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Ability of pilots to control simulated short-period yawing oscillations

Description: Report discussing an investigation into the ability of human pilots to control short-period yawing oscillations using a yaw simulating device. The ability to control the oscillations was determined to be a function of period, control effectiveness, and inherent damping. Pilot control effectiveness was found to improve with practice.
Date: November 13, 1950
Creator: Phillips, William H. & Cheatham, Donald C.

Accelerations in fighter-airplane crashes

Description: From Introduction: "This report describes some measurements of these quantities obtained by crashing fighter aircraft under circumstances approximating those observed in service."
Date: November 4, 1957
Creator: Acker, Loren W.; Black, Dugald O. & Moser, Jacob C.

Additional studies of the stability and controllability of an unswept-wing vertically rising airplane model in hovering flight including studies of various tethered landing techniques

Description: Report discussing the results of an investigation to determine the stability and control characteristics of a flying model of an unswept-wing vertically rising airplane. Information about stabilization, maneuverability, rolling motions, and landings is provided.
Date: November 6, 1951
Creator: Bates, William R.; Lovell, Powell M., Jr. & Smith, Charles C., Jr.

Aerodynamic characteristics extended to high angles of attack at transonic speeds of a small-scale 0 degree sweep wing, 45 degree sweptback wing, and 60 degree delta wing

Description: Report presenting an investigation of a series of wings of various plan forms in the high-velocity field of the side-wall reflection plate of the 7- by 10-foot tunnel at a range of angles of attack and Mach numbers. The results indicated that the maximum lift coefficients obtainable increased with increase in sweep angle and decreased with Mach number at the lower subsonic Mach numbers.
Date: November 18, 1952
Creator: Wiley, Harleth G.

Aerodynamic characteristics of a slender cone-cylinder body of revolution at a Mach number of 3.85

Description: "An experimental investigation of the aerodynamics of a slender cone-cylinder body of revolution was conducted at a Mach number of 3.85 for angles of attack of 0 degree to 10 degrees and a Reynolds number of 3.85x10(exp 6). Boundary-layer measurements at zero angle of attack are compared with the compressible-flow formulations for predicting laminar boundary-layer characteristics. Comparison of experimental pressure and force values with theoretical values showed relatively good agreement for small angles of attack. The measured mean skin-friction coefficients agreed well with theoretical values obtained for laminar flow over cones" (p. 1).
Date: November 5, 1951
Creator: Jack, John R.

Aerodynamic Characteristics of Bodies at Supersonic Speeds: A Collection of Three Papers

Description: The three papers collected here are: 'The Effect of Nose Shape on the Drag of Bodies of Revolution at Zero Angle of Attack.', 'Base Pressure on Wings and Bodies with Turbulent Boundary Layers', and 'Flow over Inclined Bodies'. The subject of the first paper is the drag of the nose section of bodies of revolution at zero angle of attack. The main object of the second paper is to summarize the prinicpal results of the many wind tunnel and free flight measurements of base pressure on both bodies of revolution and blunt trailing edge airfoils.
Date: November 9, 1951

Aerodynamic characteristics of low-aspect-ratio wings at high supersonic Mach numbers

Description: From Introduction: "This paper presents some recently obtained data on the aerodynamic characteristics of low-aspect-ratio wings at supersonic Mach numbers of 4.04 and 6.9 and discusses some new methods of predicting the lift and drag of such wings. Data on lifting wings in the Mach number range above 2.5 are not plentiful and most of the available data may be found in NACA RM L51D17, NACA RM L51D30, NACA RM L52D15a, NACA RM L52K19, NACA RM L53D03, and NACA RM L53D30a."
Date: November 2, 1953
Creator: Ulmann, Edward F. & Bertram, Mitchel H.

Aerodynamic Design of Axial-flow Compressors. VI - Experimental Flow in Two-Dimensional Cascades

Description: Available experimental two-dimensional cascade data for conventional compressor blade sections are correlated at a reference incidence angle in the region of minimum loss. Variations of reference incidence angle, total-pressure loss, and deviation angle with cascade geometry, inlet Mach number, and Reynolds number are investigated. From the analysis and the correlations of the available data, rules and relations are evolved for the prediction of blade-profile performance. These relations are developed in simplified forms readily applicable to compressor design procedures.
Date: November 11, 1955
Creator: Lieblein, Seymour

Aerodynamic loads on an external store adjacent to a 45 degree sweptback wing at Mach numbers from 0.70 to 1.96, including an evaluation of techniques used

Description: From Summary: "Aerodynamic forces and moments have been obtained in the Langley 9- by 12-inch blowdown tunnel on an external store and on a 45 degree swept-back wing-body combination measured separately at Mach numbers from 0.70 to 1.96. The wing was cantilevered and had an aspect ratio of 4.0; the store was independently sting-mounted and had a Douglas Aircraft Co. (DAC) store shape. The angle of attack range was from -3 degrees to 12 degrees and the Reynolds number (based on wing mean aerodynamic chord) varied from 1.2 x10(6) to 1.7 x 10(6). Wing-body transonic forces and moments have been compared with data of a geometrically similar full-scale model tested in the Langley 16-foot and 8-foot transonic tunnels in order to aid in the evaluation of transonic-tunnel interference."
Date: November 15, 1955
Creator: Guy, Lawrence D. & Hadaway, William M.

Aerodynamics of slender bodies at Mach number of 3.12 and Reynolds numbers from 2 x 10(exp 6) to 15 x 10(exp 6) 1: body of revolution with near-parabolic forebody and cylindrical afterbody

Description: An experimental investigation of the aerodynamic characteristics of a slender, square-based body of revolution was conducted at a Mach number of 3.12 for angles of attack from 0 degree to 10 degrees and for Reynolds numbers from 2 x 10(exp 6) to 15 x 10(exp 6). Boundary-layer measurements at zero angle of attack are compared with several compressible flow formulating for predicting boundary-layer characteristics. Comparison of experimental pressure and force values with theoretical values showed good agreement for low angles of attack. The measured mean skin-friction coefficients agreed well with those predicted by Mangler's transformation for laminar flow over cones.
Date: November 13, 1951
Creator: Jack, John R. & Burgess, Warren C.

Altitude test chamber investigation of performance of a 28-inch ram-jet engine II: effects of gutter width and blocked area on operating range and combustion efficiency

Description: Altitude-test-chamber investigation of effects of flame-holder blocked area and gutter width on performance of 28-inch diameter ram jet at simulated flight Mach number of 2.0 for altitudes from 40,000 to 55,000 feet was conducted at NACA Lewis laboratory. Ten flame holders investigated covered gutter widths from 1.00 to 2.50 inches and blocked areas from 40.5 to 62.0 percent of combustion-chamber area. Gutter width did not appreciably affect combustion efficiency. Increase in blocked area from 40 to 62 percent resulted in 5- to 10-percent increase in combustion efficiency. Increasing gutter width resulted in improvement in fuel-air-ratio operating range.
Date: November 6, 1950
Creator: Shillito, T. B.; Jones, W. L. & Kahn, R. W.

Altitude-wind-tunnel investigation of several afterburner configurations having moderately high burner-inlet velocities

Description: From Introduction: "The screech investigation, reported in reference 1, included a large number of afterburner configurations. Several of these configurations are presented herein to show the effects of afterburner-inlet gas whirl pattern, flame-holder design, and fuel distribution on performance as determined by combustion efficiency, augmented thrust ratio, and special fuel consumption."
Date: November 17, 1954
Creator: Schulze, F. W.; Bloomer, H. E. & Miller, R. R.

Analysis and Construction of Design Charts for Turbines with Downstream Stators

Description: From Introduction: "This paper describes the theoretical treatment that has been given the combustion process as it occurs in turbojet combustors. Various parts of this work have been previously published (refs. 1 to 3); this report presents a brief summary of this previous work together with new data which amplify the conclusions of references 1 to 3. Similar studies have been made of the ram-jet combustion process (ref. 4 and 5); however, the analysis for ram-jet combustion differs in some details and is therefore not included herein."
Date: November 18, 1954
Creator: Cavicchi, Richard H. & Constantine, Anita B.

Analysis of Low-Temperature Nuclear-Powered Ram-Jet Missile for High Altitudes

Description: Report presenting the gross weight and uranium investment of nuclear-powered, direct-air, shieldless, ram-jet missiles for a range of altitudes and Mach numbers. Results regarding the effect of reactor operating conditions and flight conditions on ramjet performance and effect of assumptions on ramjet performance are provided.
Date: November 9, 1955
Creator: Sams, Eldon W. & Rom, Frank E.

Analysis of low-temperature nuclear-powered ramjet missile for high altitudes

Description: From Summary: "The reactor operating conditions were varied to enable selection of values giving a good compromise between low uranium investment and loss gross weight at each altitude and flight Mach number considered. The corresponding values of reactor and missile operating conditions are presented in the report."
Date: November 9, 1955
Creator: Rom, F. E. & Sams, E. W.

Analysis of the Liquid-metal Turbojet Cycle for Propulsion of Nuclear Powered Aircraft

Description: Report presenting an analysis of the nuclear powered liquid-metal turbojet cycle for a wide range of engine operating conditions at a range of flight Mach numbers and altitudes. The method of analysis and working charts are presented to facilitate investigations beyond the scope of this report.
Date: November 19, 1951
Creator: Rom, F. E. & Wachtl, W. W.

Analysis of turbojet and ram-jet engine cycles using various fuels

Description: From Introduction: "These data have been collected for presentation in this report to illustrate the performance of turbojet and ram-jet cycles utilizing several of the more promising high-energy fuels. Results are presented in terms of engine over-all efficiency and thrust per pound of airflow as functions of flight Mach number."
Date: November 27, 1956
Creator: Wilcox, E. Clinton; Weber, Richard J. & Tower, Leonard K.

Analytical study of static and low-speed performance of thin propellers using two-speed gear ratios to obtain optimum rotational speeds

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of the present paper is to investigate the effect of two-speed gearing on the take-off efficiency under certain conditions. The present paper gives charts from which the efficiencies can be readily computed for optimum rotational speeds. Also included is a brief discussion of the static thrust of thin propellers, including the effect of camber on the static thrust."
Date: November 5, 1952
Creator: Gilman, Jean, Jr.