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Health Physics Division Annual Progress Report: Period Ending June 30, 1976

Description: Annual report for the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Health Physics Division including sections on medical physics and internal dosimetry; chemical physics and spectroscopy; biological and radiation physics; assessment technology; emergency technology; analytic dosimetry and education group; theses, papers, publications, and lectures; and miscellaneous staff activities.
Date: October 1976
Creator: Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Health Physics Division.

High-240Pu Sector Experiments in ZPPR Assembly 4

Description: The complete high-plutonium-240 fuel experiment in ZPPR assembly 4 is reviewed. Results of criticality, enrichment, small-sample perturbation, sodium void, uranium-238 Doppler, control rod substitution and reaction rate measurements are presented. Comparison of these measured values with calculated results are included where possible. The relationship between the ZPPR high-plutonium-240 fuel experiments and the results obtained in previous critical experience is considered.
Date: December 1976
Creator: McFarlane, Harold F. & Beck, C. L.

High-Performance Batteries for Off-Peak Energy Storage and Electric-Vehicle Propulsion, Progress Report: April-June 1976

Description: Quarterly report describing the research and management efforts of the program at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) on lithium/metal sulfide batteries during the period April-June 1976. These batteries are being developed for energy storage on utility networks and for electric-vehicle propulsion. The present cells, which operate at 400-4503C, are vertically oriented, prismatic cells with a central positive electrode of FeS or FeS2, two facing negative electrodes of lithium-aluminum alloy, and an electrolyte of molten LiCl-KCl.
Date: July 1976
Creator: Nelson, P. A.; Ivins, R. O.; Yao, N. P.; Battles, J. E.; Chilenskas, A. A.; Gay, E. C. et al.

High-Performance Batteries for Off-Peak Energy Storage and Electric-Vehicle Propulsion, Progress Report: January-March 1976

Description: Quarterly report describing the research and management effort of Argonne National Laboratory's program on lithium/metal sulfide batteries during the period January-March 1976. These batteries are being developed for energy storage on utility networks and for electric-vehicle propulsion. The present cells are vertically oriented, piismatic cells with a central positive electrode of FeS or FeS; and two facing negative electrodes of lithium-aluminum alloy, and an electrolyte of molten LiCl-KC1. The cell operating temperature is 400-450C.
Date: May 1976
Creator: Nelson, P. A.; Ivins, R. O.; Yao, N. P.; Battles, J. E.; Chilenskas, A. A.; Gay, E. C. et al.

High-Performance Batteries for Off-Peak Energy Storage and Electric-Vehicle Propulsion, Progress Report: July-December 1975

Description: Progress report describing the research and management efforts of Argonne National Laboratory's program on high-performance lithium/metal sulfide batteries during the period July-December 1975. The batteries are being developed for two applications: off-peak energy storage in electric utility networks and electric-vehicle propulsion. The battery designs for the two applications differ, particularly in cell configuration and electrode design because of the differing performance requirements.
Date: April 1976
Creator: Nelson, P. A.; Ivins, R. O.; Yao, N. P.; Battles, J. E.; Chilenskas, A. A.; Gay, E. C. et al.

High-Performance Batteries for Off-Peak Energy Storage and Electric-Vehicle Propulsion, Progress Report: July-September 1976

Description: Quarterly report describing the research and management efforts of the program at ANL on lithium-aluminum/metal sulfide batteries. These batteries are being developed for electric-vehicle propulsion and for stationary energy storage applications.
Date: December 1976
Creator: Nelson, P. A.; Ivins, R. O.; Yao, N. P.; Battles, J. E.; Chilenskas, A. A.; Gay, E. C. et al.

Historic Water-Level Changes and Pumpage from the Principal Aquifers of the Memphis Area, Tennessee: 1886-1975

Description: Abstract: Annual pumpage for both the Memphis Sand ("500-foot" sand) and Fort Pillow Sand ("1400-foot" sand) from the time of initial pumping from these aquifers to 1975 is presented in both tabular and graphic forms . The Memphis Sand supplied 188 million gallons per day in 1975 or 95 percent of the total water used in the area . Pumpage from the Fort Pillow Sand has decreased in recent years and in 1975 was about 4 million gallons per day. Pumping increases from the Memphis Sand have caused an almost continual decline of water levels as shown by graphs , tables, and a series of potentiometric-surface maps. Water-level-change maps show the fluctuations in water levels for two periods of high water use. Water levels in the Fort Pillow Sand are also shown by tables and graphs and a potentiometric-surface map . These graphs illustrate a rise of water levels since 1963, coincidental with pumping reductions. The data presented suggest that a constant pumping rate will cause little water-level decline and that the water levels can be altered for efficient resource management by areally varying the distribution of pumping . The references listed support the information presented in this report .
Date: May 1976
Creator: Criner, James H. & Parks, William S.

History of Dredging and Filling of Lagoons in the San Juan Area, Puerto Rico

Description: Abstract: Laguna La Torrecilla, Laguna de Pinones, Laguna San Jose, and Laguna del Condado, in the San Juan, Puerto Rico area, are located within a metropolitan area of more than 1 million people. Bathymetric maps made during the study, in 1973, showed that Lagunas La Torrecilla, San Jose, and del Condado have been modified by dredging and filling; whereas, Laguna de Pinones has remained in a near natural state. Laguna La Torrecilla has been dredged to a depth, in places, of about 18 metres, and Lagunas San Jose and del Condado, in places to about 11 meters. Dredging in the San Juan lagoons has been harmful, beneficial, and in a few instances has had little or no noticeable effect on the water quality. Usually, dredging in the connecting canals has been beneficial if the water entering the lagoons through the canals was of better quality than the water in the lagoon. Dredging in the mouths of lagoons has been beneficial; whereas, filling or blocking the mouths has been harmful.
Date: September 1976
Creator: Ellis, S. R.

Hydrogeochemical and Stream-Sediment Survey (NURE): Preliminary Report on the Walker River Basin Study (California/Nevada)

Description: From introduction: The objective of this survey is to develop a geochemical data base for use by the private sector to locate regions of anomalous uranium content. Prior to wide area coverage, several pilot studies are being undertaken to develop and evaluate sampling and analytical techniques. The first of these studies was conducted in the Walker River Basin.
Date: July 1, 1976
Creator: Lawrence Livermore Laboratory

Hydrologic Relations Between Lakes and Aquifers in a Recharge Area near Orlando, Florida

Description: Abstract: The three lakes investigated gain water- from adjoining water-table aquifer and lose water to Floridan aquifer by downward leakage. Net seepage (net exchange of water between lake and aquifers) can be estimated by equation S = AX + BY, where S is net seepage, X represents hydraulic gradient between lake and water-table aquifer, A is lumped parameter representing effect of hydaulic conductivity and cross-sectional area of materials in flow section of water-table aquifer, Y is head difference between lake level and potentiometric surface of Floridan aquifer, and B is lumped parameter representing effect of hydraulic conductivity, area, and thickness of materials between lake bottom and Floridan aquifer. If values of S, X, and Y are available for two contrasting water-level conditions, coefficients A and B are determinable by solution of two simultaneous equations. If the relation between lake- and ground-water level is same on all sides of the lake with regard to each aquifer and if X and Y are truly representative of these relations, then X and Y terms of equation provide valid estimates of inflow to lake from water-table aquifer and outflow from lake to Floridan aquifer.
Date: August 1976
Creator: Lichtler, W. F.; Hughes, G. H. & Pfischner, F. L.

Hydrology of Lakes in the Minneapolis-Saint Paul Metropolitan Area: A Summary of Available Data Stored -- Using a Data-Base Management System

Description: Abstract:Data were collected and summarized on the hydrology and hydrogeology of 949 lakes, 10 acres (4 hectares) or larger, in the Minneapolis-St. Paul metropolitan area, Minnesota. Eight tables totaling over 100 pages present data on location, depth, area, lake level, ecological and game-management classification, inflowing and outflowing streams, soils, bedrock type, water added to or take from lake, and reported lake-related problems. SYSTEM 2000, a generalized computer data-base management system, was used to organize the data and prepare the tables. SYSTEM 2000 provides powerful capabilities for future retrieval and analyses of the data. The data base is available to potential users so that questions not implicitly anticipated in the preparation of the published tables can be answered readily, and the user can retrieve data in tabular or other forms to meet his particular needs.
Date: September 1976
Creator: McBride, Mark S.

Inelastic-Collision Cross Sections for Ne

Description: Cross sections for inelastic collisions of slow electrons and the dipole oscillator-strength distribution for the neon atom are given in tabular form. The results are based on experimental data that were checked and adjusted for internal consistency.
Date: 1976
Creator: Soong, S. C. & Kim, Y. K.

Instrumentation for Automatic Cycling of Lithium-Aluminum/Iron Sulfide Secondary Cells

Description: In the development of lithium-aluminum/iron sulfide secondary cells at Argonne National Laboratory, an instrumentation system was necessary to automatically operate experimental cells over extended periods of times. The system described in this report provides the capability for control of cell cycling and recording of data without the need for constant attendance by research personnel. In these tests, electrical performance, power, energy storage capacity cycle-life and cell lifetimes are determined by repetitive charging and discharging of the cells.
Date: December 1976
Creator: Olsen, W. F. & Slaweki, M. A.

Investigation of Reactivity Anomalies in EBR-II

Description: A data-collection and advisory team was formed to investigate observations of power reactivity decrement (PRD) and reactivity loss rate (RLR) obtained during EBR-II reactor run 74, because both the PRD and RLR were judged to be high during that run. This report describes the efforts to develop a realistic model explaining the reactivity observations for run 74 and presents recommendations for additional diagnostic information in the event of a recurrence of off-normal behavior of reactivity.
Date: June 1976
Creator: Walters, L. C.; Cutforth, D. S.; Forehand, H. M.; Hudman, G. D.; Larson, H. A.; MacFarlane, H. F. et al.

Laboratory Studies for Separation of Solids from Synthoil Gross Product : Parts 1 and 2

Description: PART 1. A variety of surfactants and agglomerating agents have been added to coal-liquefaction product (from the SYNTHOIL process) to determine the effectiveness of these agents in decreasing the viscosity of the product or inducing agglomeration of suspended solids in the product (and consequently facilitating the removal of solids from the product). More than two dozen additives were tested; however, only two of the additives caused a small reduction in the viscosity of the coal-liquefaction product. PART 2. A variety of organic solvents have been added to coal-liquefaction product (from the SYNTHOIL process) to determine the effectiveness in promoting the precipitation of suspended solids in the product. High-temperature settling of the product in the absence of foreign solvent does not appear to be a promising mechanism for solids removal from this product. However, the promoter-solvent de-ashing scheme has been demonstrated to be a potentially attractive solids-liquid separation method, and kerosene has been found to be an effective promoter solvent for the SYNTHOIL gross product.
Date: November 1976
Creator: Huang, H. & Fischer, J.

Land Reclamation Program, Annual Report: July 1975-July 1976

Description: Annual report of the Argonne National Laboratory Land Reclamation Program outlining the activities and research conducted during the year, various assessments and discussion, and related documentation.
Date: December 1976
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory. Land Reclamation Program.

Land-Surface Subsidence at Seabrook, Texas

Description: Abstract: Removal of water, oil, and gas from the subsurface in Harris and Galveston Counties, Texas, has caused a decline in fluid pressures, which in turn has resulted in subsidence of the land surface. Subsidence of the land surface at Seabrook is due principally to the removal of water. Significant subsidence of the land surface probably began after 1920, and a minimum of about 3.3 feet (1.0 m) and a maximum of about 4.3 feet (1.3 m) of subsidence had occurred at Seabrook by 1973. Probable future subsidence was calculated by two different methods for each of two different loading situations. In the first loading situation, case I, the artesian heads in the Alta Lorna Sand (Rose, 1943) and Evangeline aquifer would continue to decline at the respective rates of 8 feet (2.4 m) per year and 7 feet (2.1 m) per year until 1980 and then cease. In the second loading situation, case II, the artesian heads in the Alta Lorna Sand and Evangeline aquifer would continue to decline at rates of 8 and 7 feet (2.4 and 2.1 m) per year until 1990 and then cease.
Date: October 1976
Creator: Gabrysch, R. K. & Bonnet, C. W.

Land-Surface Subsidence in the Area of Moses Lake Near Texas City, Texas

Description: Abstract: Removal of water, oil, and gas from the subsurface in Harris and Galveston Counties has caused declines in fluid pressures, which in turn have resulted in subsidence of the land surface. Subsidence of the land surface at Moses Lake is due principally to the removal of ground water in adjacent areas. Significant subsidence of the land surface at Moses Lake began after 1900, and as much as 1.8 feet (0.55 meters) of subsidence had occurred in the area by 1973. Probable future subsidence was calculated by two methods for two loading situations. In the first loading situation, case 1, the artesian head in the middle Chicot aquifer, in the Alta Lorna Sand (Rose, 1943), and in the Evangeline aquifer would continue to decline at respective rates of 1, 3, and 3 feet (0.3, 0.9, and 0.9 meters) per year until 1980 and then cease. In the second loading situation, case 2, the artesian head in the middle Chicot aquifer, in the Alta Lorna Sand, and in the Evangeline aquifer would continue to decline at respective rates of 1, 3, and 3 feet (0.3, 0.9, and 0.9 meters) per year until 1990 and then cease.
Date: October 1976
Creator: Gabrysch, R. K. & Bonnet, C. W.

Light-Water-Reactor Safety Research Program

Description: Progress report on water-reactor-safety heat-transfer and flow problems. Covering the following research and development areas: loss-of-coolant accident research, transient fuel response and fission-product release program, mechanical properties of zircaloy containing oxygen, and steam-expulsion studies.
Date: December 1976
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory

Light-Water-Reactor Safety Research Program

Description: This progress report summarizes the Argonne National Laboratory work performed during April, May, and June 1976 on water-reactor-safety heat-transfer and flow problems. The following research and development areas are covered: (1) Loss of coolant Accident Research: Heat Transfer and Fluid Dynamics; (2) Transient Fuel Response and Fission-product Release Program; (3) Mechanical Properties of Zircaloy Containing Oxygen; and (4) Steam-explosion Studies.
Date: 1976?
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory

Light-Water-Reactor Safety Research Program, Quarterly Progress Report: October-December 1975

Description: Quarterly report summarizing work by Argonne National Laboratory on water-reactor-safety heat-transfer and flow problems. "The following research and development areas are covered: (1) Loss-of-coolant Accident Research: Heat Transfer and Fluid Dynamics; (2) Transient Fuel Response and Fission-product Release Program; and (3) Mechanical Properties of Zircaloy Containing Oxygen" (p. x).
Date: 1976?
Creator: Argonne National Laboratory