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Agriculture: Payment in Kind (PIK) Program

Description: On January 11, 1983, President Reagan announced that the U.S. Department of Agriculture would implement a payment-in-kind (PIK) program to help reduce Government grain surpluses and to improve farm income. The materials included in this report were compiled by Congressional Research Staff for Member of Congress desirous of more information on the subject.
Date: January 12, 1984
Creator: Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.

Alleged Fraud, Waste and, and Abuse: General Dynamics Corp.

Description: Numerous Federal agencies -- including the Justice Department and Congressional committees -- are investigating allegations of fraud at the Electric Boat Division of General Dynamics Corporation, the nation's third largest defense contractor. This issue brief provides a chronological summary, based on newspaper and magazine accounts, of each of these investigations.
Date: July 12, 1985
Creator: O'Rourke, Ronald

Analysis of thermal data from drill holes UE25a-3 and UE25a-1, Calico Hills and Yucca Mountain, Nevada Test Site

Description: Thermal data from two sites about 20 km apart in the Nevada Test Site indicate that heat flow both within and below the upper 800 meters is affected significantly by hydrothermal convection. For hole UE25a-1, Yucca Mountain, the apparent heat flow above the water table ({similar_to}470 m) is 54 mWm{sup -2} ({similar_to}1.3 HFU). Below the water table, the temperature profile indicates both upward and downward water movement within the hole and possibly within the formation. Hole UE25a-3, Calico Mountain, is characterized by conductive heat flux averaging 135 mWm{sup -2} ({similar_to}3.2 HFU) to a depth of about 700 meters below which water appears to be moving downward at the rate of nearly 1 ft y{sup -1} (255 mm y{sup -1}). Between 735 and 750 meters, the hole intersected a nearly vertical fault along which water seems to be moving vertically downward. The nearly threefold variation in conductive heat flow over a lateral distance of only 20 km suggests the presence of a more deeply seated hydrothremal convective system with a net upward flow beneath Calico Hills and a net downward flow beneath Yucca Mountain.
Date: August 12, 1980
Creator: Sass, J. H.; Lachenbruch, A. H. & Mase, C. W.

Artificial Sweeteners

Description: This report discusses the artificial sweeteners have been a source of controversy in the U.S. for over 73 years. One of the factors driving these issues has been an interplay of a large consumer demand for low calorie sweeteners and controversy concerning certain safety standards set forth in the Food, Drug and Cosmetic Act (FDCA.
Date: July 12, 1985
Creator: Taylor, Sarah E

Automobiles Imported from Japan

Description: In recent years, U.S. automotive imports from Japan have seen an increasing at an unusually rapid pace. Congress is considering measures that alleviate the situation and in June 1980 concurrently resolved to promote the competitiveness of U.S. industry in world automobile and truck markets. As a result of the restraint agreement, automobile imports from Japan dropped from 1.99 million units in 1980 to 1.91 million units in 1981 (calendar year).
Date: March 12, 1980
Creator: Nanto, Dick K.

The Case for and Against an Import Surcharge

Description: The United States is now running a deficit of over $100 billion in its foreign trade and the Federal budget is in the red by roughly $200 billion. To deal with these two deficits, Congress is considering a temporary import surcharge. This brief examines the case for and against such a surcharge as well as its use against Japan.
Date: July 12, 1985
Creator: Reifman, Alfred

The Center of Gravity of the Endcap Calorimeters

Description: The purpose of this report is to show the results of enlarging the liquid argon vessel and moving the heavy supports by a varying magnitude less than or equal to 6 inches. In order to accomplish this, the center of gravity of the entire calorimeter had to be calculated, which includes: the center of gravity of the liquid argon vessel, the modules and the argon. Enlarging the cryostat for the endcap calorimeter and moving the rear supports along with it results in different load distributions on each support. By taking moments and finding these loads one can plot the loads on each support versus the enlargement of the cryostat and movement of the rear supports. This plot is shown in figures 2 and 3 for an empty and filled endcap respectively. The graph of weight vs. length of the vessel enlargement shows a significant decrease in the load that the heavy support experiences as the vessel gets larger, therefore the stress in the member decreases.
Date: February 12, 1986
Creator: Wintercorn, S.J.

Civil Defense and the Effects of Nuclear War

Description: This Info Pack contains material on nuclear weapons and on the anticipated physical, economic, and social consequences of nuclear attacks on the United States, basic information on the civil defense program, and material discussing some of the arguments, pro and con, surrounding the civil defense issues.
Date: March 12, 1982
Creator: Library of Congress. Congressional Research Service.

Condensed draft action description memorandum for the decontamination and decommissioning of Battelle Columbus facilities

Description: Under provisions of the Surplus Facilities Management Program (SFMP), the US Department of Energy, Chicago Operations Office, proposes to provide funding for Surveillance and Maintenance (S & M) and subsequent Decontamination and Decommissioning (D & D) of fifteen facilities and associated premises belonging to Battelle Columbus Division. The fifteen facilities are contaminated as a result of nuclear research and development activities conducted over a period of approximately 43 years for DOE and its predecessor agencies--the Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA), the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC) and the Manhattan Engineer District (MED). The proposed action includes continuation of ongoing S & M as well as a D & D of the facilities. The S & M activities include a continued environmental monitoring program to maintain assurance that radioactive contamination has not escaped to the surrounding environment; regularly scheduled inspection and maintenance of health, safety, and radiation protection equipment and instrumentation; a program of health physics surveillance monitoring, personnel dosimetry, and equipment and instrumentation maintenance and calibration; and emergency planning, training, and drills. The so- called dismantlement D & D mode is the proposed alternative for D & D of these facilities. For the facilities in question this will generally involve dismantlement and/or removal of equipment; decontamination of building structures; and restoration of the buildings. The decontamination will reduce contamination to levels consistent with unrestricted use of the facilities.
Date: July 12, 1988

Containment barrier metals for high-level waste packages in a Tuff repository

Description: The Nevada Nuclear Waste Storage Investigations (NNWSI) Waste Package project is part of the US Department of Energy`s Civilian Radioactive Waste Management (CRWM) Program. The NNWSI project is working towards the development of multibarriered packages for the disposal of spent fuel and high-level waste in tuff in the unsaturated zone at Yucca Mountain at the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The final engineered barrier system design may be composed of a waste form, canister, overpack, borehole liner, packing, and the near field host rock, or some combination thereof. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory`s (LLNL) role is to design, model, and test the waste package subsystem for the tuff repository. At the present stage of development of the nuclear waste management program at LLNL, the detailed requirements for the waste package design are not yet firmly established. In spite of these uncertainties as to the detailed package requirements, we have begun the conceptual design stage. By conceptual design, we mean design based on our best assessment of present and future regulatory requirements. We anticipate that changes will occur as the detailed requirements for waste package design are finalized. 17 references, 4 figures, 10 tables.
Date: October 12, 1983
Creator: Russell, E.W.; McCright, R.D. & O`Neal, W.C.

Cylindrical TEMP optimization: Final report

Description: This report consists of vugraphs of a presentation on the thermoelectric-electromagnetic pump. Topics covered are: modeling methodology; summary of rectangular TEMP results; cylindrical TEMP optimization task; optimization approach; optimization results; discussion of cylindrical optimization; and thoughts on future work.
Date: July 12, 1988
Creator: Buksa, J.; McColl, D.; Williams, K. & Swenson, D.

Direct contact heat exchanger performance

Description: Although the final performance result of a DCHE is the cost of the net electricity produced, the best performance cannot be achieved without optimizing the components of the system as well as the whole system. Thus collection and analysis of data on the internal performance of the column assists in optimizing the operation of the particular column as well as in suggesting ways for improving the operation and design of future columns.
Date: March 12, 1981
Creator: Wahl, E. F.

Education: Federal Concerns

Description: This issue brief analyzes six areas in which Federal policies to address the educational system's current needs are being fashioned (1) services for disadvantaged youth, (2) the financing of post-secondary education, ( 3 ) the level of Federal appropriations for education, ( 4 ) responses to adult illiteracy, (5) international economic competitiveness, and (6) the role of vocational education.
Date: April 12, 1988
Creator: Evans, Angela

Energies of organic compounds. Technical progress report

Description: A procedure was developed for carbonyl group reduction using triethylborohydride. Esters and lactones are readily reduced and are suitable as substrates. Some enthalpies of hydrolysis of lactones and esters were measured. Heats of trifluoroacetolysis of alkenes leading to tertiary alcohols were measured; some cyclic systems were also investigated. In order to study the effect of {alpha}-alkyl substituents on ketones, rotational barriers adjacent to carbonyl groups were studied.
Date: August 12, 1987
Creator: Wiberg, K.B.

Energy Efficiency Standards for Appliances: Are They Needed?

Description: The Energy Policy and Conservation Act (EPCA! (P.L. 94-163), as amended by the National Energy Conservation Policy Act (NEPCA) (P.L. 95-619) , requires that energy efficiency standards be established for each of 13 classes of appliances that are major consumers of energy. NEPCA stipulates that such standards "be designed to achieve the maximum improvement in energy efficiency which the Secretary [of Energ'y] determines is technologically feasible and economically justified." The Department of Energy ' announced proposed standards for 8 of the 13 classes of appliances in June 1980 and initiated public hearings on them prior to final promulgation. In January 1981, the DOE suspended this process; after re-studying the proposed standards, it announced in April 1982 a finding that no standards are economically justified.
Date: December 12, 1983
Creator: Crane, Langdon

The evaluation of Ontario Forge Company as a qualified forging vendor

Description: There has been a long standing need to develop a second source of WR quality forgings for the manufacturing of J-line hardware at RF. With this objective, Ontario Forge Company was recently evaluated to determine if their equipment and skills were compatible with the forging requirements. The results of this evaluation were compared to test results on WR forgings of a similar design produced by Precision Forge Company. The Ontario Forge Company forgings exhibited mechanical properties, grain flow and microstructures equivalent to those of Precision Forge Company. The Ontario Forge Company performance on this contract justifies the qualification of their process for producing non-critical reservoir forgings. Qualifying Ontario Forge Company for critical reservoir forgings is recommended only after sufficient production experience and storage data is acquired.
Date: October 12, 1981
Creator: West, A.J. & Odegard, B.C.

Federal Reserve Membership and Monetary Control

Description: This report discusses the current state of monetary policy. Questions about the continued capability of the Federal Reserve System (FRS) to exercise effective monetary control were raised in connection with several developments over recent years that diminished, in relative terms, the deposit component of the stock of money over which the FRS maintained reserve requirement controls. The Monetary Control Act, Title 1 of P.L. 96-221 was designed to ensure that the FRS as ability to conduct monetary policy is not diminished. This Act, signed into law on Mar. 31, 1980, is one of the few major amendments to the original Federal Reserve Act of 1913.
Date: January 12, 1981
Creator: White, Roger