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1999 Inventions and Innovations Brochure

Description: The U.S. Department of Energy DOE's Inventions and Innovation (I&I) Program can help if you are an individual inventor or small business planning to develop your energy-saving invention or innovation. The program provides financial assistance at two levels and also offers technical guidance and commercialization support to successful applicants.
Date: June 25, 1999
Creator: Squire, J. & Theis, K.

31st Annual Report

Description: The ACIR Library is composed of publications that study the interactions between different levels of government. This document is an annual report.
Date: January 1990
Creator: United States. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations.

32nd Annual Report

Description: The ACIR Library is composed of publications that study the interactions between different levels of government. This document is an annual report.
Date: January 1991
Creator: United States. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations.

33rd Annual Report

Description: The ACIR Library is composed of publications that study the interactions between different levels of government. This document is an annual report.
Date: January 1992
Creator: United States. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations.

34th Annual Report

Description: The ACIR Library is composed of publications that study the interactions between different levels of government. This document is an annual report.
Date: January 1993
Creator: United States. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations.

35th Annual Report

Description: The ACIR Library is composed of publications that study the interactions between different levels of government. This document is an annual report.
Date: January 1994
Creator: United States. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations.

36th Annual Report

Description: The ACIR Library is composed of publications that study the interactions between different levels of government. This document is an annual report.
Date: January 1995
Creator: United States. Advisory Commission on Intergovernmental Relations.

Advanced Desiccant Cooling and Dehumidification Program

Description: The use of dessicant materials for cooling and dehumidification is an effective, economical, environmentally safe method for meeting indoor air quality standards established by the American Society of Heating, Refrigerating, and Air-Conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE). To maximize the technology's potential for reducing energy consumption and improving indoor air quality, DOE established the Advanced Desiccant Cooling and Dehumidification Program. The National Renewable Energy Laboratory partners with industry to support and educate industry users, as well as to support technology transfer and benchmark current performance.
Date: August 24, 1999
Creator: Slayzak, S.

Agriculture: Bioconversion of sugar cane molasses

Description: Auxein Corporation is demonstrating for commercial use an organic acid phytochelate, derived from what would otherwise be a discarded portion of sugar cane, that could increase the domestic sugar industry's profit margin from near zero to 7%. Along with helping a struggling industry, the phytochelate will bring substantial improvements to crop and tree production and greatly reduce the environmental threat posed by nitrogen-based fertilizers. Currently, the amount of fertilizer used produces harmful levels of run-off that contaminates ground water with unwanted nitrogen. By utilizing organic acid phytochelates, which assist plant growth by unlocking minerals stored in soil, fertilizer use can be dramatically reduced. This would improve crop yields, remove environmental threats to ground water, and cut fertilizer costs by as much as 50%.
Date: September 29, 1999
Creator: Simon, P.

Alternative Fuel News, Vol. 2, No. 4

Description: This issue of Alternative Fuel News highlights the accomplishments of the Clean Cities coalitions during the past 5 years. Now Clean Cities advocates in city after city across the US are building stations and driving alternative fuel vehicles, in addition to enhancing public awareness.
Date: November 30, 1998
Creator: O'Connor, K.; Riley, C. & Raye, M.

Alternative Fuel News, Vol. 2, No. 5

Description: In this issue of the Alternative Fuel News, the authors remember what happened just 25 years ago (the energy crisis of 1973) and reiterate that foreign oil dependence is still a national issue. Highlighted are some the successes in the Clean Cities Program and the alternative fuels industry. Also featured is the Natural Gas Vehicle Coalition (NGVC) and the United States Postal Service (USPS) delivers with AFVs.
Date: January 6, 1999
Creator: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (U.S.)

Alternative Fuel News, Vol. 2, No. 6

Description: The cover story in this issue of the Alternative Fuel News highlights the niche market principle; the places in which AFVs would best fit. This year's SEP funding is expected to be the springboard needed for the development of niche projects. The Clean Cities Program, by matching those needs and attributes in niches, can dramatically increase the attractiveness of AFVs and make an impact on those high-mileage, high-use fleets.
Date: March 17, 1999
Creator: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (U.S.)

Alternative Fuel News, Vol. 2, No. 7

Description: What's in store for alternative Fuels and advanced technology vehicles in the new millennium? The Clean Cities Coalitions now operate more than 240,000 alternative fuel vehicles in both public and private sectors and have access to more than 4,000 alternative refueling stations. DOE recently announced the selection of 15 proposals that will receive just under $1.7 million in financial assistance to help expand DOE's information dissemination and public outreach efforts for alternative fuels and advanced transportation technologies.
Date: May 20, 1999
Creator: National Renewable Energy Laboratory (U.S.)

Alternative Fuel News, Vol. 3 No. 2

Description: This special issue of Alternative Fuel News highlights the Fifth National Clean Cities Conference held in Louisville, Kentucky. The momentum for the program is stronger than ever and the coalitions are working to propel the alternative fuel industry forward.
Date: September 23, 1999

Alternative Fuel News, Vol. 3 No. 3

Description: The alternative fuel industry is heating up. It is a very exciting time to be in the energy business, especially when it comes to transportation. Celebrating of the milestone 75th Clean Cities coalition and kick off of the new Federal Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) USER Program is occurring in cities across the country. Clean Energy for the 21st Century and the events that are happening during Energy Awareness Month are covered in this issue. Spotlighted are niche markets; several airports across the country are successfully incorporating alternative fuels into their daily routines.
Date: October 29, 1999
Creator: DOE, Clean Cities Program at

Aluminum: Aluminum Scrap Decoater

Description: NICE3 and the Philip Services Corporation are cost-sharing a demonstration project to decoat metal using indirect-fired controlled-atmosphere (IDEX) kilns, which can both process solid organics such as rubber and plastics, and minimize dust formation and emission of volatile organic compounds. The publication explains how this cost-effective, two-step system operates.
Date: January 29, 1999
Creator: Blazek, S.

Aluminum: Improved System Yields $100,000 Annual Savings

Description: In another Office of Industrial Technologies Motor Challenge Success Story, Alcoa (formerly Alumax) aluminum reduced annual energy consumption by 12% and reduced both maintenance and noise levels. Order this fact sheet now to learn how your company can both increase energy efficiency and decrease pollution.
Date: January 29, 1999
Creator: Ericksen, E.

Aluminum: Recycling of Aluminum Dross/Saltcake

Description: As this NICE3 publication details, the objective of this project is to commercialize the process technology to eliminate all landfill waste associated with black dross and saltcake generated from aluminum recycling in the United States.
Date: January 29, 1999
Creator: Blazek, S.

Aluminum: Reducing chloride emissions from aluminum production

Description: Reynolds Metals Company (RMC), with assistance from a NICE{sup 3} grant, is developing for commercialization a closed-loop control process that greatly reduces chlorine emissions and increases plant efficiency while maintaining metal quality. The process still utilizes chlorine to remove impurities during aluminum processing, but is more effective than current methods. With the new technology chlorine in the stack is monitored and input chlorine is adjusted continuously. This optimization of chlorine use results in substantially less waste because less chlorine has to be bought or produced by aluminum manufacturers. This innovation is a significant improvement over conventional aluminum treatments, in which chlorine is injected in a more costly and wasteful manner. By the year 2010, the new technology has the potential to reduce the energy it takes to create chlorine by 8.4 billion Btu per year and to cut greenhouse gas emissions by 1,377 tons per year.
Date: September 29, 1999
Creator: Simon, P.

Aluminum: Reflective Aluminum Chips

Description: This fact sheet reveals how the use of reflective aluminum chips on rooftops cuts down significantly on heat absorption, thus decreasing the need for air conditioning. The benefits, including energy savings that could reach the equivalent of 1.3 million barrels of oil annually for approximately 100,000 warehouses, are substantial.
Date: January 29, 1999
Creator: Recca, L.

Application of Synchrotron Radiation in the Geological and Environmental Sciences

Description: A survey of some of the different ways that synchrotrons x-ray beams can be used to study geological materials is presented here. This field developed over a period of about 30 years, and it is clear that the geological community has made major use of the many synchrotrons facilities operating around the world during this time period. This was a time of rapid change in the operational performance of the synchrotrons facilities and this in itself has made it possible for geologists to develop new and more refined types of experiments that have yielded many important results. The advance in experimental techniques has proceeded in parallel with a revolution in computing techniques that has made it possible to cope with the great amount of data accumulated in the experiments. It is reasonable, although risky, to speculate about what might be expected to develop in the field during the next five- to ten-year period. It does seem plausible that the rate of change in the performance of what might now be called conventional x-ray storage rings will slow. There are no new facilities that are superior to the ESRF, ALS, APS, or SPring8 facilities under construction or about to come into operation. Thus, performance increments in the characteristics of the x-ray sources may come through the introduction of specialized devices in existing storage rings. The free electron laser is one example of a developing new technology that should take us into new regions of performance for radiation sources and stimulate new types of experimental applications. It is also likely that major advances will come through the introduction of more sophisticated experimental devices developed for use with the very recently operational undulator or wiggler sources at the newer rings. Improved x-ray optics and x-ray detectors and more powerful computation and high-speed data ...
Date: September 1, 1999
Creator: Jones, Keith W.

APS brochure -- Changing the face of energy

Description: In the quest to derive energy from renewable resources, NREL scientists pursue disciplines ranging from materials science to structural dynamics to condensed matter physics. Physics is at the core of making this transition to a renewable energy world. The role of light/matter interaction in physics will continue to dominate in the 21st century.
Date: March 4, 1999
Creator: Cook, G.

Atlanta Campaign Staff Ride Briefing Book

Description: United States Army Reserve Command (USARC) Staff Ride Briefing Books are produced by the Office of the Command Historian (OCH) to provide a systematic approach to the analysis of significant campaigns and battle in the history of the military art and the profession of arms. The contents of this specific series (OCH Pub 1-2) include: Campaign overview -- Dalton (8-9 May) -- Resaca (13-15 May) -- Resaca to Cassville (16-18 May) -- Cassville (18-19 May) -- Cassville to Dallas (20-25 May) -- New Hope Church (25 May) -- Pickett's Mill (27 May) -- Dallas (28 May) -- Acworth, Big Shanty (1-10 June) -- Pine Mountain (10-14 June) -- Gilgal Church, Lost Mountain (11-16 June) -- Mud Creek Line (17-18 June) -- Kennesaw Mountain (19 June [to] 2 July) -- Kolb Farm (22 June) -- Pigeon Hill (27 June) -- Cheatham Hill (27 June) -- Approach to the Chattahoochee (2-20 July) -- Peachtree Creek (20 July) -- Atlanta (22 July) -- Ezra Church (28 July) -- Jonesboro (31 Aug [to] 1 Sept) -- The armies -- The Civil War staff -- Logistics -- Engineers -- Weapons -- Tactics -- Communications -- Medical -- The leaders -- Medal of Honor recipients.
Date: June 1995
Creator: Shanahan, Edward P.

Atlanta Campaign Staff Ride Briefing Book

Description: USARC Staff Ride Briefing Books are produced by the Office of the Command Historian (OCH) to provide a systematic approach to the analysis of significant campaigns and battle in the history of the military art and the profession of arms. This volume "provides a concise but detailed account of Major General William T. Sherman's operational art and tactical prowess in maneuvering his army group, composed of three separate Union armies, from Chattanooga, Tennessee to the Confederate rail hub of Atlanta, Georgia" (p. v).
Date: June 1995
Creator: Shanahan, Edward P.