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Calorimetry Exchange Program Quarterly Data Report, 4th Quarter CY91

Description: The goals of the Calorimetry Sample Exchange Program are: (1) Discuss measurement differences, (2) Review and improve analytical measurements and methods, (3) Discuss new measurement capabilities, (4) Provide data to DOE on measurement capabilities to evaluate shipper-receiver differences, (5) Provide characterized or standard materials as necessary for exchange participants, (6) Provide a measurement control program for plutonium analysis. A sample of PuO{sub 2} powder is available at each participating site for NDA measurement, including either or both calorimetry and high-resolution gamma-ray spectroscopy, the elements which are typically combined to provide a calorimetric assay of plutonium. The facilities measure the sample as frequently and to the level of precision which they desire, and then submit the data to the Exchange for analysis. Statistical tests are used to evaluate the data and to determine if there are significant differences from accepted values for the exchange sample or from data previously reported by that facility. This information is presented, in the form of a quarterly report, intended for use by Exchange participants in measurement control programs, or to indicate when bias corrections may be appropriate. No attempt, however, has been made to standardize methods or frequency of data collection, calibration, or operating procedures. Direct comparisons between laboratories may, therefore, be misleading since data have not been collected to the same precision or for the same time periods. A meeting of the participants of the Calorimetry Exchange is held annually at EG&G Mound Applied Technologies. The purposes of this meeting are to discuss measurement differences, problems, and new measurement capabilities, and to determine the additional activities needed to fulfill the goals of the Exchange.
Date: July 1, 1996
Creator: McClelland, T.M.

Calorimetry exchange program quarterly data report, first quarter CY93

Description: The goals of the Calorimetry Sample Exchange Program are: Discuss measurement differences; Review and improve analytical measurements and methods; Discuss new measurement capabilities; Provide data to DOE on measurement capabilities to evaluate shipper-receiver differences; Provide characterized or standard materials as necessary for exchange participants; and Provide a measurement control program for plutonium analysis. A sample of Plutonium Dioxide powder is available at each participating site for NDA measurement, including either or both calorimetry and high-resolution gamma-ray spectroscopy, the elements which are typically combined to provide a calorimetric assay of plutonium. The facilities measure the sample as frequently and to the level of precision which they desire, and then submit the data to the Exchange for analysis. The data report includes summary tables for each measurement and charts showing the performance of each laboratory. Comparisons are made to the accepted values for the exchange sample and to data previously reported by that laboratory. This information is presented, in the form of quarterly and annual reports, intended for use by Exchange participants in measurement control programs, or to indicate when bias corrections may be appropriate. No attempt, however, has been made to standardize methods or frequency of data collection, calibration, or operating procedures. Direct comparisons between laboratories may, therefore, be misleading since data have not been collected to the same precision or for the same time periods. A meeting of the participants of the Calorimetry Exchange is held annually at EG&G Mound Applied Technologies. The purposes of this meeting are to discuss measurement differences, problems, and new measurement capabilities, and to determine the additional activities needed to fulfill the goals of the Exchange. This quarterly report provides data for the first quarter of 1993.
Date: December 31, 1993
Creator: Barnett, T.M.

Calorimetry exchange program quarterly data report for, January 1989--March 1989

Description: The goals of the calorimetry sample exchange program are to: discuss measurement differences; improve analytical methods; discuss new measurement capabilities; provide data to DOE on measurement capabilities to evaluate shipper-receiver differences; provide standardized materials as necessary; and provide a measurement control program for plutonium analysis. A sample of plutonium dioxide powder is available at each participating site for NDA analysis.
Date: 1989-04~
Creator: Lyons, J. E. & McClelland, T. M.

Calorimetry exchange program quarterly data report, fourth quarter CY92

Description: The goals of the Calorimetry Sample Exchange Program are: (1) discuss measurement differences (2) review and improve analytical measurements and methods (3) discuss new measurement capabilities (4) provide data to DOE on measurement capabilities to evaluate shipper- receiver differences (5) provide characterized or standard materials as necessary for exchange participants (6) provide a measurement control program for plutonium analysis A sample Of PUO2 powder is available at each participating site for NDA measurement, including either or both calorimetry and high-resolution gamma-ray spectroscopy, the elements which are typically combined to provide a calorimetric assay of plutonium. The facilities measure the sample as frequently and to the level of precision which they desire, and then submit the data to the Exchange for analysis. The data report includes summary tables for each measurement and charts showing the performance of each laboratory. Comparisons are made to the accepted values for the exchange sample and to data previously reported by that laboratory. This information is presented, in the form of quarterly reports as this document provides and as annual reports, intended for use by Exchange participants in measurement control programs, or to indicate when bias corrections may be appropriate. No attempt, however, has been made to standardize methods or frequency of data collection, calibration, or operating procedures. Direct comparisons between laboratories may, therefore, be misleading since data have not been collected to the same precision or for the same time periods. A meeting of the participants of the Calorimetry Exchange is held annually at EG&G Mound Applied Technologies. The purposes of this meeting are to discuss measurement differences, problems, and new measurement capabilities, and to determine the additional activities needed to fulfill the goals of the Exchange.
Date: December 31, 1992
Creator: Barnett, T.M.

Calorimetry exchange program quarterly data report, third quarter 1992

Description: The goals of the Calorimetry Sample Exchange Program are: discuss measurement differences, review and improve analytical measurements and methods, discuss new measurement capabilities, provide data to DOE on measurement capabilities to evaluate shipper-receiver differences, provide characterized or standard materials as necessary for exchange participants, and provide a measurement control program for plutonium analysis. A sample of PuO{sub 2} powder is available at each participating site for NDA measurement, including either or both calorimetry and high-resolution gamma-ray spectroscopy, the elements which are typically combined to provide a calorimetric assay of plutonium. The facilities measure the sample as frequently and to the level of precision which they desire, and then submit the data to the Exchange for analysis. Statistical tests are used to evaluate the data and to determine if there significant differences from accepted values for the exchange sample or from data previously reported by that facility. This information is presented, in the form of a quarterly report, intended for use by Exchange participants in measurement control programs, or to indicate when bias corrections may be appropriate. No attempt, however, has been made to standardize methods or frequency of data collection, calibration, or operating procedures. Direct comparisons between laboratories may, therefore, be misleading since data have not been collected to the same precision or for the same time periods. This report provides data for the third quarter of 1992.
Date: December 31, 1992
Creator: Barnett, T.M.

THE CALORIMETRY OF COMBUSTIONS AND RELATED REACTIONS: INORGANIC REACTIONS

Description: A review is presented of calorimetric measurements of the heats of combustion and other reactions. The precision of the measurements is discussed, and possible sources of error in combustion calorimetry are considered. Measurement of the heats of formation of the oxides and other compounds is also discussed. Recent developments in calorimetry are described briefly, including the rotating bomb calorimeter, use of gases other than oxygen, fluorine bomb calorimetry, and combustion bomb with window. Tables are presented of the heats of reactions measured by oxygen bomb calorimetry, nitrogen bomb calorimetry, and fluorine bomb calorimetry. (D.L.C.)
Date: January 1, 1962
Creator: Holley, C.E. Jr.

Calorimetry progress report

Description: The constant temperature bath is in operation. A ballistic type instability was detected in the calorimeter circuits and corrected by grounding the bath. Calorimeters 37, 39, 40, and 43 have been installed are now being run. Calorimeter 40 was found to be unstable, and is to be disassembled and examined for the trouble. Calorimeter 46 was finished and placed in operation. Construction details are discussed. Six Logac samples were run in Calorimeter 38. Tests of this calorimeter are in Table 1. Comparison of Calorimeter 38 in a water bath and in an ice bath is shown in Table 2. Good results were obtained for such a drastic change in environment. Calorimeter 38 was turned over to Calorimetric Assay marking the end of the tests of this particular microcalorimeter. Calorimeter 44 was completed and installed in the ice bath. Table 4 shows the results of tests. The zero bridge potential is small and is very stable compared to Calorimeter 38. The comparison of the values with those from Calorimetric Assay is summarized in Table 3. The characteristics of Calorimeter 44 are shown in Table 5. Construction details are given for the platinum-manganin bridge-type thermometer. An instrument was needed that could be used to detect bath temperature changes of the order of 0.0005 C. The thermometer was installed in the bath on March 29, 1949. With the bridge current at 10 milliamperes, the measured sensitivity is 2.5 microvolts per 0.001 C change in temperature. The temperature difference between the inner and outer walls of a quartz capillary containing polonium was calculated. The volume of polonium in the capillaries was recalculated and the density re-evaluated.
Date: April 1, 1949
Creator: Parks, J. R.

HE calorimetry. Quarterly report, April--June, 1969

Description: The 48-inch detonation sphere confined the gaseous products resulting from the discharge of approximately one-half pound (225 g) of an HE (PETN) under investigation. Product analysis, combined with calorimetric measurements will provide data regarding the detonation processes. Results of the initial HE detonation are still in the process of evaluation and tabulation. The final summary of this information will be instrumental in the direction of future experimental endeavor. Investigation at Pantex will be in collaboration with and guided by the research in progress at LRL. A new lid, still in the design stage, must be fabricated to make the detonation sphere compatible with the anticipated need in the testing of future explosives. This will necessitate the modification of the vacuum lines, but the extent of this modification is not known at this time.
Date: December 31, 1969
Creator: Sandoval, J.

Calorimetry research progress report

Description: This document is a November 1948 Calorimetry Research Progress Report from the Mound Laboratory. Updates are given in the following areas: (1) development of micro and macrocalorimeters of the resistance-bridge type, (2) study and design of a rod calorimeter, (3) half-life of Postum, (4) evaluation of various calorimeter types, (5) applied mathematics, (6) materials, and (7) future efforts.
Date: November 1, 1948
Creator: Haring, M.M.

Calorimetry research progress report, March 1--31,, 1948

Description: Sixty-eight samples were assayed. The 5 calorimeters of type 30 were finished. Calorimeter 36, whose construction has been started, is an improved version of 30. A system of switches has been devised. A simple, fast, insensitive calorimeter for measuring high activity samples is being tested. The calculations on the half-life of postum were checked.
Date: December 31, 1948
Creator: Eichelberger, J.F.

Calorimetry Sample Exchange analysis of data report for October--December, 1988

Description: The goals of the Calorimetry Sample Exchange Program are to: discuss measurement differences; review and improve analytical measurements and methods; discuss new measurement capabilities; provide data to DOE on measurement capabilities to evaluate shipper-receiver differences; provide characterized or standard materials as necessary for exchange participants; and provide a measurement control program for plutonium analysis. A sample of PuO{sub 2} powder is available at each participating site for NDA measurement, including either or both calorimetry and high-resolution gamma-ray spectroscopy, the elements which are typically combined to provide a calorimetric assay of plutonium. The facilities measure the sample as frequently and to the level of precision which they desire, and then submit the data to the Exchange for analysis. Statistical tests are used to evaluate the data and to determine if there are significant differences from accepted values for the exchange sample or from data previously reported by that facility. This information is presented, in the form of a quarterly report, intended for use by Exchange participants in measurement control programs, or to indicate when bias corrections may be appropriate. No attempt, however, has been made to standardize methods or frequency of data collection, calibration, or operating procedures. Direct comparisons between laboratories may, therefore, be misleading since data have not bee collected to the same precision or for the same time periods. The six participating laboratories are Lawrence Livermore, Los Alamos, MRC-Mound, Westinghouse Hanford, Rocky Flats, and Savannah River.
Date: December 31, 1989
Creator: Lyons, J.E.

Caltech campus executive LDRD.

Description: The environment most brain systems of humans and other animals are almost constantly confronted with is complex and continuously changing, with each time step updating a potentially bewildering set of opportunities and demands for action. Far from the controlled, discrete trials used in most neuro- and psychological investigations, behavior outside the lab at Caltech is a seamless and continuous process of monitoring (and error correction) of ongoing action, and of evaluating persistence in the current activity with respect to opportunities to switch tasks as alternatives become available. Prior work on frontopolar and prefrontal task switching, use tasks within the same modality (View a stream of symbols on a screen and perform certain response mappings depending on task rules). However, in these<U+2018>task switches' the effector is constant: only the mapping of visual symbols to the specific button changes. In this task, the subjects are choosing what kinds of future action decisions they want to perform, where they can control either which body part will act, or which direction they will orient an instructed body action. An effector choice task presents a single target and the subject selects which effector to use to reach the target (eye or hand). While the techniques available for humans can be less spatially resolved compared to non-human primate neural data, they do allow for experimentation on multiple brain areas with relative ease. Thus, we address a broader network of areas involved in motor decisions. We aim to resolve a current dispute regarding the specific functional roles of brain areas that are often co-activated in studies of decision tasks, dorsal premotor cortex(PMd) and posterior parietal cortex(PPC). In one model, the PPC distinctly drives intentions for action selection, whereas PMd stimulation results in complex multi-joint movements without any awareness of, nor subjective feeling of, willing the elicited movement, ...
Date: January 1, 2013
Creator: Shepodd, Timothy J. & Knudsen, Tamara

CalTOX, a multimedia total exposure model for hazardous-waste sites; Part 1, Executive summary

Description: CalTOX has been developed as a spreadsheet model to assist in health-risk assessments that address contaminated soils and the contamination of adjacent air, surface water, sediments, and ground water. The modeling effort includes a multimedia transport and transformation model, exposure scenario models, and efforts to quantify and reduce uncertainty in multimedia, multiple-pathway exposure models. This report provides an overview of the CalTOX model components, lists the objectives of the model, describes the philosophy under which the model was developed, identifies the chemical classes for which the model can be used, and describes critical sensitivities and uncertainties. The multimedia transport and transformation model is a dynamic model that can be used to assess time-varying concentrations of contaminants introduced initially to soil layers or for contaminants released continuously to air or water. This model assists the user in examining how chemical and landscape properties impact both the ultimate route and quantity of human contact. Multimedia, multiple pathway exposure models are used in the CalTOX model to estimate average daily potential doses within a human population in the vicinity of a hazardous substances release site. The exposure models encompass twenty-three exposure pathways. The exposure assessment process consists of relating contaminant concentrations in the multimedia model compartments to contaminant concentrations in the media with which a human population has contact (personal air, tap water, foods, household dusts soils, etc.). The average daily dose is the product of the exposure concentrations in these contact media and an intake or uptake factor that relates the concentrations to the distributions of potential dose within the population.
Date: June 1, 1993
Creator: McKone, T.E.

CalTOX (registered trademark), A multimedia total exposure model spreadsheet user's guide. Version 4.0(Beta)

Description: CalTOX has been developed as a set of spreadsheet models and spreadsheet data sets to assist in assessing human exposures from continuous releases to multiple environmental media, i.e. air, soil, and water. It has also been used for waste classification and for setting soil clean-up levels at uncontrolled hazardous wastes sites. The modeling components of CalTOX include a multimedia transport and transformation model, multi-pathway exposure scenario models, and add-ins to quantify and evaluate uncertainty and variability. All parameter values used as inputs to CalTOX are distributions, described in terms of mean values and a coefficient of variation, rather than as point estimates or plausible upper values such as most other models employ. This probabilistic approach allows both sensitivity and uncertainty analyses to be directly incorporated into the model operation. This manual provides CalTOX users with a brief overview of the CalTOX spreadsheet model and provides instructions for using the spreadsheet to make deterministic and probabilistic calculations of source-dose-risk relationships.
Date: August 1, 2002
Creator: McKone, T. E. & Enoch, K. G.

CAMAC Serial System Organization: A Description

Description: This document describes a serial highway for interconnecting CAMAC crates and a system controller. The serial highway uses either a bit-serial or a byte-serial mode of transferring data and control information.
Date: December 1973

CaMath user`s guide

Description: CaMath is an external Mathematica package which can be loaded into Mathematica by a user. CaMath consists of a special set of channel access functions which provides the Mathematica users with easy and flexible access of channel information across the IOC networks. It also provides a complete set of process variable event monitoring functions. The available functions for CaMath, their functionality, and their syntax are described herein. This document also gives examples how a Mathematica user can interface to channel access devices. It is assumed that the user is already familiar with using Mathematica. Few examples of Mathematica module of using CaMath functions are also given in this document.
Date: July 13, 1994
Creator: Cha, Ben-chin & Daly, B.