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Investigation of Shinarump Channels on Oljetoh Mesa, Arizona - Utah

Description: From to the files: The Shinarump-Moenkopi contact on Oljetoh Mesa in the Monument Valley district, Arizona-Utah, was examined from November 5 to 15, 1951, to determine the location of and the mineralization in Shinarump channels. Twenty-seven distinct channel outcrops were located and examined. Three of these channel outcrops are mineralized and the remaining 24 are barren. Plate I shows the distribution of the Shinarump, the Moenkopi, and the DeChelly member of the Cutler formation; the location of the Shinarmp channel outcrops; the channel trend where there is good evidence for such a trend. The Hoskinrnini tongue of the Cutler was mapped with the Moenkopi as it is not a good mappable unit in this area. The three mineralized outcrops are indicated by the letters A, G, and AA while the barren outcrops bear the letters B to F and H to Z.
Date: January 29, 1952
Creator: Cutter, R. C.

Investigational Drilling, Hoskinnini Mesa

Description: From to the files: To date, all the mineralization seen in the Monument Valley area in the Shinarump formation has been in scour channels. The mineralized rock occurs at or near the bottom of the channel. On Hoskinnini Mesa, all the channels examined to date contain some mineralized material. Channels observed may in some cases contain copper without apparent uranium mineralization; others definitely exhibit copper-uranium mineralization.
Date: May 15, 1952
Creator: Chester, John W. & Pitman, R. K.

Geology of Horse Mesa, Arizona - New Mexico, with Recommendations for Wagon Drilling

Description: Abstract: Horse Mesa is in the Navajo Indian Reservation directly on the Arizona-New Mexico state line. Uranium-vanadium deposits in the Salt Wash sandstone which caps the Mesa are fairly widespread and small tonngges have been shipped from two mines. The deposits lie 60 to 75 feet above the base of the Salt Wash formation and possibly trend northwest parallel to ore trends on King Tutt Mesa, a mile northeast. Carnotite and vanoxite are the principal ore minerals. About 6,000 feet of wagon drilling is recommended to test two favorable areas. Continued exploration should be governed by results of this first stage drilling.
Date: September 10, 1952
Creator: King, John W.

Report of the Advisory Committee on Construction During Adjudication

Description: Abstract: In the Nuclear Regulatory Commission's Seabrook Opinion of January 6, 1978, the Commission directed that an internal study be made of: (1) the effect which would be achieved by relaxation of NRC's stay standards so that site-related issues in potentially troublesome nuclear power plant licensing proceedings could be taken up before utilities invest large sums of money and sites are irrevocably altered; and (2) ways in which the NRC's appellate administrative procedures could assure earlier resolution of all the issues arising out of nuclear power plant licensing and cut relitigation and piecemeal review to a minimum. In December of 1978, the Commission chose Gary Milhollin, a faculty member at the University of Wisconsin Law School to chair a study group composed of nine other members. These members were chosen by the heads of various offices within the Commission. This report describes the Committee's work, summarizes the data gathered by the Committee, and recommends action by the Commission.
Date: January 1980
Creator: Milhollin, Gary

Safety Evaluation Report Related to the Operation of San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station, Units 2 and 3

Description: From introduction: This report is a safety evaluation report on the application for operating licenses for the San Onofre Nuclear Generating Station, Units 2 and 3 (San Onofre 2 and 3 or the facility). This report was prepared by the United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission staff (the NRC staff or the staff), and summarizes the results of our radiological safety review of the facility.
Date: February 1981
Creator: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation.

Identification of New Unresolved Safety Issues Relating to Nuclear Power Plants

Description: From abstract: As a result of review by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) staff and extended collegial consultations and investigations within the NRC, the Commission has designated four new Unresolved Safety Issues (USIs). This report describes the process used to evaluate the large number of concerns and recommendations which resulted from the major investigations of the Three Mile Island-2 accident, as well as other events and investigations of the past year, and it identifies the four new USIs.
Date: March 1981

Mineral Investigation of the Lime Hills, Narrows, and Sand Cove Wilderness Study Areas, Mohave County, Arizona

Description: From introduction: During 1981 the Bureau of Mines conducted a field investigation of the Bureau of Land Management's Lime Hills, Narrows, and Sand Cove Wilderness Study Areas (WSA's), Mohave County, Arizona as part of a joint effort with the Geological Survey to make a mineral survey of the area. Surface workings and outcrops were examined and samples taken from rock sections that appeared to represent most of the mineralized area. Complete analytical results and sample descriptions are available for public inspection at the Bureau of Mines, Intermountain Field Operations Center, Building 20, Denver Federal Center, Denver, Colo. Part of the area also was examined and sampled in 1979 by L. W. Hamm, Bureau of Mines (Villalobos and Hamm, 1980), during a mineral resource study of the Paiute Primitive Area.
Date: 1983
Creator: Briggs, John P.

Mineral Investigation of the North End Roadless Area, Cochise County, Arizona

Description: From introduction: During the spring and fall of 1979 the U.S. Bureau of Mines made a mineral investigation of the North End Roadless Area, including a literature search, a search of claim records in the Cochise County courthouse and the State office of the Bureau of Land Management, a search for mining claims and mineralized zones, and examination of known mines and prospects. Local residents and officials of mining companies the U.S. Forest Service, and Arizona State government agencies provided information regarding mining activity and mineral deposits.
Date: 1983
Creator: Bigsby, Philip R.

Beneficiation of Monument Number 2 Ore Apache County, Arizona

Description: From introduction: The Monument No. 2 mine is in the Navajo Indian Reservation, Apache County, Arizona, about 20 miles southwest from the San Juan River at Mexican Hat, Utah, and 26 miles southwest from Mexican Water, Arizona. The property has been operated, since its discovery, by Vanadium Corporation of America, which holds a 10-year mining lease, granted through the Interior Department, to 43 acres of ground. History of the discovery of the deposit is vague, but reportedly it was first seen around 1942 by a Navajo who mentioned the occurrence to Harry Goulding, Indian trader, who in turn advised D. W. Viles of Vanadium Corporation of America. Minor portions of the deposit are held by Cato Sells and Harvey Black, Navajos, under mining permits issued by the Navajo Tribal Council. The Sells acreage is being operated by Climax Uranium Corporation.
Date: February 27, 1952
Creator: Sheridan, M. J.

Final Environmental Statement by the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation for Montague Nuclear Power Station, Units 1 and 2

Description: The proposed project: Pursuant to the Atomic Energy Act, as amended, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission's regulations in Title 10, Code of Federal Regulations, an application with an accompanying Environmental Report, was filed by Northeast Utilities (hereinafter referred to as the applicant) for construction permits for two generating units designated as the Montague Nuclear Power Station, Units 1 and 2 (Docket Nos. 50-496 and 50-497), each of which is powered by a boiling water reactor (BWR) and is designed for initial operation at approximately 3579 megawatts thermal (MWt) with a net electrical output of 1150 megawatts electric (MWe). A safety design rating of 3759 (MWt) has been used in assessing the impact in this report. Condenser cooling will be accomplished through the use of natural-draft cooling towers. Makeup water for the cooling towers will be obtained from the Connecticut River, and the tower discharge (blowdown) will be returned to the Connecticut River. The proposed facilities will be located on the 1900-acre Montague Plain in the Town of Montague, Franklin County, in northwestern Massachusetts about 1.8 miles east of the Connecticut River and about 3.5 miles east-southeast of the Town of Greenfield, Massachusetts, the largest community within 10 miles with a population of about 15,000. Integration of the power from the Montague Nuclear Power Station will be accomplished by individual routes for each unit, requiring the construction of approximately 118 miles of 345-kV circuit transmission lines into existing electrical systems. A 345-kV switchyard will be located on the Montague site in proximity to the generating units and will constitute the terminus of the 345-kV circuits over which the output of the station will be delivered to the load centers. The route for Unit 1 will terminate at the Ludlow, Massachusetts, substation, and the route for Unit 2 will terminate at the ...
Date: February 1977
Creator: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Office of Nuclear Reactor Regulation.

Reactor Safety Study: An Assessment of Accident Risks in U.S. Commercial Nuclear Power Plants, Appendix 1

Description: From introduction: In conventional safety analyses, a suitable design basis, including redundancy, is specified to assure a minimum level of operability of ESFs, and the likelihood or consequences of total failure of ESFs are not considered further. In this study all failures are considered possible, but appropriate probabilities are assigned to them. Thus, many potential accident sequences are described in the following discussions as if they will surely occur, with no reservations expressed as to their likelihood or significance. However, most of these sequences have such low probability that they do not contribute to the overall risk from reactor accidents. In fact, in order to make an overall risk assessment, a major task of this study was to identify the sequences that are the dominant contributors to risk. In this study the initial failures or initiating events that could lead to significant consequences were examined to varying degrees. Those that seemed to contribute significantly to potential risks were analyzed in considerable detail; those that did not, received less detailed consideration. This is discussed more fully in section 3 of this appendix.
Date: October 1975
Creator: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Refrigeration System Used in Mercury Isotope Collections

Description: From introduction: During 1948, the Isotope Research and Production Division undertook to obtain small quantities of nearly pure mercury isotopes by electromagnetic isotope separation. The possible use of a mercury isotope of even-numbered mass to establish an international standard of length required an isotopic purity greater than 99 per cent. It, became apparent that this degree of separation could only be achieved by preventing random diffusion of un-ionized mercury which otherwise would contaminate the isotope collectors.
Date: December 19, 1949
Creator: Duncan, F. R. & Cobb, W. G.

Reactor Safety Study: An Assessment of Accident Risks in U.S. Commercial Nuclear Power Plants, Appendices 3 and 4

Description: From section 1: In the quantitative system probability estimates performed in this study, component behavior data in the form of failure rates and repair times are required as inputs to the system models. Since the goal of this study is risk assessment, as opposed to reliability analysis, larger errors (e.g. order of magnitude type accuracy) can be tolerated in the quantified results. This has important implications on the treatment of available data. In standard reliability analysis, point values (i.e., "best-estimates") are generally used for both data and results in quantifying the system model. In risk assessment, since results accurate to about an order of magnitude are sufficient, data and results using random variable and probabilistic approaches, can be usefully employed. The base of applicable failure rate data is thus significantly broadened since data with large error spreads and uncertainties can now be utilized. The data and associated material that were assembled for use in this study and that are presented here are to be used in the random variable framework (which will be described). The data and the accompanying framework are deemed sufficient for the study's needs. Care must be taken, however, since this data may not be sufficiently detailed, or accurate enough for use in general quantitative reliability models.
Date: October 1975
Creator: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission

Federal/State Regulatory Permitting Actions in Selected Nuclear Power Station Licensing Cases

Description: Abstract: This report documents the Federal/State regulatory permitting actions in 12 case histories of nuclear power station licensing in nine different states. General observations regarding Federal/State siting roles in the siting process include: new regulations, with the exceptions of those imposed by NEPA, were not found to be the source of significant delay; interventions were the sources of significant delay in only two cases; in only two cases was a local agency a source of delay; no one factor was found to be a source of delay, rather several factors often combined to cause delay; it is still too early to assess the influence of State power plant siting laws on the licensing process; clarification of the word "delay" is needed; water related issues predominate in State permitting requirements associated with delay; generalizations on the sources and nature of delay in the licensing process are difficult to make because of site specific characteristics; and frequently problems outside the Federal/State realm have had, or can have, a delaying effect on the process. Eleven of the case histories are illustrated with a logic network that gives the actions of the utilities in addition to the Federal/State permits.
Date: June 1977
Creator: U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission. Office of State Programs.

Mesaverde Uranium Deposits in the Yale Point-Black Mountain Area, Arizona

Description: Abstract: To date uranium deposits have been confined to a thin sandstone in a zone near the contact of the Middle and Lower Members of the Toreva Formation and as a leach in the Lower Sandstone Member. On a large scale the deposits are apparently restricted to zones of tectonic deformation. Locally mineralization is primarily controlled by small intraformational channels and cross bedding, and is usually associated with carbonaceous material and quartzose sand lenses.
Date: January 1956
Creator: Meador, John P.

Reconnaissance Geology of the Southern Muggins Mountains Yuma County, Arizona

Description: Summary and conclusion: More than 4000 feet of Lower Miocene lake sediments were deposited upon a gneissic basement rock, at least locally. The sediments have been gently folded into broad anticlines and synclines and have been cut by high-angle faults with displacements on the order of 100 feet. Both basaltic (?) and acid andesitic lavas have intruded the sediments. A Pleistocene (?) conglomerate unconformably overlies all older exposed rocks. The lake sediments were considered to overlie the adjacent thick series of andesite flows (l). This was not established by a cursory examination. The sediments appeared to be in fault contact with the lavas although the relationship was always obscured by the younger conglomerate or alluvial cover. Since a dike of this acid andesitic composition was observed cutting the sediments, there is a possibility that the lake sediments are older than or contemporaneous with the thick extrusive andesite series.
Date: January 1958
Creator: Reyner, Millard L. & Ashwill, Walter R.

Preliminary Reconnaissance Work in the Rattlesnake Area, Apache County, Arizona

Description: From introduction: The Bluff-Salt Wash contact was mapped on aerial photographs. Mines and prospects were also plotted on the photos. The mines and prospects were studied and a brief description of the mineralization and its occurrence was written. These field notes, which will be given to Hatfield and party, contain data on the presence of carbon and fossil logs, lithology of the gangue rock, sedimentary structures, etc. Regional structure and evidence for igneous activity were also noted.
Date: September 5, 1952
Creator: Hill, John F. & Blagbrough, John W.

Investigation of Uranium Deposits, Anderson Mine and Adjacent Properties, Yavapai County, Arizona

Description: From abstract: A team consisting of R. A. Lindblom, S. A. Mayer, R. G. Young, W. L. Chenoweth, R. F. Droullard, and I. T. Fisk made a reexamination of the Anderson mine (Uranium Aire) of Interstate Oil and Development located near Wickenberg in Yavapai County, Arizona. The field examination was made from August 22, 1958 to September 2, 1958. This team was formed to resolve differences between company and AEC ore reserve estimates. A cooperative effort in which the company supplied labor, limited additional drilling and both parties were in attendance during the sampling resulted in the collection of additional data. Special attention was given to assessing the in-hole assaying with radiometric equipment by IOD and AEC, evaluation of tonnage factors, moisture content, continuity of ore, and current mapping of stripped and mined areas.
Date: December 1, 1953
Creator: Lindblom, R. A. & Young, Robert G.

Vanadium Deposits in the Carrizo Mountains District, Navajo Indian Reservation, Northeastern Arizona and Northwestern New Mexico

Description: From abstract: The Carrizo Mountains vanadium district is in the Navajo Indian Reservation, northeastern Arizona and northwestern New Mexico. From May through October, 1942, two mining companies, operating under lease agreements with the Navajo Service, opened several mines in the district and produced a total of about 6,000 tons of ore, averaging approximately 2.2 percent.
Date: 1942
Creator: Duncan, Donald C. & Stokes, William Lee

Geology and Ore Resources of the Uranium-Vanadium Depositional Province of the Colorado Plateau Region

Description: From introduction and acknowledgements: This report is written to supplement and complete the record contained in some fifty district and special reports already submitted, and duplication of material in district reports has been studiously avoided. The data herein contained are largely of a regional type, inclusion of which was not wholly appropriate to the district reports.
Date: 1946
Creator: Webber, Benjamin N.

Report on Reserves and Production Situation of Vanadiferous and Related Ores in Colorado Plateau Region

Description: From introduction: The general distribution of known deposits of vanadium-bearing sandstone, which also contain some uranium and radium, is shown in figure 1 1/ and Exhibit A, plate 53. 2/ During 1939-41 the Geological Survey made detailed geological studies of these deposits in the Uravan district, Montrose County, Colorado, as well as preliminary examinations in other parts of the Colorado Plateau vanadium region. In 1942 detailed geological studies were made o the deposits in the Egnar-Slick Rock district, San Miguel Co., Colo.; 3/ the Carrizo Moungains district, Navajo Indian Reservation, Arizona and New Mexico; 4/ the Placerville district, San Miguel County, Colo. 5/ and the Monticello district, San Juan Co., Utah. 6/ Since May 3, 1943, the Gelogical Survey has guided the Bureau of Mines program of prospecting these deposits in parts of Colorado and Utah.
Date: October 10, 1943
Creator: Fischer, Richard P. & Stokes, William Lee

Memorandum Listing the Areas in Colorado, Utah, Arizona and New Mexico that are Geologically Favorable for Developing Large Reserves of Vanadium Ore by Prospecting

Description: Introduction: Vanadium ore is being mined at many places in western Colorado, southeastern Utah, northeastern Arizona, and northwestern New Mexico (fig. 1). Eight mills in this region produced about 4,300,000 pounds of V2 05 in 1942, representing about 90 percent of the vanadium obtained from domestic sources. Although ore production has mostly exceeded mill capacity since 1937, production during the last half of 1942 averaged only about 19,000 tons or ore a month, whereas the capacity of these mills total about 22,000 tons a month. At the expected rate of ore production, ore stockpiles will be exhausted sometime in 1944, and these mills will then have excess capacity. With more intensive prospecting than now practiced, however, it is believed that sufficient reserves can be indicated to sustain capacity operation of these mills for several years. This memorandum is prepared to specify those areas that are considered most favorable from a geologic standpoint for developing large reserves of vanadium ore by prospecting. It is based on intensive studies by the Geological Survey since 1939 in most of the areas that produce vanadium ore.
Date: April 10, 1943
Creator: Fischer, R. P.