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Acceleration characteristics of a turbojet engine with variable-position inlet guide vanes

Description: Report presenting a study of the acceleration characteristics of a turbojet engine equipped with variable-position inlet guide vanes in the altitude test chamber. Maximum acceleration values for 3 engines of the same model were also obtained during testing and were found to differ as much as 50 percent. Results regarding the effect of fuel step size and inlet guide vane on acceleration, effect of flight condition, reproducibility of engine acceleration, compressor pressure ratio in relation to acceleration, and acceleration with inlet air distortion are provided.
Date: July 7, 1955
Creator: Dobson, W. F. & Wallner, Lewis E.

Adaptation of Combustion Principles to Aircraft Propulsion, Volume 1, Basic Considerations in the Combustion of Hydrocarbon Fuels with Air

Description: The report summarizes source material on combustion for flight-propulsion engineers. First, several chapters review fundamental processes such as fuel-air mixture preparation, gas flow and mixing, flammability and ignition, flame propagation in both homogenous and heterogenous media, flame stabilization, combustion oscillations, and smoke and carbon formation. The practical significance and the relation of these processes to theory are presented. A second series of chapters describes the observed performance and design problems of engine combustors of the principal types. An attempt is made to interpret performance in terms of the fundamental processes and theories previously reviewed. Third, the design of high-speed combustion systems is discussed. Combustor design principles that can be established from basic considerations and from experience with actual combustors are described. Finally, future requirements for aircraft engine combustion systems are examined.
Date: April 1, 1955
Creator: Barnett, Henry C. & Hibbard, Robert R.

Additional measurements of the low-speed static stability of a configuration employing three triangular wing panels and a body of equal length

Description: From Introduction: "The results of an investigation of the low-speed static stability of a simplified model of such an arrangement having one of the airfoils placed vertically on top of the body and the other two as wing panels having negative dihedral are presented in reference 1. In order to provide information for predicting the effects of changes in the basic configuration on the low-speed stability characteristics presented in reference 1, additional measurements have been made."
Date: July 25, 1955
Creator: Delany, Noel K

Aerodynamic and hydrodynamic characteristics of models of some aircraft-towed mine-sweeping devices : TED No. NACA AR 8201

Description: This report details a study that was conducted by the U.S. Naval Air Development Center to "determine the feasibility of several airborne magnetic mine-sweeping methods. The advantages of a satisfactory airborne method are greater safety and speed than are possible with existing surface methods." The configurations and results of the double Q-sweep, the modified double-catenary sweep, and the M-sweep are examined.
Date: December 1, 1955
Creator: Shanks, Robert E.

Aerodynamic characteristics and pressure distributions of a 6-percent-thick 49 degree sweptback wing with blowing over half-span and full-span flaps

Description: From Introduction: "The investigation reported herein was initiated to define further the effects on the aerodynamic characteristics and load distribution of a thin, sweptback wing of a low-pressure blowing system and also to provide information on which to base a more thorough study of a complete airplane configuration."
Date: September 20, 1955
Creator: Whittle, Edward F., Jr. & McLemore, H. Clyde

Aerodynamic characteristics of a 0.04956-scale model of the Convair F-102A airplane at Mach numbers of 1.41, 1.61, and 2.01

Description: From Summary: "Tests have been made in the Langley 4- by 4-foot supersonic pressure tunnel at Mach numbers of 1.41, 1.61, and 2.01 of various arrangements of a 0.04956-scale model of the Convair F-102A airplane with faired inlets. Tests made of the model equipped with a plain wing, a wing with 6.4 percent conical camber, and a wing with 15 percent conical camber. Body modifications including an extended nose, a modified canopy, and extended afterbody fillets were evaluated. In addition, the effects of a revised vertical tail and two different ventral fins were determined. The results indicated that the use of cambered wings resulted in lower drag in the lift-coefficient range above 0.2. This range, however, is above that which would generally be required for level flight; hence, the usefulness of camber might be confined to increased maneuverability at the higher lifts while its use may be detrimental to the high-speed (low-lift) capabilities."
Date: September 30, 1955
Creator: Spearman, M. Leroy & Driver, Cornelius

Aerodynamic Characteristics of a 0.04956-Scale Model of the Convair F-102A Airplane at Transonic Speeds

Description: Tests have been conducted in the Langley 8-foot transonic tunnel on a 0.04956-scale model of the Convair F-102A airplane which employed an indented and extended fuselage, cambered wing leading edges, and deflected wing tips. Force and moment characteristics were obtained for Mach numbers from 0.60 to 1.135 at angles of attack up to 20 . In addition, tests were made over a limited angle-of-attack range to determine the effects of the cambered leading edges, deflected tips, and a nose section with a smooth area distribution. Fuselage modifications employed on the F-102A were responsible for a 25.percent reduction in the minimum drag-coefficient rise between the Mach numbers of 0.85 and 1.075 when compared with that for the earlier versions of the F-102. Although the wing modifications increased the F-102A subsonic minimum drag-coefficient level approximately 0.0020, they produced large decreases in drag at lifting conditions over that for the original (plane-wing) F-102. The F-102A had 15 to 25 percent higher maximum lift-drag ratios than did the original F-102. The F-102A had about 15 percent lower maximum lift-drag ratios at Mach numbers below 0.95 and slightly higher maximum lift-drag ratios at supersonic speeds when compared with those ratios for sn earlier modified-wing version of the F-102. Chordwise wing fences which provided suitable longitudinal stability for the original F-102 were not adequate for the cambered-wing F-102A The pitching-moment curves indicated a region of near neutral stability with possible pitch-up tendencies for the F-102A at high subsonic Mach numbers for lift coefficients between about 0.4 and 0.5.
Date: March 28, 1955
Creator: Tempelmeyer, Kenneth E. & Osborne, Robert S.

Aerodynamic characteristics of a 1/4-scale model of the duct system for the General Electric P-1 nuclear powerplant for aircraft

Description: Report discussing testing on a model of the General Electric P-1 nuclear powerplant to determine its internal aerodynamic characteristics. The main purposes of testing were to measure the mass-flow distribution of air, to measure the total-pressure losses for the duct components and complete model, and to determine modifications necessary to attain the desired performance characteristics.
Date: July 29, 1955
Creator: Wood, Charles C. & Henry, John R.

Aerodynamic characteristics of a 60 degree delta wing having a half-delta tip control at a Mach number of 4.04

Description: From Introduction: "Numerous tests of tip controls on delta wings at transonic and low supersonic speeds have shown that such configurations provide satisfactory rolling-moment effectiveness, and that the hinge can be controlled by proper location of the hinge line (ref. 1). The purpose of the present tests is to determine the characteristics of such a configuration at Mach number of 4.04 and a Reynolds number of 5.8 X 10^6, based on the wing mean aerodynamic chord."
Date: April 25, 1955
Creator: Ulmann, Edward F & Smith, Fred M

Aerodynamic characteristics of various configurations of a model of a 45 degree swept-wing airplane at a Mach number of 2.01

Description: An investigation has been conducted at the Langley 4- by 4-foot supersonic pressure tunnel at a Mach nmber of 2.01 to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of several configurations of a model of a 45 deg swept-wing airplane. The basic configuratin had a wing with 45 deg sweepback at the quarter-chord line, aspect ration 3.2, taper ration 0.468, NACA 65A005.5 sections just outboard of the inlet and NACA 65A003.7 sections at the tip. The wing was mounted slightly above the body center line and an all-movable horizantal tail was located slightly below the extended chord line of the wing. Tre design incorporated twin wing-root supersonic inlets ducted to a single exit at the base of the fuselage. The configurations investigated included an extended nose length, a bumped-fuselage afterbody, an inlet droop, an lncreased wing aspect ratio, and a revised canopy shape. Configurations employing the wing of increased aspect ratio of 3.7, which constituted the bulk of the tests, produced about a 10-percent increase in lift and in longitudinal stability as compared with the basic wing of aspect ratio 3.2. There was a slight but masurable increase in minimum drag and maximum lift-drag ratio.
Date: May 26, 1955
Creator: Spearman, M. Leroy; Driver, Cornelius & Robinson, Ross B.

Aerodynamic Design of Axial-flow Compressors. VI - Experimental Flow in Two-Dimensional Cascades

Description: Available experimental two-dimensional cascade data for conventional compressor blade sections are correlated at a reference incidence angle in the region of minimum loss. Variations of reference incidence angle, total-pressure loss, and deviation angle with cascade geometry, inlet Mach number, and Reynolds number are investigated. From the analysis and the correlations of the available data, rules and relations are evolved for the prediction of blade-profile performance. These relations are developed in simplified forms readily applicable to compressor design procedures.
Date: November 11, 1955
Creator: Lieblein, Seymour

Aerodynamic Design of Axial-Flow Compressors. VII - Blade-Element Flow in Annular Cascades

Description: Annular blade-element data obtained primarily from single-stage compressor installations are correlated over a range of inlet Mach numbers and cascade geometry. The correlation curves are presented in such a manner that they are related directly to the low-speed two-dimensional-cascade data of part VI of this series. Thus, the data serve as both an extension and a verification of the two-dimensional-cascade data. In addition, the correlation results are applied to compressor design.
Date: August 9, 1955
Creator: Robbins, William H.; Jackson, Robert J. & Lieblein, Seymour

Aerodynamic heating of rocket-powered research vehicles at hypersonic speeds

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of this paper is to present and discuss skin temperature measurements from two flight tests. Temperature measurements were obtained to a Mach number of 5.4 on the first flight and to a Mach number of 10.4 on the second flight."
Date: July 19, 1955
Creator: Piland, Robert O. & Collie, Katherine A.

Aerodynamic loading characteristics in sideslip of a 45 degree sweptback wing with and without a fence at high subsonic speeds

Description: Report presenting an investigation of the effects of sideslip on the aerodynamic loading characteristics of a 45 degree sweptback wing of aspect ratio 4 for a range of angles of attack, angles of sideslip, and Mach numbers. The load distributions, root bending-moment coefficient, and rolling moment due to sidestep were explored.
Date: January 28, 1955
Creator: Kuhn, Richard E.

Aerodynamic loads on an external store adjacent to a 45 degree sweptback wing at Mach numbers from 0.70 to 1.96, including an evaluation of techniques used

Description: From Summary: "Aerodynamic forces and moments have been obtained in the Langley 9- by 12-inch blowdown tunnel on an external store and on a 45 degree swept-back wing-body combination measured separately at Mach numbers from 0.70 to 1.96. The wing was cantilevered and had an aspect ratio of 4.0; the store was independently sting-mounted and had a Douglas Aircraft Co. (DAC) store shape. The angle of attack range was from -3 degrees to 12 degrees and the Reynolds number (based on wing mean aerodynamic chord) varied from 1.2 x10(6) to 1.7 x 10(6). Wing-body transonic forces and moments have been compared with data of a geometrically similar full-scale model tested in the Langley 16-foot and 8-foot transonic tunnels in order to aid in the evaluation of transonic-tunnel interference."
Date: November 15, 1955
Creator: Guy, Lawrence D. & Hadaway, William M.

An air-borne target simulator for use in optical sight tracking studies

Description: From Introduction: "The development of this air-borne optical target simulator and the results of evaluation flight tests (including a comparison of airplane tracking performance against the simulated and an actual target airplane) are presented herein."
Date: September 1, 1955
Creator: Doolin, Brian F.; Smith, G. Allan & Drinkwater, Fred J., III

Aircraft-Fuel-Tank Design for Liquid Hydrogen

Description: Some of the considerations involved in the design of aircraft fuel tanks for liquid hydrogen are discussed herein. Several of the physical properties of metals and thermal insulators in the temperature range from ambient to liquid-hydrogen temperatures are assembled. Calculations based on these properties indicate that it is possible to build a large-size liquid-hydrogen fuel tank which (1) will weigh less then 15 percent of the fuel weight, (2) will have a hydrogen vaporization rate less than 30 percent of the cruise fuel-flow rate, and (3) can be held in a stand-by condition and readied for flight in a short time.
Date: August 9, 1955
Creator: Reynolds, T. W.

Altitude Performance of Modified J71 Afterburner with Revised Engine Operating Conditions

Description: From Summary: "An investigation was conducted in an altitude test chamber at the NACA Lewis laboratory to determine the effect of a revision of the rated engine operating conditions and modifications to the afterburner fuel system, flameholder, and shell cooling on the augmented performance of the J71-A-2 (x-29) turbo jet engine operating at altitude . The afterburner modifications were made by the manufacturer to improve the endurance at sea-level, high-pressure conditions and to reduce the afterburner shell temperatures. The engine operating conditions of rated rotational speed and turbine-outlet gas temperature were increased. Data were obtained at conditions simulating flight at a Mach number of 0.9 and at altitudes from 40,000 to 60,000 feet."
Date: June 13, 1955
Creator: Useller, James W. & Russey, Robert E.