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324/327 facilities environmental effluent specifications

Description: These effluent technical specifications address requirements for the 324/327 facilities, which are undergoing stabilization activities. Effluent technical specifications are imposed to protect personnel, the environment and the public, by ensuring adequate implementation and compliance with federal and state regulatory requirements and Hanford programs.
Date: October 29, 1998
Creator: JOHNSON, D.L.

Advanced Fingerprint Analysis Project Fingerprint Constituents

Description: The work described in this report was focused on generating fundamental data on fingerprint components which will be used to develop advanced forensic techniques to enhance fluorescent detection, and visualization of latent fingerprints. Chemical components of sweat gland secretions are well documented in the medical literature and many chemical techniques are available to develop latent prints, but there have been no systematic forensic studies of fingerprint sweat components or of the chemical and physical changes these substances undergo over time.
Date: October 29, 1999
Creator: Mong, GM; Petersen, CE & Clauss, TRW

Alternative Fuel News, Vol. 3 No. 3

Description: The alternative fuel industry is heating up. It is a very exciting time to be in the energy business, especially when it comes to transportation. Celebrating of the milestone 75th Clean Cities coalition and kick off of the new Federal Alternative Fuel Vehicle (AFV) USER Program is occurring in cities across the country. Clean Energy for the 21st Century and the events that are happening during Energy Awareness Month are covered in this issue. Spotlighted are niche markets; several airports across the country are successfully incorporating alternative fuels into their daily routines.
Date: October 29, 1999
Creator: DOE, Clean Cities Program at

The Application of Adaptive Sampling and Analysis Program (ASAP) Techniques to NORM Sites

Description: The results from the Michigan demonstration establish that this type of approach can be very effective for NORM sites. The advantages include (1) greatly reduced per sample analytical costs; (2) a reduced reliance on soil sampling and ex situ gamma spectroscopy analyses; (3) the ability to combine characterization with remediation activities in one fieldwork cycle; (4) improved documentation; and (5) ultimately better remediation, as measured by greater precision in delineating soils that are not in compliance with requirements from soils that are in compliance. In addition, the demonstration showed that the use of real-time technologies, such as the RadInSoil, can facilitate the implementation of a Multi-Agency Radiation Survey and Site Investigation Manual (MARSSIM)-based final status survey program
Date: October 29, 1999
Creator: Johnson, Robert; Smith, Karen P. & Quinn, John

Application of hazard assessment techniques in the CISF design process

Description: The Department of Energy has submitted to the NRC staff for review a topical safety analysis report (TSAR) for a Centralized Interim Storage Facility (CISF). The TSAR will be used in licensing the CISF when and if a site is designated. CISF1 design events are identified based on thorough review of design basis events (DBEs) previously identified by dry storage system suppliers and licensees and through the application of hazard assessment techniques. A Preliminary Hazards Assessment (PHA) is performed to identify design events applicable to a Phase 1 non site specific CISF. A PHA is deemed necessary since the Phase 1 CISF is distinguishable from previous dry store applications in several significant operational scope and design basis aspects. In addition to assuring all design events applicable to the Phase 1 CISF are identified, the PHA served as an integral part of the CISF design process by identifying potential important to safety and defense in depth facility design and administrative control features. This paper describes the Phase 1 CISF design event identification process and summarizes significant PHA contributions to the CISF design.
Date: October 29, 1997
Creator: Thornton, J. R. & Henry, T.

Application of Integrated Reservoir Management and Reservoir Characterization to Optimize Infill Drilling

Description: Initial drilling of wells on a uniform spacing, without regard to reservoir performance and characterization, must become a process of the past. Such efforts do not optimize reservoir development as they fail to account for the complex nature of reservoir heterogeneities present in many low permeability reservoirs, and carbonate reservoirs in particular. These reservoirs are typically characterized by: o Large, discontinuous pay intervals o Vertical and lateral changes in reservoir properties o Low reservoir energy o High residual oil saturation o Low recovery efficiency
Date: October 29, 1998
Creator: Pande, P. K.

Application of Pitzer's Equations for Modeling the Aqueous Thermodynamics of Actinide Species in Natural Waters : A Review

Description: A review of the applicability of Pitzer's equations to the aqueous thermodynamics of actinide species in natural waters is presented. This review includes a brief historical perspective on the application of Pitzer's equations to actinides, information on the difficulties and complexities of studying and modeling the different actinide oxidation states, and a discussion of the use of chemical analogs for different actinide oxidation states. included are tables of Pitzer ion-interaction parameters and associated standard state equilibrium constants for each actinide oxidation state. These data allow the modeling of the aqueous thermodynamics of different actinide oxidation states to high ionic strength.
Date: October 29, 1999
Creator: FELMY,ANDREW R. & RAI,DHANPAT

Applications of the Automated SMAC Modal Parameter Extraction Package

Description: An algorithm known as SMAC (Synthesize Modes And Correlate), based on principles of modal filtering, has been in development for a few years. The new capabilities of the automated version are demonstrated on test data from a complex shell/payload system. Examples of extractions from impact and shaker data are shown. The automated algorithm extracts 30 to 50 modes in the bandwidth from each column of the frequency response function matrix. Examples of the synthesized Mode Indicator Functions (MIFs) compared with the actual MIFs show the accuracy of the technique. A data set for one input and 170 accelerometer outputs can typically be reduced in an hour. Application to a test with some complex modes is also demonstrated.
Date: October 29, 1999
Creator: MAYES,RANDALL L.; DORRELL,LARRY R. & KLENKE,SCOTT E.

Appropriations for FY1999: Interior and Related Agencies

Description: Appropriations are one part of a complex federal budget process that includes budget resolutions, appropriations (regular, supplemental, and continuing) bills, rescissions, and budget reconciliation bills. This report is a guide to one of the 13 regular appropriations bills that Congress passes each year. It is designed to supplement the information provided by the House and Senate Appropriations Subcommittees on Interior and Related Agencies Appropriations.
Date: October 29, 1998
Creator: Greenwood, Alfred R.

Beam charge and current neutralization of high-charge-state heavy ions

Description: High-charge-state heavy-ions may reduce the accelerator voltage and cost of heavy-ion inertial fusion drivers, if ways can be found to neutralize the space charge of the highly charged beam ions as they are focused to a target in a fusion chamber. Using 2-D Particle-In- Cell simulations, we have evaluated the effectiveness of two different methods of beam neutralization: (1) by redistribution of beam charge in a larger diameter, preformed plasma in the chamber, and (2), by introducing a cold-electron-emitting source within the beam channel at the beam entrance into the chamber. We find the latter method to be much more effective for high-charge-state ions.
Date: October 29, 1997
Creator: Logan, B.G. & Callahan, D.A.

Bench scale testing of micronized magnetite beneficiation. Quarterly technical progress report 3, July--September, 1993

Description: This project is aimed at development of a process that, by using ultra fine magnetite suspension, would expand the application of heavy media separation technology to processing fine, {minus}28 mesh coals. These coal fines, produced during coal mining and crushing, are separated in the conventional coal preparation plant and generally impounded in a tailings pond. Development of an economic process for processing these fines into marketable product will expand the utilization of coal for power production in an environmentally acceptable and economically viable way. This process has been successfully researched at PETC but has not been studied on a continuous bench-scale unit, which is a necessary step towards commercial development of this promising technology. The goal of the program is to investigate the technology in a continuous circuit at a reasonable scale to provide a design basis for larger plants and a commercial feasibility data.
Date: October 29, 1993
Creator: Anast, K.

BIOMASS REBURNING - MODELING/ENGINEERING STUDIES

Description: This project is designed to develop engineering and modeling tools for a family of NO{sub x}control technologies utilizing biomass as a reburning fuel. During the eighth reporting period (July 1--September 26, 1999), Antares Group Inc, under contract to Niagara Mohawk Power Corporation, evaluated the economic feasibility of biomass reburning options for Dunkirk Station. This report includes summary of the findings; complete information will be submitted in the next Quarterly Report.
Date: October 29, 1999
Creator: Zamansky, Vladimir & Lindsey, Chris

Clean Water Act Reauthorization in the 105th Congress

Description: In the 105th Congress, legislation to reauthorize the Clean Water Act was not been introduced, and no major House or Senate committee activity occurred. EPA and states' water quality inventories have identified wet weather flows (including agricultural runoff, urban storm water, and sewer overflows) as the largest remaining threat to water quality. EPA's clean water programs are now focusing to a large extent on solving wet weather pollution problems. These issues may be addressed legislatively, as well. At issue is whether and how to detail wet weather programs in the Act versus allowing flexibility that recognizes the site-specific nature of intermittent wet weather pollution.
Date: October 29, 1998
Creator: Copeland, Claudia

Coal Production 1992

Description: Coal Production 1992 provides comprehensive information about US coal production, the number of mines, prices, productivity, employment, productive capacity, and recoverable reserves to a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. In 1992, there were 3,439 active coal mining operations made up of all mines, preparation plants, and refuse operations. The data in Table 1 cover the 2,746 mines that produced coal, regardless of the amount of production, except for bituminous refuse mines. Tables 2 through 33 include data from the 2,852 mining operations that produced, processed, or prepared 10 thousand or more short tons of coal during the period, except for bituminous refuse, and includes preparation plants with 5 thousand or more employee hours. These mining operations accounted for over 99 percent of total US coal production and represented 83 percent of all US coal mining operations in 1992.
Date: October 29, 1993

Combating Terrorism: Chemical and Biological Medical Supplies Are Poorly Managed

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the federal government's management of chemical and biological medical supplies, focusing on the: (1) accuracy and currency of the inventory tracking systems for federal medical stockpiles that would be used to treat the civilian population following a chemical or biological terrorist attack; and (2) internal controls in place to manage the stockpiles."
Date: October 29, 1999
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.

Combinatorial methods for gene recognition

Description: The major result of the project is the development of a new approach to gene recognition called spliced alignment algorithm. They have developed an algorithm and implemented a software tool (for both IBM PC and UNIX platforms) which explores all possible exon assemblies in polynomial time and finds the multi-exon structure with the best fit to a related protein. Unlike other existing methods, the algorithm successfully performs exons assemblies even in the case of short exons or exons with unusual codon usage; they also report correct assemblies for the genes with more than 10 exons provided a homologous protein is already known. On a test sample of human genes with known mammalian relatives the average overlap between the predicted and the actual genes was 99%, which is remarkably well as compared to other existing methods. At that, the algorithm absolute correctly reconstructed 87% of genes. The rare discrepancies between the predicted and real axon-intron structures were restricted either to extremely short initial or terminal exons or proved to be results of alternative splicing. Moreover, the algorithm performs reasonably well with non-vertebrate and even prokaryote targets. The spliced alignment software PROCRUSTES has been in extensive use by the academic community since its announcement in August, 1996 via the WWW server (www-hto.usc.edu/software/procrustes) and by biotech companies via the in-house UNIX version.
Date: October 29, 1997
Creator: Pevzner, P.A.

Computation of Confidence Limits for Linear Functions of the Normal Mean and Variance

Description: If a known transformation of a random variable X is normally distributed with mean {mu} and variance {sigma}{sup 2}, then the mean, variance, and any other distributional property of X can be expressed in terms of {mu} and {sigma}{sup 2}. For example, if X is lognormally distributed, i.e., X {approx} {Lambda}({mu}, {sigma}{sup 2}) or (equivalently) Y = log(X) {approx} N({mu}, {sigma}{sup 2}), then the expected value, variance, median, and mode of X are, respectively, E(X) = exp({mu} + {sigma}{sup 2}/2), var (X) = exp(2{mu} + {sigma}{sup 2})(exp({sigma}{sup 2}) - 1), med(X) = exp({mu}), and mode(X) = exp({mu} - {sigma}{sup 2}). Exact and optimal (uniformly most accurate unbiased) confidence limit procedures have been developed for linear functions of {mu} and {sigma}{sup 2} (Land, 1971, 1973) and, therefore, because confidence limits for a parameter are invariant under smooth, monotone transformations of that parameter, for the mean and mode of a lognormal distribution. In fact, the lognormal distribution is the only one whose mean can be expressed as a function of a non-trivial linear combination of {mu} and {sigma}{sup 2} (Land, 1971), but other functions, including those arising in connection with other normalizing transformations, can be approximated locally by linear functions for which exact limits can be constructed that define approximate limits for the original parametric functions of interest (Land, 1974, 1988). Tables have been published to facilitate the calculation of confidence limits for arbitrary linear functions of {mu} and {sigma}{sup 2} (Land, 1975), but their use is often tedious, requiring repeated interpolation and calculation. An unpublished Fortran program to compute confidence limits directly from sample estimates of p and u2 has been available from the second author, and has been used by a number of investigators to analyze lognormal data sets. The present paper introduces a more efficient computational algorithm, and documents ...
Date: October 29, 1999
Creator: Lyon, B.F.

Contract Management: Pilot Program Needed to Improve DOD Identification of Warranty Claims

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO provided information on the Department of Defense's (DOD) plans to develop a pilot program to use commercial sources to improve the collection of DOD claims under aircraft engine warranties, focusing on the: (1) benefits obtained by some private sector users of aircraft engine warranty services; and (2) efforts DOD has made the evaluate the feasibility of establishing a pilot program."
Date: October 29, 1999
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.

Cryogenically cooled monochromator thermal distortion predictions.

Description: Silicon crystal monochromators at cryogenic temperatures have been used with great success at third-generation synchrotrons radiation sources. At the Advanced Photon Source (APS) the unique characteristics of silicon at liquid nitrogen temperatures (77 K) have been leveraged to significantly reduce the thermally induced distortions on beamline optical components. Finite element simulations of the nonlinear (temperature-dependent material properties) thermal stress problem were performed and compared with the experimental measurements. Several critical finite element modeling considerations are discussed for their role in accurately predicting the highly coupled thermal and structural response of the optical component's surface distortion to the high thermal heat flux. Depending on the estimated convection heat transfer coefficient, the final refined finite element model's predictions correlated well with the experimental measurements.
Date: October 29, 1999
Creator: Tajiri, G.; Lee, W.-K.; Fernandez, P.; Mills, D.; Assoufid, L. & Amirouche, F.

D0 Silicon Upgrade: Calorimeter Installation Bridge Non-Destructive Test Result

Description: After the central calorimeter was installed on the center beam a cracked weld was found on the bridge. The weld was a partial penetration between the top rail plate and the T-1 steel nose section. The crack is fully across the width of the rail plate and the rail is depressed in a concave shape. That is, the depression is deeper in the center and feathers out to zero at the end of the rail. Upon close inspection it was obvious that there was no penetration of weld metal into the T-1 material. The assumption is that the T-1 was not properly pre-heated before welding. The reason for the concave depression comes from the fact that the rail plate rests on the flanges of the 'S' beams and that during welding the plate pulled off the beams. This weld failure can not propagate to any other welds and therefore, will not start a chain of failures. Clearly the failure of this weld did not hinder the installation of the central calorimeters. This weld failure occurred on both sides of the bridge. This failure did, however, alert us to check the critical weld on the bridge, S-beam webs to T-1 nose section, to assure us we had a sound weldment. (Note: it must be used again for both EC's). We contacted M.Q.S. Inspection Inc. (Lab contractor for N.D.T.). A technician from M.Q.S. came to DAB and performed an ultrasonic examination of the welds in question. The exam showed that we don't have a full penetration weld of the S Beam web, but that it is between 67-83%. A calculation was performed based on 67% penetration and the CC & EC loads. In both cases the weld stresses were well within acceptable limits (see calculations attached). Based on this result, it is ...
Date: October 29, 1990
Creator: Stredde, H. J.

DC Courts: Improvements Needed in Accounting for Escrow and Other Funds

Description: A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the District of Columbia (DC) Courts' management of its escrow and other bank accounts, focusing on whether DC Courts: (1) properly reconciled its bank accounts; (2) had adequate controls over fines and fees collected; and (3) had authority to retain amounts deposited into the Crime Victims Fund account."
Date: October 29, 1999
Creator: United States. General Accounting Office.

Deactivation by carbon of iron catalysts for indirect liquefaction

Description: This report describes recent progress in a fundamental, three-year investigation of carbon formation and its effects on the activity and selectivity of promoted iron catalysts for synthesis, the objectives of which are: determine rates and mechanisms of carbon deactivation of unsupported Fe and Fe/K catalysts during CO hydrogenation over a range of CO concentrations, CO:H{sub 2} ratios, and temperatures; model the rates of deactivation of the same catalysts in fixed-bed reactors. During the fourteenth quarter design of software for a computer-automated reactor system to be used in the kinetic and deactivation studies was continued. Further progress was made toward the completion of the control language, control routines, and software for operating this system. Progress was also made towards testing of the system hardware and software. 47 refs.
Date: October 29, 1990
Creator: Bartholomew, C.H.