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The 1A Hybrid Flowsheet

Description: A preliminary hybrid 1A flowsheet in which the extraction section operates substantially acid while the scrub section is acid deficient is presented. The effects of added nitric acid on the performance of the acid deficient 1A flowsheet are considered, and the need for control of the entering stream acidities in such flowsheets is evaluated. Data on batch-countercurrent decontamination and plutonium recovery are included. (J.R.D.)
Date: January 1, 1950
Creator: Coplan, B. V.; Davidson, J. K.; Hass, W. O. & Zebroski, E. L.

Ability of pilots to control simulated short-period yawing oscillations

Description: Report discussing an investigation into the ability of human pilots to control short-period yawing oscillations using a yaw simulating device. The ability to control the oscillations was determined to be a function of period, control effectiveness, and inherent damping. Pilot control effectiveness was found to improve with practice.
Date: November 13, 1950
Creator: Phillips, William H. & Cheatham, Donald C.

Abnormal grain growth in M-252 and S-816 alloys

Description: Report discussing an experimental investigation was carried out on air- and vacuum-melted M-252 and S-816 alloys to find conditions of heating and hot-working which resulted in abnormal grain growth. The experiments were mainly limited to normal conditions of heating for hot-working and heat treatment and normal temperatures of solution treatment were used to allow grain growth after susceptibility to abnormal grain growth was developed by various experimental conditions. Results indicated that small reductions of essentially strain-free metal were the basic cause of such grain growth.
Date: November 1957
Creator: Decker, R F; Rush, A I; Dano, A G & Freeman, J W

Abnormal grain growth in nickel-base heat-resistant alloys

Description: From Introduction: "The data included in this report for Nimonic 80A alloy, for instance, represent experiments carried out to help clarify a production problem of grain-size control in an alloy which has been extensively used. The general procedure of the investigation was to carry out controlled laboratory experiments on samples of bar stock to find conditions of heating and hot-working which resulted in abnormal grain growth."
Date: December 1957
Creator: Decker, R F; Rush, A I; Dano, A G & Freeman, A G

Abnormal grain growth in S-816 alloy

Description: From Introduction: "This report presents the results obtained to date of an investigation to establish the fundamental causes of abnormal growth in S-816 alloy under conditions encountered during the forging of blades for the gas turbine of jet engines."
Date: April 1952
Creator: Rush, A I; Freeman, J W & White, A E

ABSOLUTE THERMAL NEUTRON DETERMINATION. PART II. ABSOLUTE BETA COUNTING OF INDIUM FOILS

Description: Correction factors for the effect of thickness on the selfscattering, self-absorption, and backscattering of beta particles from indium foils were determined for irradiated foils of 0.03 to 100 mg/cm/sup 2/. The data were corrected for the activity produced by epithermal neutrons, self-shielding of thermal neutrons by the foil during irradiation, the backscatter from the foil support, and the contributions of gamma and x rays to the counting rate. The multiple beta spectra of indium produced a minimum in the self-absorption and self-scattering correction curve in the GM detector at approximately 1 mg/cm/ sup 2/ and a maximum at approximately 12 mg/cm/sup 2/. The selfabsorption curve for indium in the 2 pi counter has the expected shape for a beta emitter with multiple spectra. The self-scattering and self-absorption correction factors for a 100 mg/cm/sup 2/ indium foil are approximately 1.5 for a GM detector at 7% geometry and approximately 3 for a 2 pi counter. (D.L.C.)
Date: October 1, 1955
Creator: Koontz, R.L.; Greenfield, M.A. & Jarrett, A.A.

The absorption, distribution, and excretion of tritium in men and animals

Description: A series of experiments on exposure of man and rats to tritium gas (HT) or tritiated water (HTO) are reported. In one human experiment 3 millicuries of HTO was administered in 200 milliliters of water by ingestion. Absorption into the blood stream was linear with time and complete in about 45 minutes. Body water turnover was measured over a period of six days by weighing all food and fluid intake and all excretory output. For four days water turnover was kept near normal (2.7 liters per day). During the last two days water turnover was increased to 12.8 liters per day. Tritium excretion rates was determined on eight other human subjects in which water turnover in which measured less precisely. The biological half-life of HTO in nine human subjects varied from 9 to 14 days on ad libitum and was reduced to 2 1/2 days in one subject on high water intake. The tritium activity in sweat, expired water vapor, septum and urine was found to be essentially the same as that in water from the blood. Rats were continually exposed to various concentrations of tritium in inspired air (0.000001 to 0.03 microcuries per ml) for periods up to 145 hours. Inhaled tritium appeared in the animal as HTO apparently being converted thus in the body.
Date: November 24, 1950
Creator: Pinson, E.A. & Anderson, E.C.

THE ABSORPTION OF NEUTRONS IN DOPPLER BROADENED RESONANCES

Description: A method is developed for the calculation of the effect of Doppler broadening of the absorption of the neutrons by a resonance absorber. Numerical values are given for the correction factors required in the interpretation of transmission experiments and self-indication experiments and for the self-shielding factors for slabs, spheres, cylinders, and homogeneous mixtures. (auth)
Date: October 15, 1954
Creator: Roe, G.M.

Absorption Spectra of Aromatic Disulfides

Description: The effect of solvents and temperature on the optical absorption spectrum of a number of substituted aromatic disulfides is reported. The problems offered by the disulfide link and the exchange reactions between disulfides, and between disulfides and thiols, are receiving increasing attention. Recently the base-catalyzed exchange between various alkyl disulfides and the corresponding thiols was studied by means of a radioactive-tracer technique. Our initial purpose was to extend these investigations to a large number of compounds in a variety of experimental conditions using a spectrophotometric technique that, if applicable, would have been incomparably faster.
Date: October 31, 1956
Creator: Fava, Antonio & Calvin, Melvin

ABSORPTION SPECTRA OF PLUTONIUM AND IMPURITY IONS IN NITRIC ACID SOLUTION

Description: The absorption spectra for Pu(III), (IV), (VI), and the red Pu(IV)- peroxy complex were determined in HNO/sub 3/ solution. Extinction coefficients for the above species of Pu were measured. Temperature has little effect on the spectra, but variation of acidity causes shifting of absorption peaks and some changes in the extinction coefficients. The absorption spectra and extinction coefficients in the region 390 to 1200 m mu were measured for chromic, nickelous, manganous, calcium, lanthanum, aluminum, ferrous. ferric, and permanganate ions in HNO/sub 3/ solutions. In addition, the effects of nitrite, oxalic acid, sulfamic acid, hydrogen peroxide, and various HNO/sub 3/ concentrations on the extinction coefficients of some of these ions were determined. The chromic, nickelous, ferrous, and permanganate ions, and ferric ion with oxalic acid, have sufficiently high extinction coefficients to cause inaccuracies in valence determinations of Pu in solutions containing high concentrations of these ions, unless corrections are made. (auth)
Date: July 31, 1956
Creator: Myers, M N