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Accelerations in fighter-airplane crashes

Description: From Introduction: "This report describes some measurements of these quantities obtained by crashing fighter aircraft under circumstances approximating those observed in service."
Date: November 4, 1957
Creator: Acker, Loren W; Black, Duglad O & Moser, Jacob C

An active particle diffusion theory of flame quenching for laminar flames / Dorothy M. Simon and Frank E. Belles

Description: An equation for quenching distance based on the destruction of chain carriers by the surface is derived. The equation expresses the quenching distance in terms of the diffusion coefficients and partial pressures of the chain carriers and gas phase molecules, the efficiency of the surface as a chain breaker, the total pressure of the mixture, and a constant which depends on the geometry of the quenching surface. Quenching distances measured by flashback for propane-air flames are shown to be consistent with the mechanism. The derived equation is used with the lean inflammability limit and a rate constant calculated from burning velocity data to estimate quenching distances for propane-air (hydrocarbon lean) flames satisfactorily.
Date: March 4, 1952
Creator: Simon, Dorothy M & Belles, Frank E

Aerodynamic characteristics at a Mach number of 6.8 of two hypersonic missile configurations, one with low-aspect-ratio cruciform fins and trailing-edge flaps and one with a flared afterbody and all-movable controls

Description: Report discussing an investigation to determine the aerodynamic characteristics of hypersonic missile configurations with cruciform trailing-edge flaps with all-movable control surfaces. The all-movable controls were found to produce much larger values of trim lift and normal acceleration than the trailing-edge-flap configuration.
Date: August 4, 1958
Creator: Robinson, Ross B. & Bernot, Peter T.

Analysis of off-design operation of high Mach number supersonic turbojet engines

Description: From Introduction: "Because of the lack of data on compressor characteristics at 130 or 145 percent of design equivalent rotational speed, several simplifying assumptions were made regarding the compressor characteristics during operation at equivalent rotational speeds above the design value (hereinafter called "compressor overspeeding"). In addition to results based on these assumptions, the effect of deviation from these assumptions is discussed."
Date: February 4, 1954
Creator: English, Robert E & Cavicchi, Richard H

Analysis of part-speed operation for high-pressure-ratio multistage axial-flow compressors

Description: From Introduction: "For the analysis reported herein, the same hypothetical 12-stage compressor discussed in reference 6 was chosen, and the effects of inlet-stage stall characteristics and stage interactions were estimated by arbitrary adjustment of the stall characteristics and stage interactions were estimated by arbitrary adjustment of the stalled characteristics of the individual stages."
Date: December 4, 1953
Creator: Benser, William A

Analytical study of losses at off-design conditions for a fixed geometry turbine

Description: From Introduction: "The purpose of this report is to present the results of the analytical investigation of the turbine of reference 1 to indicate the extent to which the various turbine losses affect the turbine efficiency over the range of performance."
Date: February 4, 1954
Creator: Stewart, Warner L & Evans, David G

Application of a windshield-display system to the low-altitude bombing problem

Description: From Introduction: "The design and flight evaluation of an airborne target simulator for use in tracking studies of fighter-type airplanes equipped with optical gunsights have recently been reported (ref. 1). In this equipment the target airplane was represented by a movable dot of light projected on the windshield of the test airplane."
Date: January 4, 1957
Creator: Barnett, Robert M; Kaufman, William M & Fulcher, Elmer C

Comparison of Calculated and Experimental Temperatures and Coolant Pressure Losses for a Cascade of Small Air-Cooled Turbine Rotor Blades

Description: Average spanwise blade temperatures and cooling-air pressure losses through a small (1.4-in, span, 0.7-in, chord) air-cooled turbine blade were calculated and are compared with experimental nonrotating cascade data. Two methods of calculating the blade spanwise metal temperature distributions are presented. The method which considered the effect of the length-to-diameter ratio of the coolant passage on the blade-to-coolant heat-transfer coefficient and assumed constant coolant properties based on the coolant bulk temperature gave the best agreement with experimental data. The agreement obtained was within 3 percent at the midspan and tip regions of the blade. At the root region of the blade, the agreement was within 3 percent for coolant flows within the turbulent flow regime and within 10 percent for coolant flows in the laminar regime. The calculated and measured cooling-air pressure losses through the blade agreed within 5 percent. Calculated spanwise blade temperatures for assumed turboprop engine operating conditions of 2000 F turbine-inlet gas temperature and flight conditions of 300 knots at a 30,000-foot altitude agreed well with those obtained by the extrapolation of correlated experimental data of a static cascade investigation of these blades.
Date: September 4, 1958
Creator: Stepka, Francis S

A description of the design of highly swept propeller blades

Description: A description of the two swept propellers investigated in the Langley 8-foot high-speed tunnel is presented, together with the discussions of the numerous assumptions and analyses on which the designs of these propellers are based. The blades are swept considerably along the entire blade radius and, in order to allow for reductions in the maximum stresses, are swept forward inboard and backward outboard. The blades have been designed on the basis of the blade-element method primarily to have subcritical efficiencies at the highest possible forward speed. The designs have been controlled primarily by the stresses in the blades. (author).
Date: May 4, 1950
Creator: Whitcomb, Richard T

Effect of an adjustable supersonic inlet on the performance up to Mach number 2.0 of a J34 turbojet engine

Description: A J34 turbojet engine was investigated at free-stream Mach numbers of 0.12 and 1.6 to 2.0 to determine the effect of supersonic inlet operation on engine performance. With the excepetion of ideal jet thrust, the use of generalized engine parameters correlated the engine data satisfactorily when the exit nozzle was choked. Large total-pressure distortations did not affect compressor efficiency. During inlet pulsing, the engine operated with compressor-inlet total-pressure variations as large as 18 percent of the local average and at frequnecies of 17 plus or minus 2 cycles per second. Total-pressure amplitudes propagated through the engine and caused ideal-gross-thrust changes up to 12 percent.
Date: January 4, 1956
Creator: Beke, Andrew; Englert, Gerald & Beheim, Milton