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Aerodynamic principles for the design of jet-engine induction systems

Description: From Introduction: "It is the purpose of this report to assemble principles of induction-system design for flight to a Mach number of 2 and to use existing data to show the consequences of compromising them."
Date: February 27, 1956
Creator: Davis, Wallace F. & Scherrer, Richard

Altitude investigation of 20-inch-diameter ram-jet engine with annular-piloted combustor

Description: From Introduction: "The combustor efficiency, combustor-inlet Mach number, and combustor total-pressure ratio of the annular-piloted combustor are presented herein. The effect of combustor-exit total pressure on combustor efficiency, and a comparison of configurations on the basis of specific fuel consumption are also presented."
Date: August 27, 1954
Creator: Henzel, James G. & Trout, Arthur M.

Altitude Starting Tests of a 1000-Pound-Thrust Solid-Propellant Rocket

Description: Four solid-propellant rocket engines of nominal 1000-pound-thrust were tested for starting characteristics at pressure altitudes ranging from 112,500 to 123,000 feet and at a temperature of -75 F. All engines ignited and operated successfully. Average chamber pressures ranged from 1060 to ll90 pounds per square inch absolute with action times from 1.51 to 1.64 seconds and ignition delays from 0.070 t o approximately 0.088 second. The chamber pressures and action times were near the specifications, but the ignition delay was almost twice the specified value of 0.040 second.
Date: August 27, 1952
Creator: Sloop, John L.; Rollbuhler, R. James & Krawczonek, Eugene M.

Altitude-test-chamber investigation of performance of a 28-inch ram-jet engine IV: effect of inlet-air temperature, combustion-chamber-inlet Mach number, and fuel volatility on combustion performance

Description: Report presenting testing of the effects of the following variables on combustion performance are determined: inlet-air temperature, combustion-chamber-inlet Mach number and pressure, and fuel density and volatility.
Date: July 27, 1951
Creator: Kahn, Robert W.; Nakanishi, Shigeo & Harp, James L., Jr.

Analysis of a liquid-metal turbine-propeller cycle for propulsion of low-speed nuclear- powered aircraft

Description: From Introduction: "The intermediate subsonic speed range is considered and the liquid-metal turbine-propeller cycle discussed in this report. In this report, compressor pressure ratio, heat-exchanger air-inlet Mach number, and turbine-inlet temperature were optimized for maximum engine net thrust per engine-plus-heat exchanger weight (minimum airplane gross weight) for a range of heat-exchanger effective wall temperature."
Date: May 27, 1952
Creator: Rom, F. E. & Wachtl, W. W.

Analysis of a liquid-metal turbine-propeller cycle for propulsion of low-speed nuclear-powered aircraft

Description: From Introduction: "The intermediate subsonic speed range is considered and the liquid-metal turbine-propeller cycle discussed in this report. In this report, compressor pressure ratio, heat-exchanger air-inlet Mach number, and turbine-inlet temperature were optimized for maximum engine net thrust per engine-plus-heat-exchanger weight (minimum airplane gross weight) for a range of heat-exchanger effective wall temperature."
Date: May 27, 1952
Creator: Wachtl, William W. & Rom, Frank E.

Analysis of Stage Matching and Off-Design Performance of Multistage Axial-Flow Compressors

Description: From Introduction: "The present report is intended to give a qualitative picture of the operation of each stage of a multistage compressor over a range of actual operating conditions from 50 to 100 percent design speed and to point out some means of achieving improved off-design performance. The method used in the report is primarily analytical and is based on single-stage-performance results."
Date: June 27, 1952
Creator: Finger, Harold B. & Dugan, James F., Jr.

Analysis of turbojet and ram-jet engine cycles using various fuels

Description: From Introduction: "These data have been collected for presentation in this report to illustrate the performance of turbojet and ram-jet cycles utilizing several of the more promising high-energy fuels. Results are presented in terms of engine over-all efficiency and thrust per pound of airflow as functions of flight Mach number."
Date: November 27, 1956
Creator: Wilcox, E. Clinton; Weber, Richard J. & Tower, Leonard K.

A brief summary of experience in boosting aerodynamic research models

Description: From Summary: "Approximately 2,000 flights of rocket-propelled models have been made in which model configuration, model size, type and number of booster rockets, number of booster stages, and booster arrangements varied. A brief summary of the results obtained with some of the more unusual arrangements, descriptions of boosting hardware and techniques, and discussions of some factors responsible for the choice of these configurations are presented in this paper. The results show that unconventional boosting techniques may be used successfully when conventional tandem arrangements are unsuitable or unwieldy."
Date: July 27, 1956
Creator: Thibodaux, Joseph G., Jr.

The calculation of certain static aeroelastic phenomena of wings with tip tanks or boom-mounted lifting surfaces

Description: Report presenting the use of the matrix-integration method for calculating static aeroelastic phenomena on a wing with concentrated aerodynamic forces at the tip due to tip tanks or boom-mounted lifting surfaces. The results indicate that the presence of a tip tank on an unswept wing tends to deteriorate its static aeroelastic characteristics and that a lift surface geared to the aileron and mounted on a boom ahead of the tip may improve the static aeroelastic characteristics to warrant consideration of a vane as a device for relieving adverse aeroelastic effects.
Date: August 27, 1952
Creator: Diederich, Franklin W. & Foss, Kenneth A.

Combustion Instability in an Acid-Heptane Rocket with a Pressurized-Gas Propellant Pumping System

Description: Results of experimental measurements of low-frequency combustion instability of a 300-pound thrust acid-heptane rocket engine were compared to the trends predicted by an analysis of combustion instability in a rocket engine with a pressurized-gas propellant pumping system. The simplified analysis, which assumes a monopropellant model, was based on the concept of a combustion the delay occurring from the moment of propellant injection to the moment of propellant combustion. This combustion time delay was experimentally measured; the experimental values were of approximately half the magnitude predicted by the analysis.
Date: September 27, 1951
Creator: Tischler, Adelbert O. & Bellman, Donald R.

Comparison and evaluation of two model techniques used in predicting bomb-release motions

Description: From Summary: "For the purpose of calculating bomb trajectories, forces and moments have been measured on bombs of three fineness ratios in the presence of a swept-wing fighter-bomber configuration at a Mach number of 1.61. Trajectories thus obtained have been compared with those from dynamic model tests and an analysis has been made to determine the source of errors and to suggest improvements in both techniques." Basic data plots with contour maps and bomb trajectories are provided.
Date: December 27, 1957
Creator: Carlson, Harry W.; Geier, Douglas J. & Lee, John B.

Comparison and Evaluation of Two Model Techniques Used in Predicting Bomb-Release Motions

Description: From Summary: "For the purpose of calculating bomb trajectories, forces and moments have been measured on bombs of three fineness ratio sin the presence of a swept-wing fighter bomber configuration at a Mach number of 1.61. Trajectories thus obtained have been compared with those from dynamic model tests and an analysis has been made to determine the source of errors and to suggest improvements in both techniques."
Date: December 27, 1957
Creator: Carlson, Harry W.; Geier, Douglas J. & Lee, John B.

Comparison of combustion reactivity of ethyldecaborane fuels with typical hydrocarbon fuels on basis of spray flammability limits of fuel-rich mists and calculated lean-limit flame temperatures for fuel vapor-air systems

Description: From Summary: "The spray flammability limits of various high-energy fuels and hydrocarbon fuels were determined experimentally in an apparatus which measured the minimum percent of oxygen by volume that would permit the ignition of a particular fuel. The fluids investigated were ethyldecaboranes, aliphatic hydrocarbons, olefins, aromatic hydrocarbons, and esters."
Date: February 27, 1957
Creator: Wise, Paul H. & Lipschitz, Abraham

Comparison of Experimental and Theoretical Zero-Lift Wave-Drag Results for Various Wing-Body-Tail Combinations at Mach Numbers up to 1.9

Description: Comparisons are made of experimental and theoretical zero-lift wave drag for several nose shapes, wing-body combinations, and models of current airplanes at Mach numbers up to 1.0. The experimental data were obtained from tests in the Ames 6- by6-foot supersonic wind tunnel and at the NACA Wallops Island facility. The theoretical drag was found by use of linear theory utilizing model area distributions. The agreement between theoretical and experimental zero-lift wave-drag coefficients was generally very good, especially for a fuselage or for fuselage-wing combinations that were vertically symmetrical. For other models that had rapid changes in body shape and/or were not vertically symmetrical, the agreement of theory with experiment ranged from fair to poor, depending on the severity of the change in shape.
Date: March 27, 1957
Creator: Petersen, R. B.

Comparison of low-speed rotor and cascade performance for medium-camber NACA 65-(C(sub lo)A(sub 10) 10 compressor-blade sections over a wide range of rotor blade-setting angles at solidities. of 1.0 and 0.5

Description: Report presenting testing of a medium-camber compressor rotor with particular NACA blades in a low-speed 28-inch test blower. Testing was made at solidities of 1.0 and 0.5 without guide vanes or stators over a wide range of blade-setting angles and quantity flow rates. Results regarding overall rotor performance, comparison between measured and estimated section efficiencies near design angle of attack, comparison between low-speed rotor and cascade turning angles, and detailed blade section performance are provided.
Date: December 27, 1954
Creator: Ashby, George C., Jr.

Comparison of Turbojet-Engine Altitude Performance Characteristics and Ignition Limits With MIL-F-5624A Fuel, Grades JP-3 and JP-4

Description: The performance of MIL-F-5624A fuels, grades JP-3 and JP-4, was investigated in an axial-flow turbojet engine over a range of altitude conditions of 10,000 to 55,000 feet. Examination of the fuel flow, combustion efficiency, and net thrust specific fuel consumption showed the grade JP-4 fuel to be slightly inferior to the grade JP-3 fuel, although the altitude ignition limits were essentially equal for the two fuels over a range of flight Mach numbers and fuel-inlet temperatures.
Date: February 27, 1952
Creator: Braithwaite, Willis M. & Renas, Paul E.

Compilation and analysis of U.S. turbojet and ram-jet engine characteristics

Description: Report presenting a compilation of sea-level static and flight-performance data for existing and designed U.S. axial-flow turbojet and ram-jet engines. Factors considered include engine size, performance, and weight, and actual and theoretical performances are compared.
Date: November 27, 1956
Creator: Cesaro, Richard S. & Walker, Curtis L.

Controls for supersonic missiles

Description: Report presenting some work done to meet the requirements of missile control designers for more powerful controls and for lower hinge moments. Some testing regarding all-movable wings and reducing hinge moments is described.
Date: May 27, 1955
Creator: Kaattari, George E.; Hill, William A., Jr. & Nielsen, Jack N.

Criticality Survey of Hydroxides as Coolant Moderators for Aircraft Nuclear Reactors

Description: Memorandum presenting a screening of various hydroxides for use in nuclear reactors as possible coolant moderators for operation at temperatures of about 1500 degrees Fahrenheit. The hydroxides that appear stable at a pressure of about 1 atmosphere are those of sodium, potassium, rubidium, lithium, barium, and strontium. Results regarding the core uranium investments and reflector savings are provided.
Date: October 27, 1953
Creator: Bogart, Donald & Soffer, Leonard