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Defining Readiness: Background and Issues for Congress

Description: This report discusses how differing uses of the term "readiness" affect congressional debate, but does not evaluate the current state of the U.S. military or provide a conclusive definition of readiness. It also considers how the different uses of the term readiness relate to certain issues: Is there a readiness crisis? What should the U.S. military be ready for? How should readiness be measured? How does the FY2018 budget request affect the U.S. military's readiness?
Date: June 14, 2017
Creator: Rumbaugh, Russell

Effects of Buy America on Transportation Infrastructure and U.S. Manufacturing: Policy Options

Description: This report begins by explaining Buy America restrictions in more detail. It describes how Buy America comports with international trade agreements that generally forbid procurement restrictions favoring domestic products; and how a relatively new provision enacted by Congress may require imports of materials on federally-funded transportation projects to be carried on U.S.-flag ships. The report identifies policy options Congress might consider in light of recent legislative proposals.
Date: June 14, 2017
Creator: Platzer, Michaela D. & Mallett, William J.

U.S. Military Presence on Okinawa and Realignment to Guam

Description: This report discusses the U.S. and Japanese governments in recent years that have steadily strengthened key elements of the U.S.-Japan alliance, they continue to struggle with how to manage the large-scale presence of U.S. troops in the southernmost Japanese prefecture of Okinawa.
Date: June 14, 2017
Creator: Chanlett-Avery, Emma

United Kingdom Election Result

Description: This report discusses the United Kingdom's (UK's) election of June 8, 2017, which resulted in a hung parliament, an outcome in which no single party won a majority of seats in the 650-seat House of Commons.
Date: June 14, 2017
Creator: Mix, Derek E.

Venezuela: Background and U.S. Policy

Description: This report examines the political and economic situation in Venezuela and U.S.-Venezuelan relations. It is divided into three main sections -- political background, current political and economic environment, U.S. relations and policy -- and also includes introductory and outlook information.
Date: June 14, 2017
Creator: Ribando Seelke, Clare

The Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS)

Description: This report discusses the Committee on Foreign Investment in the United States (CFIUS) comprising nine members, two ex officio members, and other members as appointed by the President representing major departments and agencies within the federal executive branch. While the group generally has operated in relative obscurity, the proposed acquisition of commercial operations at six U.S. ports by Dubai Ports World in 2006 placed the group's operations under intense scrutiny by Members of Congress and the public.
Date: June 13, 2017
Creator: Jackson, James K.

The New START Treaty: Central Limits and Key Provisions

Description: This report provides an overview of the New Strategic Arms Reductions Treaty (START). The Obama Administration and outside analysts argue that New START strengthens strategic stability and enhances U.S. national security. Critics, however, question whether the treaty serves U.S. national security interests.
Date: June 13, 2017
Creator: Woolf, Amy F.

Saudi Arabia: Background and U.S. Relations

Description: This report discusses the kingdom of Saudi Arabia's relations with the United States; the kingdom's stability, and its future trajectory are subjects of continuing congressional interest.
Date: June 13, 2017
Creator: Blanchard, Christopher M.

Political Status of Puerto Rico: Brief Background and Recent Developments for Congress

Description: This report provides policy and historical background about Puerto Rico's political status--a term of art referring to the relationship between the federal government and a territorial one. It emphasizes recent developments that are likely to be most relevant for Congress. Congress has not altered the island's status since 1952, when it approved a territorial constitution.
Date: June 12, 2017
Creator: Garrett, R. S.

FY2018 Defense Budget Request: The Basics

Description: This report discusses the federal budget request for fiscal year (FY) 2018 released by the Trump Administration on May 23, 2017.
Date: June 9, 2017
Creator: Williams, Lynn M. & Towell, Pat

Israel and the Boycott, Divestment, and Sanctions (BDS) Movement

Description: This report provides information and analysis on a boycott, divestment, and sanctions ("BDS") movement against Israel. It also analyzes economic measures that "differentiate" or might be seen as differentiating between (1) Israel in general and (2) entities linked with Israeli-developed areas and settlements (whose legality is questioned under international law).
Date: June 9, 2017
Creator: Zanotti, Jim; Weiss, Martin A.; Ann Ruane, Kathleen & Elsea, Jennifer K.

Juneteenth: Fact Sheet

Description: This report describes Juneteenth (also known as Emancipation Day, Juneteenth Independence Day, and Black Independence Day), which celebrates the end of slavery in the United States.
Date: June 9, 2017
Creator: Higgins, Molly

Qatar: Governance, Security, and U.S. Policy

Description: This report provides a brief history of the state of Qatar, discussing its governance and human rights. The report also includes U.S.-Qatari defense and security cooperation and economic issues.
Date: June 9, 2017
Creator: Katzman, Kenneth

European Security and Islamist Terrorism

Description: This report briefly discusses the current security climate in Europe, as well as policy considerations for the U.S. Over the last two years, European governments and the European Union (EU) have grown increasingly alarmed by the rise of the Islamic State terrorist organization, its ability to attract European citizens to join the fighting in the Syria-Iraq region, and its use of violent extremist propaganda to inspire others.
Date: June 8, 2017
Creator: Archick, Kristin; Belkin, Paul & Mix, Derek E.

U.S. Strategy for Engagement in Central America: Policy Issues for Congress

Description: This report examines the U.S. Strategy for Engagement in Central America, including its formulation, objectives, funding, and relationship to the Alliance for Prosperity plan put forward by the northern triangle governments. The report also analyzes several policy issues that the 115th Congress may assess as it considers the future of the Central America strategy.
Date: June 8, 2017
Creator: Meyer, Peter J.

Air Force B-21 Raider Long-Range Strike Bomber

Description: This report discusses the development of a new long-range bomber aircraft, the B-21 Raider (previously known as LRS-B), and proposes to acquire at least 100 of them.
Date: June 7, 2017
Creator: Gertler, Jeremiah

Tanzania: Current Issues and U.S. Policy

Description: This report discusses the current political climate in Tanzania, an important U.S. ally in Africa. It also provides some general background information.
Date: June 7, 2017
Creator: Cook, Nicolas