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Role of exponential type random invexities for asymptotically sufficient efficiency conditions in semi-infinite multi-objective fractional programming

Description: This article introduces several notions of random exponential type asymptotic invexities to establish results to the context of a class of asymptotically sufficient efficiency conditions in semi-infinite multi-objective fractional programing.
Date: September 2, 2016
Creator: Verma, Ram U. & Seol, Youngsoo

The deepest X-ray view of high-redshift galaxies: constraints on low-rate black hole accretion

Description: This article exploits the 7 Ms Chandra observations in the Chandra Deep Field-South (CDF-S), the deepest X-ray survey to date, coupled with CANDELS/GOODS-S data, to measure the total X-ray emission arising from 2076 galaxies at 3.5 ≤ z ≤ 6.5.
Date: August 5, 2016
Creator: Vito, F.; Gilli, Roberto; Vignali, Christian; Brandt, William Nielsen; Comastri, Andrea; Yang, G. et al.

Glucose or Altered Ceramide Biosynthesis Mediate Oxygen Deprivation Sensitivity Through Novel Pathways Revealed by Transcriptome Analysis in Caenorhabditis elegans

Description: This article discusses how RNA-sequencing analysis was performed to assess how a glucose-supplemented diet and/or a hyl-2 mutation altered the transcriptome.
Date: August 5, 2016
Creator: Ladage, Mary L.; King, Skylar D.; Burks, David J.; Quan, Daniel L.; Garcia, Anastacia M.; Azad, Rajeev K. et al.

Reactive oxygen species, abiotic stress and stress combination

Description: This article reviews recent studies on the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in abiotic stress in plants, and propose that different abiotic stresses, such as drought, heat, salinity and high light, result in different ROS signatures that determine the specificity of the acclimation response and help tailor it to the exact stress the plant encounters.
Date: August 4, 2016
Creator: Choudhury, Feroza K.; Rivero, Rosa M. & Blumwald, Eduardo

Identification of Novel Genomic Islands in Liverpool Epidemic Strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa Using Segmentation and Clustering

Description: This article utilizes a recursive segmentation and cluster procedure presented as a genome-mining tool, GEMINI, to decipher genomic islands and understand their contributions to the evolution of virulence and antibiotic resistance in Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Date: August 3, 2016
Creator: Jani, Mehul; Mathee, Kalal & Azad, Rajeev K.

Abraham Model Linear Free Energy Relationships as a Means of Extending Solubility Studies to Include the Estimation of Solute Solubilities in Additional Organic Solvents

Description: This article calculates Abraham model solute descriptors for 5-nitro-8-hydroxyquinoline, 2-methyl-6-nitroaniline, and terephthaldialdehyde using experimental solubility data taken from papers published in The Journal of Chemical Thermodynamics in 2016.
Date: July 21, 2016
Creator: Acree, William E. (William Eugene); Horton, Melissa Y.; Higgins, Elizabeth & Abraham, M. H. (Michael H.)

Flexible Holographic Fabrication of 3D Photonic Crystal Templates with Polarization Control through a 3D Printed Reflective Optical Element

Description: This article systematically studies the holographic fabrication of three-dimensional (3D) structures using a single 3D printed reflective optical element (ROE), taking advantage of the ease of design and 3D printing of the ROE.
Date: July 21, 2016
Creator: Lowell, David; George, David; Lutkenhaus, Jeffrey; Tian, Chris; Adewole, Murthada; Zhang, Hualiang et al.

Applications of Fourier Transform Ion Cyclotron Resonance (FT-ICR) and Orbitrap Based High Resolution Mass Spectrometry in Metabolomics and Lipidomics

Description: This review explores the latest developments in Fourier transform mass spectrometry and Orbitrap based metabolomics technology, its advantages and drawbacks for using in metabolomics and lipidomics studies, and development of novel approaches for processing high resolution mass spectrometry data.
Date: May 25, 2016
Creator: Ghaste, Manoj; Mistrik, Robert & Shulaev, Vladimir

Negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy of P₂N₃⁻: electron affinity and electronic structures of P₂N₃˙

Description: This article reports a negative ion photoelectron spectroscopy (NIPES) and ab initio study of the recently synthesized planar aromatic inorganic ion P₂N₃⁻, to investigate the electronic structures of P₂N₃⁻ and its neutral P₂N₃˙ radical.
Date: April 5, 2016
Creator: Hou, Gao-Lei; Chen, Bo; Transue, Wesley J.; Hrovat, David A.; Cummins, Christopher C.; Borden, Weston T. et al.

Towards a Neuronal Gauge Theory

Description: This article proposes that the brain (and other self-organised biological systems) can be characterised via the mathematical apparatus of a gauge theory.
Date: March 8, 2016
Creator: Sengupta, Biswa; Tozzi, Arturo; Cooray, Gerald K.; Douglas, Pamela K. & Friston, Karl J.

Rapid identification of causative insertions underlying Medicago truncatula Tnt1 mutants defective in symbiotic nitrogen fixation from a forward genetic screen by whole genome sequencing

Description: This article demonstrates that whole genome sequencing is an efficient approach for identification of causative genes underlying symbiotic nitrogen fixation defective phenotypes in Medicago truncatula Tnt1 insertion mutants obtained via forward genetic screens.
Date: February 27, 2016
Creator: Veerappan, Vijaykumar; Jani, Mehul; Kadel, Khem; Troiani, Taylor; Gale, Ronny; Mayes, Tyler et al.

Post-hatching development of mitochondrial function, organ mass and metabolic rate in two ectotherms, the American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis) and the common snapping turtle (Chelydra serpentina)

Description: This article investigates the metabolism, growth and muscle mitochondrial function in hatchlings of a turtle and a crocodilian, two ectotherms that never develop endothermy.
Date: February 22, 2016
Creator: Sirsat, Sarah K.G.; Sirsat, Tushar S.; Price, Edwin R. & Dzialowski, Edward M. (Edward Michael)