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Geological Survey Investigations in the U12e.05 Tunnel, Nevada Test Site

Description: From introduction: The papers comprising the various parts of this report contain the preliminary results of the U. S. Geological Survey investigations in the Ul2e.05 tunnel at the Atomic Energy Commission's Nevada Test Site, Nye County, Nevada (fig. 1). Reports on electrical resistivity, natural radioactivity, and heat required to raise the rocks to 100C will be issued later. A preliminary report on the geologic effects of the Blanca event is being prepared.
Date: February 1959
Creator: Diment, William H.; Wilmarth, V. R.; Houser, F. N.; Dickey, D. D.; Hinrichs, E. Neal; Botinelly, Theodore et al.

AC-DC Difference Calibrations

Description: Abstract: This publication collects and summarizes the specialized information needed to operate the ac-dc difference laboratory and calibration service at NIST (Gaithersburg). It also serves as a convenient reference source for the users of this calibration service and other interested people by documenting the service and its underlying background in considerable detail. It contains the following: an annotated table of contents, a topical index, and a glossary of common ac-dc acronyms; an overview of the service; selected published papers; instructions for the operation of the comparator systems; a schedule for the recalibration and periodic checks of the NIST thermal converters; and a sample report of calibration.
Date: May 1989
Creator: Kinard, J. R.; Hastings, J. R.; Lipe, T. E. & Childers, C. B.

Treasure Hill Area, Larimer County, Colorado

Description: Abstract: The Treasure Hill area consists of eight mining-lode claims in secs. 10 and 15, T. 9 N., R. 70 W., Larimer County, Colo. All of the workings were examined and samples were taken from most of them. The results of the examination indicate that there is little or no detectable radioactivity in the schist and granite of the area.
Date: December 20, 1951
Creator: Wyant, Donald G.

Airborne Radioactivity Surveys in the Mojave Desert Region, Kern, Riverside, and San Bernardino Counties, California

Description: From abstract: Airborne radioactivity surveys in the Mojave Desert region, Kern, Riverside, and San Bernardino counties were made in five areas recommended as favorable for the occurrence of radioactive raw materials: (1) Rock Corral area, San Bernardino County. (2) Searles Station area, Kern County. (3) Soledad area, Kern County, (4) White Tank area, Riverside and San Bernardino counties. (5) Harvard Hills area, San Bernardino County. Anomalous radiation was detected in all but the Harvard Hills area.
Date: July 1952
Creator: Moxham, Robert Morgan

Lost Creek (Wamsutter) Schroeckingerite Deposit, Sweetwater County, Wyoming

Description: Summary: The Lost Creek schroeckingerite deposit in Sweetwater County, Wyo., has attracted attention in the past both as an occurrence of comparatively rare minerals and more recently as a possible source of uranium ore. During the summer of 1948 a newly-formed company by the name of Uranium, Inc., explored part of the deposit by bulldozer trenching and drilling. under the technical direction of the Minerals Engineering Company of Grand Junction, Colo. Examination of the significant exposures of the schroeckingerite deposit indicated that the uraniferous beds are discontinuous and that their areal distribution is erratic. The overburden has an average thickness of 2.5 feet.
Date: January 21, 1952
Creator: Wyant, Donald G.

Plates To Accompany Final Report Of Geological, Geophysical, Chemical, And Hydrological Investigations Of The Sand Springs Range, Fairview Valley, And Fourmile Flat, Churchill County, Nevada

Description: The following documents are aseries of plates to accompany the final report of "Geological, Geophysical, Chemical, and Hydrological Investigations of the Sand Springs Range, Fairview Valley, and Fourmile Flat, Churchill County, Nevada".
Date: 1965
Creator: Nevada. Bureau of Mines.

USAEC Airborne Radiometric Reconnaissance in Arizona, California, Nevada and New Mexico, 1953 to 1956

Description: From introduction: This is one of a series of three reports on airborne radioactivity surveys in the United States. The reports contain the 185 airborne anomaly maps issued by the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission as a result of the AEC's aerial surveying program conducted from March 1952 to June 1956; two ground reconnaissance maps of Utah also are included. Most of the reconnaissance was done in the western United States.
Date: August 1966
Creator: Grand Junction Office, AEC

USAEC Airborne Radiometric Reconnaissance in South Dakota and Wyoming, 1952 to 1955

Description: From introduction: This is one of a series of three reports on airborne radioactivity surveys in the United States. The reports contain the 185 airborne anomaly maps issued by the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission as a result of the AEC's aerial surveying program conducted from March 1952 to June 1956; two ground reconnaissance maps of Utah also are included. Most of the reconnaissance was done in the western United States.
Date: August 1966
Creator: Grand Junction Office, AEC

USAEC Airborne Radiometric Reconnaissance in Arkansas, Colorado, Montana, Texas and Utah, 1952 to 1955

Description: From introduction: This is one of a series of three reports on airborne radioactivity surveys in the United States. The reports contain the 185 airborne anomaly maps issued by the U. S. Atomic Energy Commission as a result of the AEC's aerial surveying program conducted from March 1952 to June 1956; two ground reconnaissance maps of Utah also are included. Most of the reconnaissance was done in the western United States.
Date: August 1966
Creator: Grand Junction Office, AEC

Notes on the Relationship of Uranium Mineralization and Rhyolite in the Marysvale Area, Utah

Description: From abstract: A study, consisting of field and laboratory work, was undertaken in an endeavor to establish possible structural mineralization controls associated with the copper-uranium occurrences in the Willaha area, Coconino County, Arizona. Uranium mineralization, apparent at present, is localized along small fissures and vugs and in certain beds and lenses of the middle member of the Kaibab formation(Permian). It is associated with copper and iron oxide staining. Though no definite ore controls were disclosed by this study, at least a limited program of shallow drilling is warranted on the property. This sub-surface exploration should determine possible extensions of known mineralized areas, explore surface radiometric anomalies, and provide data for the determination of possible guides to ore. Deeper exploration may encounter mineralization in other horizons of the Kaibab limestone.
Date: February 1957
Creator: Gilbert, Ray E.

Preliminary Report on Uranium Occurrence, Silver King Claims, Tooele County, Utah

Description: Abstract: Uranium was discovered on the Silver King claims in the fall of 1953. The claims are on the west flank of the Sheeprock Mountains in the eastern part of the Erickson mining district, Tooele County, Utah. Uraninite occurs in north- to northwest-trending copper-nickel-silver bearing fissure veins near the margin of a granitic stock of probable late Tertiary age. Sedimentary rocks in contact with the granite are chiefly dolomite and quartzite of Middle and Upper Ordovician age. Diamond drilling on this property did not disclose significant amounts of uranium; however, encouraging showings have been found by underground exploration by the owner.
Date: March 1956
Creator: Hillier, Robert L.

Air Sampling Chamber for S.I.R.

Description: Abstract: An ionization chamber to monitor air for beta activity is described. Operating curves are given, as well as results of shock and vibration tests. Recommendation for improved design are included.
Date: August 8, 1952
Creator: Dewes, R. A. & Goodale, E. E.

The Flat Top Uranium Mine, Grants, New Mexico

Description: From introduction: To improve understanding of uranium mineralization of the Todilto Limestone of Late Jurassic age in the Grants district, New Mexico, the mines active in 1957 were reviewed to determine the major types of deposits. A representative example of each type was selected and mapped in great detail to establish a prototype. It was hoped that the analysis of prototypes might shed considerable light on the mineralization process and aid evaluation of other deposits by offering a standard of comparison.
Date: October 1970
Creator: Gabelman, John W.

Investigation of Subsurface Isorad Methods, Temple Mountain, San Rafael District, Utah

Description: From abstract: The subsurface isorad method is an attempt to locate areas favorable for uranium ores by the use of contour maps which show localities having greater radioactivity. The construction of isorad maps entails the measurement of the area under the curve of a gamma-ray logo The figures obtained indicate relative amounts of gamma radiation and are used to locate the isorad contours. This work was started at Temple Mountain in the San Rafael Swell area during the spring of 1952. The purpose of this investigation is to determine the most effective and economic hole spacing for subsurface isorad work.
Date: September 2, 1952
Creator: Hinckley, David Narwyn

Knob Creek Monazite Placer, Cleveland County, North Carolina

Description: From abstract: The area comprising the first flood plain downstream from the headwaters of Knob Creek was one of three monazite placer deposits near Shelby, N. C., recommended by the Geological Survey for investigation by the Bureau of Mines as a joint effort by the above two agencies. Past production of monazite from the headwaters of this stream and its drainage of an area of known source rocks were factors influencing this selection. Drilling of the deposit was started on November 26, 1951, and completed December 29, 1951. Twenty-two churn-drill holes were completed to bed-rock on 112 acres of this flood plain for a total depth of 433 feet of vertical drilling.
Date: January 1953
Creator: Griffith, R. F. & Overstreet, William C.

Vilcabamba Uranium Deposits, Cuzco Department, Peru

Description: Abstract: In 1957 uranium was discovered in the Vilcabamba district on the north flank of the Cordillera Vilcabamba, part of the Cordillera Oriental. This district contains principally small copper-nickel veins. Small lenses of uraninite occur in calcite veins cutting Permian Copacabana limestone. Uranium is most abundant marginal to centers of strongest copper-nickel mineralization. Leaching and oxidation are virtually absent because of Pleistocene glaciation. Four separate areas in which uranium has been identified are Huamanapi, Calderon, Minasmayo, and Negrillas. The Puntarayoc area, near Pampaconas, is considered a separate district. The deposits have been tested by trenching, drilling, and sampling concurrently with geologic reconnaissance mapping of the surrounding region.
Date: October 1962
Creator: Gabelman, John W.

Airborne Reconnaissance Project, Ruby Range and Sweetwater Basin, Montana

Description: Abstract: A low-level airborne radioactivity survey of parts of Beaverhead and Madison Counties in southwestern Montana was undertaken from June 6 to October 14, 1955. Flying centered around the Ruby Range-Sweetwater Basin area and concentrated on the Precambrian metamorphic complex and Tertiary lake-bed sediments. No commercial uranium deposits were discovered, and no extensions were found of the few known small occurrences. Five areas of high background detected through the survey were investigated on the ground.
Date: April 1958
Creator: Pruitt, Robert G., Jr. & Magleby, Dan N.

Preliminary Reconnaissance of the Dripping Spring Quartzite Formation in Gila and Pinal Counties, Arizona

Description: Abstract: A four-week reconnaissance of certain portions of the mountainous area in Gila and Pinal Counties, Arizona, was undertaken in March and April, 1953, to inspect accessible outcrops of Dripping Spring quartzite, a pre-Cambrian formation which has lately attracted the interest of the Atomic Energy Commission by the discovery of two separate occurrences of uranium mineralization. Although no new deposits were found during the field work, a more thorough examination of the quartzite seems warranted. Recommendations for further prospecting by airborne and ground methods are presented in this report, and are based largely on observations made during the brief visit.
Date: June 1953
Creator: Mead, W. E. & Wells, R. L.

Engineering Geology Bearing on Harbor Site Selection Along the Northwest Coast of Alaska from Nome to Point Barrow

Description: From abstract: This report describes geologic and oceanographic factors relevant to the selection of a site in northwestern Alaska, at which an experimental harbor can be created by the explosion of a nuclear device. Part I describes the results of a preliminary survey of the entire coastal and offshore region between Nome and Point Barrow: Part II consists of a more detailed evaluation of the Cape Thompson-Cape Seppings area; and Part III is a theoretical consideration of the effect of the ocean upon the temperature and distribution of permafrost. The report is based entirely upon the study of published and unpublished reports, field notes, and maps, interviews with the few geologists who have visited the region, and the interpretation of aerial photographs.
Date: April 1958
Creator: Péwé, Troy Lewis; Hopkins, David Moody & Lachenbruch, Arthur H.

Reconnaissance for Radioactive Minerals in the Southern Part of Brazil

Description: From introduction: This report describes the results of reconnaissance for radioactivity of rocks, exclusive of coal, in the States of Rio de Janeiro, Sao Paulo, Parana, Santa Catarina and Rio Grande do Sul during the years 195 through 1956. Reports on reconnaissance and detailed studies of uraniferous coal are being prepared for publication. This report concerns work performed by the Brazilian National Nuclear Energy Commission and the United States Geological Survey (on behalf of the United States Atomic Energy Commission), and it is published with the permission of these agencies.
Date: January 1957
Creator: Pierson, Charles Thomas; Haynes, Donald D. & Ribeiro Filho, Evaristo

Uraniferous Coal and Carbonaceous Shale in Northeast Paraná, Brazil

Description: From abstract: Uraniferous coal has been found in northeast Parana', Brazil, in the Rio Bonito formation of Pennsylvanian age. In the majority of coal samples taken the uranium oxide content ranges from 0.005 to 0.030 percent, but selected screened samples have contained as much as 0.45 percent uranium oxide. The sampled thickness of the coal seam ranges from 17 to 54 centimeters and averages 31 centimeters. Channel samples across the entire thickness of the coal zone were taken in two places. All other samples were taken as grab samples from either mine waste dumps or coal zones that had high radioactivity.
Date: January 1957
Creator: Haynes, Donald D. & Pierson, Charles Thomas

Subsurface Fracturing from Shoal Nuclear Detonation: Final Report

Description: Abstract: A fracture-evaluation experiment in conjunction with the Shoal nuclear detonation in granite was undertaken to determine the extent of subsurface shock-induced fractures. Preshot and postshot geophysical logs in a hole drilled from the surface through the zone of fractures indicated that fractures extended at least 5.3 cavity radii laterally from the point of detonation. Quantitative measurements of permeability increases resulting from the detonation were planned, but were not completed because of adverse test-hole conditions. General descriptions of the Shoal Project, geology of the test site, and other effects of the detonation are included.
Date: June 1964
Creator: Atkinson, Charles H.

Geologic Study of the Sedan Nuclear Crater

Description: From introduction: The purpose of this study was to map the geology of the (Sedan) crater shell and relate the information gained to shell configuration and cratering mechanics. Hopefully, the data presented will be of use in planning future nuclear cratering experiments.
Date: May 1964
Creator: Richards, William D.