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Agriculture Support Mechanisms in the European Union: A Comparison with the United States

Description: The European Union (EU), comprised of 15 member states (countries), is one of the United States’ chief agricultural trading partners and also a major competitor in world markets. Both heavily support their agricultural sectors, with a large share of such support concentrated on wheat, feed grains, cotton, oilseeds, sugar, dairy, and tobacco. However, the EU provides more extensive support to a broader range of farm and food products. According to the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the EU and United States in 2001 together accounted for nearly two-thirds of all government support to agriculture among the major developed economies. However, EU agricultural spending generally is much higher than in the United States. Information comparing how the U.S. and EU governments support their producers is expected to be of interest to policymakers while negotiations are underway among world trading partners to further reform agricultural trade.
Date: July 31, 2002
Creator: Becker, Geoffrey S.

Climate Change: The European Union's Emissions Trading System (EU-ETS)

Description: The European Union’s (EU’s) Emissions Trading System (ETS) is a cornerstone of the EU’s efforts to meet its obligation under the Kyoto Protocol. It covers more than 11,500 energy intensive facilities across the 25 EU member countries, including oil refineries, power plants over 20 megawatts (MW) in capacity, coke ovens, and iron and steel plants, along with cement, glass, lime, brick, ceramics, and pulp and paper installations. Covered entities emit about 45% of the EU’s carbon dioxide emissions. The trading program does not cover emissions of non-CO2 greenhouse gases, which account for about 20% of the EU’s total greenhouse gas emissions. A final consideration for the ETS is its suitability for directing long-term investment toward a low-carbon future — the ultimate goal of any climate change program.
Date: July 31, 2006
Creator: Parker, Larry

The G-20 and International Economic Cooperation: Background and Implications for Congress

Description: This report discusses the background of the G-20 (an international forum for discussing and coordinating economic policies) and some of the issues that it has addressed. It includes historic background on the work of the G-20, information about how the group operates, overviews of G-20 summits, major issues that the group is likely to address and the likely effectiveness of the G-20 in the near future. The members of the G-20 include Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, South Korea, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States, and the European Union.
Date: March 31, 2011
Creator: Nelson, Rebecca M.

Newsmap. For the Armed Forces. 255th week of the war, 137th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts : Eastern front, France, Italy, Marianas, Southwest Pacific. Maps: northern Italy; Pacific Ocean; Guam, Rota, Tinian, Saipan. Photographs: flight deck of aircraft carrier, unloading of LST, German submarine pen, weapons left during Lt. Gen. Stilwell's retreat. Back: Map of Europe as viewed from the Soviet Union. Scale [ca. 1:7,000,000] 1 map : col. ; 77 x 116 cm.
Date: July 31, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Army Information Branch.

Newsmap. Monday, January 31, 1944 : week of January 20 to January 27, 229th week of the war, 111th week of U.S. participation

Description: Front: Text describes action on various war fronts: Italy, USSR, Pacific, Europe. Inset maps: [Central Italy] -- [USSR]. Photographs: Nazi multi-barrel rocket weapon, Mine and booby trap training, Twenty-fifth division men in a Southwest Pacific combat area, Winter flying conditions in Sicily, Propeller trip vapor trails, Revetments and flak guns, "Zebra" dazzle camouflaged PT boat, Two members of a German submarine boat, Jeri-cans. Back: Map of France. Scale: [ca 1:1,267,200] 1 map : col. ; 105 x 82 cm.
Date: January 31, 1944
Creator: [United States.] Army Service Forces. Morale Services Division. Army Information Branch.