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D-0 North End Cap Calorimeter Cold Test Results, 1990, August 2

Description: The North endcap calorimeter vessel was recieved on July 1, 1990. A cooldown of the pressure vessel with liquid nitrogen was performed on July 10-11 to check the vessel's integrity. With the pressure vessel cold, the insulating vacuum was monitored for leaks. Through out the testing, the insulating vacuum remained good and the vessel passed the test. The cold test was carried out per the procedures of D-Zero engineering note 3740.220-EN-250. The test was very similar to the cold test performed on the Central Calorimeter in October of 1987. Reference D-Zero engineering notes 3740.210-EN-122, 3740.000-EN107, and 3740.210-EN-110 for information about the CC cold test. The insulating vacuum space was pumped on while equipment was being connected to the pressure vessel. Two hours after starting to pump with the blower the vacuum space pressure was at about 210 microns. Pumping on the vacuum space for the next 15 hours showed no progress and a leak detector was connected to the pumping line. A leak check showed a leak in a thermocouple feedthru on the vacuum space relief plate. After fixing the leak, the pressure dropped to 16 microns in less than one hour. A rate of rise test was performed starting at a pressure of 13 microns. The pressure rose to 39 microns within 8 minutes and then only rose to 43 microns in 2.5 hours (1.6 microns/hour). After all connections were made to the pressure vessel, a vacuum pump with an estimated effective pumping speed of about 70 scfm was valved on. The lowest pressure achieved after 2 days of pumping was 80 microns. Valving out the pump for 30 minutes resulted in a 5 micron per minute rate of rise. The rate of rise was considered acceptable since there were known leak paths through the bolts of the signal …
Date: August 2, 1990
Creator: Michael, J.
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2-D Reflectometer Modeling for Optimizing the ITER Low-field Side Reflectometer System

Description: The response of a low-field side reflectometer system for ITER is simulated with a 2?D reflectometer code using a realistic plasma equilibrium. It is found that the reflected beam will often miss its launch point by as much as 40 cm and that a vertical array of receiving antennas is essential in order to observe a reflection on the low-field side of ITER.
Date: September 2, 2005
Creator: Kramer, G. J.; Nazikian, R.; Valeo, E. J.; Budny, R. V.; Kessel, C. & Johnson, D.
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3-D Model of Broadband Emission from Supernova Remnants Undergoing Non-linear Diffusive Shock Acceleration

Description: We present a 3-dimensional model of supernova remnants (SNRs) where the hydrodynamical evolution of the remnant is modeled consistently with nonlinear diffusive shock acceleration occurring at the outer blast wave. The model includes particle escape and diffusion outside of the forward shock, and particle interactions with arbitrary distributions of external ambient material, such as molecular clouds. We include synchrotron emission and cooling, bremsstrahlung radiation, neutral pion production, inverse-Compton (IC), and Coulomb energy-loss. Boardband spectra have been calculated for typical parameters including dense regions of gas external to a 1000 year old SNR. In this paper, we describe the details of our model but do not attempt a detailed fit to any specific remnant. We also do not include magnetic field amplification (MFA), even though this effect may be important in some young remnants. In this first presentation of the model we don't attempt a detailed fit to any specific remnant. Our aim is to develop a flexible platform, which can be generalized to include effects such as MFA, and which can be easily adapted to various SNR environments, including Type Ia SNRs, which explode in a constant density medium, and Type II SNRs, which explode in a pre-supernova wind. When applied to a specific SNR, our model will predict cosmic-ray spectra and multi-wavelength morphology in projected images for instruments with varying spatial and spectral resolutions. We show examples of these spectra and images and emphasize the importance of measurements in the hard X-ray, GeV, and TeV gamma-ray bands for investigating key ingredients in the acceleration mechanism, and for deducing whether or not TeV emission is produced by IC from electrons or pion-decay from protons.
Date: July 2, 2008
Creator: Lee, Shiu-Hang; Kamae, Tuneyoshi & Ellison, Donald C.
open access

3 GeV Booster Synchrotron Conceptual Design Report

Description: Synchrotron light cna be produced from a relativistic particle beam circulating in a storage ring at extremely high intensity and brilliance over a large spectral region reaching from the far infrared regime to hard x-rays. The particles, either electrons or positrons, radiate as they are deflected in the fields of the storage ring bending magnets or of magnets specially optimized for the production of synchrotron light. The synchrotron light being very intense and well collimated in the forward direction has become a major tool in a large variety of research fields in physics, chemistry, material science, biology, and medicine.
Date: June 2, 2009
Creator: Wiedemann, Helmut
open access

25-ps neutron detector for measuring ICF-target burn history

Description: We have developed a fast, sensitive neutron detector for recording the fusion reaction-rate history of inertial-confinement fusion (ICF) experiments. The detector is based on the fast rise-time of a commercial plastic scintillator (BC-422) and has a response < 25 ps FWHM. A thin piece of scintillator material acts as a neutron-to-light converter. A zoom lens images scintillator light to a high-speed (15 ps) optical streak camera for recording. A retractable nose cone positions the scintillator between 1 and 50 cm from a target. A simultaneously recorded optical fiducial pulse allows the streak camera time base to be calibrated relative to the incident laser power. Burn histories have been measured for deuterium-tritium filled targets with yields ranging between 10{sup 8} and 2 {times} 10{sup 13} neutrons.
Date: May 2, 1994
Creator: Lerche, R. A.; Phillion, D. W. & Tietbohl, G. L.
open access

The 60-month all-sky BAT Survey of AGN and the Anisotropy of Nearby AGN

Description: Surveys above 10 keV represent one of the the best resources to provide an unbiased census of the population of Active Galactic Nuclei (AGN). We present the results of 60 months of observation of the hard X-ray sky with Swift/BAT. In this timeframe, BAT detected (in the 15-55 keV band) 720 sources in an all-sky survey of which 428 are associated with AGN, most of which are nearby. Our sample has negligible incompleteness and statistics a factor of {approx}2 larger over similarly complete sets of AGN. Our sample contains (at least) 15 bona-fide Compton-thick AGN and 3 likely candidates. Compton-thick AGN represent a {approx}5% of AGN samples detected above 15 keV. We use the BAT dataset to refine the determination of the LogN-LogS of AGN which is extremely important, now that NuSTAR prepares for launch, towards assessing the AGN contribution to the cosmic X-ray background. We show that the LogN-LogS of AGN selected above 10 keV is now established to a {approx}10% precision. We derive the luminosity function of Compton-thick AGN and measure a space density of 7.9{sub -2.9}{sup +4.1} x 10{sup -5} Mpc{sup -3} for objects with a de-absorbed luminosity larger than 2 x 10{sup 42} erg s{sup -1}. As the BAT AGN are all mostly local, they allow us to investigate the spatial distribution of AGN in the nearby Universe regardless of absorption. We find concentrations of AGN that coincide spatially with the largest congregations of matter in the local ({le} 85 Mpc) Universe. There is some evidence that the fraction of Seyfert 2 objects is larger than average in the direction of these dense regions.
Date: April 2, 2012
Creator: Ajello, M.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Alexander, D.M.; U., /Durham; Greiner, J.; /Garching, Max Planck Inst., MPE et al.
open access

100 Area Process Water Pressure Decay Test Program: Part 1

Description: The increase in process tube outlet water temperature to 90{degree}C resulted in increased emergency water flow requirements as indicated by recently approved curves which establish minimum crossheader pressure requirements for the first three minutes following an electrical power failure. To determine whether 190 Building secondary process water pump capacities are adequate for current minimum reactor water pressure requirements, process water pump trip-cut tests are being conducted at all reactors by the Process Unit in accordance with recommendations of the Reactor Process Committee. The results obtained to data in these tests, as well as current plans for the remaining tests, are presented in this document.
Date: January 2, 1953
Creator: Thompson, P.
open access

100 Areas engineers technical activities report, December 1950

Description: Plant Assistance Group summaries are given for the B, D, F, H, and DR piles. The Engineering Development Group reports on: ball 3-X program, special field instruments, pile flux density measurements, magnesium inlet dummies, assistance to pile physics group, water survey program, boiling studies, slug temperature measurements, and the job status report for engineering development.
Date: January 2, 1951
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100 Areas, July 23 through July 29. For technical progress letter number 108

Description: The weekly progress for D and F piles is given. Status of the test to determine the cause of white deposits on the horizontal control rods of the F pile is given. Also discussed are studies of process water control and pressure drop, corrosion, and graphite expansion. Test results indicate that graphite expansion has not seriously limited discharge of process tubes.
Date: August 2, 1946
Creator: Jordan, W. E.
open access

100 Areas technical activities report Engineers, January 1951

Description: Monthly reports are given for the B, D, DR, F and H piles. And the Engineering Development Group reports on the: Ball 3-X program, thermocouple slug irradiation and related studies, process water study, metallurgical and corrosion studies, analytical research, heat transfer and temperature effect experiment, assistance to pile physics group, miscellaneous development projects, and a job status report from Engineering Development.
Date: February 2, 1951
open access

105 K-West isolation barrier leak recovery plan

Description: Leak testing is being performed in 105 KW to verify the performance of the isolation barriers which have been recently installed. When an 11 inch differential head is established between the main basin and the discharge chute, a leak-rate of approximately 30 - 35 gpm is observed. The leak-rate would be achieved by a 1.65`` - 2`` diameter hole (or equivalent). Analyses suggest that the flow is turbulent/laminar transitional (dominantly turbulent), which would be indicative of a single point leak, typical of a pipe or large opening. However, local vortex rotation is observed in the entry to the West transfer chute while no observable motion was seen in the East transfer chute: this may be an indication of seal leakage in the East isolation barrier. The potential for leakage had been considered during the design and field work planning stages. Review of potential leak detection technologies had been made; at the planning stage it was determined that location specific leak detection could be established relatively quickly, applying existing K Basins technology (dye or ultrasonics). The decision was made not to pre-stage leak detection since the equipment development is highly dependent on the nature and location of the leak, and the characteristics of the leak rate provides data which guides leak characterization technology. The expense could be deferred and potentially avoided without risk to critical path activity. Consistent with the above, a systematic recovery plan has been developed utilizing phased activities to provide for management discipline combined with timely diagnosis and correction. Because this activity is not critical path at this time, activities will be coordinated with other plant activity to optimize overall plant work. Particular care will be exercised in assuring that information gained from this recovery can be utilized in the more critical work in 105 KE.
Date: March 2, 1995
Creator: Wiborg, J.C.
open access

105-N charge-discharge rates

Description: Figures have and can be generated that indicate a higher charge-discharge rate if required before 105-N will be comparable with existing reactors. Also, these figures show an apparent operating cost incentive to increase the charge-discharge rates proposed for 105-N. Although these figures may be true by themselves, other figures developed from the same information and stated on a basis that affords a true comparison, show that the proposed rates for 105-N are compatible with those in existing reactors. However, the accomplishments of existing reactors should be considered as a guide only and not as Criteria since the design basis has already been established for Project CAI-816. An average charge-discharge rate has been proposed for 105-N that is compatible with the two main ground rules of the Project. Namely, the capital cost limitation and the plant factor. This rate of 8 tubes/hr. is one that appears to be reasonable from the charge-discharge design aspects and there is a good possibility that it can be increased with operational experience.
Date: July 2, 1959
Creator: Nesbitt, J. F.
open access

183 B-C cross tie justification and scope

Description: After the present solid slugs are replaced with the new I&E elements` in the 105-B reactor, the friction loss for the reactor cooling water will be decreased with a resulting opportunity for increase in flow through the reactor. The amount that this flow could be increased is limited by the capacity of the B water plant as well as the reactor itself. It is possible that there will be a shortage of filtered water at 183-B during the critical periods of each year. To overcome this possible shortage of water it has been proposed to construct a thirty inch tie line from the 183-C reservoir to the 183-B clear-well to supply filtered water to 183-B by gravity flow from 183-C. This report presents justification and the scope of this project.
Date: December 2, 1957
Creator: Brinkman, L. B.
open access

200 Area treated effluent disposal facility operational test specification

Description: This document identifies the test specification and test requirements for the 200 Area Treated Effluent Disposal Facility (200 Area TEDF) operational testing activities. These operational testing activities, when completed, demonstrate the functional, operational and design requirements of the 200 Area TEDF have been met.
Date: February 2, 1995
Creator: Crane, A. F.
open access

241-SY-101 mulitport riser acceptance for beneficial use

Description: This document formally demonstrates that the Acceptance for Beneficial USE (ABU) process for the SY tank farm Multiport Riser assembly has been properly completed in accordance with the ABU checklist. For each item required on the ABU checklist, a bibliography of the documentation prepared and released to satisfy the requirement is provided
Date: October 2, 1995
Creator: Mendoza, R.E.
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241-SY-101 multi-functional instrument tree acceptance for beneficial use (ABU)

Description: This document formally demonstrates that the ABU process for the 241-SY-101 risers 17B and 17C Multi-functional Instrument Trees (MIT`s) has been properly completed in accordance with the approved ABU checklists. For each item required on the ABU Checklist, a bibliography of the documentation prepared and released to satisfy the requirements is provided. Release of this documentation signifies that the tank farm Operations, Engineering, and Maintenance organizations have accepted responsibility for the MIT`S in 241-SY-101 Risers 17B and 17C
Date: October 2, 1995
Creator: Erhart, M.F.
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Description: {sm_bullet} Uranium fuel production {sm_bullet} Test reactor and separations experiments {sm_bullet} Animal and radiobiology experiments conducted at the. 331 Laboratory Complex {sm_bullet} .Deactivation, decontamination, decommissioning,. and demolition of 300 Area facilities
Date: July 2, 2009
Creator: Borghese, J. V.
open access

324 Building safety basis criteria document

Description: The Safety Basis Criteria document describes the proposed format, content, and schedule for the preparation of an updated Safety Analysis Report (SAR) and Operational Safety Requirements document (OSR) for the 324 Building. These updated safety authorization basis documents are intended to cover stabilization and deactivation activities that will prepare the facility for turnover to the Environmental Restoration Contractor for final decommissioning. The purpose of this document is to establish the specific set of criteria needed for technical upgrades to the 324 Facility Safety Authorization Basis, as required by Project Hanford Procedure HNF-PRO-705, Safety Basis Planning, Documentation, Review, and Approval.
Date: June 2, 1999
Creator: STEFFEN, J.M.
open access

137Cs and 210Po in Pacific Walrus and Bearded Seal from St. Lawrence Island, Alaska

Description: The activity concentration of Cesium-137 ({sup 137}Cs) and naturally-occurring Polonium-210 ({sup 210}Po) were measured in the muscle tissue, kidney and liver of Pacific walrus (Odobenus rosmarus divergens) and bearded seal (Erignathus barbatus) collected by native hunters from the Bering Sea. The mean {sup 137}Cs concentrations in muscle, liver and kidney of Pacific walrus were 0.07, 0.09 and 0.07 Bq kg{sup -1} (N= 5, wet weight), respectively, and 0.17, 0.10, and 0.17 Bq kg{sup -1} (N=2, wet weight), respectively, in bearded seal. In general, {sup 137}Cs tissue concentrations are significantly lower than those previously reported for mammals from other regions. By comparison, {sup 210}Po activity concentrations appear to be higher than those reported elsewhere but a larger variation. The mean {sup 210}Po concentration in the muscle tissue, liver and kidney of Pacific walrus (N=5, wet weight) were 28.7, 189, and 174 Bq kg{sup -1}, respectively. This compares with {sup 210}Po concentration values (N=2, wet weight) of 27, 207, and 68 Bq kg{sup -1} measured in the muscle tissue, liver and kidney, of bearded seal, respectively. Estimated bioaccumulation factors--as defined by the radionuclide concentration ratio between the target tissue to that in sea water--were two to three orders of magnitude higher for {sup 210}Po that those of {sup 137}Cs. We conclude from radiological dose estimates that ingestion of {sup 137}Cs in foods derived from walrus and seal will pose no threat to human health. This work has important implications for assessing health risks to Alaskan coastal communities concerned about the dumping of nuclear waste in the Russia Arctic.
Date: February 2, 2005
Creator: Hamilton, T F; Seagars, D J; Jokela, T & Layton, D
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