in Wyoming and Nebraska within two 1° x 2° NTMS quadrangles (Torrington and Casper).
Airborne Radioactivity Survey of the Red Desert Region, Sweetwater County, Wyoming
From abstract: An airborne radioactivity survey of a selected area in the Red Desert, Sweetwater County, Wyoming, containing outcrops of radioactive lignites and shales of known surface extent and uranium content, was flown on flight lines at three levels, respectively 250, 500, and 1,000 feet above the ground and spaced at one-quarter mile intervals. Measurements from three identical dual-channel radiation detectors were simultaneously recorded to obtain data at various distances from natural radioactive sources of known configuration. The radiation intensity measurements were fully corrected for all extraneous effects and were compiled as profiles of radiation intensity, as an isoradioactivity contour map, and as curves showing the relationship between radiation intensity and distance from the source.
Airborne Radiometric Reconnaissance in the Wind River Basin, Wyoming
Abstract: A program of airborne radiometric reconnaissance for uranium was conducted in eastern Fremont and western Natrona Counties, in central Wyoming, during the summer and fall of 1954, by the U.S. Atomic Energy Commission.
Airborne Radiometric Survey of the East Flank of the Big Horn Mountains, Wyoming and Montana
Abstract: An airborne radiometric survey of parts of the east flank of the Big Horn Mountains was begun on June 23, and completed on August 27, 1952. An area of approximately 250 square miles was covered, and only two anomalies were found in the entire area. Flight lines were arranged in accordance with the geology of the area, particular attention being given to formations the stratigraphic equivalents of which are known to be uranium bearing in other areas. Two additional zones of radioactivity were found by ground investigation, but assays from both the ground and the airborne discoveries showed no economic uranium deposits.
Airborne Reconnaissance Project, Green River Basin, Wyoming
Abstract: A part of the Green River Basin airborne reconnaissance project, re: memo to Phillip L. Merritt, March 12, 1954, Proposed Airborne Reconnaissance Project, Green River Basin, Wyoming, was completed during the months from July though October 1954. No uranium mineralization of commercial value was found.
Analyses of Coals in the United States with Descriptions of Mine and Field Samples Collected between July 1, 1904 and June 30, 1910: Part 1. -- Analyses
From Significance and value of Analyses of Coal: "The analyses published in this report cover samples of coal collected in many different parts of the country with unusual care by experiences men, in such manner as to make them representative of extensive beds of coal."
Analyses of Coals in the United States with Descriptions of Mine and Field Samples Collected between July 1, 1904 and June 30, 1910 Part 2. Descriptions of Samples
From Introduction: "This volume contains the descriptions of the samples whose analyses are published in the preceding volume, Part I of this bulletin. The descriptions have been compiled from the notebooks of the persons who collected the samples, have been condensed from accounts given in published reports of the United States Geological Survey, or have furnished by the collection themselves. Inasmuch as the descriptions represent the work of many persons during a period of six years, and inasmuch as they were recorded under widely differing conditions, they necessarily vary in fullness detail."
Analyses of Tipple and Delivered Samples of Coal: (Collected During the Fiscal Years 1948 to 1950 Inclusive)
From Forward: "This bulletin is the first of a new series, which includes analyses of only tipple and delivered coal. It covers samples collected throughout the United States from July 1, 1947 to June 30, 1950 (fiscal years 1948-50). It is planned that future publications of this series will cover a period of one fiscal year only and be issued as soon as possible after June 30 of each year."
An Analysis of Salinity in Streams of the Green River Basin
Abstract: Dissolved-solids concentrations and loads can be estimated from streamflow records using a regression model derived from chemical analyses of monthly samples. The model takes seasonal effects into account by the inclusion of simple-harmonic time functions. Monthly mean dissolved-solids loads simulated for a 6-year period at U.S. Geological Survey water-quality stations in the Green River Basin of Wyoming agree closely with corresponding loads estimated from daily specific-conductance records. In a demonstration of uses of the model, an average gain of 114,000 tons of dissolved solids per year was estimated for 6-year period in a 70-mile reach of the Green River from Fontemelle Reservoir to the town of Green River, including the lower 30-mile reach of the Big Sandy River.
Analysis of Stream Quality in the Yampa River Basin, Colorado and Wyoming
From introduction: This report relates to the first of the above objectives by describing stream quality in the Yampa River basin through 1976, with particular emphasis on conditions from August 1975 through September 1976. The content of this report is, at times, relatively technical. This is intentional. The report is aimed not at planners and decision makers but rather at those persons assigned the task of having to design, implement, and interpret a river basin assessment. The techniques and procedures used to determine ambient stream quality in the Yampa River basin have been presented in detail so that their applicability to other river basins can be determined. For the planner and decision maker, the results presented in this report are summarized in less technical terms in phase-l (Steele and others, 1979) and phase-ll summary reports.
An Analysis of Stream Temperatures, Green River Basin, Wyoming
From abstract: This report presents a method for estimating temperatures of streams in the Green Water Basin, Wyoming.
Asbestos
From Introduction: "This report covers the essential features of the asbestos industry, including occurrence, production, mining, milling, utilization, international trade, and marketing."
An Assessment of the Collection and Analysis of Hydrologic Data by Private Contractors for the U.S. Geological Survey
From abstract: During fiscal years 1978 through 1981, the U.S. Geological Survey contracted for the acquisition and analysis of hydrologic data from 104 surface water stations, 26 ground water stations, and 15 precipitation gages as well as for several hundred miscellaneous surface water measurements of flow and water quality. The work was performed in Montana, North Dakota, Wyoming, Utah, New Mexico, and Oklahoma, terminating at the end of the fiscal year 1981. This report is an assessment of this contracting effort from the standpoint of cost and of quality control measures employed to ensure an acceptable product.
[Average Record Data Listings for Torrington and Casper Quadrangles]
Appendix containing averaged record data listings to accompany a report on aerial radiometric and magnetic survey of the Torrington and Casper quadrangles in Wyoming and Nebraska.
Barrier Pillars in Wyoming Basin, Northern Field: Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania
From Introduction: "The purpose of this report is to furnish factual data on barrier pillars that enter into the water problem of the Wyoming Basin; these data will, in turn, be helpful in solving the anthracite-mine-water problem of the Northern field."
Bentonite Deposits of the Northern Black Hills District Wyoming, Montana, and South Dakota
From abstract: The northern Black Hills bentonite mining district includes parts of Crook County, Wyo., Carter County, Mont., and Butte County, S. Dak. Within this district, many beds of bentonite occur interspersed with sedimentary strata of Cretaceous age that have an average total thickness of about 3,000 feet and consist chiefly of marine shale, marl, and argillaceous sandstone. The bentonite beds occur in formations ranging upward from the Newcastle sandstone to the lower part of the Mitten black shale member of the Pierre shale. Tertiary (?) and Quaternary deposits of gravel, sand, and silt are present on extensive terraces, and deposits of such materials also extend along stream courses in all parts of the district.
The Biology of Salt Wells Creek and its Tributaries, Southwestern Wyoming
From abstract: "A description of aquatic organisms and biological communities is presented fro Salt Wells Creek, a plains stream in the Green River basin. The description includes seasonal population fluctuations of benthic organisms and algae, the food pyramid, and nutrient relations between various types of plants and animals. The algae and stream invertebrates were studied to determine baseline data and biological indicators of water quality." It includes maps, photographs, diagrams, and a glossary.
The Biology of Salt Wells Creek and Its Tributaries, Southwestern Wyoming
From abstract: "A description of aquatic organisms and biological communities is presented for Salt Wells Creek, a plains stream in the Green River Basin. The description includes seasonal population fluctuations of benthic organisms and algae, the food pyramid, and nutrient relations between various types of plants and animals. The Algae and stream invertebrates were studied to determine baseline data and biological indicators of water quality.
The Bowie-Gavin Process: Its Application to the Cracking of Tars and Heavy Oils, Also to the Recovery of Oil from Oil-Soaked Sands or Shales, or from Oil Shales
Technical paper issued by the Bureau of Mines over the Bowie-Gavin process. As stated in the introduction, "this paper describes a process and an apparatus designed to recover oil from such deposits" (p. 1). The results of experiments conducted using this process are discussed. This paper includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Cambrian Through Mississippian Rocks of the Powder River Basin, Wyoming, Montana, and Adjacent Areas
From abstract: This report describes Cambrian through Mississippian rocks in the Powder River Basin representing five depositional sequences that reflect both the biological evolution and the tectonic development of western North America.
Coal Deposit, Coal Creek District, Gunnison County Colorado: Reserves, Coking Properties, and Petrographic and Chemical Characteristics
From Introduction: "A preliminary report of the work was published in April 1947, and this bulletin supplements Report of Investigations 4104 and describes the results of the entire investigation."
Coal Draw Cross Section, Powder River Basin, Wyoming
This map shows geologic formations of sandstone, shale, siltstone, mudstone, and coal, carbonaceous markers, coal seams, creeks and rivers, draws and gulches, mountains, buttes, and numbered locations of uranium test holes.
Coal-Mine Accidents in the United States and Foreign Countries
From Introduction: "The lack of comparable and accurate statistics of coal-mine accidents in the united States as a whole led the Bureau of Mines in 1911 to undertake the collection of such data. The mining departments of the leading foreign coal-producing countries have long taken cognizance of the importance of statistics. The bureau feels that in presenting the tables embodied in this report it is offering the and comparable statistics of coal-min accidents for the country as a whole that have ever been published."
Coal-Washing Investigations: Methods and Tests
From Introduction: "The investigations described in this bulletin are confined to a study of the washing characteristics of bituminous coals. The washing characteristics of coals from many of the most important coal-producing fields of the Eastern and Central States were examined."
Computer Program and Data Listing for Two-Dimensional Ground-Water Model for Laramie County, Wyoming
Abstract: This report is a supplement to the report, "Effect of pumpage on ground-water levels as modeled in Laramie County, Wyoming," published as U.S. Geological Survey Water-Resources Investigations Open-File Report 80-1104 which describes ground-water conditions in post-Cretaceous rocks in Laramie County. The computer program and the data used to model ground-water conditions in post-Cretaceous rocks in Laramie County are listed in this report.
Contributions to Economic Geology (Short Papers and Preliminary Reports), 1913: Part 2 -- Mineral Fuels
From introduction: This report determines the geographic distribution and thickness of the bituminous shale, or oil shale, or tar shale of the Green River formation of the Uinta Basin in Colorado and Utah.
A Data-Management System for Areal Interpretive Data for the High Plains in Parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming
From abstract: The High Plains Regional Aquifer System Analysis study has developed a regional water-resources (and related) data storage and retrieval system to organize and preserve areal interpretive data. The system is general and can easily be adapted for other studies. This report documents the High Plains data base as well as the general system that is independent of the High Plains area.
Digital Model of the Bates Creek Alluvial Aquifer Near Casper, Wyoming
From abstract: "A digital model was used to simulate ground-water flow within the Bates Creek alluvial aquifer, southwest of Casper, Wyoming. Hydrologic data was collected during 1977 and 1978 were used to develop the flow model under steady-state and transient. Three scenarios for operating the stream-aquifer system were evaluated with the digital model." It contains maps, graphs, and tables.
Digital Model to Predict Effects of Pumping from the Arikaree Aquifer in the Dwyer Area, Southeastern Wyoming.
Abstract: ^ digital computer model was used to model an unconfined sandstone aquifer (Arikaree aquifer) in about 340 square miles (880 square kilometers) in southeastern Wyoming. The model was calibrated by comparing observed and calculated changes in the potentiometric surface and leakage from the aquifer along streams during water year 1974. The comparison was fairly good for changes in the potentiometric surface and was good for leakage. The calibrated model was used to predict changes in the potentiometric surface and leakage through water year 1979, assuming no new ground-water development after 1974 and normal recharge to the aquifer. Water-level declines of as much as 14 feet (4.3 meters) were predicted, but much of the area would be relatively unaffected. The total predicted decrease in leakage between water years 1974 and 1979 was about 500 acre-feet (0.6 cubic hectometer) per year; the greatest decrease was predicted along streams closest to areas of pumpage.
Early Operations of the Hydrogenation Demonstration Plant, Using Rock Springs, Wyoming Coal
Report issued by the Bureau of Mines over studies conducted on a coal-hydrogenation demonstration plant. The early operations of the demonstration plant are discussed. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
East-West Cross Section (East Half) Pumpkin Buttes, Wyoming
This map shows geologic formations of sandstone, shale, siltstone, mudstone, and coal, carbonaceous markers, coal seams, creeks and rivers, draws and gulches, mountains, buttes, and numbered locations of uranium test holes.
East-West Cross Section, Southern Powder River Basin, Wyoming
This is a preliminary map of the east-west cross section, Powder River Basin, Wyoming.
East-West Cross Section (West Half) Pumpkin Buttes, Wyoming
This map shows geologic formations of sandstone, shale, siltstone, mudstone, and coal, carbonaceous markers, coal seams, creeks and rivers, draws and gulches, mountains, buttes, and numbered locations of uranium test holes.
Economic Methods of Utilizing Western Lignites
Report issued by the Bureau of Mines over western lignite. The economic use of these lignite deposits is discussed. This report includes tables, illustrations, and photographs.
Effect on Sediment Yield and Water Quality of a Nonrehabilitated Surface Coal Mine in North-Central Wyoming
From introduction: The purpose of this study was to determine the magnitude of some effects of an abandoned surface coal mine on the hydrologic environment. Specific objectives were (1) to define areas of erosion and deposition; (2) to determine if the sediment yield from an undisturbed drainage basin was less than that from a drainage basin partly disturbed by mining activity; and (3) to determine if there were differences in chemical composition of hillslope materials, sediment, and pond water in the two basins.
Electric-Log Cross Section Showing Lithology of the Wasatch and Fort Union Formations, Sheridan to Wyodak, Powder River Basin, Wyoming
A preliminary map showing the lithology of parts of the Powder River Basin, Wyoming.
Electric Log Cross Sections Showing Lithology of the Wasatch and Fort Union Formations, Sheridan to Wyodak, Powder River Basin, Wyoming: [Map Index]
This map shows Eocene, Paleocene, and Cretaceous lithology, ranges and townships, and sheet locations (sheet 1).
An Empirical Method for Determining Average Soil Infiltration Rates and Runoff, Powder River Structural Basin, Wyoming
From abstract: This report describes a method to estimate infiltration rates of soils for use in estimating runoff from small basins.
Engineering Report on the Great Divide Basin Drilling Project, Sweetwater County, Wyoming
Introduction: This report presents engineering details, statistics, individual borehole histories, and geophysical logs of the nine holes drilled in the Great Divide Basin project during the 1981 drilling program. General information is presented regarding specific problems including weather and logistics. A separate geologic report is being prepared and will be available through the Bendix Field Engineering Corporation Technical Library in the near future.
Estimating 1980 Ground-Water Pumpage for Irrigation on the High Plains in Parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming
From introduction: This report describes the results of 1980 sampling of ground-water pumpage for irrigation on the High Plains, one phase of the High Plains Regional Aquifer-System Analysis project. These data were collected to estimate the volume of irrigation water pumped during 1980 and to determine current trends in irrigation pumpage on the High Plains.
Evaluating Methods for Determining Water Use in the High Plains in Parts of Colorado, Kansas, Nebraska, New Mexico, Oklahoma, South Dakota, Texas, and Wyoming; 1979
From introduction: "The U.S. Geological Survey began a 5-year study of the High Plains regional aquifer during the 1978 to provide the hydrologic information needed for the development of computer models to evaluate the aquifer's response to ground-water management alternatives." It contains maps, graphs, and tables.
Flood Prevention in Anthracite Mines: Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania, Projects Numbers 4 and 5
From Scope of Reports: "This report covers the following: (a) A brief description of the work proposed under Projects Nos. 4 and 5; (b) the topography, geology and hydrology of the area into which the sections of the proposed tunnel are to be driven; (c) plans, costs, and construction schedules of the projects; and (d) conclusions and recommendations."
Flood Prevention in Anthracite Mines, Northern Field: Anthracite Region of Pennsylvania, Project Number 3 (Wyoming)
From Scope of Report: "This report covers the following: (a) A brief description of the work contemplated under Project No. 3 as an integral part of the Conowingo tunnel system; (b) an economic discussion of the area affected; (c) the geology and hydrology of the Northern field, including the Wyoming Basin; (d) the basic problem, plans, and costs, and the construction schedule of the project; (e) an economic analysis and a justification for the project; (f) recommendations and cooperation of local interests; and (g) final conclusions."
Geohydrology of the Albin and La Grange Areas, Southeastern Wyoming
This report examines and describes the geohydrologic status of the Albin and La Grange areas, specifically focusing on the use of irrigation wells to access ground water. Includes maps and illustrations.
Geology and Mineral Deposits of the Carlile Quadrangle, Crook County, Wyoming
From introduction: Geologic mapping of the Carlile quadrangle, which includes one of several uranium-producing areas in northeastern Wyoming, was undertaken to provide a detailed geologic map that could be used as an aid to further exploration for uranium deposits; to study in detail the known uranium deposits to determine whether or not there are any relations among structure, stratigraphy, lithology, and uranium deposits; and to outline, insofar as possible, areas favorable for more detailed exploration for uranium.
Geology and Mineral Resources of the Randolph Quadrangle, Utah-Wyoming
From abstract: This report briefly describes the geology and mineral resources of the Randolph quadrangle, which covers an area of 892 square miles in northeastern Utah and southwestern Wyoming.
Geology and Uranium Deposits of Part of the Browns Park Formation, Colorado, Wyoming, and Utah: a Preliminary Report
From abstract: Uranium deposits and radioactivity anomalies have been found in the eastern half of the area underlain by the Browns Park formation in northwestern Colorado, south-central Wyoming, and northeastern Utah. The deposits are in eolian, lacustrine, and fluvial sandstones, tuffaceous sandstones, and limestones all of which were deposited on two converging pediments during Miocene time. At least one eastern and one western facies of lacustrine and fluvial sedimentary rocks are separated by a belt of eolian sandstones. The faces may be distinguished in the field and by petrographic and heavy-mineral studies in the laboratory.
Geology and Uranium Occurrences in the Miller Hill Area, Carbon County, Wyoming
Abstract: Uranium occurs in the North Park(?) formation of Pliocene(?) age in the Miller Hill area, about 25 miles south of Rawlins, Carbon County, Wyo. As much as 0. 5 percent uranium is contained in grab samples, but only about 1000 tons of rock are known to contain as much as 0. 03 percent uranium. Beds of brecciated, silicified limestone 3 to 10 feet thick contain the principal concentrations of uranium. Lesser concentrations are found in calcareous sandstone and quartzite. Uranophane, Ca(UOz)2SizO 7 . 6HZO, the principal uranium'mineral, has been deposited in vugs, as fracture and surface coatings, and as a disseminated constituent of the rock. Uranium also occurs in quantities too small to be megascopically visible in dark-colored chalcedony, lime stone, sandstone, and quartzite beds.
Geology and Water Resources of the Northern Portion of the Black Hills and Adjoining Regions in South Dakota and Wyoming
Introduction: this paper, which supplements the report on the geology and water resources of the southern half of the Black Hills, published in 1901, is the result of studies made at intervals during the years 1899 to 1907.
Geology of Devils Tower National Monument, Wyoming
From abstract: Devils Tower is a steep-sided mass of igneous rock that rises above the surrounding hills and the valley of the Belle Fourche River in Crook County, Wyo. It is composed of a crystalline rock, classified as phonolite porphyry, that when fresh is gray but which weathers to green or brown. Vertical joints divide the rock mass into polygonal columns that extend from just above the base to the top of the Tower.