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Aerodynamic Characteristics of a Flying-Boat Hull Having a Length-Beam Ratio of 15, TED No. NACA 2206

Description: An investigation was made in the Langley 300 MPH 7- by 10-foot tunnel to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of a flying-boat hull of a length-beam ratio of 15 in the presence of a wing. The investigation was an extension of previous tests made on hulls of length-beam ratios of 6, 9, and 12; these hulls were designed to have approximately the same hydrodynamic performance with respect to spray and resistance characteristics. Comparison with the previous investigation at lower length-beam ratios indicated a reduction in minimum drag coefficients of 0.0006 (10 peroent)with fixed transition when the length-beam ratio was extended from 12 to 15. As with the hulls of lower length-beam ratio, the drag reduction with a length-beam ratio of 15 occurred throughout the range of angle of attack tested and the angle of attack for minimum drag was in the range from 2deg to 3deg. Increasing the length-beam ratio from 12 to 15 reduced the hull longitudinal instability by an mount corresponding to an aerodynamic-center shift of about 1/2 percent of the mean aerodynamic chord of the hypothetical flying boat. At an angle of attack of 2deg, the value of the variation of yawing-moment coefficient with angle of yaw for a length-beam ratio of 15 was 0.00144, which was 0.00007 larger than the value for a length-beam ratio of 12.
Date: January 23, 1951
Creator: Riebe, John M. & Naeseth, Rodger L.

Aerodynamic characteristics of a full-span trailing-edge control on a 60 degree delta wing with and without a spoiler at Mach number 1.61

Description: Report presenting an investigation at Mach number 1.61. to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of a full-span trailing-edge control on a 60 degree delta wing with and without a partial-span spoiler mounted on the wing just ahead of the control. Pressure distribution and hinge-moment measurements were made over a range of angles of attack and control deflection. Results indicated that regions of increase pressure due to flow separation ahead of the control at the larger control deflections and ahead of the spoiler exist.
Date: March 10, 1954
Creator: Lord, Douglas R. & Czarnecki, K. R.

Aerodynamic characteristics of a slender cone-cylinder body of revolution at a Mach number of 3.85

Description: An experimental investigation of the aerodynamics of a slender cone-cylinder body of revolution was conducted at a Mach number of 3.85 for angles of attack of 0 degree to 10 degrees and a Reynolds number of 3.85x10(exp 6). Boundary-layer measurements at zero angle of attack are compared with the compressible-flow formulations for predicting laminar boundary-layer characteristics. Comparison of experimental pressure and force values with theoretical values showed relatively good agreement for small angles of attack. The measured mean skin-friction coefficients agreed well with theoretical values obtained for laminar flow over cones.
Date: November 5, 1951
Creator: Jack, John R

The aerodynamic characteristics of a supersonic aircraft configuration with a 40 degree sweptback wing through a Mach number range from 0 to 2.4 obtained from various sources

Description: A summary and analysis have been made of the results of various investigations to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of a supersonic aircraft configuration. The configuration has a wing with 40 degree sweepback at the quarter-chord line, aspect ratio 4, taper ratio 0.5, and 10-percent-thick circular-arc sections normal to the quarter-chord line. Experimental data were available for a Mach number range from 0.16 to 2.32. Results obtained from wing-flow, rocket-model, transonic-bump, and tunnel tests are presented and, where possible, are supplemented by empirical and theoretical calculations.
Date: April 11, 1952
Creator: Spearman, M. Leroy & Robinson, Ross B.

Aerodynamic characteristics of a wing with quarter-chord line swept back 45 degrees, aspect ratio 6, taper ratio 0.6, and NACA 65A009 airfoil section

Description: From Introduction: "This paper presents the results of the investigation of the wing-alone and wing-fuselage configurations employing a wing with the quarter-chord line swept back 45^o, aspect ratio 4, taper ratio 0.3, and an NACA 65A006 airfoil section parallel to the stream."
Date: April 6, 1950
Creator: Spreemann, Kenneth P; Morrison, William D , Jr & Pasteur, Thomas B , Jr

Aerodynamic characteristics of a wing with quarter-chord line swept back 60 degrees, aspect ratio 2, taper ratio 0.6, and NACA 65A006 airfoil section : transonic bump method

Description: From Introduction: "This paper presents the results of the investigation of the wing-alone and wing-fuselage configurations employing a wing with the quarter-chord line swept back 60^o, aspect ratio 2, taper ratio 0.6, and an NACA 65A006 airfoil section parallel to the free stream."
Date: February 24, 1950
Creator: Myers, Boyd C., II & King, Thomas J., Jr.

Aerodynamic characteristics of a wing with unswept quarter-chord line, aspect ratio 4, taper ratio 0.6, and NACA 65A004 airfoil section : transonic-bump method

Description: From Introduction: "This paper presents the results of the investigation of the wing alone and of the wing-fuselage configurations employing a wing with an unswept quarter-chord line, aspect ratio 4, taper ratio 0.6, and an NACA 65A004 airfoil section parallel to the air stream. The experimental results of a wing of identical plan from having an NACA 65A006 airfoil section which was tested as part of the transonic program are presented in reference 1.
Date: May 8, 1950
Creator: Myers, Boyd C , II & Wiggins, James W

Aerodynamic Characteristics of Bodies at Supersonic Speeds: A Collection of Three Papers

Description: The three papers collected here are: 'The Effect of Nose Shape on the Drag of Bodies of Revolution at Zero Angle of Attack.', 'Base Pressure on Wings and Bodies with Turbulent Boundary Layers', and 'Flow over Inclined Bodies'. The subject of the first paper is the drag of the nose section of bodies of revolution at zero angle of attack. The main object of the second paper is to summarize the prinicpal results of the many wind tunnel and free flight measurements of base pressure on both bodies of revolution and blunt trailing edge airfoils.
Date: November 9, 1951

Aerodynamic characteristics of four bodies of revolution showing some effects of afterbody shape and fineness ratio at free-stream Mach numbers from 1.50 to 1.99

Description: The effects of fineness ratio (14.2 and 12.2) and boattailing on aerodynamic characteristics of four bodies of revolution at Mach numbers from 1.50 to 1.99 within a range of angles of attack from 0 degrees 10 degrees at an approximate Reynolds number of 35x10(superscript)6 based on body length were investigated. A comparison of experimental data with available theory is included. At zero angle of attack, fineness ratio has no appreciable effect on model characteristics while boattailing and boattail convergence significantly affect fore drag and base drag. At angle of attack the effects are singular. The theory presented by H. J. Allen is a significant improvement over linearized potential theory in predicting aerodynamic characteristics.
Date: May 22, 1951
Creator: Cohen, Robert J.

Aerodynamic characteristics of four wings of sweepback angles 0 degrees, 35 degrees, 45 degrees, and 60 degrees, NACA 65A006 airfoil section, aspect ratio 4, and taper ratio 0.6 in combination with a fuselage at high subsonic Mach numbers and at a Mach number of 1.2

Description: Report discussing an investigation of the effect of sweepback angle on wing-fuselage characteristics at a subsonic and a supersonic Mach number. Lift, drag, and pitching-moment coefficients, downwash-angle, and total-pressure measurements are all provided.
Date: June 6, 1951
Creator: Luoma, Arvo A.

Aerodynamic characteristics of low-aspect-ratio wings at high supersonic Mach numbers

Description: From Introduction: "This paper presents some recently obtained data on the aerodynamic characteristics of low-aspect-ratio wings at supersonic Mach numbers of 4.04 and 6.9 and discusses some new methods of predicting the lift and drag of such wings. Data on lifting wings in the Mach number range above 2.5 are not plentiful and most of the available data may be found in NACA RM L51D17, NACA RM L51D30, NACA RM L52D15a, NACA RM L52K19, NACA RM L53D03, and NACA RM L53D30a."
Date: November 2, 1953
Creator: Ulmann, Edward F & Bertram, Mitchel H

Aerodynamic characteristics of missile configurations with wings of low aspect ratio for various combinations of forebodies, afterbodies, and nose shapes for combined angles of attack and sideslip at a Mach number of 2.01

Description: From Summary: "An investigation has been made in the Langley 4-by-4-foot supersonic pressure tunnel to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of a series of missile configurations having low-aspect-ratio wings at a Mach number of 2.01. The effects of wing plan form and size, length-diameter ratio, forebody and afterbody length, boattailed and flared afterbodies, and component force and moment data are presented for combined angles of attack and sideslip to about 28 degrees. No analysis of the data was made in this report."
Date: June 25, 1957
Creator: Robinson, Ross B.

Aerodynamic characteristics of NACA RM-10 missile in 8- by 6-foot supersonic wind tunnel at Mach numbers from 1.49 to 1.98 1: presentation and analysis of pressure measurements (stabilizing fins removed)

Description: Experimental investigation of flow about a slender body of revolution (NACA RM-10 missile) aligned and inclined to a supersonic stream was conducted at Mach numbers from 1.49 to 1.98 at a Reynolds number of approximately 30,000,000. Boundary-layer measurements at zero angle of attack are correlated with subsonic formulations for predicting boundary-layer thickness and profile. Comparison of pressure coefficients predicted by theory with experimental values showed close agreement at zero angle of attack and angle of attack except over the aft leeward side of body. At angle of attack, pitot pressure measurements in plane of model base indicated a pair of symmetrically disposed vortices on leeward side of body.
Date: July 20, 1950
Creator: Luidens, Roger W. & Simon, Paul C.

Aerodynamic characteristics of NACA RM-10 missile in 8- by 6-foot supersonic wind tunnel at Mach numbers from 1.49 to 1.98 2: presentation and analysis of force measurements

Description: Experimental investigation of aerodynamic forces acting on body of revolution (NACA RM-10 missile) with and without stabilizing fins was conducted at Mach numbers from 1.49 to 1.98 at angles of attack from 0 to 9 degrees and at Reynolds number of approximately 30,000,000. Comparison of experimental lift, drag, and pitching-moment coefficients and center of pressure location for body alone is made with linearized potential theory and a semiempirical method. Results indicate that aerodynamic characteristics were predicted more accurately by semiempirical method than by potential theory. Breakdown of measured drag coefficients into components of friction, pressure, and base-pressure drag is presented for body alone at zero angle of attack.
Date: July 21, 1950
Creator: Esenwein, Fred T.; Obery, Leonard J. & Schueller, Carl F.

Aerodynamic characteristics of NACA RM 10 missile in 8 by 6 foot supersonic wind tunnel at Mach numbers from 1.49 to 1.98. 3: analysis of force distribution at angle of attack (stabilizing fins removed)

Description: Report presenting an analysis of the force distribution on a slender pointed body of revolution at angle of attack utilizing pressure-distribution data and balance measurements. The data were obtained in the supersonic tunnel at a variety of Mach numbers and angles of attack. Results regarding normal forces and axial force are provided.
Date: December 12, 1950
Creator: Luidens, Roger W. & Simon, Paul C.

Aerodynamic characteristics of several flap-type trailing-edge controls on a trapezoidal wing at Mach numbers of 1.61 and 2.01

Description: Report presenting an investigation at Mach numbers of 1.61 and 2.01 to determine the control effectiveness and hinge-moment characteristics for a series of 25.4-percent-chord trailing-edge controls on a trapezoidal wing with a 23 degree sweptback leading edge, aspect ratio of 3.1, and taper ratio of 0.4. Pressure distribution and hinge-moment measurements were made at a range of angles of attack and control deflections. Results regarding effect of control deflection, effect of wing angle of attack, effect of Reynolds number, effect of trailing-edge thickness, effect of hinge-line gap, effect of Mach number, and effect of control size and location are provided.
Date: June 14, 1954
Creator: Lord, Douglas R. & Czarnecki, K. R.

Aerodynamic characteristics of several tip controls on a 60 degree wing at a Mach number of 1.61

Description: Report presenting an investigation at a Mach number of 1.61 to determine the control effectiveness characteristics of seven tip controls on a 60 degree delta wing. Pressure distribution measurements were made for a range of angles of attack and control deflections. Results regarding the effect of control deflection, effect of wing angle of attack, effect of hinge-line location, effect of fences, and effect of control size and location are provided.
Date: August 5, 1954
Creator: Lord, Douglas R. & Czarnecki, K. R.

Aerodynamic characteristics of tapered wings having aspect ratios of 4, 6, and 8, quarter-chord lines swept back 45 degrees, and NACA 63(sub 1)A012 airfoil sections: transonic-bump method

Description: Report presenting testing of a series of three wings over a range of Mach numbers by the use of the transonic-bump technique. The lift, drag, pitching-moment, and root-bending-moment data of wings of a variety of aspect ratios but with the same quarter-chord lines and airfoil sections were obtained.
Date: June 13, 1951
Creator: Polhamus, Edward C. & King, Thomas J., Jr.

Aerodynamic characteristics of the NACA RM-10 research missile in the Ames 1- by 3-foot supersonic wind tunnel no. 2: Pressure and force measurements at Mach numbers of 1.52 and 1.98

Description: Report presenting an experimental investigation of the aerodynamic characteristics of a fin-stabilized body of revolution, designated as RM-10, in a supersonic wind tunnel. Pressure distributions and force characteristics were determined at two different Mach numbers. Results regarding pressure distributions, body-alone force tests, and body-tail combination force tests are provided.
Date: September 19, 1951
Creator: Perkins, Edward W.; Gowen, Forrest E. & Jorgensen, Leland H.