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Discovery via Integration of Experimentation and Modeling: Three Examples for Titanium Alloys
This article uses case studies to describe three examples of critical experiments that have been conducted in an integrated fashion with modeling activities for titanium alloys, providing valuable information in an accelerated manner.
Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Observation of Phonon Condensate
This article discusses results showing that the effective radius of these phonon quasi-bound states, the real-space distribution of phonon standing wave amplitudes, the scattering phase shifts, and the nonlinear intermode coupling strongly depend on the presence of defect-induced scattering resonance.
Revisiting (Some of) the Lasting Impacts of the Liberty Ships via a Metallurgical Analysis of Rivets from the SS "John W. Brown"
This article examines a rivet from the SS "John W. Brown", which was assembled in Baltimore, Maryland, and launched in September 1942. Classical metallurgical analysis of a rivet from the original 1942 vessel is compared with modern rivets used during its restoration.
Chemistry of Supraglacial Ponds in thte Debris-Covered Area of Lirung Glacier in Central Nepal Himalayas
This article examines elevation trends and their control by seasonality, dominant geochemical processes, and season dynamics in these supraglacial ponds at elevations ranging between 3989 and 4292 m above sea level in the debris-covered area of Lirung glacier in central Nepal Himalayas, from November 2010 to October 2011 on a bimonthly basis.
Interfacial structures and energetics of the strengthening precipitate phase in creep-resistant Mg-Nd-based alloys
This article discusses the study of two interfaces– {112}β1/{1100}Mg and {111}β1/{1120}Mg– that are commensurate with β1/hcp-Mg orientation relationship via first principles calculations.
Slurry erosion of thermal spray coatings: Effect of sand concentration
This paper from the Malaysian International Tribology Conference 2013 conference proceedings discusses using Ni based thermal spray coatings deposited on a commonly used hydroturbine steel.
A Cost-Effective Wireless Sensor Network System for Indoor Air Quality Monitoring Applications
This paper from the 9th International Conference on Future Networks and Communications, FNC 2014 conference proceedings presents a low-cost indoor air quality monitoring wireless sensor network system developed using Arduino, XBee modules, and micro gas sensors.
Oxidation behavior and microstructural decomposition of Ti-6Al-4V and Ti-6Al-4V-1B sheet
This article conducts a direct comparison between the oxidation behavior of Ti-6Al-4V and Ti-6Al-4V + 1B to elucidate whether the addition of boron to Ti-^Al-4V impacts the oxidation behavior.
Point-by-point compositional analysis for atom probe tomography
This article demonstrates a new alternate approach to data processing for analyses that traditionally employed grid-based counting methods, as demonstrated using an atom-probe analysis of a Ni-based super-alloy.
Competition Between Resonant Plasmonic Coupling and Electrostatic Interaction in Reduced Graphene Oxide Quantum Dots
This article presents a study of the plasmonic interaction that effects the optical properties of light emission from graphene oxide system.
Review of biomechanical studies of arteries and their effect on stent performance
This article aims to summarize part of the available literature that reports studies on biomechanical environment in healthy and diseased arteries using various analytical methods.
Wireless Sensor Network System Design using Raspberry Pi and Arduino for Environmental Monitoring Applications
This paper from the 9th International Conference on Future Networks and Communications, FNC 2014 conference proceedings describes a wireless sensor network system developed using open-source hardware platforms, Arduino and Raspberry Pi.
Gleipnir: A Memory Analysis Tool
This paper from the International Conference on Computational Science, ICCS 2011 conference proceedings describes a program profiling and analysis tool called Gleipnir.
Attitudes and behaviors towards risky driving among adolescents in Saudi Arabia
This article investigates perceptions and attitudes of school youth concerning risky driving behaviors in Saudi Arabia.
Solving the (n² - 1)-Puzzle with 8/3 n³ Expected Moves
In this article, it is shown that the greedy algorithm for the (n² - 1)-puzzle makes 8/3 + O(n²) expected moves. This analysis is verified experimentally on 10,000 random instances each of the (n² - 1)-puzzle for 4 ≤ n ≤ 200.
A RESTful API for exchanging materials data in the AFLOWLIB.org consortium
This article discusses the introduction of an Application Program Interface (API) following REST principles for the AFLOWLIB.org materials data repositories consortium.
Modeling analysis of the impact of anthropogenic emission sources on ozone concentration over selected urban areas in Texas
This article discusses a regional photochemical modeling experiment set up to simulate a high ozone episode of September 11-14, 2002 to evaluate the impact of various anthropogenic emissions sources on ozone concentrations.
Cyber-Physical Systems Can Make Emergency Response Smart
This paper from the Humanitarian Technology: Science, Systems and Global Impact 2015 conference proceedings discusses the Smart Emergency Response System prototype built in the context of the SmartAmerica Challenge 2013-2014 by a team of nine organizations led by MathWorks.
A secure data routing schema for WSN using Elliptic Curve Cryptography and homomorphic encryption
This article proposes a novel encryption schema based on Elliptic Curve Cyrptography (ECC) and homomorphic encryption to secure data transmission in wireless sensor networks.
UV-induced modification of fused silica: Insights from ReaxFF-based molecular dynamics simulations
This article discusses molecular dynamics simulations performed to present evidence that silica structure in both short and medium ranges is directly modified by UV-induced defects.
Three-Dimensional Carbon Nanostructures for Advanced Lithium-Ion Batteries
This review contains the authors' recent progress on the design and fabrication of 3D carbon nanostructures, their performance in Li-ion batteries (LIBs), and their implementation into large-scale, lightweight, and flexible LIBs.
Automated measurement of quality of mucosa inspection for colonscopy
This paper from the International Conference on Computational Science conference proceedings presents new methods that derive a new quality metric for automated scoring of quality of mucosa inspection performed by the endoscopist.
An Interactive Model for Vector Borne Diseases: A Simulation for Zika in French Polynesia
Post presented at Contagion 2016, a satellite meeting at the 2016 Conference on Complex Systems. This poster presents a stochastic agent-based model that simulates the transmission of ZIKA via mosquitoes in 11 islands in the French Polynesia.
Hybrid boron nitride-natural fiber composites for enhanced thermal conductivity
This article finds that the synergy of natural fiber with hexagonal boron nitride (hBN) could significantly improve thermal conductivity, compared with that solely using hBN.
Dual-Wavelength Terahertz Metasurfaces with Independent Phase and Amplitude Control at Each Wavelength
This article describes the design of a dual-wavelength achromatic metasurface-based deflector deflecting the incident wave to the same direction at two selected wavelengths, which has circumvented the critical limitation of strong wavelength dependence in the planar metasurface-based devices caused by the resonant nature of the plasmonic structures.
Controlling the length scale and distribution of the ductile phase in metallic glass composites through friction stir processing
This article demonstrates the refinement and uniform distribution of the crystalline dendritic phase by friction stir processing of titanium based in situ ductile-phase reinforced metallic glass composite.
Optomechanical Design for Precision Lens Positioning and Mounting
This article presents a lens positioning and mounting in a few microns accuracy using a kinematic mount module.
Sources Affecting PM₂̣ ₅ Concentrations at a Rural Semi-Arid Coastal Site in South Texas
This article employs an advanced factor analysis technique with principal component analysis/absolute principal component scores and positive matrix factorization to apportion the sources influencing the PM₂̣ ₅ levels measured during 2003 through 2005 at a rural coastal site located within the Corpus Christi urban airshed in South Texas.
Robust self-cleaning and micromanipulation capabilities of gecko spatulae and their bio-mimics
This article reports a unique self-cleaning mechanism possessed by the nano-pads of gecko spatulae.
Carbon-based electrocatalysts for advanced energy conversion and storage
This article presents a critical review on the recent advances in carbon-based metal-free catalysts for fuel cells and metal-air batteries, and discusses the perspectives and challenges in this rapidly developing field of practical significance.
Effect of Impregnated Inorganic Nanoparticles on the Properties of the Kenaf Bast Fibers
This article evaluates the properties of the chemically retted kenaf bast fiber impregnated with the inorganic nanoparticles.
A Low-Cost Energy-Efficient Cableless Geophone Unit for Passive Surface Wave Surveys
This article presents a hardware design for a low-cost energy-efficient geophone system to better facilitate field applications of the passive surface wave survey.
Effects of Carbonization Temperature and Component Ratio on Electromagnetic Interference Shielding Effectiveness of Woodceramics
This article explores the effects of carbonization temperature and mass ratio of wood/resin on electromagnetic interference, shielding effectiveness, and morphology of woodceramics.
Bottom-up assembly of metallic germanium
This article demonstrates that free electrons from distinct 2D dopant layers coalesce into a homogeneous 3D conductor using anisotropic quantum interference measurements, atom probe tomography, and density functional theory.
Preparation and Characterization of Injectable Brushite Filled-Poly (Methyl Methacrylate) Bone Cement
This article discusses the design of an alternative cement system that can better accommodate calcium-phosphate additives while preserving cement rheological properties and performance.
Quantifying Access Disparities in Response Plans
This article develops and explores data driven methods to quantify vulnerabilities in the context of response plans, addressing limitations on the availability, granularity, and currency of data to identify vulnerable populations.
Modeling immune response and its effect on infectious disease outbreak dynamics
This article presents a model that incorporates individuals' immune responses to further examine the role of the collective immune response of individuals in a population during an infectious outbreak.
Fabrication of Wood-Rubber Composites Using Rubber Compound as a Bonding Agent Instead of Adhesives
This article describes fabricating wood-rubber composites using rubber processing to improve water resistance and mechanical properties.
Plasma Treated Multi-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (MWCNTs) for Epoxy Nanocomposites
This article describes the depositing of plasma nanocoating of allylamine on the surfaces of multi-walled carbon nanotubes to provide desirable functionalities and thus to tailor the surface characteristics of multi-walled carbon nanotubes for improved dispersion and interfacial adhesion in epoxy matrices.
Rationally designed graphene-nanotube 3D architectures with a seamless nodal junction for efficient energy conversion and storage
This article discusses the development of a strategy of creating 3D graphene-carbon nanotube hollow fibers with radially aligned CNTs (RACNTs) seamless sheathed by a cylindrical graphene layer through a one-step chemical vapor deposition using an anodized aluminum wire template.
Evaluation of Anthropogenic Air Emissions from Marine Engines in a Coastal Urban Airshed of Texas
This article provides a brief description of the adopted methodology for estimating anthropogenic emission estimation of ocean going vessels and barges.
A High-Precision Micropipette Sensor for Cellular-Level Real-Time Thermal Characterization
This article reports the development of a novel glass micropipette thermal sensor fabricated in a cost-effective manner.
Centimeter Scale Patterned Growth of Vertically Stacked Few Layer Only 2D MoS₂/WS₂ van der Waals Heterostructure
This article reports the chemical vapor deposition (CVD) growth of large-area (>2 cm²) patterned 2D vdW heterostructures composed of few layer, vertically-stacked molybdenum disulfide and tungsten disulfide.
Predicting Subjectivity Orientation of Online Forum Threads
This book chapter discusses predicting subjectivity orientation of online forum threads.
Informacion Ambiental y Ecologica Sobre los Llanos del Rio Orinoco: Proyecto Orinoco-Apure: Secciones 1 y 2
This report includes sections one and two of a study of the Llanos del Rio Orinoco. The aim of this study is to establish relationships between the characteristics of plant communities of the Central Plains of Venezuela and geomorfogenetica and pedogenic evolution during the Quaternary.
Proyecto PAN-EARTH Estudio de Caso Venezuela: Informe de Actividades Octubre 1988 - Marzo 1990
This is the activity report for the PAN-EARTH Project Case Study Venezuela from October 1988 to March 1990.
PAN-EARTH Sub-Saharan Africa Workshop Report
Report on the PAN-EARTH Sub-Saharan Africa Workshop. This workshop focused on the effects of global climate changes on the agriculture and ecology of the countries of sub-Saharan Africa.
Taller de Trabajo Sobre Modelaje de Cultivos: Entrenamiento y Calibracion Informe
Report on a Modeling Crop and Climate Change workshop. The objectives of the workshop were: 1) train Venezuelan scientists in the use of agricultural models IBSNAT program (International Benchmark Sites Network for Agrotechnology Transfer), including discussions about their applicability and the acquisition of knowledge about the data needed for proper simulation and validation, 2) Calibrate the model of maize (CERES) for different cultivars and different regions of Venezuela using data from soil and climate corresponding to various tests, 3) Carry out model simulations under various climate scenarios to assess their potential effects on crops, 4) To strengthen the cooperation between users of IBSNAT models to make necessary tests to get a better database application thus facilitating validation and calibration of these models, and 5) To establish plans for future agricultural and meteorological research in the context of global climate change.
Algunos criterios para el establecimiento de prioridades de investigacion en el eje fluvial Orinoco-Apure
This report reflects the efforts of the Office of the Orinoco-Apure Project to define an environmental policy based research delineating priority areas of research and identification of potential environmental impacts of the project.
Complejo Hidroelectrico General Jose Antonio Paez: Sedimentos en el Embalse
This report is on a study to quantify the production of sediment created by erosion in the upper basin of the Rio Santo Domingo dam site and determine the magnitude of the problem of sedimentation in the "Hydroelectric Complex General Jose Antonio Paez" reservoir.