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2-D Finite Element Cable and Box IEMP Analysis
A 2-D finite element code has been developed for the solution of arbitrary geometry cable SGEMP and box IEMP problems. The quasi- static electric field equations with radiation- induced charge deposition and radiation-induced conductivity y are numerically solved on a triangular mesh. Multiple regions of different dielectric materials and multiple conductors are permitted.
A 2-D Self-Consistent DSMC Model for Chemically Reacting Low Pressure Plasma Reactors
This paper will focus on the methodology of using a 2D plasma Direct Simulation Monte Carlo technique to simulate the species transport in an inductively coupled, low pressure, chemically reacting plasma system. The pressure in these systems is typically less than 20 mtorr with plasma densities of approximately 10{sup 17} {number_sign}/m{sup 3} and an ionization level of only 0.1%. This low ionization level tightly couples the neutral, ion, and electron chemistries and interactions in a system where the flow is subsonic. We present our strategy and compare simulation results to experimental data for Cl{sub 2} in a Gaseous Electronics Conference (GEC) reference cell modified with an inductive coil.
3-D Numerical Modeling of a Complex Salt Structure
Reliably processing, imaging, and interpreting seismic data from areas with complicated structures, such as sub-salt, requires a thorough understanding of elastic as well as acoustic wave propagation. Elastic numerical modeling is an essential tool to develop that understanding. While 2-D elastic modeling is in common use, 3-D elastic modeling has been too computationally intensive to be used routinely. Recent advances in computing hardware, including commodity-based hardware, have substantially reduced computing costs. These advances are making 3-D elastic numerical modeling more feasible. A series of example 3-D elastic calculations were performed using a complicated structure, the SEG/EAGE salt structure. The synthetic traces show that the effects of shear wave propagation can be important for imaging and interpretation of images, and also for AVO and other applications that rely on trace amplitudes. Additional calculations are needed to better identify and understand the complex wave propagation effects produced in complicated structures, such as the SEG/EAGE salt structure.
5 and 5 hot cell configuration for E-MAD facility. Phase II
No Description Available.
15 letters from individuals expressing their concern about the China Lake Recommendation
Community Correspondence - 15 letters from individuals expressing their concern about the China Lake Recommendation
16 letters from citizens concerened about the realignment of Yeager Air Guard Base
Community Correspondence - 16 letters from citizens concerened about the realignment of Yeager Air Guard Base
21-PWR WASTE PACKAGE WITH ABSORBER PLATES LOADING CURVE EVALUATION
The objective of this calculation is to evaluate the required minimum burnup as a function of initial pressurized water reactor (PWR) assembly enrichment that would permit loading of spent nuclear fuel into the 21 PWR waste package with absorber plates design as provided in Attachment IV. This calculation is an example of the application of the methodology presented in the ''Disposal Criticality Analysis Methodology Topical Report'' (YMP 2003). The scope of this calculation covers a range of enrichments from 0 through 5.0 weight percent U-235, and a burnup range of 0 through 45 GWd/MTU. Higher burnups were not necessary because 45 GWd/MTU was high enough for the loading curve determination. This activity supports the validation of the use of burnup credit for commercial spent nuclear fuel applications. The intended use of these results will be in establishing PWR waste package configuration loading specifications. Limitations of this evaluation are as follows: (1) The results are based on burnup credit for actinides and selected fission products as proposed in YMP (2003, Table 3-1) and referred to as the ''Principal Isotopes''. Any change to the isotope listing will have a direct impact on the results of this report. (2) The results are based on 1.5 wt% Gd in the Ni-Gd Alloy material and having no tuff inside the waste package. If the Gd loading is reduced or a process to introduce tuff inside the waste package is defined, then this report would need to be reevaluated based on the alternative materials. This calculation is subject to the ''Quality Assurance Requirements and Description'' (QARD) (DOE 2004) because it concerns engineered barriers that are included in the ''Q-List'' (BSC 2004k, Appendix A) as items important to safety and waste isolation.
45-day safety screen results for tank 241-U-204, push mode, cores 81 and 82
This is the 45-Day report for the fiscal year 1995 tank 241-U-204 (U-204) push-mode characterization effort. Included are a summary of analytical results and copies of the differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) scans. Core samples 81 and 82 from tank U-204, obtained by the push-mode core sampling method, were received by the 222-S Laboratories. Each core consisted of only one segment. Both core samples and the field blank were extruded, subsampled, and analyzed in accordance with Reference 1. Drainable liquids and the field blank were analyzed at the segment level for energetics by DSC, percent water by TGA, and total organic carbon (TOC) by furnace oxidation. In addition, the presence or absence of any separable, presumably organic, layer in drainable liquid samples was noted and none was observed. The solids were analyzed directly at the half segment level for energetics by DSC, percent water by TGA, and TOC by persulfate oxidation. Total alpha activity was determined on fusion digestions of the sludge subsamples. No immediate notifications were necessary on samples from cores 81 or 82.
60 kilograms high explosive containment with multi-diagnostic capability
In anticipation of increasingly stringent environmental regulations, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) proposes to construct a 60 kilogram (kg) firing chamber to provide blast-effects containment for most of its open-air, high explosives, firing operations. Even though these operations are within current environmental limits, containment of the blast effects and hazardous debris will further drastically reduce emissions to the environment and minimize the generated hazardous waste.
76 Form Letters from citizens who believe the 911th Airlift Wing is vital to the nation's defense
Community Correspondence - 76 Form Letters from citizens who believe the 911th Airlift Wing is vital to the nation's defense -
100 Areas: (For Technical Progress Letter No. 97), May 7--13
Physics information for the D and F piles is presented. Thermal conductivity, reactivity, and irradiation levels are included. Concerning the cooling systems: process water control, pressure drip studies, purging studies, corrosion, and gun barrel clearance of expanded graphite are discussed. (GHH)
190-H drawdown test
A discrepancy of about 1000 gpm has existed between the full-flow recorded 190, 105 and ROL flows. While past operating practices have not used the 190 or ROL flow rates for official purposes, the disquieting, though not theoretically unexplicable, differences require some quantitative resolution. On November 24, 1962, a drawdown test of the 190-H storage tanks was performed to establish the accuracy of the various flowmeters. The drawdown test of the 190 storage tanks was run at the beginning of a scheduled reactor shutdown. With the full reactor flow supplied by the electric process pumps feeding from the storage tanks, the 183-H supply to the storage tanks was valved off. Additionally, non-process water usually taken from the storage tanks was valved off. The storage tank water levels were taken, then recorded as a function of time.
234-5 Project, specification letter 234-10, 235-10, ventilation
This report presents details about the principles used for the arrangement of the Hanford 234-5 building in regards to the ventilation.
241-AZ-101 pump removal trough analysis
As part of the current Hanford mission of environmental cleanup, various long length equipment must be removed from highly radioactive waste tanks. The removal of equipment will utilize portions of the Equipment Removal System for Project W320 (ERS-W320), specifically the 50 ton hydraulic trailer system. Because the ERS-W320 system was designed to accommodate much heavier equipment it is adequate to support the dead weight of the trough, carriage and related equipment for 241AZ101 pump removal project. However, the ERS-W320 components when combined with the trough and its` related components must also be analyzed for overturning due to wind loads. Two troughs were designed, one for the 20 in. diameter carriage and one for the 36 in. diameter carriage. A proposed 52 in. trough was not designed and, therefore is not included in this document. In order to fit in the ERS-W320 strongback the troughs were design with the same widths. Structurally, the only difference between the two troughs is that more material was removed from the stiffener plates on the 36 in trough. The reduction in stiffener plate material reduces the allowable load. Therefore, only the 36 in. trough was analyzed.
242-A evaporator safety analysis report
This report provides a revised safety analysis for the upgraded 242-A Evaporator (the Evaporator). This safety analysis report (SAR) supports the operation of the Evaporator following life extension upgrades and other facility and operations upgrades (e.g., Project B-534) that were undertaken to enhance the capabilities of the Evaporator. The Evaporator has been classified as a moderate-hazard facility (Johnson 1990). The information contained in this SAR is based on information provided by 242-A Evaporator Operations, Westinghouse Hanford Company, site maintenance and operations contractor from June 1987 to October 1996, and the existing operating contractor, Waste Management Hanford (WMH) policies. Where appropriate, a discussion address the US Department of Energy (DOE) Orders applicable to a topic is provided. Operation of the facility will be compared to the operating contractor procedures using appropriate audits and appraisals. The following subsections provide introductory and background information, including a general description of the Evaporator facility and process, a description of the scope of this SAR revision,a nd a description of the basic changes made to the original SAR.
300 Area waste acid treatment system closure plan
The Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application is considered to be a single application organized into a General Information Portion (document number DOERL-91-28) and a Unit-Specific Portion. The scope of the Unit-Specific Portion includes closure plan documentation submitted for individual, treatment, storage, and/or disposal units undergoing closure, such as the 300 Area Waste Acid Treatment System. Documentation contained in the General Information Portion is broader in nature and could be used by multiple treatment, storage, and/or disposal units (e.g., the glossary provided in the General Information Portion). Whenever appropriate, 300 Area Waste Acid Treatment System documentation makes cross-reference to the General Information Portion, rather than duplicating text. This 300 Area Waste Acid Treatment System Closure Plan (Revision 2) includes a Hanford Facility Dangerous Waste Permit Application, Part A, Form 3. Information provided in this closure plan is current as of April 1999.
303-K Storage Facility report on FY98 closure activities
This report summarizes and evaluates the decontamination activities, sampling activities, and sample analysis performed in support of the closure of the 303-K Storage Facility. The evaluation is based on the validated data included in the data validation package (98-EAP-346) for the 303-K Storage Facility. The results of this evaluation will be used for assessing contamination for the purpose of closing the 303-K Storage Facility as described in the 303-K Storage Facility Closure Plan, DOE/RL-90-04. The closure strategy for the 303-K Storage Facility is to decontaminate the interior of the north half of the 303-K Building to remove known or suspected dangerous waste contamination, to sample the interior concrete and exterior soils for the constituents of concern, and then to perform data analysis, with an evaluation to determine if the closure activities and data meet the closure criteria. The closure criteria for the 303-K Storage Facility is that the concentrations of constituents of concern are not present above the cleanup levels. Based on the evaluation of the decontamination activities, sampling activities, and sample data, determination has been made that the soils at the 303-K Storage Facility meet the cleanup performance standards (WMH 1997) and can be clean closed. The evaluation determined that the 303-K Building cannot be clean closed without additional closure activities. An additional evaluation will be needed to determine the specific activities required to clean close the 303-K Storage Facility. The radiological contamination at the 303-K Storage Facility is not addressed by the closure strategy.
315 Form Letters from individuals concerned with the recommendation regarding Cannon Air Force Base
Community Correspondence - 315 Form Letters from individuals concerned with the recommendation regarding Cannon Air Force Base
501(c)(4)s and Campaign Activity: Analysis Under Tax and Campaign Finance Laws
This report discusses 501(c)(4) social welfare organizations, including the requirements necessary to maintain 501(c)(4) status and the requirements for annual reporting to the Internal Revenue Service and Federal Election Commission.
503 Form Letters from individuals concerned with the recommendation regarding Cannon Air Force Base
503 Form Letters from individuals concerned with the recommendation regarding Cannon Air Force Base
504 Form Letters from citizens asking the Commission to reconsider and take Cannon Air Force Base off the base closure list.
504 Form Letters from citizens asking the Commission to reconsider and take Cannon Air Force Base off the base closure list.
512 Form Letters from citizens asking the Commission to reconsider and take Cannon Air Force Base off the base closure list.
Community Correspondence - 512 Form Letters from citizens asking the Commission to reconsider and take Cannon Air Force Base off the base closure list.
E-537 MWPC amplifier
The design of a fast MWPC amplifier for the beam chambers and the absorber chamber is completed and all parts are on order. A prototype 16 channel board has been built and satisfactorily tested. Artwork is completed for the board and out to be photographed. The board fabrication contract has been let. Listed below is a summary of the amplifier characteristics as well as test results obtained with the prototype.
11th National Conference on Science, Policy, and the Environment: Our Changing Oceans
On January 19-21, 2011, The National Council for Science and the Environment (NCSE) successfully convened its 11th National Conference on Science, Policy and the Environment: Our Changing Oceans in Washington, DC at the Ronald Reagan Building and International Trade Center. Over 1,247 participants attended the conference, representing federal, state and local governments, university and colleges across the US, civil society organizations, the business community, and international entities. In addition, the conference was webcast to an audience across several states. The conference provided a forum to examine the profound changes our ocean will undergo over the next 25-50 years and share various perspectives on the new research, tools, and policy initiatives to protect and sustain our ocean. Conference highlights and recommendations are available to the public on NCSE's conference website, www.OurChangingOceans.org.
12th Annual ALS Users' Association Meeting
Science took the front seat as 219 Advanced Light Source (ALS) users and staff gathered on Monday and Tuesday, October 18 and 19 for the twelfth annual users' meeting. The bulk of the meeting was dedicated to reports on science at the ALS. Packed into two busy days were 31 invited oral presentations and 80 submitted poster presentations, as well as time to visit 24 vendor booths. The oral sessions were dedicated to environmental science, chemical dynamics, biosciences, magnetic materials, and atomic and molecular science. In addition, there was an ALS highlights session that emphasized new results and a session comprising highlights from the young scientists who will carry the ALS into the future.
137Cs Inter-Plant Concentration Ratios Provide a Predictive Tool for Coral Atolls with Distinct Benefits Over Transfer Factors
Inter-plant concentration ratios (IPCR), [Bq g{sup -1} {sup 137}Cs in coral atoll tree food-crops/Bq g{sup -1} {sup 137}Cs in leaves of native plant species whose roots share a common soil volume], can replace transfer factors (TF) to predict {sup 137}Cs concentration in tree food-crops in a contaminated area with an aged source term. The IPCR strategy has significant benefits relative to TF strategy for such purposes in the atoll ecosystem. IPCR strategy applied to specific assessments takes advantage of the fact tree roots naturally integrate 137Cs over large volumes of soil. Root absorption of {sup 137}Cs replaces large-scale, expensive soil sampling schemes to reduce variability in {sup 137}Cs concentration due to inhomogeneous radionuclide distribution. IPCR [drinking-coconut meat (DCM)/Scaevola (SCA) and Tournefortia (TOU) leaves (native trees growing on all atoll islands)] are log normally distributed (LND) with geometric standard deviation (GSD) = 1.85. TF for DCM from Enewetak, Eneu, Rongelap and Bikini Atolls are LND with GSD's of 3.5, 3.0, 2.7, and 2.1, respectively. TF GSD for Rongelap copra coconut meat is 2.5. IPCR of Pandanus fruit to SCA and TOU leaves are LND with GSD = 1.7 while TF GSD is 2.1. Because IPCR variability is much lower than TF variability, relative sampling error of an IPCR field sample mean is up 6- to 10-fold lower than that of a TF sample mean if sample sizes are small (10 to 20). Other IPCR advantages are that plant leaf samples are collected and processed in far less time with much less effort and cost than soil samples.
The 1958 He4 Scale of Temperatures: Part 1. Introduction, Part 2. Tables for the 1958 Temperature Scale
Report containing information regarding He4 vapor pressure measurement as of 1958, the recent history of the vapor pressure temperature scale, and a series of tables containing these measurements.
1972-1997, Twenty-five years of energy and environmental history : lessons learned.
Given the events of the past 25 years concerning energy and environmental issues and our reaction to them, what lessons can we learn? First, the individual American consumer wants and expects energy to be a stable commodity with low prices and easy availability. As evidenced by the heated debate over increasing the federal gasoline tax by $.05 per gallon (which would still leave Americans paying only one-third of what Europeans pay for gasoline), increases in energy prices elicit very strong public and political opposition. As further evidence, it has been argued that the general public support of the Gulf War was due, in part, to a recognition of the need to maintain a stable source of cheap oil from the region. The American public wants to maintain the benefits of cheap and abundant energy and expects its political leaders to make it happen. A second lesson is that if constraints on the energy supply do occur (e.g., the OPEC-imposed oil embargo) ardor environmental impacts from energy use do appear to be significant (e.g., SO{sub 2} and CO{sub 2} emissions), the preference is for a technology fix rather than a behavioral change. This is evidenced by our reliance on moving low-sulfur coal more than 1,000 miles from Wyoming to burn in Illinois power plants rather than reducing the demand for electricity with energy-efficient measures in residential, commercial, and industrial activities. National research programs to produce an automobile that gets 80+ miles per gallon take higher priority over working to get people to use mass transit to reduce their driving mileage. Americans expect that advanced technology can be relied upon to come up with solutions to energy and environmental problems without having to change their lifestyles. The experience with natural gas, in which a regulatory change (deregulation) was combined with technology developments ...
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - 1991 BRAC Commission Final Report
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - 1991 BRAC Commission Final Report.
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - 1993 BRAC Commission Material
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - 1993 BRAC Commission Material.
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - 1993 Final Deliberations Hearing, June 23 - 27, 1993
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - 1993 Final Deliberations Hearing, June 23 - 27, 1993.
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - Adds Deliberations, May 10, 1995
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - Adds Deliberations, May 10, 1995.
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - Adds to List Hearing, May 21, 1993
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - Adds to List Hearing, May 21, 1993.
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - Army Final Deliberations, June 22 - 26, 1995
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - Army Final Deliberations, June 22 - 26, 1995.
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - BRAC Manual - Compliance With National Environmental Policy Act
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - BRAC Manual - Compliance With National Environmental Policy Act.
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - Department of Army Installation Environmental Baseline Survey
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - Department of Army Installation Environmental Baseline Survey.
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - Dod Base Realignment and Closure Report, March 1993
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - Dod Base Realignment and Closure Report, March 1993.
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - DoD Base Realignment and Closure Report, March 1995
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - DoD Base Realignment and Closure Report, March 1995.
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - DoD Investigative Hearing Transcript, June 14, 1995
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - DoD Investigative Hearing Transcript, June 14, 1995.
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - DoD Report to the 1993 BRAC commission, Vol III, March 1993
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - DoD Report to the 1993 BRAC commission, Vol III, March 1993 .
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - DoD Report to the 1995 BRAC Commission Vol. III, March 1995
BRAC Commission Reference Material - 1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - DoD Report to the 1995 BRAC Commission Vol. III, March 1995.
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - Final Deliberations Transcript, June 22 - 23, 1995
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - Final Deliberations Transcript, June 22 - 23, 1995.
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - Historical Info System, User Manual, October 17, 1994
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - Historical Info System, User Manual, October 17, 1994.
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - Investigative Hearing, March 7, 1995
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - Investigative Hearing, March 7, 1995.
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - Nonstructural Attributes
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - Nonstructural Attributes.
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - Preliminary Active Army Installation List and Static Data, 1995
1995 Army Team Lead Desk Material - Preliminary Active Army Installation List and Static Data, 1995.
2000 Census: Headquarters Processing System Status and Risks
A letter report issued by the General Accounting Office with an abstract that begins "The accuracy of the 2000 decennial census depends in part on the proper functioning of 10 interrelated information systems, one of which is the Census Bureau's headquarters (HQ) processing system. The HQ processing system consists of 48 applications, all developed internally by the Bureau, that support various census operations, such as updating address files, creating a file of census responses, and preparing data for tabulation and dissemination. GAO found that the Bureau lacks effective, mature software and system development processes to control development of its HQ processing system applications."
2004 Catalysis Gordon Conference-June 27-July 2,
The Conference was well-attended with 100 participants (attendees list included). The attendees represented the spectrum of endeavor in this field coming from academia, industry, and government laboratories, U.S. and foreign scientists, senior researchers, young investigators, and students. In designing the formal speakers program, emphasis was placed on current unpublished research and discussion of the future target areas in this field. There was a conscious effort to stimulate lively discussion about the key issues in the field today. Time for formal presentations was limited in the interest of group discussions. In order that more scientists could communicate their most recent results, poster presentation time was scheduled. The formal schedule and speaker program and the poster program is given. In addition to these formal interactions, 'free time' was scheduled to allow informal discussions. Such discussions are fostering new collaborations and joint efforts in the field.
2004 Lasers Materials Interactions Gordon Research Conferences August 1-6, 2004
No abstract prepared.
2006 National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for Fine Particulate Matter (PM2.5): Designating Nonattainment Areas
No Description Available.